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He has made some additions to the crite no such beings as trading Justices and the observations contained in the first edition ; like absurdities, which seem to mark the and has introduced much pointed reflection author for a person materially interested in on the gentlemen who are supposed to be preventing any reform. We cannot help reMr. Ms. advisers. This is done with great marking, that altho' many sensible pamapparent malevolence, and, as a writer, in a phlets have been, of late, written on the subverv bungling way.

ject of the Police in general, not one has apHe chuses to take for granted that the Po, peared against the scheme actually intended lice-Bill is a bad measure, before he sees it. by Governmenl, but such as has Thewn the -He says, the Justices of Westminster are author to be of very inferior talents, a respectable body of men that there are A Short Address to the Public, containing some Thoughts how the National Debt may be reluced, and all Home-Taxes, including Land-Tax, abolished. By William Lord News haven, 8vo. is. Debrett. 1786.

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ject of such grear political importance, after the first payment of one per cent, made that whoever exerts his abilities in endea- at the Exchequer. By this plan no indivia Fouring to bring about so desirable an event, dual would pay near so much on his rental delerves the thanks of the public. It has or expenditure as be 1:w does for taxes of accordingly engaged the attention of many, every kind, and be relieved from the perpe who tho' they all agree in one point, the ne- tual irritation and disquietude of tax-gatherceility of relucing it, yet not any two of ers of every denomination.” them approve of the same means to effect To provide for the army, navy, and other this purpose. Lord Newhaven proposes two branches of civil government, when the Schemes.

home-taxes are abolished, his Lordship pro“ One hundred millions," he supposes, pores co continue the duties on importation, (which is under what others have calculated it which he conceives to be nearly adequate to a) lo be the annual income of Great-Britain, defray all expences civil and military in time ia land, houses, and personal property ; which, of peace, valued at the moderate rate of 20 years pur- The following is his second schéme : chale, makes a principal of 2,000 millions, “ Suppose there is to be found in Great01 which an annual charge of one per cent. Bricain the following number of persons, one will produce

20,000,000 with another, capable of paying the follow,

ing annual rates, in consideration of which he de.

to abolith a certain part of the most birthenducts the

some taxes every year, in proportion to the anonal L.

money paid into the exchequer, such as thote interest 7,951,930 10

on soap, candles, leather, salt, window-lights, of the

land.cax, houses, &c. viz. funded

“Two millions of
persons at
121. 10$.

25 millions per an. Ditto of

would raise unfund

One million of per->

} 25 fons at 251.

500,000 persons charges

25 501.

250,000 ditta nage


rool, mnent 134,291 131

125,000* Jitto & the


25 Bank

“ So that any of the above numbers, at there & South

respective rates, would pay off 200 millions Sea

of the national debt in eight years." But to House,

calculate with certainty the operation of these 8,698,963 14 1

plans, the property of Great-Britain must be

ascertained with more precision than is hardly 11,301,036 511

poffible ; for without the greatest precaution This furplus each year would pay off the much inconvenience and more confusion Daltonal debe in a very thort time ; all intere would in all probability arise,






ed do. Annual

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The Progress of War : A Poem. By an Officer. Egerton, 1986. *HE dedication informs us that this poem " His movements with precision lie combiries,

was written by a Subalteth, who, when “ And rapidly extends bis well-dreffed lines : no longer engaged in active employment, en: “ The anxious foe uncertain where to form, deavoured to render his pen useful, liowever « From ev'ry quarter dreads the gathering remotely, to the public service. Whatever storm. this gentleman's rank may be in his Majesty's “ If on the right he + garnishes his force, service, we scruple not to declare, that there « His left is threatened by the Pruffian borfe. is little probability of his tising in that of the “ Swiftly they turn his fiank, and gain the Muse to above a Halberd. Let him speak rear, for himself :

« While his disordered troops; a prey to fear, « Of modern tactics here the epoch place, “ Attempt to rally, but attempt in vain ; " While his grand principles we seek to trace. “ Prefs d by the foot, Mey Ay the hostile « His columns malk the strength and force plain." employ'd,

“ Sternhold himself he Out-Sternholded." « And are with case and order ruou deploy'd ;* Medical Cautions for the Confideration of Invalids : those especially wha resort to Bath,

