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Τ Η Ε

EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

A 'N D

LONDON REV I E W;

For MARCH, 1786.

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For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. An ACCOUNT of Mrs. "ANNA. LÆTITIA BARB AULD, formerly

Miss AIK IN. [With an ELEGANT ENGRAVING of HER. ] *HE present times, whatever faults they from her respectable father, and seems early

to have shewn her poetical genius. One of emancipated themselves from many prejudices her first essays was the following short poem which formerly enslaved our ancestors.

on the death of her grandmother, Mrs. Amongst these no one was more inveterate, Jennings. more universal, or more absurd, than the averfion which used to prevail against female 'Tis paft: dear venerable shade, farewel! claims to literary reputation ; to that cultiva- Thy blameless life thy peaceful death shall tell. tion or the female mind which enabled the Clear to the last thy setting orb has run, Ladies to distinguish themselves by their intel Pure, bright and healthy, like a frofly fun ; lectual endowments. On a retrospective And late old age with band indulgent shed view of those names which are entitled to li- Its mildest winter on thy favour'd head. terary honours, and which .will hereafter re- For Heaven prolong'd her life to spread its dound to the reputation of the country,

praise, are to be found those of many females And bless’d her with a patriarch's length of who have fuccessfully explored the recesses

days. of science, have enlarged the bounds of bu- The truest praise was her's; a chearful heart, man knowledge, and added to the innocent Prone to enjoy, and ready io impart. and improving amusements of life.

An Israelice indeed, and free from guile, The Lady we have chosen for the fubject She show'd that piety and age could smile. of this month's Magazine is no less celebrated Religion had her heart, her cares, her voice ; for her intellectual than her personal endow- 'Twas her last refuge, as her earliest choice : ments. She is the daughter of the Rev. John To holy Anna's spirit not more dear Aikin, D. D. tutor in divinity at the academy The church of Israel, and the house of pray'r, a Warrington for "several years, “ Though Her spreading offspring of the fourth degree not (fays Dr. Barnes')known to the world Filld her fond arms, and clasp'd her trem. at large as an author, his modesty having

bling knee. unhappily prevented him from appearing Matur'd at length for some more perfect "in print, he was uncommonly revered by

scene, " all that koew him, for the wonderful ex- Her hopes all bright, her prospects all serene, a tent of his knowledge, for the mild dignity Each part of life sustain' with equal worth, " of his character, and for the various excel- And not a wish left unsulfill'd on earth, " lencies which adorned the scholar, the tu

Like a tir'd traveller with sleep opprest, "tor, and the man.” He died about the Within her childrens' arms she dropt to rest. latter end of the year 1780. Our authoress Farewel! thy cherish'd image, ever dear, had the advantage of an excellent education Shall many a heart with pious love revere :

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* Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester, Vol. I. p. 76.

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Long, long shall mine her honour'd memory tious performances have received the best bless,

eulogium that can be given to works of this Who gave the dearest blessing I possess. kind, a general reception arising from proofs The first publication our authorers gave

of their value. Mrs. Piozzi, speaking of them the public was a volume of poems in 4to.

and of Dr. Johnson, says, “Mrs. Barbauld, 1773, which hath been since several times re

“ however, had his best praise, and deserved printed. It contains some pieces which have

"it: no man was more struck than Mr. a smoothness and harmony equal to that of

Johnson with voluntary descent from polour best poets ; with a juftness of thought

“ fible splendour to painful duty 1." and vigour of imagination which would lose

We shall conclude this account of Mrs. no credit by a comparison with the greatest Barbauld by observing, that every part of her names in English literature. The excellence

works exhibit marks of a refined and vigoof these poems was immediately acknow

rous imagination, of cultivated genius, elegant ledged by the world ; and Mr. Garrick, soon manners, unbigotted religion, and unentbu. after their publication, recognized the writer fiastical devotion. The following lines, in as one who fung tbe sweetest lay, in an epilogue which she has drawn the character of some spoken at Bath before a Lacly's play *. In the friend, have been pointed out as not mappi same year were published, “ Miscellaneous

cable to herself: Pieces in Prose. 8vo." There were written by Miss Aikin, with the affistance of her bro- of gentle manners, and of taste refin's, ther +, a gentleman who has since both in. With all the graces of a polish d mind, structed and edified the world by many useful Clear sense and truth still shone in all the and entertaining works. In the next or

spoke, immediately following year,

Miss Aikin

And from her lips noidle sentence broke. united herself in marriage with the Rev. Mr. Each nicer elegance of art se knew, Barbauld, and published “ Devotional Pieces, Correctly fair, and regularly true. compiled from the Psalms and the Book of Her ready fingers plied with equal skill Job. To which are prefixed, Thoughts on

The pencil's talk, the needle, or the quill. che Devotional Taste, on Scets, and on Efta.

So pois'd lier feelings, so compos'd her soul, blishments

. Svo.” This is the last publica- so subject all to reason's calm controul, tion of importance which Mrs. Barbauld bas One only passion, itrong, and unconan'd, produced. Since her marriage, she seems to

Disturb'd the balance of her even mind. have devoted her attention to the initiation

One passion rul'd despotic iin her breast, and improvement of children in letters, and

In every word, and look, and thought confcft; has priated several little pieces adapted to

But that was love, and love delights to bless their capacities. These useful and unambi.

The generous transports of a fond exceis.

T

For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.
Some ACCOUNT of the COUNT DE VERGENNES.
HE COUNT DE VERGENNES, formerly ambassador to Switzerland, was himself pre-

kdown by the name of Chevalier de fident of the same court, till the promutia Vergennes, whilft he was ambassador at Con- of his brother to the miniftıy of foreign ftantinople, is the youngest son of a president affairs. in the parliament of Dijon (which place an- Mr. de Vergennes received the first rudi. (wers to the rank of a judge in this country.) ments in politicks from Mr. de Chavigny, his His family name is Gravier, and his ancestors, uncle, a man known in the beginning of this for several generations, have ranked in the century as the first politician in Europe. province amongst the noblesse de robe (gentle. After having been employed in several em. men of the law). His eldett brother, who bassics, Mr. de Chavigny was consulted by has been lately promoted to the rank of an the French ministry in every occurrence where

* Miss More's Inflexible Captive. See Garrick's Poetical Works, published by Kearfley, Vol. II. p. 307.

+ Those written hy Miss Aikin, we are informed, are, The Hill of Science; on Romances; Selama, in imitation of Ofian ; against Inconsistency in our Expectations ; on Monastic Institutions ; on the Pleasure derived from Objects of Terror; and an Enquiry into those kinds of Distress which excite agreeable Sensations.

Anecdotes of Dr. Samuel Johnson, p. 17.

The idea of an English parliagent differs very much. The one is entirely a political body, and the ocher is merely a court of judicature.

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