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to enable him to assume a different rank in society, then, indeed, it might answer fome purpose.

“He observed, a principal source of erroneous judgement was, viewing things partially and only on one side; as for instance, fortune-hunters, when they contemplated the fortunes singlý and separately, it was a dazzling and tempting object ; but when they came to possess the wives and their fortunes together, they began to suspect they had not made quite so good a bargain.

“Speaking of the late Duke of Northumberland living very magnificently when Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, somebody remarked, it would be difficult to find a suitable fucceffor to him ; then exclaimed Johnson, he is only fit to succeed himself.

“ He advised me, if possible, to have a good orchard. He knew, he said, a clergyman of small income, who brought up a family very reputably, which he chiefly fed with apple dumplins.

“'He said, he had known several good scholars among the Irish gentlemen; but scarcely any of them correct in quantity. He extended the fame observation to Scotland. Speaking of a certain Prelate, who exerted

, himself very laudably in building churches and parsonage-houses'; however, said he, I do not find that he is esteemed a man of much profeffional learning, or a liberal patron of it ;---yet, it is well, where a man pofseffes any strong positive excellence.-Few have all kinds of merit belong

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ing to their character. We must not examine matters too deeply-No, Sir, a fallible being will fail fome-where.

“ Talking of the Irish clergy, he said, Swift was a man of great parts, and the instrument of much good to his country.--Berkeley was a profound scholar, as well as a man of fine imagination; but Usher, he said, was the great luminary of the Irish church, and a greater, he added, no. church could boast of; at least in modern times.

« We dined tête à tête at the Mitre, as I was preparing to return to Ireland, after an absence of many years. I regretted much leaving London, where I had formed many agreeable connexions; “Sir, (faid he,) I don't wonder at it; no man, fond of letters, leaves London without regret. But remember, Sir, you have seen and enjoyed a great deal-You have seen life in its higheit decorations, and the world has nothing new to exhibit.--No man is so well qualifyed to leave publick life as he who has long tryed it and known it well. We are always harkering after untryed situations, and imagining greater felicity from them than they can afford. “ No Sir, knowledge and virtue may be acquired in all countries, and your local consequence vill make you some amends for the intellectual grati

' fications you relinquish. Then he quoted the following lines with great pathos.

" He

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“ He who has early known the pomps of state,

(For things unknown, 'tis ignorance to contemn;)
“ And after having viewed the gaudy bait,
“ Can boldly say, the trife I contemn;
“With such a one contented could I live,
« Contented could I die;"'-

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« He then took a most affecting leave of me; said, he knew, it was a point of duty that called me away." We shall all be sorry to lofe you, said he. Laudo tamen.'

From Mr. LANGTON I have the following additional

Particulars.

« Talking reverently of the SUPREME BEING, he uttered these sentences:

“Do you consider, Sir ?

“ In the first place the idea of a CREATOR must be such as that he has a power to unmake or annihilate his creature.

« Then it cannot be conceived that a creature can make laws for its CREATOR 3.

3 His profound adoration of the Great First CAUSE was such as to fet him above that " Philosophy and vain de.

6 ceit," with which men of narrower conceptions have been infected. I have heard him strongly maintain that " what is “ right is not so from any natural fitness, but because Gop wills “ it to be right;" and it is certainly fo, because he has predispofed the relations of things fo as that which he wills must be right.

BOSWELL. 3

Depend

2

“ Depend upon it, said he, that if a man talks? of his misfortunes, there is something in them that is not disagreeable to him for where there is nothing but pure misery, there never is any recourse to the mention of it.--

“A man must be a poor beart that should read no more in quantity than he could utter aloud.

“ Imlac in “ Raffelas," I spelt with a c. at the end, because it is less like English, which should always have the Saxon k.

Many a man is mad in certain inftances, and goes through life without having it perceived :for example, a madness has feized a person of supposing himself obliged literally to pray continually had the madness turned the opposite way and the person thought it a crime ever to pray, it might not improbably have continued unobferved.

Heapprehended that the delineation of characters in the end of the first Book of the Retreat of the ten thousand was the first instance of the kind that was known.

“ Supposing (said he) a wife to be of a studious or argumentative turn, it would be very troublesome : for instance--if a woman should continually dwell upon the subject of the Arian herefy.

“No man speaks concerning another, even fuppose it be in his praise, if he thinks he does not hear him, exactly as he would, if he thought he was within hearing.-

« The applause of a single human being is of great consequence”.This he faid to me with great

earneftness

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earnestness of manner, very near the time of his decease, on occasion of having desired me to read a letter addressed to him from some person in the North of England; which when I had done, and he asked me what the contents were; as I thought being particular upon it might fatigue him, it being of great length, I only told him in general: that it was highly in his praise ; and then he expressed himself as above.

“ He mentioned with an air of satisfaction what Baretti had told him; thar, meeting, in the course of his studying English, with an excellent paper in the Spectator, one of four that were written by the respectable Diffenting Minister Mr. Grove of Taunton, and observing the genius and energy of mind that it exhibits, it greatly quickened his curiosity to visit our country; as he thought if fuch were the lighter periodical essays of our auchours, their productions on more weighty occasions must be wonderful indeed!

“ He observed once, at Sir Joshua Reynolds's, that, a beggar in the street will more readily ask alms from a man, though there should be no marks of wealth in his appearance, than from even a well-drefled woman*; which he accounted for from the greater degree of carefulness as to money that is to be found in women; saying farther upon it, that, the opportunities: in general that they possess of improving their condition are

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4 Sterne is of a direct contrary opinion.. See his “ Sentimental Journey,” Article, The Mystery.

much

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