By James Mackittrick Adair, M. D. 8vo. 35. 60.
R. Adair has in this little publication common) of obtruding themselves and their

displayed much good sense, and has wonderful abilities on the notice of the pubseasoned his reasoning with some strokes of lic. “ It is no breach of charity to place humour, particularly in his observations on such physicians on the same form with nos. falbionable diseases. The essay on regimen, trum-mongers ; and the similarity is more and the enquiry into the propriety of using obvious, as in both instances, the merits of other remedies during a course of mineral the regular doctor and his brother quack are waters, contain many observations well de much exaggeratel; whilst that public to ferving the attention of invalids. He has which the appeal is made, is equally unquaattacked that disgrace to our legislature, the lified to judge of either.” Some of the Dix. H, dra-headed monster Empiricism, with tor's opinions relative to regimen do not ape great {pirit, and makes the following severe pear to be medically orthodox, if we may but just stricture on regular physicians who be allowed the expression. adopt extraordinary modes (a practice too A JOURNAL of the PROCEEDINGS of the THIRD SESSION of the SIXTEENTH PARLIAMENT of GREAT BRITAIN. HOUSE OF LORD S.

Earl of Morton Lord Fortescue HE order of the day being read for Earl of Moray

Lord Hawke the Lords to be fummoned, to proceed Earl of Aberdeen Lord Harrow by to a ballot for appointing new Commiflioners Earl of Hopetoun

Lord Bagot for putting into execution the Act of Parlia- Lord Viscount Went- Lord Portchefter ment relative to the East-India Judicature, worth

Lord Raudon &c. the Lord Chancellor moved, that a Lord Viscount Dulley Lord Somers Committee be appointed to name twenty-fix


3. Commissioners from the lists delivered in at

His Majesty came to the House and gave the table. Several of their Lordships were

his royal afsent to the land-tax bill; malt, then named as a Committee, who withdrew', mum, cyder, and perry bills; American inand after some time returned with the names

tercourse bill; the act for preventing the ex. of the following Right Hon. Persons, viz.

portrtion of hay; the Inth hop bill; the Archbishop of Canter. Bishop of Winches. Crewkerne and Wareham road bills; and to bury

four private bills. Duke of Portland Bishop of Salisbury The Marquis of Stafford took the oahs Marquis of Bucking. Bishop of Exeter and his feat. ham

Bishop of Lincoln Earl of Dartmouth Bishop of Bangor His Grace the Duke of St. Alban's took Earl of Macclesfield

Lord King his feat and the oaths, upon the death of his Earl of Radnor

Lord Chedworth coufu. * To deploy a column, is to dev:lope and forma is in line of battle-beurum per oferius + To reinforce, or strengthen.


FEB. 15




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FEB. 15:

As the day appointed to ballot for a Sir H. Houghton, Bt. ! Linh hohim sicher Be.

Committee to try the merits of a John James Hamil- | Sir R. Smith, Bart. petition complaining of an undue election ton, Esq.

* H. Thornton, Esq. for the horough of Honiton ; but there not Arthur Holdsworth, Brook Watson, Esq. being a sufficient number of members prefent to constitute a house, agrecably to Mr. John Galley Knights | Philip York, Esq.


John Wodebouse,

Grenville's Aēt, the Speaker adjourned the Esq.
House without proceeding to any business. The above names were read over at the

table, and are to be certified to the Clerk of The House ballotted for a Committee to the Crown by the Speaker. The Act impowtry the merits of Honiton Election petition. ers three judges, one from the Court of Received and read a petition from Satum King's-Bench,

one from the Common-Pleas, egainft the shop-tax.

and a Baron of the Exchequer, to meet and The House proceeded afterwards to ballot 'ballot forty members only out of those chó. for a Committee to appoint Commissionets fen by the Commons. A commission is then from different lists, delivered in at the table, to be made out under the great scal, by for exceuting certain parts of the Eaft-India which authority they are to ad. Judicature bill; previous to the discussion of The names marked with an asterisk (*) which a lift was circulated as of minifterial were not in the Ministerial lift, but all the didation.

