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merican Woman, the

50, 149 : Helen Raymond, or Marrying to be Supported. ifection. By Miss MARY C DENVER,

By Miss S. A. HUNT,

108 nerican Views. No. I.-S. Ferry, Brooklyn, 90 } Happiest Moment of My Life, the By A Roland, 115 No. II.-Niagara Falls, 158 Hope, Truth and Life. By H. M.

130 gincourt. A Romance. By G. P. R. JAMES, 101 Home Poems. By Aug. J. H. DUGANNE, · 149 pologues. By Rev. Chas. A. Smith, 131 Heart Knoweth its own Bitterness, the

204 Down in the Sunless Retreats of the Ocean, 263 } Harp the Monarch Minstrel Swept, the

2410 'vinia, or the Fright By H. MANSFIELD. 273 Home Affections. By Mrs. E. A. Bacon, 286

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idge of Doon and Tam O'Shanter,
46 "I Will Hope Continually,"

47 rth-days, the By Miss Marion H. RAND, 143 Invocation to Poesy. By Miss M. C. DENVER, 84 rbaja and Rossini. By A. ROLAND, 160 Importance of Childhood, the By ADELA, 107 row and Wordsworth. By E. FERRETT, 291 I Would be Free. By H. M.


Irish Girl, the By Miss M.C Denver, · - 249 oud, the

49 laatha By H. M.

57 Joy of Earth, the By JAMES IIUNGERFORD, 166 bk, the Poetry of Eliza By II. D. C.

58 atry, My By H. M.

75 Kate's Disappointment. By Miss S. A. Huxt, 265 rage. By E. FERRETT,


130 peptics, A Mirror for By J. M. SANDERSON, 101

Lovers and Husbands. By T. S. Arthur, - 150 5, Invocation to the By DUDLEY B. Tinker, 107

Lines Addressed to an Old Soldier of Napoleon.
By J. C. D.

177 or's Table,

50, 99, 148, 197, 214, 287 Lines Addressed to a Friend. By Lewis Towbing Thoughts. By H. M. .

son Voraut,

192 5 Called, the

Lines to Miss Dix,


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Music. By Mary E. LEE,
98 Motto and Crest,

9 ons of the Philipinos. By the Poor Scuo. Mother's Look, a

16 LAR,

179 Muse, to the An Ode. By Joun L. CAREY, Esq. 29 s from the German of Lessing. By Rev. Money Digger, the By T. S. ARTHUR,


182 Masaniello, the Revolt of By A. ROLAND, s Pictorial History of the World, 197, 245 | Music. By J T. S. SULLIVAN,

80, 163 s and Parables, 212 My Ain Fireside,

89 ply Ye Have Received, Freely Give." By Maiden, to a By T. S. ARTHUR,

90 H. M.

Milton Harvey, and Other Tales. By Miss haion,” the New Comedy of


101 Morning. By H. M.

· 114 Love. By II. M. 210 Music,

126 Gala. By A. ROLAND,

259 Modern Poetry. By Henry D. Cooke,
No. II.-Alired Tennyson,

- 127 By T S. ARTHUR, 13, 33, 144, 193 No. III.- William Motherwell,

183 205, 250 No. IV.-John Pierpont,

219 hly Music,

No. V. Amelia B. Welby,



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Maiden, the By T. S. ARTHUR,

133 To My Absent Sister. By DUDLEY B. Tinker, 60
Married and Single,


Things" without « Words.By O.
Messenger Rose, the By M. C. Denver, 172 Two Mothers, the By Miss S. A. IIUNT, 76


Taste, Essays on the Nature and Principles of
Mary Ryan's Daughter,


Madness. By T. S. A.


Tasle, A Philosophical Inquiry into the Nature
New Publications,

51, 99
and Principles of By E. Burke,

Norah Clary's Wise Thought. By Mrs. S. C.

To a Stream. By T. S. ARTHUR,



Truth and Integrity. By D. C. COLESWORTHY, 180
Netley Abbey, the Ruins of

Το - By R. D. R.

Our Willey's Prayer. By the Author of " Willey Ups and Downs. By T. S. ARTIR,

and the Beggar Girl,”
37 United States, to the By J. C. D.

