Page images



75 Brutus

Henry V.


Plars, 9 Earl of Etrex The Earl of Ellex 10 Horipur First Part of Henry IV I Fribble

Mifs in Iler Teens 12 Lear

King Lear 13 Höftings Jane Shore 14 Alonzo

Alonzo 15 Alzuma

Alzuma * 16 Pierre

Venice Preserved 17 Don John The Chances 18 Comus

Conus 19 Othello

Olliello 20 Archer

The Stratagem 21 Ranger

The Suspicious Hui.

band 22 Sir John Brute' The Provoked Wire 22 Belville

The School for Wives 24 Henry II.

Henry II. 25 Beverley The Man of Bufiness 26 Zanga

The Revenge 27 Ford

The Merry Wives of

Windfor * 28 Posthumus Cymbeline 29 Shylock The Merchant of Ve

rice 30 Lorenzo

The Spanish Fryar 31 Sciolto

The Fair Penitent 32 Morcar

Matilda 33 Falstaff

First Part of Henry IV. 34 Velasquez


King Arthur 36 Sir Giles Over- New way to say old reach

delits 37 Jupiter

Amphitryor. 38 King John King John

Cymbeline 40 Glenalvon


Edward and Eleanora 4: Chamont

The Orphan

King John 44 Oroonoko


Second Part Henry IV. 46 Lusignan Zara 47 Clytus

The Rival Queens 48 Hargrave

The Runaway 49 Honeywood

The Good-naturel Man 50 Campiey The Funeral 51 Valentine Love for Love 82 Henry V.

Henry V. 53 Olmyn

The Mourning Bride

The Jealous Wife 65 Don John The Man's the Master

The Counteis of Salis

bury 57 Lord Guildford Lady Jane Grey

Dudley 58 Alcanor Mahomet 59 Jaques As You Like It 60 Arall

The Double Gallaut. 61 Henry VI. Richard III.


35 Olmond


PLAYS. *63 Falltaff

Merry Wives of

Windior 64 Regulus The Inflexible Captive 65 Sr. Th. Overbury Sir Thomas Oveibury

65 Lord Chalkitone Lethe *67 Leon

Rule a life and Have

a Wife 68 Col. Tamper The Deuce is in him 69 Mirabol

The Incountant 70 Lurelefs

Love's Latt Shirt 31 Vianly

The Plain Dealer 72 Beverley The Gamefter 7; Belmont

The Foundling *74 Evander The Grecian Daughter

Julius Cæsar 6 Brutus

The Roman Sacrifice 7? Edgar Atheling The Battle of Hastings *78 Horatius The Rom.n Father 79 #top

Ælop So Chorus *81 Birino

The Law of Lumbardy 8: Dominic The Spanish Fryar * 83 Storza

The Duke of Milan * 84 Tamerlane Tamerlane * 85 Wolley

Henry VIII. 86 Charles

The School for Scandal 87 Cato

Calo 88 Octavio

She Would and Shie

Would Not 89 Aubrey

The Fathionable Lover 90 Sir John Flower- School for Fathers

dile 91 Phirnaces Siege of Sinope

Mexture for Measure 9: Oborne

Duplicity 94 Austin

The Count of Vas.

bonne 95 Fitzherbert Which is the Man * 6 Maikwell The Double Dealer

67 Sullivan The Walloons 98 Pigeon The Comedy of Errors

The Wife's Relief 100 Pyrrhus The Diftreft Mother 101 Mercurio Romeo and Juliet

102 Prospero The Tempest 103 Leontes The Winter's Tale 104 Sir Ant. Bram-The Discovery

ville 105 Philodamus Philodamus ** 106 Lord Davenant The Mysterious Hun

band 107 Malvolio Twelfth Night PICS Vorval Douglas

109 Sir Ch. Easy The Careless Huuband 110 Old Wilmot The Shipwreck U Biron

Isabella 112 Caled

The Siege of Damascus 113 Theleus

Phædra and Hippolitus
The Arab
Falhionable Levities)

92 Duke

39 Ju. him

41 Selim

43 Bastard

45 Falltať


99 Riot

54 Oakley

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

36 Alwin

[ocr errors]

