A Companion to Eighteenth-Century Britain
H. T. Dickinson
John Wiley & Sons, 2008 M04 15 - 592 pages
This authoritative Companion introduces readers to the developments that lead to Britain becoming a great world power, the leading European imperial state, and, at the same time, the most economically and socially advanced, politically liberal and religiously tolerant nation in Europe.
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... increase the price of newspapers or by subsidizing the press, directly and indirectly, so that it would produce material favourable to the viewpoint of the governing elite. It was always recognized that subjects had the right to bring ...
... increase the number of occasions when very high votes were recorded. This being the case, it is not surprising that ... increased from about fifty earlier in the eighteenth century to around 100 by the later decades. Most lords ...
... increase in the size of its fighting forces, in both the army and the navy. Whereas parliament had granted money for a good 100,000 men in the army and the navy during the Nine Years' War, by the time of the War of American Independence ...
... increase in the national debt, from £290 million in 1788–92 to £862 million in 1815. Or, to express it in a different way, while at the end of the seventeenth century the national debt amounted to less than 5 per cent of gross national ...
... increase in the number of centrally appointed, highly professional government officials, who helped to create an administration of considerable calibre. Geoffrey Holmes estimates that, by 1720, there were approximately 12,000 permanent ...
Part II The Economy and Society
Part III Religion
Part IV Culture
Part V Union and Disunion in the British Isles
Part VI Britain and the Wider World