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THE

EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

A 'N D

LONDON REVIE W;

MARCH, 1786.

For

THE

For the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. An ACCOUNT of Mrs. ANNA-LÆTITIA BARBAULD, formerly

Miss AIK I N. [With an ELEGANT ENGRAVING of Her.] "HE present times, whatever faults they from her respectable father, and seems early

may be charged with, have happily to have Mewn her poetical genius. One of emancipated themselves from many prejudices her first essays was the following short poem which formerly ensaved our ancestors. on the death of her grandmother, Mrs. Amongst these no one was more inveterate, Jennings. more universal, or more absurd, than the averfion which used to prevail against female 'Tis paft: dear venerable shade, farewel! claims to literary reputation ; to that cultiva- Thy blameless life thy peaceful death shall tell. tion of the female mind which cnabled the Clear to the last thy setting orb has run, Ladies to distinguish themselves by their intel- Pure, bright and healthy, like a frolly fun ; lectual endowments. On a retrospective And late old age with hand indulgent shed view of those names which are entitled to li- Its mildest winter on thy favour'd head. terary honours, and which will hereafter re- For Heaven prolong'd her life to spread its dound to the reputation of the country,

praise, are to be found those of many females And bless'd her with a patriarch's length of who have fuccessfully explored the receffes

days. of science, have enlarged the bounds of bu- The truest praise was her's; a chearful heart, man knowledge, and added to the innocent Prone to enjoy, and ready wo impart. and improving amusements of life.

An Israelice indeed, and free from guile, The Lady we have chosen for the subject She Maw'd that piety and age could smile. of this month's Magazine is no less celebrated Religion had her heart, her cares, her voice ; for her intellectual than her personal endow. 'Twas her last refuge, as her earliest choice: ments. She is the daughter of the Rev. John To holy Anna's spirit not more dear Aikin, D. D. tutor in divinity at the academy The church of Israel, and the house of pray'r. a Warrington for several years, “ Thouglı Her spreading offspring of the fourth degree 5 not (fays Dr. Barnes") known to the world Fillid lier fond arms, and clasp'd her trem. at large as an author, his modesty having

bling knee. " unhappily prevented him from appearing Matur'd at length for some more perfect "in print, he was uncommonly revered by

scene, " all that knew him, for the wonderful ex- Her hopes all bright, her prospects all serene, "tent of his knowledge, for the mild dignity Each part of life sustain’d with equal worth, " of his cliaracter, and for the various excels And not a with left unsulfillid on earth, “ lencies which adorned the scholar, the tu- Like a tir'd traveller with sleep opprest,

tor, and the man.” He died about the Within her childrens' arms she dropt to rest. latter end of the year 1780. Our authoress Farewel! thy cherish'd image, ever dear, bad the advantage of an excellent education Shall many a heart with pious love revere:

Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester, Vol. I. p. 76.

T 2

Longo Long, long Mall mine her honour'd memory tious performances have received the best bless,

eulogium that can be given to works of this: Who gave the dearest blessing I poffefs. kind, a general reception arising from proofs The first publication our authorers gave

of their value. Mrs. Piozzi, speaking of them the public was a volume of poems in 4to.

and of Dr. Jolinson, says, “ Mrs. Barbaule, 1773, which hath been since several times re

“ however, had his best praise, and deserved printed. It contains some pieces which have

" it: no man was more struck than Mr. a smoothness and harmony equal to that of

“ Johnson with voluntary descent from polour best poets ; with a justness of thought

« Tible splendour to painful duty 1." and vigour of imagination which would lose

We shall conclude this account of Mrs. no credit by a comparison with the greatest works exhibit marks of a refined and vigo

Barbauld by observing, that every part of her names in English literature. The excellence of these poems was immediately acknow

rous imagination, of cultivated genius, elegant ledged by the world ; and Mr. Garrick, soon manners, unbigotted religion, and unentbuafter their publication, recognized the writer fiastical devotion. The following lines, in as one who fung obe sweetest lay, in an epilogue which she has drawn the character of some spoken at Bath before a Lacly's play *. In the friend, have been pointed out as not inapple same year were published, “ Miscellaneous cable to herself: Pieces in Prose. 8vo.” These were written by Miss Aikin, with the affistance of her bro- of gentle manners, and of taste refinal, ther t, a gentleman who has since both in. With all the graces of a polish'd mind, structed and edified the world by many useful Clear sense and truth till fhone in all the and entertaining works. In the next or

spoke, immediately following year, Miss Aikin And from her lips no idle sentence broke. united herself in marriage with the Rev. Mr. Each nicer elegance of art she knew, Barbauld, and published “ Devotional Pieces,

Correctly fair, and regularly true. compiled from the Psalms and the Book of Her ready fingers plied with equal skill Joh. To which are prefixed, Thoughts on

The pencil's taik, the needle, or the quill. che Devotional Taste, on Suets, and on Efta.

So pois'd lier feelings, fo compos'd her soul, blishments. 8vo.” This is the last publica- so subject all to reafon's calm controul, tion of importance which Mrs. Barbauld has one only passion, itrong, and unconan'd, produced. Since her marriage, she seems to

Disturb'd the balance of her even mind, have devoted her attention to the initiation

One passion rul'd despotic in her breast, and improvement of children in letters, and

In every word, and look, and thought confift; has printed several little pieces adapted to

But that was love, and love delights to bleis their capacities. These useful and unambi.

The generous transports of a fond excels.

