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might be fit and proper that the Governor the respon ability that attached upon their General thould be vetted with the supreme conduct, military comipand. As to the extraordinary The Earl of Carlille, the Duke of Man. power that was to be given to the Governor- chester, likewise spoke, and the 'Earl of General, to act againt the advice of his Abingdon concluded the drbale, comparing Council, he must object to it strongly; not the present Bill with Mr. Fox's Bill, which because he was an enemy to the principle of was fraught with the molt alarming crossit, but to the circumstances under which it quences. That bill cended to chablish an was to be exercised. He liked a strong go- oligarchy, which was repugnant to the idea vernment in India ; but then it was only of Wniggism. The objections to the prefeat under the idea that there should be a stronger Bill were merely political; they were the government at home to check and controul tally-ho's of a Foxchace, and of the pack ia it: This, however, was not the case at pre- full cry, to run down a Miniter. fent ; for the responsibility was so divided The Chancellor then put the question that between the Couriof Directors and the Board the Bill be committed, which was carried of Controul, that ao one couid tell where to without a diviloo. After which the House find it. The responsibility that he princi- adjourned. pally alluded co was, the responsibility of chara&ter and integrity to public opinion, The House having resolved itself into a which could not exist, when the public did Committee on the bill for explaining and not koow with whom originated the mea- amending the India Ac, a conversation took Sures that they might have occalion to con- place on the clauses respecting the oath to be demn. Responsibility to public opinion had administred, and the intended deprivation of a powerful effect on the minds of Ministers : the Commander-in-chief of his seat in Counit had been said by a Minister of France, who cil. In this conversation the saine arguments had deserved highly of his country, and had were broughe forward on each side as had reaped a plenuiful harvest of applause, that been adduced in the other House. The first

public opinion dared to penetrate the molt clause was at lait agreed to without a division. secret recesses of a palace, and attack Lord Fitz william, however, persevering in

Minifter even on the Iteps of the throne; his opposition to the other, respecting the it was able to add luftre to retirement, and Commander-in-chief, a motion was made dignity to disgrace." He was aware, that by the noble Lord chat it should be reje&.d, mhough he would consent to give extraordi- on which a division took place. Not connary powers to our Governors in India, the tenis, 53.-Contents, 19.-Majority, 34. history of other countries would rather deter The House was resumed and adjourned. than encourage him to do so. Free states

APRIL 5. had found it necessary to give the Governors Lord Sydney having moved that his Ma. of their distant provinces greater powers jilly's message thould be read, he afterwards chan they would ever fulfer their rulers to moved, that an Address be presented io cbe exercise at hoine : but these powers had al- Throne, declaring the loyal and dutiful atways been abufed : the abuse of power by tention of their Lordships to the latuation of Roman Governors had been proverbial, till the Civil Lift, and that they were ready co it was forgot in the more flagrant abuse of concur with the other House in making up power by modern nations in India. The whatever deficiencies had been tated. He Dutch gave their Governor at Batavia almoft observed, that their Lordships would fee from unlimited_powers : what was the confe- the documents fta:ed, thai 850,000l. were quence? The prosperity of their India Come by no means cqual to the present expendipany? No, but the very reverse ; for they ture of the Civil Lift; therefore he should themselves acknowledged ic now to be on conclude that their Lordthips would readily the brink of ruin. Why then was he willing and heartily concur in the proposition he had to grant extraordinary powers? Because we itated. had in India nothing but the choice of diffi- Lord Stormont did not mean to oppose culties; our situation there was such, that the Address. But the grounds of it appeared Dothing but a strong band could maintain us to him equally dark and suspicious. There in poflellion there.

were deficiencies, and these Parliament would Lord Sydney said, that nothing could be no doubt supply. But whence these exceedfarther from the intention of Miniters, than ings? Why were their Lordships not informto degrade General Sloper ; that gentleman ed' to what purposes all this money had been deserved atteation and support. As to the applied ? He desired that part of his Madifficulty the Noble Lord found respecting jesty's Speech from the Throne of 1981, the responsibility of the measures approved might be read. Here, he said, there was a of by the Court of Directors or the Board of pledge given, the inolt facred which could Controul, it did not appear to him, forevery one be uitered, and in a language the mol diof these measures could be traced up to those sect and cxplicit. Whoever put such lan by whom they were approved; and he was guage in his Majesty's inouth, were respon. sure that none concerned would thrink from Åble for the pledge thus folemnly tendered.


