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Dr. Chalmers to his Daughter-Dinner at the Lord Mayor's.

oress.

by the Lady Mayoress and the Lady Mayoress elect. The latter of whom I had the honor of leading to the great dining hall. The Lady Mayoress elect will be Lady Mayoress at the great civic feast to their Majesties; so that I had the honor of leading the very lady to dinner whom the King will lead to the great Guildhall dinner in about a fortnight. It was truly a civic feast. I had the honor of sitting second on the right hand from the Lady Mayoress, there being the Lord Mayor elect between me and her, so that I sat between the Lord and Lady Mayor electto be Lord and Lady Mayor in a few days. They were both as kind and cordial to me as possible, as was also the Lady MayThere are some venerable customs handed down from very remote antiquity, which I took great delight in witnessing and sharing in. After dinner, one of the portly and magnificent waiters stood behind the Lady Mayoress with a large flagon, having a lid that lifted, and filled with the best spiced wine. He then called out "Silence," and delivered the following speech from behind the Lady Mayoress, with the great flagon in his hand: "Commissioners of the Church of Scotland, the Lord Mayor, the Lady Mayoress, the Lord Mayor elect, the Lady Mayoress elect, my masters the Sheriff and Aldermen of the good city of London, bid you hearty welcome to this our ancient town, and offer you a cup of love and kindness, in token of good feeling and good fellowship." I have not done justice to the speech, for those Aldermen present were named in it, among the rest the famous Alderman Waitman and Sir Claudius Hunter. After this speech by the crier, the cup was given to the Lady Mayoress, who turned round with it to her neighbor, the Lord Mayor elect; he lifted the lid and kept it in his hand till she drank, both standing; she then gave it to him, but not till she

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Dr. Chalmers to his Daughter-Dinner at the Lord Mayor's.

wiped with a towel the place she had drunk at; he put on the lid, and turned round to me, who rose; I took off the lid, he drank, wiped, gave the cup to me; I turned round to my next neighbor, the Lady Mayoress elect, she arose and took off the lid, I drank, wiped, and gave the cup to her, who put on the lid, turned to her next neighbor, etc., and so the cup, or great flagon rather, went round the whole company. Another peculiar observance was, that instead of hand glasses for washing, there was put down an immense massive plate of gilt silver, with a little rose water poured into it, and placed before the Lady Mayoress. She dipped the corner of her towel into it, and therewith sponged her face and hands, and said plate went round the table, and each of us did the same: It was most refreshing. Then came toasts and speeches. The Moderator gave one in reply to the Church of Scotland; and the Lady Mayoress declared she would not leave the room till I spoke. So there was a particular toast for me, and I had to make a speech, which I concluded with a toast to the Lady Mayoress. Mr. George Sinclair was asked by her Ladyship to return thanks in her name; which he did with a speech, etc. After the ladies retired, I sat between the Lord Mayor, who took the chair, and Alderman Sir Claudius Hunter, who was particularly kind to me. We drank tea with the ladies, and I had much cordial conversation with the eminentes who were there—as Alderman Waitman, Mr. Hartwell Horne, author of the "Introduction," Mr. Alexander Chalmers, author of the "Biographical Dictionary," Sir Peter and Lady Laurie, etc. I should have mentioned that I gave a second little speech in compliment to Mr. Horne, whom I offered as a toast. We went off in our carriages about ten, much delighted with the day's work, and retired to bed soon after our arrival.

Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton to Miss Buxton-Baron Rothschild.

XLI.-BARON ROTHSCHILD.

Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton to Miss Buxton.

