« PreviousContinue »
office laid aside on the creation of de-
cemvirs, 32. Restored, 54. Two are
brought in by choice of their college,
64, and v. 10. This mode of co-optation
forbidden, iii. 65, and v. 11. A plebeian
tribune orders his beadle to seize a con-
sul, ii. 56. The tribunes threaten to
imprison the consuls, iv. 26. Do the
same to the consular tribunes, v. 9.
Prevent the election of curule magis-
trates during five years, vi. 35. Their
power confined within the walls of the
city, iii. 20.
Recovered from the
Athamanians, xxxvi. 13. Disputed by
Philip and the Thessalians, xxxix. 25.
Tricorian people, xxi. 30.
Trigemina gate, iv. 16; xxxv. 10, 41;
Triphylia restored to the Achæans by
Philip, xxviii. 8; xxxii. 5.
Tripolis, in Laconia, xxxv. 27.
-, Scea, in Perrhæbia, xlii. 53, 55, 67.
Tripudium Solistimum, when the chick-
ens eat greedily, x. 40.
Tritonon, xxviii. 7.
Triumph of Tarquinius Priscus, the first
mentioned by Livy, i. 38.
iii. 29. The dress of generals
in triumph, x. 7. The granting of a
triumph belongs properly to the senate,
iii. 63. A triumph ordered by the
people, without the approbation of the
senate, iii. 63; vii. 17. One without an
order of either, x. 37.
-, a, not allowed to a commander,
who was not invested with any magis-
tracy, xxviii. 38.
of Scipio Africanus, xxx. 45.
Trocmi, one of the three tribes of Gauls
that migrated to Asia, xxxviii, 16.
Trogilii harbour, xxv. 23.
Troilium, x. 46.
Tromentine tribe added, vi. 5.
Trophonian Jupiter, his temple in Leba-
dia, xlv. 27.
Troy taken; two other places named
Troy, i. 1.
Tubero, Q., historian, iv. 23; x. 9.
Tuccius, M., curule ædile, xxxv. 41.
Prætor, xxxvi. 45. Commissioner of a
colony, xxxix. 23.
Tullia, two of the name, daughters of
Servius Tullius, king, i. 46-59.
Tullianum, prison, xxix. 22.
Tullius, Man., consul, ii. 19.
Sex., chief centurion a seventh
time, addresses the dictator Sulpicius on
his protracting the war, vii. 13. Shows
extraordinary bravery in battle, 16.
Tumult, Gallic, vii. 9.
Tunes, a strong city, fifteen miles distant
from Carthage, taken by Scipio, xxx.
Turdetans, or Turdulians, a restless
people in Spain, xxi. 6. Are entirely
subdued by the Romans, sold by auc-
tion, and their city razed, xxiv. 42.
Their lands tributary to Saguntum,
xxviii. 39. They are defeated by P.
Manlius, xxxiv. 17, 19.
Turnus, king of the Rutulians, i. 2.
Tuscans, see Etrurians.
Tuscan sea, v. 33; xxvi. 19.
street, in Rome, ii. 14; xxvii. 39.
Tusculum, ii. 15, 16. Taken by the La-
tins, and recovered, vi. 33. Shuts its
gates against Hannibal, xxvi. 9. Its
hills, iii. 7, 8. Citadel, 23, and vi. 33.
Tusculans send succours to Rome, iii. 18.
War declared against them by the Ro-
mans, which they avoid by peaceable
demeanour, obtain peace, and privileges
of Roman citizens, vi. 25, 26; viii. 14, 37.
Tutia river, xxvi. 11.
Tycha, part of Syracuse, xxiv. 21; xxv. 25.
Tyndarium, xxxvi. 2.
Tyrrheum, or Thyrium, xxxvi. 11;
Tyrus, xxxiii. 48, 49; xxxiv. 61.
Tyscos, xxxviii. 18.
Ufens river, v. 35.
Ufentine tribe added, ix. 20.
Uffugum_revolts from the Carthaginians
to the Romans, xxx. 19.
Ulysses said to be the progenitor of Oc-
tavius Mamilius, i. 49.