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It was there afirmed, that the expences of seriousness, the necessity of pointing out the Civil Lix thould not in future exceed the how those debts on the Civil Litt had been sum of 850,000l. Such an advice as this, so incurred. intimately connected with the credit and re- Lord Portchester said, he saw, from time venues of the nation, ought to be explained, to time, large demands made on this counand the facts which alone could authenticato try for supplying the deficiencies of the Ci. the measure specifically stated.

vil Lift. The matter was not clear to him, He obser red there was a surplus in one Ad- whether this country ought to be responsible ministration over and above the 850,000l. in all such cases, and for all such debts. after all the expences of the Civil Lift were Why did not Ireland bear her share in these defrayed; and a dcficiency in the other of extraordinaries? This was a question he no less than 10,070l. He stated, that in the dared presume some of his Majesty's feraccounts on the table, the sum of 3000l. a vanis present were prepared to answer. year, which belonged to our Amballador at Lord Sydney thought Ministry in the fame che Hague, was omitted. Other omissions predicament, notwithstanding all that bad were also convincing proofs, that the present happened in Ireland, and for that reason be ftatement was erroneous.

could not give the noble Lord any ground to Lord Sydney observed, that the present expect that any fuch application would be application was precisely in the same form made to the Parliament of Ireland as had with all other applications of the same kind. been mentioned,

The Marquis of Lansdown said he would The Address was then agreed to without probably be out of town when the bill a divifion, and the House adjourned. ihould be discussed, and he would now trou

APRIL 6. ble their Lordships with whal might be per- Took into consideration the amendments baps more properly reserved for that time. made to the East-India Judicature bill, He thought the noble Lord had not stated which were agreed to. the fact correctly. In the Administration in This day, after some private business, an which he presided, there was a furplus of explanatory conversation took place between 8oool. He averred that the bill, so far from the Marquis of Lansdown and Lord Sur faiting in its operations, had in lix inonths mont, relative to what had passed in the reduced the Civil Lilt from 900,000l. to course of debate the preceding day respecting 800,0401. The principle of that bill he con- the motion of an address to his Majesty. The tended was good; it aimed at destroying the noble Marquis contended, that what had fees of office, which had almost destroyed the fallen from the noble Viscount regarding the sevenue, by devouring the sources of the statement of accounts during his Adminiltracounlry.-The King's Speech alluded to was tion was perfectly crroncous; and after going rather the result of other calculations than over the different particulars satisfied Lord bis, in the fame manner as the peace had been Stormont so far as to induce him to acknow. perhaps rather his than that of his colleagues ledge his error, and to recant what he had in office. But he would roundly affirm, inat faid the preceding day. In the course of the the measure was that if the Cabinel unani- conversation, the noble Marquis discovered mously. This peace was paid for, and all some warmth, and thought that not only an the presents made by the then Ambassador acknowledgment of error, but an apology for at the Court of Franie, and those experices miatement might be becoming on the prewere all included in the Civil List. The sent occasion; huc in i his idea the noble Vifexpences which followed were those of the count did not concur. preliminaries, and accountable for by anuther

APRIL 7. Administracion.

Read a third time and passed the East The Duke of Manchester, in great warmth, India Judicature bill.' spurned the impulation implicated in what

APRIL 11. had 'allen from the noble Marquis.

The Royal Affent was given to The Marquis of Lansdown denied he had An act to explain and amend certain proany such meaning as had been imputed to visions of an adt, made in the twenty-fourth his words. The conception was absurd and year of ihe reign of his present Mayrity, re ridiculous ; and his lentiments of that noble (pecting the beter regulation and manage Duke were known to be the reverse.

ment of the atfairs ot the East-India Com. The Duke of Richmond denied that the pany. Cabinet unanimously adopted the peace; he An act to amend and render effe&tual two for one had not concurred in it.

acts of the ninth and fifteenth years of his [The Marquis of Lansdown and the Duke prefent Majelly, for making and maintain. of Richmond were up several times in an- ing a navigable canal from ihe Coventry ca. fwer to each other.]

nal navigation to the city of Oxford. The Duke of Portland and the Marquis of Also to eleven public and fix private bills. Lansdown entered into some explanation of

APRIL 13. the lurplus.