962 Jago

114 Arab nig Ordeal



The delicate precision often nece[ury in Translation.
THAT part of my temper which inclines Arttery of low mercenary dependants whicha

lo Republicanism was not a little stirred aills their inexperienced entrance on the a few evenings ago, at the Coffee-boule, on rank of men, during the wildelt ebullition the slowing jeux d'esprit trainted of the paffions; and above all, for that unfrm the French of M. de Voltaire and the happy idea of their high Cuperiority of birth King of Prufli...

and fortune which makes their heads giilely, W. de VOLTAIRE to the Prinersi AMELIA of and to fancy they are on high tower looking Prufia.

down on the bulk of society, when in reality Some truth we may descry

they are much below it. But whatever apeEr's in the greatest lye.

logies may be made for the ignorance and Tonight I dream'd I lac

consequent insolence of too many of our own Exthrun'd in regal state :

lordlings, the Great Frederic, the philoso To love you then I dard ;

pher and hero of the North, needs no facta Na more, that love declar'd;

palliation or defence. He knows what fenAnjanen l'woke, one half I stiu retain'd; timents are liberal, and worthy of an inMy kingdom vanith'd, but my love re- tructed mind; infolence and contempt in main'd.

him therefore are triply aggravated, triply Tbas arwered by sbe Poet - H'arrior-King. odions. But when that contempt is bestowDreams commonly we sce

ed on abilities superior to his own, it is With characters agree.

quite unsufferable. Sir W. Temple says, Thus heroes pass the Rhine,

ten thousands of men are born with abilities And merchants count their coin, and requisites to makegreat kings, goierals and Anil mattitts bay the moon :

statesmen, for one that is born with the taBut when, conceited loon!

Jents or mind necessary to form the great poet. Voltaire lucre dreams of empire, on my

Yet it seems his accomplished Majesty of word,

Berlin thought it bla:phemy itself in Voltaire Thos to abuse a dream is moft ab'uril. even to dream that he was one of that facred

After I retired from the Coff:e-house I order of superior and beaven-descended Beciuld not get, what I then thnught, the ex- ings called kings! Had I read this of James trenie wolence of his M.jetty out of my

1. such infolence would have been in this fund, but lat wlf-dreised by my bed-lide in

racter; and I should only have laughed; digng in there inuignant reveries : What but in ihe great and justly-admired Frederic, chrztters, thought I, have more disgraced it is intolerable. -Thus far had my Reverie human nature than those of kings ! the kings carried my indignation, when turning over of every nation, Jews and Gentiles, Greeks some numbers of the yournal des Scavans, * à Barharians, Turks and Christians? What which lay on the table, in hope of some de triplica of men ever exceeded them in amusement, I luckily fell upon the original preiliun and injustice, in rapine, murder verfes of Voltaire and his Majesty, and was wetery cruelty, in unlimited in.lulgence agreeably deceived on finding that the infoof the basert and lowest pallions ! But it bence which had chagrined me, Jay not in hirts me to degrade human nature too much. the French of the king's reply, but in the The fault of those multitudes who, posleted clumsy turn of the English tranflation. The of the title and power of kings, have dif- original ends thus : gncel the name of man, is to be traced in Mais quand Voltaire en Prusse, pour faire teir unhappy education. The extreme in

lo fuquin, bolence of those wbo, according to the vul- S'imagine etre Roi, gar error, are styled the Great, has in every Ma foi cefi abuser d'un Jonge. age been the contempt of philosophers and Here the turn or point is delicate, and Generous informed minds. But such minds, elegantly witty. It is not as in the English, on cooler thoughts, will no more blame hu- or rather Scotch translator, from the Scotcha mau nature for the worthleffness of the great word in it: mejority of those ruigarly called the Great, But when, conceited loon, Cuvée fungous excrescences of society, than

Voltaire here dreams of empire, on my they will blame the good timber of an old

word, oak tree on account of the useless fungous ex- Thus to abuse a dream is most absurd. crescences that poze out of its rhind. Such Here dreams of empire obviously means, in minds will make allowances for the miserable his vertes he dreams of cmpire ; and that indulgence shewn to the earliest years of for such a fellow as he to dream of empire, princes and of our young gentry; for the igno- was to abuse a dream moft absurdly. But

[ocr errors]