Umbria, x. 1. Part of it called the Ma-
terine tract, ix. 41. Another part the
Sappinian tribe, xxi. 2; xxii. 9;
Umbrians are driven out of their country
by the Boians, v. 35. They, and the
Etrurians, are defeated by the Romans
at the Cirninian forest, ix. 37. Utterly
overthrown, 39. They boast that they
will attack Rome, are vanquished, and
compelled to give up the advisers of
their revolt, 41. They join the Etru-
rians, Samnites, and Gauls, against the
Romans, x. 21, 27.
Urbicua, taken by Fulvius with great dif-
ficulty, xl. 16.
Urites, people, furnish ships to the Ro-
mans for the Macedonian war, xlii. 48.
Uscana, in Illyria, where Appius Claudius
is insnared by the garrison, and suffers
severely, xliii. 10. It is taken by Per-
seus after an obstinate defence, 18.
Perseus, in violation of the capitulation,
sells the natives, and confines the Ro-
Usurers, fined, vii. 28; x. 23. Their prac-
tices, viii. 28.
Utens river, see Ufens.
Utica, its lands ravaged by Otacilius,
XXV. 31. Again wasted, xxvii. 5.
Again by Valerius Lævinus, xxviii. 4.
Scipio encamps near it, xxix. 28. Lays
siege to it, and retires, 35. Besieges it
again, xxx. 3, 5, 8. His fleet is at-
tacked by the Carthaginians, 9, 10.
Vaccæans, people, Spanish, conquered by
Hannibal, xxi. 5. Defeated by M. Ful-
vius, xxxv. 7; xl. 47, 50.
Vacciprata, viii. 19.
Vadimon lake, a furious battle fought
there by the Romans and Etrurians, ix.
Valerius Antias, historian, iii. 5.
C., consular tribune, vi. 36.
consul, viii. 18.
Potitus, C., consular tribune, iv.
Consul, 53. Consular tribune a
second time, 57. A third time, 61.
-Flaccus, C., made flamen of Ju-
piter against his will, assumes a seat in
the senate, xxvii. 8. Made curule
ædile, he cannot take the requisite oath,
Tappus, C., plebeian tribune,
L., quæstor, accuses Spurius
Cassius of treason, ii. 41. Is made con-
sul, 42. Again, 61. Wages war with
the Equans, 62.
deputed to carry to Delphi an
offering to Apollo, is taken by pirates,
and set at liberty, v. 28.
master of horse, viii. 18.
Poplicola, L., consular tribune,
A second time, vi. 1. A third
A fourth, 21. A fifth, 27.
Potitus, L., commences an op-
position to the decemvirs, iii. 39, 41.
With M. Horatius, drives Appius out of
the forum, 49. Is deputed by the se-
nate to the commissioners, 53. Made
consul, he procures laws in favour of
the commissioners, 55. His conduct in
war, 60, 61. He triumphs by order of
the people, without consent of the se-
nate, 63. Refuses to be continued in
office, 64. See iv. 6.
consular tribune, iv.
49. A second time, 58. A third, v. 1.
A fourth, 10. A fifth, 14. Consul, he
defeats the Æquans, and triumphs, 31.
interrex, v. 32. Again,
L., pontiff, xxxiii. 44.
Flaccus, L., curule ædile, xxxi.
4. Prætor, 49. Consul, xxxiii. 42. De-
feats the Boians, xxxiv. 21. Proconsul,
he entirely vanquishes the Boians and
with L. Valerius
Tappus, commissioners of colonies,
xxxvii. 46, 57. Candidate for the con-
chosen censor with
Cato, in opposition to the nobility,
xxxix. 41. Pontiff. dies of the plague,
Valerius Tappus, L., prætor, xxxv. 10.
Commissioner of colonies, xxxvii. 46.
M., herald, ratifies a treaty in
Man., brother of Poplicola, con-
sul, triumphs over the Sabines, ii. 16.
Is slain at Regillus in attempting to
kill Tarquinius, 20.
not the first dictator, ii. 18.
son of Volesus, dictator, ii.
30. Triumphs over the Sabines, and,
not being suffered to fulfil the hopes
that he had given to the commissioners,
quæstor, iii. 25. Consul, 31.
military tribune, gains the
surname of Corvus, from being aided
by a crow in a single combat with a
Gaul, and is made consul at twenty-
three years of age, vii. 26. A second
time consul, he triumphs over the Vol-
scians, 27. A third time consul, 28.