DEVONSHIRE STREET, Feb. 14th, 1834. We yesterday dined at Ham House to meet the Rothschilds, and very amusing it was. He (Rothschild) told us his life and adventures. He was the third son of the banker at Frankfort. "There was not," he said, "room enough for us all in that city. I dealt in English goods. One great trader came there who had the market to himself; he was quite the great man, and did us a favor if he sold us goods. Somehow I offended him, and he refused to show us his patterns. This was on a Tuesday. I said to my father, 'I will go to England.' I could speak nothing but German. On the Thursday I started; the nearer I got to England, the cheaper goods were. As soon as I got to Manchester I laid out all my money, things were so cheap; and I made good profit. I soon found that there were three profits-the raw material, the dying, and the manufacturing. I said to the manufacturer, 'I will supply you with material and dye, and you supply me with manufactured goods.' So I got three profits instead of one, and I could sell goods cheaper than anybody. In a short time I made my 20,0007. into 60,000l. My success all turned on one maxim. I said I can do what another man can, and so I am a match for the man with the patterns, and all the rest of them! Another advantage I had. I was an offhand man; I made a bargain at once. When I was settled in London, the East India Company had £800,000 of gold to sell. I went to the sale and bought it all. I knew the Duke of Wellington must have it; I had bought a great many of his bills at a discount. The Government sent for me, and said they must

Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton to Miss Buxton-Baron Rothschild.

have it. When they had got it, they did not know how to get it to Portugal. I undertook all that, and I sent it through France, and that was the best business I ever did."

Another maxim, on which he seemed to place great reliance, was never to have any thing to do with an unlucky place or an unlucky man. "I have seen," said he, "many clever men, very clever men, who had not shoes to their feet! I never act with them. Their advice sounds very well, but fate is against them; they cannot get on themselves; and if they cannot do good to themselves, how can they do good to me?" By aid of these maxims he has acquired three millions of money.

"

"I hope," said "that your children are not too fond of money and business, to the exclusion of more important things. I am sure you would not wish that." Rothschild: "I am sure I should wish that. I wish them to give mind and soul, and heart, and body, and every thing, to business. That is the way to be happy. It requires a great deal of boldness, and a great deal of caution, to make a great fortune; and when you have got it, it requires ten times as much wit to keep it. If I were to listen to all the projects proposed to me, I should ruin myself very soon. Stick to one business young man," said he to Edward; “stick to your brewery, and you may be the great brewer of London. Be a brewer, and a banker, and a merchant, and a manufacturer, and you will soon be in the Gazette.' One of my neighbors is a very ill-tempered man; he tries to vex me, and has built a great place for swine close to my walk. So when I go out, I hear first, grunt, grunt, squeak, squeak; but this does me no harm, I am always in good humor. Sometimes, to amuse myself, I give a beggar a guinea. He thinks it is a mistake, and for fear I should find it out, off he runs as hard as

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Francis Jeffrey to Lord Cockburn—A Scotch Election.

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he can.

I advise you to give a beggar a guinea sometimes; it it is very amusing."

The daughters are very pleasing. The second son is a mighty hunter, and the father lets him buy any horses he likes. He lately applied to the Emperor of Morocco for a first-rate Arab horse. The Emperor sent him a magnificent one, but he died as he landed in England. The poor youth said, very feelingly, "that was was the greatest misfortune he had ever suffered." And I felt strong sympathy with him. I forgot to say that soon after M. Rothschild came here, Bonaparte invaded Germany. "The Prince of Hesse Cassel," said Rothschild,

gave my father his money; there was no time to be lost, he sent it to me. I had £600,000 arrive unexpectedly by the post; and I put it to such good use, that the Prince made me a present of all his wine and linen.”

XLII.-A SCOTCH ELECTION.
Francis Jeffrey to Lord Cockburn.

YORK, April, 1831. MY DEAR C— : I was duly elected at Malton yesterday. I got there on Tuesday at one o'clock, and, attended by twelve forward disciples, instantly set forth to call on my 700 electors, and solicit the honor of their votes. In three hours and a half I actually called at 635 doors, and shook 494 men by the hand. Next day the streets were filled with bands of music, and flags, and streamers of all descriptions, in the midst of which I was helped up, about eleven, to the dorsal ridge of a tall, prancing steed decorated with orange ribbons, having my reins and stirrups held by men in the borough liveries, and a long range of flags and music moving around me. In this state I paraded

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