others were. On this subject a debate succeeded, of

Feb. 16. which we cannot mention more than the Balloited for a Committee to try the merit fubftance, as in the case of a ballot all stran- of a petition complaining of an undue elec. gers are excluded the gallery. The mem- tion for the borough of Ilchester. bers in Opposition obječted strongly not only Mr. Baftard moved for leave to bring in a to the Minister's selection, but also to the ge bill for continuing an att passed last feffion, neral policy of the measure. Besides debating to prevent the exportation of hay. Leave the propriety of the latter, they introduced å was given. cross ballot, by propofing to substitute other Mr. Sheridan called the attention of the members in the room of a part of the Mini- House to the shameful proceeding of the fter's lift. A retrospe&t followed of the mea- printed lists which had been delivered to fures which have been adopted in the admi- all țhe members, with a view to influence nuttration of India, and of those consequent them in the ballot for the East-India judidisatisfactions which have already been an- cature. It was a mockery of the indepenBounced to the public.

dency of the new tribunal, and an insult to The following are the names of the gen- the dignity of the House. With a view tlemen ballotted for Comm Tioners of the therefore to ascertain whether those printed Court of Judicature :

lists came from the Treasury, or were age FraocisAnnesley,Esq. 1 * Wm. Ligon, Esq., thorised by any of the servants of the Crown, Sir Edw. Aftley, Bi. Sir Rob. Lawley, BC he moved, “That Joseph Pearson, the door. Henry Bankes, Esq. Sir Wm. Lemon, Bt. keeper of this House, be now called to the Jn. Barrington, Esq. Sir Ja. Langham, Bt. barand examined relative to the printed lifts Ja. Pallexfen Bastard, | Sir Ed. Littleton, Bt. which were yesterday delivered to the meme Esa.

* Tho. Maiters, Esq. bers previous to the ballot.” * Hen. Beauroy, Esq. 1 * W.M.Dowal, Esq. After some debate, in which Sir Joseph Tho. Berney Bram- * Rd. Slater Milnes Mawbey, Mr. Pitt, Mr. Fox, Mr. Drake, fon, E!q.


and others spoke, the House divided, when Ch. Brandling, Esq. * Lord Mulcaster the numbers were, for the question 38, 1. Hawkins Browne, i W. Meinwaring, Esq. against it 138, majority 200.' Elg.

* Henry Peirse, Elq. Mr.Sheridan next went into a view of the Ja. Blackburne, Esq. i * Wm. Praed, Esq. intended system of fortification, and of the Lord Fred. Campbell * Hen. Ja. Pye, Esq. circumstances by which it was accompaSir R. S. Cotton, Bt. Edward Phelips, Esq. nied. He felt himself authorised in saying, Sir W. Dolben, Bart. Wm. Pulteney, Ery. that the sentiments of the House were lait W. Drake, juo. Esq. | Wm. Morton Piti, session decidedly against such a mcafure. Her. Duncombe, Esq. Esq.

Without any change in the circumstances, *Sir A.Edmondstone, 1 John Rolie, Esq. they were now called on to enter mto the Bart.

Sir John Rous, Bart. system, and to pledge themselves to its fupWm. Egerton, Esq. Hon. Fred Robin!on port. A Righe Hon. Gentlernan had talked Sir A. Ferguson, Bt. Hon. Dudley Ryder with confiderce on the report of a Board of * Joshua Grigty, Esq. * Sir G. Ai Shuck officers, who had decided in favour of the Amb. Goddard, Esq.

sburg, Bart. mcafure; but furely the information conLord Vil. Grimstone Wallet Sncyd, Esq. tained in that report should have been com• Sir Richard Hill * C!. Lorais Smith, municated to the House ; it should oot be Sir Harbord Harbord, Elq.

confined to his Majesty, the Master General of the Ordnance, or his Majesty's officers of sation, a clause was admitted for prolonging ftatc, as it could never have been intended the duration of the bill to the opening of for their usc. Under these circumstances he next session of Parliament, and for one month moved, that an address should be presented after. to his Majesty, humbly praying that there Mr. Jenkinson said, that the regulation of should be laid before them copies of the the commerce betwern the United States of names and appointments of the officers who America and our West-India islands, and composed this board of enquiry, the instruc- that of the trade between this country and tions given them, and fuch extracts from the United States, claimed the attention of their report as could be given consistently the House. Many had apprehended that the with ebe public safety.