Is beloved by the soldiers, 33. Tri-
umphs over the Samnites, 38. Dictator,
39. Composes a mutiny of the troops,
40, 41. A fourth time consul, he tri-
umphs over the Ausonians, viii. 16.
Interrex, 17, and ix. 7. Dictator a se-
cond time, x. 3. Triumphs, 5. Con-
sul a fifth time, 6. A sixth time, 11.
Maximus, M., consular tribune,
ix. 28. Lieutenant-
general, 40. Prætor a fourth time, 41.
Poplicola, M., master of horse,
vii. 12. Consul, 17. Again, 19.
Falto, Man., ambassador to At-
talus, xxix. 11. Curule ædile, xxx.
26. Prætor, 40.
Lævinus, M., prætor, xxiii. 24,
30, 31, 37. Proprætor, he guards the
coast at Brundusium, xxiv. 10. His
exploits in Greece during the Macedon-
ian war, 40, and xxvi. 24, 26. He is
chosen consul in his absence, 22. Ex-
changes provinces with Marcellus, 29.
Persuades the senators to contribute
their gold, silver, and money to the
treasury, 36. Drives the Carthaginians
quite out of Sicily, 40. Disputes with
the senate about the nomination of a
dictator, xxvii. 5. Proconsul, he passes
from Sicily into Africa, xxviii. 4. Is
sent ambassador to Attalus, xxix. 11.
Proposes restitution of the money con-
tributed by private citizens, 16. Re-
markable funeral games are exhibited
in honour of him by his sons, xxxi. 50.
Messala, M., admiral, sails to
Africa, and ravages the coast, xxvii. 5.
Is made prætor, xxxiv. 54. Consul,
xxxvii. 47. A second time, xxxviii. 35.
Pontiff, xlii. 28.
P., son of Volesus, accompanies
Collatinus to Lucretia, i. 58. Swears
after Brutus, 59. Is made consul in the
place of Collitenus, ii. 2. Overcomes
the Tarquinii in battle, 6. Is accused
of aiming at sovereignty, clears himself,
compliments the people, and is sur-
named Publicola; is also made consul,
8. A third time, 15. A fourth, he de-
feats the Sabines, triumphs, and dies so
poor, as not to leave sufficient money
for his funeral, 16.
Valerius, P., consul, ii. 52.
Potitus, P., consular tribune,
vi. 6. A second time, 18. A third, 27.
A fourth, 32. A fifth, 36. A sixth, 42.
Publicola, P., interrex, iii. 8.
Consul, 15. Attempts to recover the
Capitol from Herdonius, and is slain, 18.
-, consul, vii. 21.
Prætor, 23. Dictator, 28. Master of
horse, viii. 17.
Flaccus, P., ambassador to Han-
nibal, xxi. 6. Lieutenant-general un-
der Marcellus, xxiii. 16. Commander
of the fleet, 34, 38. See xxvi. 8.
T., lieutenant-general, xxiv. 40.
Vatican lands, x. 26.
Veian lands are divided among the com-
mons of Rome, v. 30.
Veians, make incursions on the Roman
territories, and are routed by Romulus,
i. 15. Again, by Tullus, 27. See 30, 42.
They assist Tarquinius, ii. 6. Waste
the lands of the Romans, 43. Challenge
the Romans to battle, 45. Are defeat-
ed, 46, 47. After cutting off the Fabii,
50, are vanquished by the Romans,
51. Are defeated again, 53. They kill
the ambassadors sent from Rome, and
renew the war with bad success, iv.
17-19. Force the Romans to retire,
31; but are afterwards routed, 33. Ob-
tain a truce of twenty years, 35. Their
senate gives a haughty answer to Ro-
man ambassadors, 58; on which the
Romans declare war, 60. The Veians
elect a king, which disgusts the Etruri-
ans, v. 1.
Veii, is besieged by the Romans, iv. 61.
A winter encampment before it, v. 2.
Transactions of the siege, 7-21; when
it is taken by Camillus after a siege of
ten years, 22. A design formed at Rome
of removing to Veii causes great com-
motions, 24, 25, 29; is laid aside, 30.