Our Little Harry.

Virginia Fox-Hunt, a

• 138
“ Our Country is Teeming with Young Genius," 148

Vision of the Enthusiast, the By IIENRY D.
Our Little Kate. By H. M.

СооКЕ, ,

On Entering a Wood

- 208
Old Friend, to an By T. S. A.

Woodcutter, the By Mary DAVENANT,

One in Heaven, to By B. St. JAMES FORY, 230

What Shall I Do ? A Temperance Tale. By T.'

Publishers' Department,

52, 101, 246, 289
Waterloo, the Field and Battle of

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Poet's Beauty, the By Aug J. H. DUGANNE, 192

Wife, the By T. S. ARTHUR,

Poor Poet, the By Robert Arthur, D. D. S. 222

Wild-Wood Flower, the

By H. M..

Peace be Unto Thee. By H. M.


Ye are Going. By D. C. COLESWORTHY, · 166
Richard the Third. By John Frost, LL. D. 43

Young Lady, to a By Edwin PLUMMER, 258
Re-Moulding a Disposition. By J. A. SPERRY, 85
Rhetoric, Old Fashioned. By Prof. Joux


Rufus Stone in the New Forest


Romantic Georgianna, the By S. A. Hunt, • 211
Reverses of Fortune. By H. D. C.


Title Page for Vol III. I

Joan of Arc.
Shakespeare Gallery of Beauty,

The Bridge of Doon. $
No. I.-Joan of Arc,


No. 11.- Imogen,


South Ferry, Brooklyn.
No. III.-Cassandra,


Norah Clary.
Sketch from the History of the Poor, a By Mrs.

A Fox-Hunt in the Old Dominion,
S. J. Hale,


Summer Wept. By Miss M. C. Denver, - 12

Niagara Falls.
Sell-Government. By The Editor,


Still Gush Thy Treasures, Living Spring. By

The Plains of Waterloo.


Sewing Society, the By Miss Harriet King, 33

Mary Ryan's Daughter.
Selfishness. By An UTILITARIAN,


Sketches of Italy. By J M. H.

01, 123
Socrates. Ry Rufus DAWES,

96 Vignette and Ornamental Letter,- Joan of Arc.
Steele, Sir Richard. By H. D. C.

97 Monument to the Memory of Joan of Arc.
Stanzas from Thomas Carew,

122 } The Ruins of Kirk Alloway.
Slighted Love. By Mary G. WELLS 106 The Money Digger.
Soul and the Wave, the By JAMES HUNGER The Cottage of Sir Richard Steele,

217 Norah Clary and Morris Douovan.
Spirit-Union. By Avg. J. H. DUGANNE, · 243 Bannow Lasses.
Smith, Rev. Sidney,

244 Posthumus and Imogen.
Saxons, Last of the

246 Rufus Stone, in the New Forest.
Soul's Communion. By SKETCHER,

258 The Ruins of Netley Abbey.


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JANUARY, 1845.

For Arthur's Mag a zine.



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MONG the won bered kingdom. There is faction, too, within

derful episodes to as well as a foreign foe The Duke of Bur. स

be found in the his-gundy is powerful, and wages a bitter intestine

tory of the world, war against all who declare in favor of Charles, there is none more truly wonder- } the Dauphin, who has been crowned in Poictiers ful than the story of Joan of Arc. An English army is in France

* It may be thought by some rather straining a in actual possession of the capi- point to set down Joan of Arc as one of Shakespeare's

characters. But the same objection might be brought tal, and two-thirds of the whole against Queen Margaret, Lady Anne, or, indeed, any country-Young king Henry VI. Į historical personage introduced by him in his plays. has been crowned in Paris, and {The artist who has presented to the eye with so much

Charles, the rightful { life, beauty and spirit the picture of Joan, as given sovereign, is driven } in our magazine of this month, has illustrated that with a handful of re

portion of Shakespeare's Henry VI. which represents

the inspired Maid, as leading forward, banner in tainers, to a remote hand, the troops of Charles to the rescue of the

corner of his dismem- } besieged city of Orleans. -Ed.