C ,

the whole of which is literally thus : is as good-natured as it is farp-pointed, and “ It is commonly

remarked ibat our dreams is entirely free of that infolence which the " are analogous in o!!! character. A bero clumsy English version suggested to my “ dreams that he has paft she Rbine; a mer- indignation. chuni, that be has made bis fortune ; and a Memorandum, if ever any acquaintance I “ dog, ibai be bays sbe necon. But when Vol. have a regard for intend to traplate poetry " tare in Pruiti, to play bis buifconery, from one language into another, lay this eximagines binjcif io be king; (not a king) ample before him ; and tell him, that ibe de

by my faits, ibis is abuling a dream.The licate precision fa necesary in iranjlation, pero point here is truly Attic: the monarch laughs ticularly in works of wit agd humour, reat him for dreaming that he was hing in quires a f.milarity of feeling and taste with Prulliu. Voltaire only says, he dreamed he his author, without which he will neither was advanced to the rank of kings; but his under fand him, do him common justice, Majesty's turn, en Prulle s'imagine etre Roi! or himicif the maileft credit. " in Prullia to think he was to be king !" AN ACCOUNT of CUTHBERT SHAW*

til the 14th May 1762, when he personated vensworth, near Richmond in Yorkshire, Pierre in Venice Preserved for his own boneabout the year 1738, or 1739. His father fit. He poilelled but few of the requisites was a person in low circumstances, and follow- for the Theatre except figure, and from this edthe occupation of a Moemaker. Our Author time seems to have abandoned a pursuit from was first puc to school at Kirkhynill, in his which lie was likely to derive neither profit father's neighbourhood ; but he was foon re- nor credit. From this period we hear no moved to Scorton, five miles from Rich. more of him as an actor, mund, where, after having gone through a In the beginning of the year 1762 be common course of education, he was appointe resumed the pen, and the poe:ical war kind. ed Usher. Some time after he became Uther led up by Churchill raging at that juncture to the Grammar-school at Durlington under with great violence, he wrote a Satire, called, Mr. Metcall, and, while there, published bis “ The Four Fartling Candles," 460. in tirn Poen, in 1756, called " Liberty. Hlum- wbich he attacked Mtif. Lloyd, Churchill, “ bly inferibe: to the . Hon. the Earl of Colman, and Shirley. This performance Darlington," 4:0. During bus refuence at this was executed with some spirit and lucceri, race he began to theu the negligence of the and obtained so much notice as to encourage dictates of priderce, and the rules of almond- him to proceed as an author. my, which marked his future life, insomuch In 1766, ise published “ The Race, a that he was obliged to quit liis poft and the Poem,” 410. in which he characterized the country ; and with rething but luis talents chief poets of that period, and fome of them in quest of fortune to the metropolis. with great severity. This poem was re

The exact time of his arrival in London publithed and enlargød in the next year. It we are unable to ascertain ; but we are in- appears from it, that he had, by this time, formed that his first en ployment was writing no want of confidence in luis powers. He paragraphs and eliys for the newspapers. In Tiad learnt to deal his fatire about with no the spring of 1760 he was at S. Edmond's uníparing band, and if it was not felt hy the Hury, petrably a member of the Norwich parties against whom it was directed, it was company of comedians, and published under

owing to no lenity or for bearance in the the name of W Seyniour “ Outs' on the Four fatiritt. Seasons,” 410, a performance which had been About this time he wrote an account of one of his youthful productions. In the sum. the vitues of a then popular medicine, called mer of that year he joined Mr. Foote's hafty " The Beaume de Vie," and was admitted raised troop with which that gentleman as a partner to a proportion of the profits opened the Haymarket with “ the Minor," a arising from it. He had hitherto led, if not play that was acted with uncommon fuccess a proiligate, at least a diflipaied life. He thirty-five nights, and in which Mr. Shaw seemed senible of it himself, and soon afterperformed the part of Sir George Wealthy, wards married, and for a short time had the

The winter of that year he palied either care of the present Earl of Chesterfield, then in Ireland or in fome country company, and an infant, to instruct him in the first rudiin the summer of 1701 performed ar Drury- menis of literature. He also put forth proLane, then opened by Mr. Footc and Mr. posals for publishing his poems by subscripMurphy. On the 19th October he appear. tion ; but this was never executed, and he ed at Covent Garden in the character of Of returped the money he had received. In myn in Zara, but with so little success that be 1768, he left his wife in child-bed, of her never was permitted to perform any more un- first child, and on this occafion wrote his * In this article we have received some aslistance from a correspondent who signs himself D.


