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concurring, by yeas and nays), sha.. 'old his office during the remainder of the term, and until his successor shall be appointed and qualified. No person, after being rejected by the Senate, shall be again nominated for the same office at the same session, unless at the request of the Senate, or be appointed to the same office during the recess of the General Assembly.

§ 12. The Governor shall have power to remove any officer whom he may appoint, in case of incompetency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office; and he may declare his office vacant, and fill the same as is herein provided in other cases of vacancy.

§ 13. The Governor shall have power to grant reprieves, commutations and pardons, after conviction, for all offenses, subject to such regulations as may be provided by law relative to the manner of applying therefor.

§ 14. The Governor shall be commander-in-chief of the military and naval forces of the State (except when they shall be called into the service of the United States); and may call out the same to execute the laws, suppress insurrection, and repel invasion.

§ 15. The Governor and all civil officers of the State shall be liable to impeachment for any misdemeanor in office.


§ 16. Every bill passed by the General Assembly shall before it becomes a law, be presented to the Governor. If he approve, he shall sign it, and thereupon it shall become a law; but if he do not approve, he shall return it, with his objections, to the House in which it shall have originated, which House shall enter the objections at large upon its journal, and proceed to reconsider the bill. If, then, two-thirds of the members elected agree to pass the same, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other House. by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of the members elected to that House, it shall become a law, notwithstanding the objections of the Governor. But in all such cases, the vote of each House shall be determined by yeas and nays, to be entered on the journal. Any bill which shall not be returned by the Governor within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, shall become a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the General Assembly shall, by their adjournment, prevent its return, in which case it shall be filed, with his objections, in the office of the Secretary of State, within ten days after such adjournment, or become a law.

Lieutenant Governor.

§ 17. In case of the death, conviction on impeachment failure to qualify, resignation, absence from the State. or other disability of the Governor, the powers, duties and emoluments of the office for the residue of the term. or until the disability shall be removed, shall devolve upon the Lieutenant Governor.

18. The Lieutenant Governor shall be President of the Senate, and shall vote only when the Senate is equally divided. The Senate shall choose a President pro tempore, to preside in case of the absence or impeachment of the Lieutenant Governor, or when he shall hold the office of Governor.

19. If there be no Lieutenant Governor or if the Lieutenant Governor shall, for any of the causes specified in section seventeen of this article, become incapable of performing the duties of the office, the President of the Senate shall act as Governor until the vacancy is filled or the disability removed; and if the President of the Senate, for any of the above named causes, shall become incapable of performing the duties of Governor, the same shall devolve upon the Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Other State Officers

§ 20. If the office of Auditor of Public Accounts, Treasurer, Secretary of State, Attorney General, or Superintendent of Public Instruction, shall be vacated by death resignation or otherwise, it shall be the duty of the Governor to fill the same by appointment. and the appointee shall hold his office until his successor shall be elected and qualified in such manner as may be provided by law. An account shall be kept by the officers of the Executive department, and of all the public institutions of the State, of all moneys received or disbursed by them, severally, from all sources and for every service performed, and a semi-annual report thereof be made to the Governor, under oath; and any ofcer who makes a false report shall be guilty of perjury and punished according.y."

§ 21. The officers of the Executive department, and of all the public institutions of the State, shall, at least ten days preceding each regular session of the General Assembly, severally report to the Governor, who shall transmit such report to the General Assembly, together with the reports of the Judges of the Supreme Court of; defects in the Constitution and laws; and the Governor may at any time require information in writing, under oath, from the officers of the Executive department and all officers and managers of State institutions, upon any subject relating to the condition, management and expenses of their respective offices.

The Seal of State.

§ 22. There shall be a seal of the State, which shall be called the "Great Seal of the State of Illinois," which shall be kept by the Secretary of State, and used by him, officially, as directed by law.

Fees and Salaries.

23. The officers named in this article shall receive for their services a salary, to be established by law, which shall not be increased or diminished during their official terms, and they shall not, after the expiration of the terms of those in office at the adoption of this Constitution, receive to their own use any fees, costs, perquisites of office, or other compensation. And all fees that may hereafter be payable by law for any services performed by any officer provided for in this article of the Constitution, shall be paid in advance into the State Treasury.