plan that had bitherto been adopted in temMr. Pitt said, that when the present mo- porary acts of parliament would prove injalion was first fuggelted, he had objected to rious to our islands; but this apprehenlon granting any extracts from the reports until was now removed by cxperience; and he knew from more mature deliberation, therefore, he thought it might with safety whether such could be gran'ed with safety. continue on the same footing. As to the in He had peruled them carefully, and was tercourse between Great - Britain and the happy to declare his opinion, that they United States, it was so hampered and might be allowed with trifling subtractions clogged by the a&ts of those States, though and a few verbal alterations. He would Great-Britain had behaved with liberality propose, only for the sake of order, a mo. towards them in encouraging their trade, sjon different in form, not in spirit, from that until they fhould bring forward some rethat of the hon. Gentleman opposite him. gular and permanent plan of commercial in

Mr. Sheridan allented to this, and with. cercourse, he was of opinion, that the tempo drew the motion he had made.

rary act of parliameni for keeping up that in Gen. Burgoyne expresied his pleasure on tercourse should be prolonged, and that no the information he was about to receive. Other measure ought for the present to be aTheHool would then, he said, be convinced dopted on our part. He concluded by movwith him, that the Board could not decide ing for leave to bring in a bill to prolong the otherwise than they had done ; yet the Houfe said act; and leave was accordingly given. might not to be bound by their decision. The papers on the fubje&t of Fortifications, The Master General of the Ordnance was which were yesterday moved for, being certainly a very able engineer, and he con- brought up and read, fefied to have received from him much in- Mr. Pitt nroved that they may be printed, formation in that science while at the Board with an exclusion of certain estimates, tha But he thought much more highly of his publication of which, as they contained the abilities in another point of view. The noble precise dimensions of the new buildings to be Duke had evinced Ingular acuteness in fta- erected, may be attended with injurious cose ting every question hypothetically, in fup- fcquences; and it was ordered accordingly. pofing cases which were scarcely possible, Mr. Burke made this day a speech full yee leading the judgment gradually and in- three hours long; in which he charged Mr. sensibly froin one deduction to another, Hastings with the most flagrant mal-admipotil the mind was brought al length to nistration in lodia. The justice of the naassent to propositions which is was prede- tion, he said, called aloud for a vi&im, that termined to rejcet.

future governors might be deterred from Mr. Fox laid, that the case was certainly ruining the countries they thould be fent to poflible. A proficient in logic may mislead govern. The affair was of too great a maga even men of good sense and informned judg- nitude to be prosecuted in the ordinary way ments; and he knew no person whole ta- by the Attorney-general in the Court of Fents were more equal to such a talk than King's-Bench. The proceeding by a bill of immie of the noble Duke, of whom, if he pains and penaltics, was by experience were not present, (his Grace of Richmond was known to be a most effectual way to bring a at this time in the gallery) he would say more criminal to public justice. He thercíore than that he regarded himwith equal affection would prefer the trial by impeachment as and reverence. He thought it a question to the bar of the House of Lords. To enable bcargued on grounds of general policy, and him to do this, he should be obliged to cail as fuch, more proper for the confideration for a great number of papers, out of which : of Parliament than for that of any fet of be would colle&t such a body of charges of mcn, however intelligent otherwise, or how- criminality, as would aftonifi thar House ever professedly informed.

and all the world. He accordingly made Mr. Pirt's motion was then put and many motions, ion of which were carried. agreed to.

On the anh motion, however, a difference

of opinion having asisen, it was moved by The bill for reitraining the exportation of Mr. Dundas, that the debate on that quel hay for some tirae longer passed through a tion should be adjourned to Monday next. Feinpilice, where, afecr fome little convere The motion pafcd without oppofition.