Read liveral inclosure and road bills the Lord Fitzwilliam said a few words relat- firft time, and adjourned till Monday tbt ing to the fame point, and urged, with great 34th.

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EXPENDITURE, TR. Dundas moved, that she bill for Interest and charge of the pubexplaining the India bill should then lic debes

9,275,769 be read a second time, and committed for Exchequer Bills

258,000 Wednesday, which, after a short debate, Civil List

900,000 was agreed to.

Charges on aggregate fund 64,600 Sir Adam Ferguson presented a petition Navy

1,800,000 complaining of an undue ele&tion for Aber. Army

1,600,000 deenshire, and moved that it hould be Ordnance

378,000 taken into consideration the 27th of April, Militia

91,000 which was agreed to.

Miscellaneous services

74,274 The House went into a Committee on the Appropriated duties

66,538 Menai bridge bill, and heard Counsel for

£. 14,478,181 and against it.

Annual Surplus

919,290 Lord Penrhyn moved, that debate upon

It appears by the Appendix to this valus the bill should be adjourned till to-morrow able Report, that a part of the annual profe'nnight. The motion passed, and the duce of the public revenue is not applicable Housc adjourned.

to the payment of any part of the interest of MARCH 21.

the national debt, or of the general services Mr. Grenville brought up the Report of of the country. The articles and sums the Select Committee, to whom it had been

which compose this part are as follow : referred to examine the public accounts, and Duty on cotton wool

£. 1000 Itate the furplus of the taxes, together with

canvas and lawns

9847 their opinion as to the amount of the fum

coinage on wines

6.11. arising from such surplus, that might be ap- Stamp duty on parchment, per Hapropriated to the purpose of creating an ef- naper-office

3698 ficient and unalienable Sinking Fund.-As Four and a half per ccnt.

19,149 this Report is highly interesting, we shall S:xpence per pound on pensions prelers our readers with some extracts from Firit-fruits of clergy

5640 Tenths of clergy

9888 Abbract of the Public Receipt and Expenditure. Stamps for Judges' salaries

11,000 RECEIPT. Duty on gum lenega

238 Total net payments into the Ex

Cambrics and sugars (1766)

1349 chequer, from sth Jan. 1785,

Apples imported

565 to 5th Jan. 1786 £. 12,499,916* Sugars (1764)

2770 Melasses (2766)

1259 Deduct the respired duties paid


2025 by the East India Company 401,118 Licences for felling lottery tickets Excels beyond the future a

Rent of Savoy land mount of window duties 56,101

£. 121,595 £12,042,697 The Report concludes with the following Further produce of the window

obTervacions. duty, imposed by 24 G. III. 253,534

" There are charges un the Poft-office and Further produce of the duty on

orher offices of the revenue, arising from two wheel and four wheel

different grants and Aêts of Parliament, by

107,186 which certain annuities are made payable To complete the former duty

thereon ; but, as these are issued at the dif. on male servants


ferent offices of collection previous to the Further produce of horse, wago

payment of the Excheques, your Committee gon, and cart duties

73,670 have not brought them to account under the Further produce of taxes im.

head of public expenditure. poled in 1784

22,000 “ The only article to which your ComFunher produce of taxes im

mitice chink it necessary, separately, to call posed in 1785, including the

the attention of the House, is that of the improvement of the medicine

relief of the American futferers; but it is not duty

242,000 for the Committee to determine what fum Paid at the Excise and Aliena

Parliament may think proper to allot for this tion Office, in part of Civil

purpose, either as lemporary relief, or when Lift


The investigation of the several claims Thall Produce of the land and malt

2,600,000 have been compleated.