Definition and Oath of Office.

§ 24. An office is a public position, created by the Constitution or law, continuing during the pleasure of the appointing power, or for a fixed time, with a successor elected or appointed. An employment is an agency, for a temporary purpose, which ceases when that purpose is accomplished.

§ 25. All civil officers, except members of the General Assembly and such inferior officers as may be by law exempted, shall, before they enter on the duties of their respective offices, take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation:

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm, as the case may be) that I will support the Constitution of the United States. and the Constitution of the State of Illinois, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of the office of according to the best of my


And no other oath, declaration or test shall be required as a qualification.

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NEW YORK, January 17, 1870.

T. M. AVERY, ESQ., Pres't National Watch Co.: DEAR SIR-The Watch made by your Company, which I have carried the past two months, has kept excellent time. I have carried it frequently on engines, and have been on the road with it almost daily. During this time it has run uniformly with our standard clock.

Truly, yours,



OMAHA, Nebraska, December 16, 1869.
HON. T. M. AVERY, Pres't National Watch Co.,
Chicago, Ill.:

DEAR SIR-During the months that I have carried one of your B. W. Raymond Watches it has not failed to keep the time with so much accuracy as to leave nothing to desire in this regard.

For accuracy in time-keeping, beauty of movement and finish, your watches challenge my admiration and arouse my pride as an American, and I am confident that in all respects they will compete successfully in the markets of the world with similar manufactures of older nations. They need only to be known to be appreciated.

Yours, most respectfully,

C. G. HAMMOND, Gen'l Supt.


CHICAGO, January 27, 1870.

T. M. AVERY, ESQ., Pres't National Watch Co.: DEAR SIR-I have carried the Elgin Watch long enough to be able to pronounce it a first-rate timekeeper. I am making a very careful test of its performance, and will soon give you the results. I think it will show that the West can produce Watches equal to the manufacture of any part of the world. Yours, truly,

President L. S. & M. S. R. R. Co.

PENN. R R. Co.,

ALTOONA, January 19, 1870.

T. M. AVERY, ESQ., Pres't National Watch Co., Chicago:

DEAR SIR-This Company has purchased and put in the hands of its engine-men eighty "Raymond movements, " which have given excellent satisfaction, and proved to be very reliable timekeepers. In addition to these, quite a number of Elgin Watches have been purchased by officers and employees of this Company, all of whom have been well pleased with the efficiency and regularity of the movements manufactured by the National Watch Company. Respectfully,


Call on your Jeweler, and ask to see the Elgin Watches.
Business Office and Salesroom National Watch Company,

159 & 161 Lake St., Chicago. 1 Maiden Lane, New York.


Judicial Department.

SECTION 1. The judicial powers, except as in this article is otherwise provided, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, Circuit Courts, County Courts, Justices of the Peace, Police Magistrates, and in such courts as may be created by law in and for cities and incorporated towns.

Supreme Court.

§ 2. The Supreme Court shall consist of seven judges, and shall have original jurisdiction in cases relating to the revenue, in mandamus and habeas corpus, and appellate jurisdiction in all other cases. One of said judges shall be Chief Justice; four shall constitute a quorum, and the concurrence of four shall be necessary to every


§ 3. No person shall be eligible to the office of Judge of the Supreme Court unless he shall be at least thirty years of age and a citizen of the United States, nor unless he shall have resided in this State five years next preceding his election, and he a resident of the district in which he shall be elected.

§ 4. Terms of the Supreme Court shall continue to be held in the present grand divisions at the several places now provided for holding the same; and until otherwise provided by law, one or more terms of said court shall be held, for the Northern division, in the city of Chicago, each year, at such times as said court may appoint, whenever said city or the county of Cook shall provide appropriate rooms therefor, and the use of a suitable library, without expense to the State. The judicial divisions may be altered, increased or diminished in number, and the times and places of holding said court may be changed by law.

§ 5. The present grand divisions shall be preserved, and be denominated Southern, Central, and Northern, until otherwise provided by law. The State shall be divided into seven districts for the election of judges, and, until otherwise provided by law, they shall be as follows:

First District. The counties of St. Clair, Clinton, Washington, Jefferson, Wayne, Edwards, Wabash, White, Hamilton, Franklin, Perry, Randolph, Monroc, Jackson, Williamson, Saline, Gallatin, Hardin, Pope, Union, Johnson, Alexander, Pulaski, and Massac.