The relics of the fight at Cannæ fly to
Veii, 37. Camillus marches thence to
recover Rome, 46, 48. The proposal of
removing to Veii is renewed, 49, 50; re-
jected, 55. Such as had gone thither,
are recalled, vi. 4. A tenth part of the
spoils of Veii vowed to Apollo by Camil-
lus, v. 21. See 23, 25, 28.
Velabrum, a street in Rome, xxvii. 37.
Velia, a city in Lucania, xxvi. 39.
-, a district in Rome, ii. 7.
Velitræ, ii. 30. A colony, 31. Augment-
Velitrans, revolt, vi. 13, 21. Are subdued,
22, 29. Attack Tusculum, and are in-
vested by the Romans, 36-42. Plun-
der the Roman territory, vii. 15. Re-
volt again, viii. 3, 12. Are treated with
severity on account of their many re-
volts, and banished beyond the Tiber, 14.
Veneti, in Italy, descended from the He-
neti and Trojans, i. 1. Live round the
bottom of the Adriatic Gulf, v. 33; x. 2.
Venus, i. 1. Her temple, near the Circus,
built out of fines levied for breach of
chastity, x. 31.
Erycina, xxii. 9; xxiii. 30, 31;
Venusians, give a hospitable reception to
the fugitives from Cannæ, xxii. 54.
Maintain their loyalty to the Romans
during a general defection, xxvii. 10.
Veragrians, an Alpine tribe, xxi. 38.
Vercellius, beheaded for promoting a re-
volt of the Hirpinians, xxiii. 37.
Vergæ, xxx. 19.
Vergiliæ, constellation, xxi. 35.
Vergium, a fort in Spain, a receptacle of
robbers, is taken by Cato; the robbers
are put to death, and the guilty part of
the inhabitants sold, xxxiv. 21.
Vermina, son of Syphax, forces Masinissa
to fly, xxix. 33. Brings succours to the
Carthaginians, xxx. 36. Sends ambas-
sadors to Rome, xxxi. 11. Submits the
conditions of peace to the Romans, 19.
Verona, v. 35.
Verrugo, iv. 1, 55, 56; v. 28.
Verses, Fescennine, vii. 2.
Vertumnus, his statue, xliv. 16.
Verulans, ix. 42.
Prefer their own laws
to the rights of Roman citizens, 43.
Vescelia, xxxv. 22.
Vescia, viii. 11. Comes into the hands of
the Romans, ix. 25.
Vescian people, x. 20.
lands, xxi. 31.
Veseris, river, viii. 8; x. 28.
Vesilius, mount, iii. 50.
Vesta, a couch for her at a feast of the
gods, xxii. 10. The fatal pledge of the
Roman empire is kept in her temple,
which is saved by some slaves from be-
ing burnt, xxvi. 27. Her fire is extin.
guished, xxviii. 11.
Vestal, Rhea Sylvia, mother of Romulus,
is made one, i. 3, 4.
virgins, chosen by Numa, have a
stipend appointed, and many privileges
are conferred on them, i. 20.
virgins, with the sacred stores, are
carried to Cære by L. Albinius, v. 40.
Vestal, a, accused, is dismissed, with a
charge to be more serious in conversa-
tion, and more grave in her dress, iv. 44.
-, convicted of a breach of chas-
tity, is buried alive, viii. 15.
who had the charge of the sa-
cred fire, when it was extinguished, is
scourged to death, xxviii. 11. Of two
vestals found guilty of incontinence,
one is buried alive at the Colline gate,
the other kills herself, xxii. 57.
Vestia Oppia, a woman of Atellæ, who
had offered daily sacrifices for the pros-
perity of the Romans, is restored to her
liberty and property, xxvi. 33, 34.
Vestians, join the Samnites, are routed
and dispersed, viii. 29. An alliance is
granted on their petition, x. 3.
Vesuvius, mount, viii. 8.
Vettians, a warlike people, adjoining Ma-
cedonia, xlv. 30.
Vettones defeated by M. Fulvius, xxxv.
7. A second time, 22.
Veturia, mother of Coriolanus, prevails
on him to retire from Rome, ii. 40.
Veturian century, xxvi. 22.
Veturius, C., consul, is charged with mis-
conduct, iii, 31. Is made an augur, 32.
consular tribune, vi. 32.
-, L., decemvir, iii. 33.
consular tribune, vi. 38.