« Jand;

Left performance, entitled, " A Monody to added pungency to his afflictions. He howthe Memory of a Young Lady, by an Afflice- ever still continued to write, and in 1769 eu Harhaal," 4:0. The tenderness which published “Corruption, a Satire, inscribed to runs tircugh the whole of this poem, rendeis ti the Right Honourable Richard Grenville * one of tlic avoit affecting in the English Earl Temple,” 410. In the dedication be language. The Lily's dying farewel to her speaks of Inmself in the following terms : laulband is particulasly pathetic.

For me, long lost to all the World holds -If e'er thy Emma's name was

“ dear,

No hopes can flatter, and no luns can chear; lí e'er tly vows have charm’d my ravith'd " Sicknels and forrow, with united rage, ear;

“ In early youth have wreak’d the ills of age : If from thy lov'd embrace my heart to gain, This all my wish,--hince earthly joys are Prood friends have frown's and fortune smil'd

“ Aown) in vain ;

" To sigh unseen ;---to live and die unknown. If it has been my sole endeavour, still " To break the tenor of this fad repose, To act in all, obsequious to thy will; « Say, what could rouse me, but my counTowach thy very i'miles, thy with to know, “ try's woes? Thea only truly hleft when thou wert fo ; “ But thus to fee vice ftalk in open day, If I hate Joned with that fond excess, « With thameless front, and universal (way! Tor lore could add, nor fortune make it " To view proud villains drive the gilded car, lels;

“ Deck'd with che spoils and ravages of war! If this I've done, and more on then be “ Whose ill-got wealth, shifted from hand kind

“ to hand, To the dear lovely babe I leave behind. “ With vice and want bave delug'd all the Wheo cime my once-lov'd memory thall efiace,

“ 'Tis Satire's only to gvenge the cause Some happier maid may take thy Emma's « On those that 'icape from Tyburn and the place,

Laws: With envious eyes thy partial fondness see, “ Drag forth each knave conspicuous and And late it for the love thou bore to me.

16 confeít, vierest Shaw, forgive a woman's fears, And lang them-high-as scare-crows to Ruions word more (I cannot bear thy tears)

" the rest! Proin eu I will trust thy faithful vow,

“ Let this grand object claim my ev'ry O I tried, and ever found thee true,

care, 19* co forte diftant spot thou wilt remove

" And chase the fullen demon of despair : 1.dis fatal pledge of hapless knima's love, (When pallion fires us for the public weal, Woere safe thy blandihments it may par.

6 For private griefs 'twere infamous to feel) take,

“ Till my full heart disburthen'd of its freight, And oh! be tender for its mother's sake. * No more shall fwell and heave beneatha Wilt thou

" tlie weight. i know thou wilt;-sau silence speaks

" This duteous tribute to my country paid, affent,

" Welcome pale forrow and the silent shade! And in that pleasing hope thy Emma dies

" From glory s standard çet should all retire, content.

" And none be found to fan the generous The child, which was a daughter, lived but a short time after its mother, and Mr,

56 No patriot foul to justify the song, Shaw again lamented his second lots in strains * Aud urge its precepts on the numb'ring int inferior to the former, The publica

“ throng ; tion of these poems introduced bim to the

" In vain tu virtue have I form’d the strain, notice of the firtt Lord Lyttelton, who ex

" An angel's tongue mighe plead her cause in

6 vain. tolled the author in the highett terms; but he derived no other advantage from his lord

6 Some lone retreat I'll seek unknown to fup's acquaintance.

“ fame, In the foregoing Poems are many allusions

“ Nor hear the very echo of their shame ; to the misery of their Author, independent

“ Conscience Mall pay me for the world's of the circumstances which gave rise to them.

" neglect, He was at this period afflicted withi disease,

56 And leav'o approve what mortals dare which put on its most disgraceful form, and

“ reject," rendered him an object almost offensive to

He afterwards is supposed to have writLizbt. He had poiselled no small portion of

teit many political as well as poetical perfor. vauty about his person, and this alteration mances, and is recollected to have been a

“ fire ;

[ocr errors]

* Both these pieces are reprinted in Vol. III. of Tearch', Colleciion of Poems.