as king of France. Charles and his friends : white, and fringed with silk, having on it a have made a brave resistance, sometimes with representation of the Saviour seated on a throne, success, yet oftener with defeat; town after town holding a globe in his hand, with two angels in has been taken, and castle after castle, until, } adoration, one holding a flour-de-lis, which the step by step they have been driven from the Saviour seems to bless, with the words Jesus north towards the southern provinces, and often Maria on the border, she leads the army on and reduced to the greatest straits. The city of successfully enters, with large supplies, the city Orleans, a post of great importance to Charles, of Orleans. From this time forth, under the still maintains itself against the besieging army guidance of the inspired Maid, the French gain of the Duke of Bedford, regent for Henry VI. { victory after victory—the king is conducted to but all supplies being cut off, it is in imminent Rheims, and there crowned—the English army danger of falling into the enemy's hands. The { is seized with a superstitious dread, and retires possession of this city is of vast moment to in confusion whenever she appears with her Charles, for lying between those provinces which charmed banner. Thus are the followers of have submitted to the English, and those which Charles led on, until they advance even to the still acknowledge his authority, it serves as a siege of Paris. But here the maid is wounded, gathering point to his adherents, and a strong and the army forced to retire. Still many suchold from whence they can, with advantage, cesses continue to crown the advances of the sally out and annoy their enemies. Unless French army, until, at the defence of the town this place is subdued, the English cannot with of Compiègne, which is besieged by the Duke safety pursue King Charles into the southern of Burgundy, in a sharp contest which takes part of the kingdom; the success of his cause place beyond the barriers, the Maid is suddenly is, therefore, solely dependent upon its posses- deserted by her followers. In vain she calls sion. But, month after month passes away, and upon them to stand firm; they are in full the defence grows weaker and weaker. Charles, retreat, and she is left to combat alone with the with his court, is at Chinon, reduced almost to

enemy She resists bravely, but is soon overhopelessness. In every contest with the Eng. come, and made prisoner! The English get lish, his troops are beaten. Orleans can hold possession of her, and have her tried as a witch out but a brief space longer, and then the Dau- } by an ecclesiastical court in France, which phin must retreat rapidly to Languedoc and condemns her to the stake, and she is burnt to Dauphiny, where a few faithful adherents are to death at Rouen and her ashes scattered on the be found, to make another feeble stand against waters of the Seine, to the everlasting disgrace the enemy.

of hoth the French and English. In this crisis, a humble maiden, the daughter Thus, briefly told, we have the strange of a shepherd in the obscure village of Domremy, { history of Joan of Arc. After the crowning of who has been a day-dreamer from her childhood, King Charles at Rheims, she desired to go back becomes inspired with a wonderful heroism. to her quiet obscurity, having accomplished her For years she has imagined that “ voices” spoke { mission. But, neither the king nor his leading to her, and that she has seen visions of the counsellors, who saw the powerful influence Archangels Michael and Gabriel, and St. Ca- she possessed over the army, would listen a therine and St. Margaret, two saints whose im- {moment to her wish. They were not yet done ages she has been accustomed to adorn with with her. flowers.

Wide have been the differences of opinion Now she declares that her " voices” direct her that have existed in regard to this phenomenon of to go to Charles at Chinon ; lead on an army the fifteenth century, and almost innumerable and raise the siege of Orleans—and then to con the books written on the subject. M. Chausduct the young king to Rheims, where the sard

enumerates upwards of four hundred anointing oil is kept in the sacred Ampulla, that expressly devoted to the life of Joan of Arc, or he might there be crowned according to their including details of her history. During her custom. At first she is treated as one insane, { life, and immediately afterwards, the French but her importunities at last meet with respect. į army believed her miraculously inspired by She is sent to Charles, at Chinon, and, is, after heaven to lead them on to victory, and considered some hesitation, admitted to an interview. all the supernatural communications she avowed, Every attention and honor are paid to her, and, to be realities; while the English considered her as sne desires, an army is sent under her direc a witch, and inspired by the devil.

So fully tion with supplies for the beleagured city. was this believed by the latter, that troops Mounted on horseback in a complete suit of actually refused to embark from England for the armuur, and carrying her banner, which is continent, averring, that they were not afraid to

fight any number of Frenchmen, but were not Pucelle is entered into Orleans. going to enter the lists with Satan.

