The Origins of the Final Solution: The Evolution of Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939-March 1942

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U of Nebraska Press, 2007 M05 1 - 615 pages
Published by the University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, and Yad Vashem, Jerusalem

In 1939, the Nazi regime?s plans for redrawing the demographic map of Eastern Europe entailed the expulsion of millions of Jews. By the fall of 1941, these plans had shifted from expulsion to systematic and total mass murder of all Jews within the Nazi grasp. The Origins of the Final Solution is the most detailed and comprehensive analysis ever written of what took place during this crucial period?of how, precisely, the Nazis? racial policies evolved from persecution and ?ethnic cleansing? to the Final Solution of the Holocaust.


Focusing on the months between the German conquest of Poland in September 1939?which brought nearly two million additional Jews under Nazi control?and the beginning of the deportation of Jews to the death camps in the spring of 1942, Christopher R. Browning describes how Poland became a laboratory for experiments in racial policies, from expulsion and decimation to ghettoization and exploitation under local occupation authorities. He reveals how the subsequent attack on the Soviet Union opened the door for an immense radicalization of Nazi Jewish policy?and marked the beginning of the Final Solution. Meticulously documenting the process that led to this fatal development, Browning shows that Adolf Hitler was the key decision-maker throughout, approving major escalations in Nazi persecution of the Jews at victory-induced moments of euphoria. Thoroughly researched and lucidly written, this groundbreaking work provides an essential chapter in the history of the Holocaust.
 

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User Review  - AuntieCatherine - LibraryThing

A detailed, punctilious description of the way the brutality of the German invasion of Poland, Russian and the Baltic States spiralled into genocide. Difficult to read but necessary to dispel some of ... Read full review

The origins of the Final Solution: the evolution of Nazi Jewish policy, September 1939-March 1942

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

Browning (history, Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill) argues that while the Nazis' effort to find a Final Solution to their self-created Jewish Question was inherent in their ideology, we cannot ... Read full review

Selected pages

Contents

Background
Poland Laboratory of Racial Policy
10
Abdication of the Army
13
Racial Policy and Terror
23
The Search for a Final Solution through Expulsion 19391941
34
The Baltic Germans the First ShortRange Plan and the Warthegau Deportations
41
The Curbing of Nazi Deportation Plans JanuaryFebruary 1940
52
The Intermediate Plan The Stettin Deportations and the Volhynian Action FebruaryJuly 1940
61
Operation Barbarossa and the Onset of the Holocaust JuneDecember 1941
242
German Perceptions and Expectations Regarding the East
243
Early AntiJewish Measures and the MidJuly Turning Point
251
Pogroms and Collaboration
266
Toward the Final Solution AugustDecember 1941
275
The Final Solution in the East
292
From War of Destruction to the Final Solution
307
Consternation and Anticipation
328

The Army from Abdication to Complicity
70
The Madagascar Plan
79
The Last Spasms of Expulsion Policy Fall 1940Sprint 1941
87
The Polish Ghettos
109
Exploitation
136
Production or Starvation The Ghetto Managers Dilemma
149
Germany and Europe
167
The Nazi Sphere of Influence
191
Preparing for the War of Destruction
211
Military Preparations for the War of Destruction
213
Preparations of the ss
222
Economic and Demographic Preparations for Operation Barbarossa
232
Inventing the Extermination Camp
350
The Final Solution from Conception to Implementation October 1941March 1942
372
Deportations from Germany the First and Second Waves
373
Integrating the Bureaucracy into the Final Solution
396
The Gassing Begins
414
Conclusion
422
Germans and the Final Solution
426
Notes
433
Bibliography
547
Index
577
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

Christopher R. Browning is Frank Porter Graham Professor of History at the University of North Carolina?Chapel Hill. He is the author of numerous books on Nazism and the Holocaust, including Nazi Policy, Jewish Workers, German Killers and Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland.

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