[ocr errors][ocr errors]

contributor if not the editor of " The Free. the opinion. At length, overwlielmed with bolder's Magazine.” One of his litt pieces complicated dittress, he died at his honle in was an Elegy on the death of Charles Yorke, Titchfield 1treet, Oxford-market, Sept. 1, the Lord Chancellor, which was generally 1771, having exhibited to the world a mi. fufpected to have been suppressed on thie fa- ferable example of genius, extravagance, mily's paying a fum of money to the author : vanity and imprudence ; genius to be comit even has been infinuated that it was written, mended, vices to be avoided, and follits to with that view, and it is to be feared float the be despised. morals of the author would not discountenance ACCOUNT of the ORGAN of HEARING in FISH.

By John HUNTER, Esq. F. R. S. HE organs of hearing in fith, he ob. they must be composed of such subdance as

is capable of keeping its form. skull, or that cavity which contains the brain ; Each tube deicribes more than a semicir. but the fkull itself makes no part of the or- cle. This resembles in some reipect 'what gan, as it does in the quadruped and the bird, we find in moft otlier animals, but differs in In fome fish this organ is wholiy surrounded the parts being distinct from the skull. by the parts composing this cavity, which in Two of the fimicircular canals are similar many is cartilaginous, the skeleton of these to one another, may be called a pair, and fith being like those of the ray kind ; in are placed perpendicularly; the third is not to others also, as in cow, salmon, &c, whole long ; in fome it is placed horizontaliy, unic. fkeleton is bone, yet this part is cartilagi- ing as it were the other two ar their ends or nolls.

terminations. In the Ikate it is something In fome fish this organ is in part within different, being only united to one of the the cavity of the Skull, or that cavity which perpendiculars. also contains the brain, as in the falmon, cod, The two perpendiculars unite at one part Scc. the cavity of the skuil projecting laterally, in one canal, by one arm of eachs uniting, and forming a cavity there.

while the other two arms or horns have ix) The organ of hearing in fith appears to connection with each other, and the arnis of grow in fize with the animal, for its fize is the horizontal unite with the oiler ew'o arms nearly in the same proportion with the size of the perpendicular near the entrance inio Qf the animal, which is not the case with the the common canal or cavity. quadruped, &c. the organs being in them Near the union of those canals into the Dearly as large in the growing futus as in common, they are fuelled out into round the adult,

bags, becoming there much larger. It is much more simple ia filh than in all In the ray kind they all terminate in one trofe orders of animals who may be reckoned cavity, as has heen observed; and in the cod fuperior, such as quadrupeds, birls, and they terminate in one canal, which in thcle amphibions animals, but there is a regular fith is placed upon the aulditional cavity or cagralacion from the first to fih.

In this carily or cavities there is a It varies in different orders of fish; but in hone or bones, In some there are two bones; al it confifts of three curved tubts, all of as the jack has !wo cavities, we find in ove which mice with one another; this wion of those cavities two bones, and in the other forms in fome oply a canal, as in the cod, only one ; in the ray there is only a challiy Salmon, Eng, &c. and in others a pretty large fubftance. Ac this union of the two perpencavity, as in me ray kind. In the jack there diculars in fome fith enters the external is an oblong bus, or blind procefs, which is communication, or what may be called the an addition to we canals, and which com- external meatus. This is the case with all municles with tiem at their union, Ion the the ray kind, the external orifice of u lich is €, &, this union or the three lubes stands fm.ll, and placed on the upper flat surface of won an oval caving, and in the jack there the bead; but it is liut every genus or fpe. are two of those cavities; these aduitional cies of fish that has the eternal opening. cantities in these fih appear to answer the The nerves of the ear pass outu ard's from bile purpose with the cavity in the ray or the brain, and appear to terminate ai ence cartilaginous fuh, which is the union of the on the external surface of tlie swelling of the three cools.

femicircular tubes abu ve defcribed. They Tlie włwie is composed of a kind of carti- do not appear to pass throuzlı trofe tubes to Loginon fubtile, very hart or tirm in fume as to get on the iofe, 25 is du poicu to be pirts, and which in fone til is eruiud over the cale in quadrupeds; I thould therefuse with a thinly limii, fo ás not to allow very much qui pocet, that the lining of life them to inklapy; for 24 tu'l clues rot tubes in the quadruped is not nene, but .. Buceo y 10 of Wwie chuo of whitjes, kind of mterial periosteudi.


« PreviousContinue »