In spite of us, or all that we could do. The truth is, that Joan, no doubt, believed that she heard and saw all that she related, and No one who justly appreciates the character that she was moved on by a pure and noble love of Joan of Arc, can help feeling regret at the of her country,—that the French, in that outrageous imputations cast upon her character superstitious age, were inspired by the beliet} in this play of Henry VI. where she is not that they were favored by heaven, in the person only represented as a witch, but as one of the of the invincible Joan : and, that the English, } vilest of the vile. In drawing her portrait, were dispirited and defeated, from like super- | Shakespeare, went no further than the common stitious feelings.

impression brought over by the English army, Voltaire and others have attempted to stain and the ordinary scandal of the day, but, in the character of Joan by representing her as of making this a part of one of his plays, he has the vilest character. But, history has done done La Pucelle great injustice. ample justice to her self-devotion, her high sense Schiller, in his Maid of Orleans, assumes, in of honor, and her unsullied virtue.

She re

order to afford himself, as a poet, all the latitude mained pure, even amid the allurements and he desired in giving effect to his play, the fact temptations of a corrupt court. Hume says of of supernatural agency. All that Joan believed, her—- This admirable heroine, to whom the more herself, in regard to the visions and « voices," generous superstition of the ancients, would have { he assumes as true, and works up his plot with erected altars, was, on pretence of heresy and this as a leading feature. But, he departs too magic, delivered over alive to the flames, and broadly from history in causing Joan to be slain expiated by that dreadful punishment the signal in battle, just at the moment of victory. The services she had rendered to her prince and her fact of her death at the stake is too impressive native country.”

a finale to her adventurous life, to admit of The very spirited engraving of the Maid, such an anacronism. In this, Schiller failed. In which we have given in this number of our adopting as true the maid's belief in actual commagazine, represents her as she led forward the munications from the other world, he was French troops against the besiegers of Orleans, } justifiable as a poet; still, the admission of her and triumphantly entered the town, as described belief in her own visions, without the poet's by Shakespeare in the following passage, taken assent to the fact, would have left him free, in from the first act of King Henry VI.

our view, to have drawn more life-like pictures,

in which nature would have spoken to the heart Talbot. Where is my strength, my valor, and with inconceivable power. There was enough Our English troops retire, I cannot stay them ?

in the real history of Joan for the gifted GerA woman, clad in armor, chaseth them!

man bard, without passing beyond the boundary Enter LA PUCELLE (JOAN OF ARC).

of visible things. Here, here she comes :—I 'll have a bout with thee : The trial and condemnation to death of the Devil, or devil's dam, I 'll conjure thee :

Maid was a most flagrant outrage on justice and Blood will I draw on thee, thou art a witch,


The rules of the church by which And staightway give thy soul to him thou servest.

she was tried, could not have found her worthy Pucelle. Come, come, 'tis only I that must dis

of death. But, the Duke of Bedford determined [They fight.

that she should not be permitted to live. He, Tal. Heavens, can you suffer hell so to prevail ? therefore, influenced the unprincipled Bishop of My breast I 'll burst with straining of my courage ; Beauvais to act treacherously towards her. He, And from my shoulders crack my arms asunder, by false representations, induced her to sign a But I will chastise this high minded strumpet.

paper which was actually a confession of henious Puc. Talbot, farewell; thy hour is not yet come : I must go victual Orleans forthwith.

and impossible crimes at which she would have O ertake me if thou can'st; I scorn thy strength.

shuddered, while, as read to her, it merely conGo, go, cheer up thy hunger-starved men;

tained a promise to submit herself in all things Help Salisbury to make his testament :

to the Church of Rome, no more to carry This day is ours, as many more shall be.

arms, or use the dress of men—to adopt the [PUCELLE enters the town, with soldiers.

dress of women, and let her hair grow. Even Tal. My thoughts are whirled like a potter's after this, the Bishop, who feared the conse

wheel; I know not where I am, nor what I do :

quences to himself if he permitted Joan to be A witch, by fear not force, like Hannibal,

put to death, hesitated. But the Duke of BedDrives back our troops and conquers as she lists.

ford took forcible possession of her person, and used such influence with the Bishop, as

my force ?

grace thee.

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