Philo, L., dictator, to hold elec-
tions, xxii. 33. Censor, xxvii. 6.
-, curule ædile, xxvii. 6.
Prætor, 7. Proprætor in Gaul, 22.
Lieutenant-general, xxviii. 9. Consul,
10. Master of horse, xxix. 11. Is sent
home from Africa, and recounts the ex-
ploits of Scipio, xxx. 38, 40.
M., consular tribune, v. 13.
Philo, T., flamen of Mars, xxix.
Calvinus, T., consul, viii. 16.
Again, ix. 1. Is sent under the yoke
of Caudium, 6. Offered as prisoner to
the Sabines, 10.
Geminus, T., consul, routs and
disperses the Volscians, iii. 8. Is hon-
oured with an ovation, 10.
Vetusius, C., consul, ii. 19.
T., consul, ii. 28.
dred and twenty pounds, sent by Hiero
to the Roman senate, xxii. 37. Mount
of Victory, xxiv. 41.
Victorius, Q., chief centurion, throws a
standard among the enemy, xxxiv. 46.
Victumviæ, sea-port, xxi. 45. Is taken
with great slaughter of the inhabitants,
Villa publica, house for lodging ambassa-
dors and strangers of note, built, iv. 22.
Repaired, xxxiv. 44.
Villius Tappulus, L., plebeian ædile,
-, prætor, xxxi. 49.
P., plebeian tribune, iii. 54.
Tappulus, P., is raised from the
office of plebeian ædile to that of præ-
tor, xxix. 38.
-, P., a commissioner to adjust a
dispute between Antiochus and Ptole-
my, xxxiii. 39.
Tappulus, P., commissioner of
lands for Scipio's soldiers, xxxi. 4.
Viminal hill added to Rome, i. 44.
Vindicius, a slave, discovers a conspiracy
formed for restoring the Tarquinii, ii. 4.
Is rewarded with liberty, and a sum of
Virginia, daughter of Aulius, a patrician,
married to Volumnius, a plebeian con-
sul, being excluded from the temple of
Patrician Chastity, dedicates a chapel
and altar to Plebeian Chastity, x. 23.
-, daughter of Lucius, her unfor-
tunate beauty, lamentable death, and
the punishment of her persecutors, iii.
44, 48, 58.
Virginius, A., consul, ii. 28. Routs the
against the Equans, 30.
Vibius Accuæus, præfect of a Pelignian
cohort, throws the standard into the
enemy's camp, xxv. 14.
Virius, one of the Campanian
ambassadors to the consul Varro, per-
suades his countrymen to join the Car-
thaginians, xxiii. 6. Exhorts the sena-
tors to put an end to their lives, xxvi.
13. He and twenty-seven senators
swallow poison, 14.
a Bruttian of distinction, comes
ambassador to Rome with offers of sub-
mission, xxvii. 15.
Vibo, xxxi. 3. A colony settled there,
XXXV. 40. Its lands, xxi. 51.
Vicæpota, or Victory, her temple, ii. 7.
Vicilinus, Jupiter, xxiv. 44.
Victims of the larger kinds, xxx. 21.
Victory, her temple, built with money ac-
cruing from fines, x. 33. Her temple
on the Palatine, xxix. 14. A chapel of
Virgin Victory, xxxv. 9. A golden
image of Victory, weighing three hun-
-, son of Appius, consul, ii.
Rutilus, A., consul, ii. 51.
A., commissioner of lands, iii. 1.
plebeian tribune, commences
a capital prosecution against Cæso
Quintius, which causes violent con-
tentions, iii. 11, 13.
is brought to trial and fined,
for having in his tribuneship favoured
the senate, v. 29.
-, L., father of Virginia, chief cen-
turion, iii. 44. His contest with Ap-
pius about his daughter, 47. He kills
her, 48. Commotions in consequence,
49, 50. He advises the soldiers to elect
ten military tribunes, and refuses to be
one, 51. Is made plebeian tribune, 54.
Prosecutes Appius, 56; and orders him
to be imprisoned, 57. Remits the capi-
tal punishment of Claudius, who had
claimed Virginia, 58.
-, consul, iv. 21. Again, 23.
consular tribune, out of en-
mity neglects assisting his colleague
Servius, v. 8. Both are compelled to re-
Volæ, or Bolæ, belonging to the Æquans,
iv. 49, 51; vi. 2.