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the House to allow every paper, of whatever Mr. Brent from the Tax-office presented, description soever, to be produced. - In the xcording to order, Au account of the total present stage of the business, the accusation fuens allested in Great Britain for horses against Mr. Hastings was only implied. It and carriages, heretofore under the manage-, refted chiefly on the authority of the Hon. rent of the Commissioners of Extise, for Gentleman who had come forward in the waggons, wains, and other such carriages, business. Before the House therefore should and

for male and female servants, and for go on piling volume on volume, and paper thops." And also,

on paper, agreeably to the suggestion of the • The total of fums affefied upon all in. Hon. Gentleman, he thought it was highly habited houses, as far as the same can be proper to consider whether it was under any roade up in complete periods, diftinguishing obligation to gratify bim on this point, of each period and cach assessment." The ti- whether it would act wisely and formally tes were read, and the accounts ordered to by so doing. There was as yet no specific be printed.

charge before the House. Would the Hon. £

Gentleman come forward with a specific Affessment on houles for half

accufation? If he should, in that case there a year

259,224 6 11 might be some plaulible reason which he Dilo shops three quarters of

mizhe urge for calling for certain papers, a year

55:481 4 9 necessary to fubftantiate his charge; but Ditto male servants, three

under the present aspect of affairs he could quarters

66,997 9 4 sec none. He concluded by declaring, that Drito female fervants 24,426 16 6 he would act on the liberal side with regard Ditto horses, half a year 67,115 4 5

to the production of papers. Ditto four wheel carriages 87,992 10 9

Mr. Burke contended, that the learned Ditto iwo wheel

10,907 90 Gentleman's reasoning was not at all justified The Speaker having called the attention of by the practice of the House. It was usual the House to that part of the business at to call for papers, without mentioning for which they had adjourned, Mr. Burke de. what purpose. Papers had been laid upon clared he had two objects in view : The the table the last sellion in this very manner. fort was to obtain truth, and the second to He recolleeted the case in point, and would fave time. With regard to the grand and bring to the learned Gentleman's recallés. tandamental principles of the business now tion, that this instance had obtained relative in agitation, he entertained conliderable con. to the Nabob of Oude. He considered the tidence of success, as he conceived that the rejection of his requef as a fratagem to get House was pledged, by every tic of honour rid of the whole enquiry : and although, and dignity, to support him in his allega. formally speaking, he might take the advan. tions, and encourage ebe investigation of a tage of the learned Gentleman's subterfuge. fubje&t that had for its ultimate end the re- and steal away from the enquiry, yet he felt demption of our candour, probity, and too lively a sense of public justice to desert justice as a civilized nation. In the prose- its cause. He well knew how much a cricution of such an intricate affair, which re- minal prosecution depended on the firmacis, quired much attention, diligence, and inden vigour, and fidelity of the prosecutor. When faugable perseverance, it must be obvious Cicero accused Verres, he was not abandona to every gentleman, that much information ed, but supported by the flower of the Ro. was wanted, and that the production of map Senate.

The Hortensii, Metelli, and various papers illukrative of the subject, Marcelli, were ftrenuous in the cause. The would be absolutely necessary; be therefore public records were laid open to bim, koped, that there would be no objection to Every species of evidence was furnilhed. the communication of evidence which ap- Persons were even sent out of Italy into peared of an important nature. He then Sicily, to fish for proofs of his guilt. No begged leave to withdraw the motion which mcans were left uocmployed to bring to the Speaker had read, which was agreed to; public justice its proper vidim. In like when one to the following effect was fubfti. maoner, the Cicero (Mr. Dundas) of the tuted :-" That there be laid before the British Senate, when he seemed to feel that House, duplicates of the correspondence, indignity against public crimes which did instructions, or minutes, from the Governor him so much honour when ardent in the General and Council, concerning the state of execution of public justice, in a case which the country of Oude, and the Royal Family could not have escaped the recollection of there :-Also copies of the inttruciions given any who attended to the history of the into Mesirs. Johntione, Middleton, and Bris dia delinquency, had every alistance beo tow :- As also so many of the papers con- ftowed on him. The flower of the orators nected with the foregoing as relate to the at the bar supported him. Every paper transactions with Almas Ali Cawn." which he wanted was produced. Every The motion was seconded, when

avenue of information was laid open. Crown Mr. Dundas expressed a wish to know, lawyers were engaged in the research. Treawhesher the Reports on the tabt pledged sury clerks exerted themselves with all the



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