" From what has been stated, the House 5.25.973:471 will observe that no accurate climate czą

This sum is made from the following receipus :
From the Customs, 4,586,463 | From Stamps, 1,162,695
Excise, 6,392,648

Incidents, 2,358,115




be formed of the total sums which may hands ashore ; which was so violently cpe arise beyond the average amount of the ex. pored by the surrounding inbabitants, that pences before stated, and which may there. nothing less than an absolute a&t or that fore require a separate provision. But upon House could enforce it, as the Privy Counthe whole, your Committee conceive that

cil did not find it within the limits of their the means of defraying the expences (exclu- power, a petition for that purpose having sive of the average income above stated) may been laid before them; on which account be expected to be sufficient for the purpose. he would therefore move, that under the

In the first place, your Committee have 22d of Geo. II. an hafty bill on the spur of taken no credit in the foregoing statements the occasion might be pailed, to enable cere for the profits which may annually be ex- tain persons thercin named, to select a spot pected from lotteries, whenever Parliament

as a proper distance from the inhabitants, on Thall think proper to avail itselt of that mode which tenis, or temporary sheds, might be of raising money.-- The profits on the lot- erected, in the shortest time posible, for the tery of lall year were nearly 140,000l. reception of the sick, which he trnsted

Ó A further sum may also be expected to would give immediate relief, as the physi. arise for some years to come, under the hcad cians had given it as their unanimous opiof army savings.

nion, that the disease was not of fo conta" A balance is also due from the East. ginus a naçure as to be attended with any India Company, for the subsistence of troops, had consequence to the inhabitants of this in India, and on account of victualling of kingdom, 'whose heaith he wished to prethe navy, pursuant to the 21st of his pre- serve at the peril of his own : in consequence Sene Maj;ity, c. 65. The propriety of ap- of which the bill was read, unanimouliy plying to c'ie public purposes a portion of committed, and ordered to be engrofled is the unclaimed dividends of the funds (con- the space of half an hour. It was after. Sitently with the ftriételt regard to the secu- wards passed, and ordered to the Lords. rity of the creditors of the nation), and the

MARCH 22. means of rendering the Crown lands more The House went into a Committee on beneficial than at present, are also objects Mr. Dundas's bill for explaining and amend. which seem to fall under this consideration. ing Mr. Pili's India bill.

“ But independent of the articles which Mr. Rous was proceeding to read the have here been ltated, your Committee irult preamble of the bill, and to move that it that they thall not be thought to exceed the hould be deferred till the claims were first limits of the duty prescribed to them by the conlidered, when Houle, in obferving, that the present sub- Mr. Francis declared his obj-ions wer Siling taxes, if the due coliection thereof not so much to the particular clauses, tho' could be secured by measures adequate to feveral of them met with his extreme dil. the purpose, would probably afford an ame like, but to the whole of the bill, as being ple provision for any deficiencies which may totally inefficient and inadequate to the reat any time be found, either in these rés moval of those absurdities which it meant sources, or in the particulars which compose to remedy. In the firft place, the claute the general income of the public; and would which empowered the Company's European iniure a permanent annual furplus, applica- fcrvants indiscriminately to become Memble to the reduction of the national debt, in bers of the Council in India, was in precise ficha manner as the wisdom of Parliament contradiction to an osder of the Court of fhall direct.''

Directors, by which it was ordered, that The Charicolor of the Exchequer called no persons who had served in India should, the attention of the Honse to an object of after a limited period, though during that considerable magnitude in point of nat onal lime in the servire of the Company, be alhonour and humanity, in consequence of lowed to return to India in any capacity which he did not in the least doubt buc whatsoever. The clause also which proviwhat he was aboutloofer would meet with ded, that in the case of any vacancy in the the immediate and unanimous concurrence Council, it should be filled, not by the fee of the House. The crew of the Bourbon

nior person in the Company's service, bet Dutch Eal-Indiaman, latcly driven by stress by a person chosen by the Governor-Geneof weather into the port Dari mouth, had ral, not only threw into his hands a power contracted a violent fever, insomuch that as dangerous as unlimited, but tended to three or four of the hands, by the last ac. create the strongeft disorder in the rank and counts, had fallen a sictim in it; ard many fituation of the servants of the Company. more seemed likely to increase the number, He did not think that the man who was if something was not presently done to give accused, and in his opinion with justice, if relief; and as the ackncís was every day the most flagrant abuse of the powe;s with gaining ground, it was the opinion of the which he had been entrusted, thould have medical gentlemen who had visited the been qucilioned on the batirude of those veffel, that the ti ttep tok »ds an extir. which were to be given to his fuccefTor. pation of the discale, would be io get the There remained the opinion of Lord Ma



cartney, which he supposed that Ministers the several officers and private gentlemen of had before this obtained. If they had, he the two troops of Horse-guards reduced, and was certain that they would communicate to the superanouated gen einen of the four it; it would certainly have great weight, troops of Horse-Guards for 1786 with the House.