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For the EUROPEAN MAGAZIN E.
Some ACCOUNT of the COUNT DE VERGENNES.
HE COUNT DE VERGENNES, formerly ambassador to Switzerland, was himself pre-

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Vergennes, whilst he was ambassador at Con- of his brother to the miniflıy of foreign ftantinople, is the younges son of a president affairs. in the parliament of Dijon (which place an- Mr. de Vergennes received the first rudi. (wers to the rank of a judge in this country.) ments in politicks from Mr, de Chavigny, his His family name is Gravier, and his ancestors, uncle, a man known in the beginning of this for several generations, have ranked in the century as the first (politician in Europe. province amongst the noblesse de robe (sentle. After having been employed in several e.. men of the law). His eldest brother, who bassics, Mr. de Chavigny was consulted by has been lately promoted to the rank of an the French ministry in every occurrence where

* Miss More's Infexible Captive. Sec Garrick's Poetical Works, published by Kearsley, Vol. II. p. 307.

+ Those written by Miss Aikin, we are informed, are, The Hill of Science ; on Romances; Selama, in imitation of Oflian; against Inconsistency in our Expectations ; on Monaftic Institutions ; on the Pleasure derived from Objects of Terror; and an Enquiry into those Kinds of Distreís which excite agreeable Sensations. † Anecdotes of Dr. Samuel Johnson, p. 17.

The idea of an English parliagent differs very much. The one is entirely a political body, and the other is merely a court of judicature.

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experience and knowledge were requisite. Iter of foreign affairs, shought of Count de Mr. de Vergennes was brought up under the Vergennes to succeed to his department, and tuition of tbat celebrated negotiator, who died pointed him out to his sovereign as the proper. a few years ago at the age of 96. His ne- est man to fill that high employment. The phew, Count de Vergennes, is now about 6; Prench Monarch having an unbounded coofi

dence in Cirunt de Maurepas, though he had Count de Maurepas, who has lately been, the firmness 10 reject the Duke d’Aiguillon, above ten years, the first minister of France, the Count's nephew, for whom he had a perafter having been (wenty-five years in exile, fonal Jifike, caused a letter to be written to and before that twenty years a minister, was the Count de Vergennes, then at Stockholm, the borom friend of Mr. de Chavigny. H: that he was appointed a Minister, and Secre, appointed Count de Vergennes to the residence tary of State for foreign affairs. of Treves (Triers), which was his first ap- All the world has witnelsed, since the propointment; then to the diet of Ratisbon ; motion of Count Vergennes to the Ministry, from whence he was recalled after his patron's the several negotiations which he has underdilmiffion, but soon after appointed to the taken, and in which he has but too well luce embally of Conftantinople. Suok in a kind ceeded for this country. The unfortunate of oblivion in the Turkish empire, Mr. le revolution of America, and the dismembering Comple de Vergennes employed the time he of our empire; the detaching Holland from passed there in ftudy, and has been often out alliance, and effecting an union of the heard to declare, that he is indebted to that St.ttes-General with France : Thew Count de kind of confinement for all his political Vergennes's qualifications and talents for the knowledge.

high employment be fills in his country. The war between the Russians and the We need not remind our readers that, by Turks being of great consequence to France, his being inftrumental in the peace concluded whenever there is any difpute on the Conti- between the Emperor and the King of Prule nent, Mr. le Compte de Vergennes, at the sia, Count Je Vergennes rendered those sove. breaking out of the late German war, em- reigns neutral (peatators of our unfortunate broiled so well the Divan and the Cabinet of conielt with America ; that, by his exertions, Petersburg, and has left so good instructions the Turkinh Empire and Rutlia have been twice to his fucceflors, that, ever since that time, prevented from going to war within these feit the Divan has been entirely subservient to the years; that the Armed Neurality was planned views of France, whenever she has had occa- by that minister, and their commerce greatly fion to prevent the joint efforts of the Nor- protected by it during the war. The extent thern Confederacy against her allies. Three of the commercial concerns of France fince successful attempts of Mr. de Vergennes have Count de Vergennes's accession to the Ministry, Itamped his plans with the admiration, if not is a farther proof of his great abilities : his pathe approbation of all the World.

cifick dispositions, and his talents for inspiring During this residence at Constantinople, with the same dispositions thore he negotiates Mr. de Vergennes was united to a Grecia with, are peculiarly remarkable. lady of great beauty and talents, by whom Retired in a small but neat house near Verhe has had two sons, who are both in the sailles, Mr. de Vergennes is constantly occumilitary line.

pied in the duties of his oflice, and every day At the end of fourteen years, whilst Mr. is in conference with each of the first clerks de Choiseul was the first minister of France, in the several departments entrusted to his care, the Count de Vergennes was recalled from Unawed hy intrigue, he looks no farther than Conftantinople at his own desire, and soon the line of his duty to remain in place ; and after chosen by that minister, who knew the with all its strengtlı, a renowned party at the extent of confidence that could be reposed in French court has not been able to lessen him hi.., to go to Stockholm, to decach certain in the opinion of his sovereign. men, by his political influence, from the It has been observed, that Mr. de Vergennes intereft of Ruffia. This negotiation succeed. is rather Glow in business; but when it is ed so well, that the most extraordinary revo- considered that that Nowuess is perhaps the lution in the government of that country cause of his conítantly keeping to business, which we have witnessed, was effected by that and that his perfpicacity to judge is the result able negotiator's directions.

of mature deliberatioa, that defect itself will At the death of Lewis XV. the Count de appear as a qualification in a place of that Maurepas, who was called by the present consequence. king to affift him in the government of his Healthy, strong in constitution, exceed. kingdom, seeing he could not support long ingly temperate, Mr. le Comte de Vergennes his nephew, the Duke d’Aiguillon, as mini- rides and walks every day for above two

hours,

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