Second District. The counties of Madison, Bond, Marion, Clay, Richland, Lawrence, Crawford, Jasper, Effingham, Fayette, Montgomery, Macoupin, Shelby, Cumberland, Clark, Greene, Jersey, Calhoun, and Christian.

Third District. The counties of Sangamon, Macon, Logan, DeWitt, Piatt, Douglas, Champaign, Vermilion, McLean, Livingston, Ford, Iroquois, Coles, Edgar, Moultrie, and Tazewell.

Fourth District. The counties of Fulton, McDonough, Hancock, Schuyler, Brown, Adams, Pike, Mason, Menard, Morgan, Cass, and Scott.

Fifth District. The counties of Knox, Warren, Henderson, Mercer, Henry, Stark, Peoria, Marshall, Putnam, Bureau, La Salle, Grundy, and Woodford.

Sixth District. The counties of Whiteside, Carroll, Jo Daviess, Stephenson, Winnebago, Boone, McHenry, Kane, Kendall, De Kalb, Lee, Ogle, and Rock Island. Seventh District. The counties of Lake, Cook, Will, Kankakee, and Du Page. The boundaries of the districts may be changed at the session of the General Assembly next preceding the election for judges therein, and at no other time; bu

whenever such alterations shall be made, the same shall be upon the rule of equality of population, as nearly as county boundaries will allow, and the districts shall be composed of contiguous counties, in `as nearly compact form as circumstances will permit. The alteration of the districts shall not affect the tenure of office of any judge.

§ 6. At the time of voting on the adoption of this Constitution, one Judge of the Supreme Court shall be elected by the electors thereof in each of said districts numbered two, three, six and seven, who shall hold his office for the term of nine years from the first Monday of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy. The term of office of Judges of the Supreme Court, elected after the adoption of this Constitution, shall be nine years; and on the first Monday of June of the year in which the term of any of the judges in office at the adoption of this Constitution, or of the judges then elected, shall expire, and every nine years thereafter, there shall be an election for the successor or successors of such judges, in the respective districts wherein the term of such judges shall expire. The Chief Justice shall continue to act as such until the expiration of the term for which he was elected, after which the judges shall choose one of their number Chief Justice.

§ 7. From and after the adoption of this Constitution, the Judges of the Supreme Court shall each receive a salary of four thousand dollars per annum, payable quarterly, until otherwise provided by law. And after said salaries shall be fixed by law, the salaries of the judges in office shall not be increased or diminished during the terms for which said judges shall have been elected.

§ 8. Appeals and writs of error may be taken to the Supreme Court, held in the grand division in which the case is decided, or, by consent of the parties, to any other grand division.

§ 9. The Supreme Court shall appoint one reporter of its decisions, who shall hold his office for six years, subject to removal by the court.

§ 10. At the time of the election for Representatives in the General Assembly, happening next preceding the expiration of the terms of office of the present clerks of said court, one clerk of said court for each division shall be elected, whose term of office shall be six years from said election, but who shall not enter upon the duties of his office until the expiration of the term of his predecessor; and every six years thereafter one clerk of said court for each division, shall be elected.

Appellate Courts.

§ 11. After the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-four, inferior Appellate Courts, of uniform organization and jurisdiction, may be created in districts formed for that purpose, to which such appeals and writs of error as the General Assembly may provide may be prosecuted from Circuit and other courts, and from which appeals and writs of error shall lie to the Supreme Court, in all criminal cases, and cases in which a franchise or freehold or the validity of a statute is involved, and in such other cases as may be provided by law. Such Appellate Courts shall be held by such number of judges of the Circuit Courts, and at such times and places, and in such manner, as may be provided by law; but no judge shall sit in review upon cases decided by him; nor shall said judges receive any additional compensation for such services.

Circuit Courts.

§ 12. The Circuit Courts shall have original jurisdiction of all causes in law and equity, and such appellate jurisdiction as is or may be provided by law, and shall hold two or more terms each year in every county. The terms of office of Judges of Circuit Courts shall be six years.

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