Report was made from the Committer, The question was about to be put, when on the Bristol undue election, in favour of Mr. Burke rose and said, if it is, as it

Mr. Cruger.. feems to be, the policy of the day :o part Major Scott moved, that the opinions and as loon as posible with our poffeffions in resolutions of the Court of Directors, relative India, in God's name let it be done ;--but to the payment of five lacks of rupees to let us consult on the manner in which this Cheyt Syng, for services during the war, be separation is to be effected-let us not insult laid before the House. the feelings of the unfortunate - let us not Mr. Francis thought the papers, if proburlesque the proceedings of all civilized duced, would found a charge against the government- let us not add to our former Court of Directors. In this event he would neglects the speer of inhumanity, by telling very willingly join with the honourable our miserable fellow-subjects in India, that Member in affifing him in substantiating, in the happy effects of arbitrary power they as he had some time ago criminated them thall find a cure for all their sorrows. openly.

After a long conversation on the clause None of the Members on the Treasury which excludes the Commander in Chief Beach discovering any inclination to pay from a seat at the Council Board, unless any regard to the motion, called thereto by special appointment, Mr. Sheridan could not help reprobating

Mr. Sloper moved as an amendment, that the partiality of Administration, who seemed Gen. Sloper, the present Commander in willing to contest the production of every Chie?, should not be included in the opera- paper intended for proving Mr. Hastings's tion of this clause.

guilt; but allowed all documents of his inOn a division the numbers appeared, for noccnce to be laid on the table, without any the amendment 65-against it 151 -majo obstruction on their part. rity 86. The clause was then received. The Chancellor of the Exchequer declared,

By this decision the salary of Gen. Sloper that he himself had acted with the utmost will be reduced froin 16,000l. a-year to impartiality in the whole course of affairs boool

. his pay as Commander in Chief, the respecting Mr. Hastings, and had not, nor Other 10,0001. being the salary he enjoys as would not, oppose the production of any a Member of the Council.

papers, which, confiftently with a regard for A motion was then made to leave out the interests of the public, might safely be Governor-General's oath, on which a divi- exposed to view. fion took place, when the numbers were, Major Scott made several other motions ayes 36-poes 125-majority 89.

for papers, all of which received the con. The report was then made.

currence of the House. MARCH 23

| Previous to the Speaker's leaving the chair, The House did not afeinble to-day, as it Mr. Sheridan role, and submitted to the was taciųy understood, when the House House, whether it will be proper to give broke up at two o'clock this morning, to be their coulint to the India bill, againft a paradjourned till to-morrow.

ticular clause of which every one knew that MARCH 24.

petitions would be presented in a few days. Resolved, In a Comınittee of Supply, That He therсtore moved, that an instruction be 192,7921. 155.

6d. be granted to his Majesty given to the Committee to divide this bill for detraying the charge of the in and out. into two bills. pensioners of Chelsea Hospital for 1786. Mr. Dundas did not rise to oppose the

That 173,000l. be granied to his Majesty, motion ; but to assure the honourable GenOn account of the reduced officers of land tleman, and others who had heard and life forces and marines for 1786.

tened to reports about Lord Cornwallis, and That 638,66 21. 125. 4d. be granted to his the terms which had been granted him, that Majesly, for defraying extra expences of he had never asked any terms, and that he land forces and other services, incurred from had consented to go out in no view of ago the 25th of December 1785, not provided granaisement. for by Parliament.

The motion was then put and agreed to ; That 52,502). 175. 2d. be granted upon ac- after which the House resolved itself into a coudt of commissioned officers of his Majesty's Committee on the bill, when the remaining British and American forces for 1786. claules were read, the blanks filled up, and

Thai 35351. be granted upon account of the House resumed. A debate then arose several officers, late in the service of the concerning the propriety of receiving the States-General, for the year 1786.

report on the same night. That 3331. 98 7d. be granted to his Ma. The Opposition were for postponing it till jekty for defraying the charge of allowance to



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