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Published, 1896. Reprinted with corrections, 1902. TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE.


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THE pathetic circumstances connected with the publication of the Second Volume of Ten Brink's “History of English Literature" naturally cast a deeper shadow still over the last part of his work. The First Part of the Second Volume had at least passed through the press under his supervision and had received his latest corrections. This Second Part * was, however, still in the author's hands awaiting his final touches when he was suddenly struck down by death in the prime of life on the 29th of January, 1892. Ten Brink's death is a lamentable loss to students of English literature, for with the appearance of the First Volume of his “History”—as far back as 1877—he was at once recognized by scholars to be one of the leading authorities in all that concerned the earliest period of English literature, and his subsequent treatment of Chaucer is admitted on all hands to stand wellnigh unrivalled.

Dr. Alois Brandl, who succeeded Ten Brink in the Chair of English Philology in Strassburg, was appointed one of his literary executors, and entrusted with the MS. material left by the eminent Dutch scholar. Dr. Brandl devoted himself to his task with so much zeal and assiduity that before the close of the year (1892) the present volume was in the hands of his German readers. In his Preface, Dr. Brandl tells us that up to the end of Chapter IV. of Book VI. he found all practically ready for the press, the pages numbered and evidently finally revised by the author. The remainder of the MS., although carefully arranged, was unpaged, yet without gaps, beyond two blank leaves which Dr. Brandi has filled in to the best of his ability (this passage occurs in our volume on p. 211, 1. 11, to the end of the chapter).

* It has been found more convenient to issue the translation of the two Parts as Volume II, and Volume III.

Of the Appendix, which had been referred to by the author as far back as 1889, only a few pages were to be found, and although some of the promised notes are wanting, we have others which had not been looked for. This is a further proof of the method Ten Brink is said to have adopted in work, viz. of taking up his subjects as the spirit moved him, and this may possibly also account for the omission in this volume of some writers whom Ten Brink may have intended to deal with in their turn before finally arranging his material for publication. His “History” remains unfinished, in any case, and this is the more to be regretted as the next volume would have presented the more serious discussion of the Elizabethan era, a subject which he had already made a part of his University lectures, and by which he had attracted students from all parts of the world.

Ten Brink's last words in this volume, on the untimely death of the Earl of Surrey, Dr. Brandl very appropriately quotes in connection with Ten Brink's own sad fate : "Great things he might still have accomplished, but what he did accomplish has not been lost to posterity.”


May, 1896.



His Book of the Illustrious Henries. Development of
Political Prose. The Commodytes of England. Sir John
Fortescue's De Natura Legis Natura ; his Commendation
of the Laws of England; Articles addressed to the Earl of
Warwick. Fortescue's struggle for the Lancastrians becomes
useless ; is pardonel by Edward IV. ; his Declaration; his
treatise on the Difference between Absolute and Limited
Monarchy. His Dialogue between Understanding and Faith.
A great reader. William Caxton, an apprentice in London.
Governor of the English Merchants in Bruges. The Bur-
gundian Court. His Recuyell of the History's of Troye.
Caxton learns the art of printing. He translates and prints
The Game and Playe of the Chesse; the Dictes and Sayenges

of the Philosopheres; the Lyf of Jason ; the Lyf of Charles

the Grete ; the Four Sonnes of Aymon; the story of the

Knyghte Parys and the fayr Vyenne ; Blanchardyne and

Eglantyne ; Reynart the lioxe; Godefroy of Boloyne; the

Life and Miracles of Robert, Earl of Oxford. Malory's

Morte d'Arthur .


1.-William Dunbar. The court of James IV. The Tod and

the Lumb. Influence of Henryson and Chaucer. Flyting of
Dunbar and Kennedy. Tydinges fra the Session. Dirige
to the King at Stirling. Marriage of King James; The
Thrissel and the Rois; The Goldyn Targe; the Visitation

of St. Francis; Petitions. Satires : Twa maryit Women

and the Wedo ; the Justis betwix the Tailyeour and Sowtar.

Testament of Master Andro Kennedy ; Against Swearing, or

the Devill's Inquest; Dance of the Sevin Deidiy Synnis.

Dunbar's failing health and infirmities. Lament of the

Makars. Religious Poems. Merle and Nychtingaill. Deaths

of Dunbar and James IV. Gawin Douglas. Translations

from Ovid. The Palace of Honour ; influence of Chaucer

and of Dunbar. His Eneados, written in heroic rhymed-

couplets, and fragment of a Commentary on the significance

of Myths. Polítical troubles after the death of James IV.

King Hart. Gawin acts as a diplomatist, despised as a

traitor, and dies in London .


II.-Stephen Hawes at the court of Henry VII. His Pastime

of Pleasure. Influence of Chaucer and Lydgate. Alexander

Barclay. Translation of Ship of Fools. Eclogues. Minor

works by Barclay ; his Boke against Skelton. Erasmus in

England and the Oxford Humanists. John Skelton. His

youthful works. Boke of Philip Sparowe; Skeltonian metre ;

Bouge of Court. Satires on Cardinal Wolsey : Colin Clout ;

Speke, Parrot ; Why come ye nat to Courte? Skelton dies

in the sanctuary of Westminster .

· 93-121

III. — Appearance of professional actors since the days of

Henry VI. The Moral Play or Interludium in its full de-
velopment. Nature by Henry Medwail. The Worlde and
the Chylde. Hycke Scorner. Nature of the Four Elements.
Skelton's Necromancer and his Magnificence. Masques at the
court of llenry VIII. ; Mummings; Disputations. Latin
Moral-play of Luther and his Wife. John Heywood and
his Interludes : Dialogue on Wit and Folly ; Play of Love ;
Play of the Wether; The Four PPs ; Pardoner, Friar,
Curate, and Neybour Pratle; Johan the Husbande, Tyb his

wife, and Sir Jhan the Friest; Thersites and the miles

gloriosus. Translation of the Celestina of Rodrigo de Cota 122-144

IV.-Sir Thomas More. His maiden-speech against Henry

VII. The Oxford Humanists in London. More's poetical

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