Radioactive Waste Disposal at Sea: Public Ideas, Transnational Policy Entrepreneurs, and Environmental Regimes
MIT Press, 2000 M11 20 - 273 pages
Most studies of environmental regimes focus on the use of power, the pursuit of rational self-interest, and the influence of scientific knowledge. Lasse Ringius focuses instead on the influence of public ideas and policy entrepreneurs. He shows how transnational coalitions of policy entrepreneurs can build environmental regimes and how global environmental nongovernmental organizations can act as catalysts for regime change. This is the first book-length empirical study of the formation of the global ocean dumping regime in 1972 and its subsequent development, which culminated in the 1993 global ban on the dumping of low-level radioactive waste at sea. Ringius describes the structure within which global ocean dumping policy, particularly policy with regard to the disposal of radioactive waste, is embedded. He also examines the political construction of ocean dumping as a global environmental problem, the role of persuasion and communication in an international setting, and the formation of international public opinion. He does not argue that the influence of ideas alone explains how regimes develop, but claims that it is necessary to understand how actors, interests, and ideas together influence regimes and international environmental policy.
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2 History of Efforts to Control Ocean Disposal of LowLevel Radioactive Waste
3 Transnational Coalitions of Policy Entrepreneurs Regime Analysis and Environmental Regimes
4 Scientific Advice and Ocean Dumping
5 Ocean Dumping and US Domestic Politics
6 Negotiating the Global Ocean Dumping Regime
7 Explaining Regime Formation
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According action Agency agreement analysis approach attention Britain British capacity chapter claim coalitions Committee concern conference Congress Congressional Convention cooperation costs created decision demonstrated developing countries domestic draft early economic effects ENGOs environment environmental regimes epistemic established evidence examine example existing experts explained follow formation global environmental global ocean dumping governments Greenpeace hegemon House human ideas ideational important individual influence interests international environmental issue Japan knowledge leadership lists London low-level marine pollution material meeting necessary negotiations norms nuclear ocean dumping regime organizations planned policy entrepreneurs political possible present pressure principles problem prominent proposed protection public opinion radioactive waste radwaste disposal realists regulation Representatives result role scientific scientists secretariat Senate significant Statement Stockholm conference Strong technical theory tion transnational United United Nations waste disposal