Volatenæ, x. 12. The inhabitants pro-
mise Scipio rigging for his ships, and
corn, xxviii. 45.
Volcans oppose Hannibal's passing of the
Rhone, xxi. 26.
Volero, see Publilius. The tribunes call-
ed Voleros by Appius Claudius, ii. 58.
Volones, slaves enlisted in the armies,
xxii. 57; xxiii. 32; xxiv. 11. Gracchus
promises them liberty, on condition of
their bringing the heads of the enemies,
xxiv. 14. They are set free, 15. Grac-
chus orders their public feast, at Bene-
ventum, to be represented in painting;
hangs up the picture in the temple of
Liberty, 16; xxv. 20; xxvii. 38; xxviii.
Volscians, are attacked by Tarquinius Su-
perbus, i. 53. Corn is purchased from
them, ii. 9. They prepare to assist the
Latins, but give hostages, yet secretly
prepare for war, 22; and march to at-
tack Rome, 24. Are defeated, 25. Re-
new the war, and are conquered, 30.
Deprived of part of their lands, 31.
Again defeated, 33. Are ordered to
quit Rome, 37. At the instigation of
Attius Tullus they take arms against
the Romans, xxxviii. 39. Are led to
Rome by Coriolanus, 40. Are conquer-
ed, and treated with the harshest sever-
53. A truce of forty years is grant-
ed to them, 54. They renew hostilities,
58. Defeat the Romans, 59. Attack
their camp, and are severely beaten, 64,
65. They invade the Roman territory,
are utterly routed, and the nation is
almost extirpated, iii. 7, 8. They renew
the war in conjunction with the E-
quans, 10. Are vanquished, 12, 60.
They lay siege to Ardea, and are sur-
rounded by the Romans, iv. 9. Beaten,
and sent under the yoke, 10.
again join the Equans against the Ro-
mans, 26. Attack the consul's camp,
27. Their own camp is taken, and all
the prisoners, except senators, are sold
as slaves, 29. Again they renew hostili-
ties, 37, 55, 56. Suffer a defeat, 57.
Take Venugo, 58. Are again worsted
in battle, 61. They besiege Anxur, v.
16. Obtain peace, 23. Break the peace,
and are reduced to submission by Ca-
millus, vi. 2. Meet the same fate in
two subsequent efforts, 6, 8, 11, 13.
Join the Prænestines, and take Satri-
cum, 22. Suffer several discomfitures,
23, 32; vii. 17; viii. 1. They desert
Hannibal, and submit to the Romans,
Volscians and Equans, so often conquer-
ed, still found recruits for their armies;
this is accounted for, vi. 12.
people in Spain, their much
approved answer to the Roman ambas-
sadors, xxi. 19.
Volscius Fictor, M., appears as a witness
against Cæso Quintius, iii. 13. Is pro-
secuted for false evidence by the quæs-
tors, 24. Condemned and banished, 29.
Volsinians, make inroads on the Roman
territory, v. 31. Are defeated, and ob-
tain a truce of twenty years, 32. They
use nails, fixed in the temple of the
goddess Nortia, as a registry of the
years, vii. 3. They suffer several de-
feats, ix. 41; x. 37.
Voltumna, goddess, her temple, iv. 23;
v. 17. A general assembly of Etruria
is summoned thither, iv. 23, 25; v. 17.
A conspiracy against the Romans is
formed there, vi. 2.
Volumnia, wife of Coriolanus, ii. 40.
Volumnius, L., consul, gets the better of
the Sallentines, ix. 42. A second time
consul, x. 15. He leaves his own pro-
vince to succour Appius Claudius, and,
after some altercation, they gain a glo-
rious victory, 18, 19. He surprises the
Samnites who had plundered Campania,
20, 21. Shows remarkable moderation
and prudence at the elections, 21. Is
continued in command, 22; and acts
with success in Samnium, 30, 31.
P., consul, iii. 10. Ambas-
sador to the Equans, he is insulted by
their leader, Gracchus Cloelius, 25.
Voluntary contribution to the treasury by
the senators, xxvi. 36.
Volunteer soldiers, v. 16; xxvii. 46;
xxviii. 45; xxix. 1, &c.