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upon such intellectual kild/1:aws, will find says the might of Hercules; so, according to Dr. himself cheated, as a child wliom the paint G.“ the son of Chinias is allied"—not to Peand the sugar of sweet-meats tempts to inl. ricles, but by fome Platonic affinity " to the dulge his voracity, till a pallid appetite fora eloquence and magnanimity of Pericles." ces him to relinquish, or a fick ftomach to 3. If on some occasions he uses expreffive dilgorge, his favoury, but fui feiting dainties. words with too great freedom, on others he Somewbat like this at least was the effect of neglects to use them when he ought. “The Dr. Gillies's History on me. I opened it with ardent paffion of Paris for beauty enabled him expectation, and proceeded some way with to brave every danger.” alacrity; but I loon began to lose all relith, 4. His style is every where enfeebled by and was often ready to quit the featt with tautology. Sir John Suckling ridicules a fadisgust.

Thion prevalent among some authors of his It will, I think, be granted, that Dr. G. is time, of excluding adjectives from compofsdeficient in that force of mind which is ne- lion altogether. One of his characters excessary to the philosophical historian. He presses his admiration of the stately march of a seldom dilates the conception of his reader, row of substantives. Dr. Go on the contrary, or produces those frukes by which narrative seems determined to take away from the subis converted into painting. To fpeak with Itautive its grammatical privilege of standing reverence, I would sooner place him by the alone. Merited fame and well.earned hofide of Xenophon than of Tacitus ; happy, nours," p. 183. " Effcminate softness and had he but taken for his model the simplicity licentious debauchery," p. 190. “Sost effe. of the Grecian ! He miglit, at least, have minacy." “ Mean gratification of an ignotis been an useful and an agreeable chronicler. pallion," p. 192. “ The majestic muse of But I fear that an inordinate paflion for orna. Stefichorus was of a more elevated kind." ment li?s seduced him into a style which will We Nould have been just as wise if the Dr. be disgusting to men of talte, and dangerous bad told us, that the elevated muse of Stefio to those whose taste is not yet secure against chorus was of a more majestic kind. “ The the influence of bad ex.imple; a style seldom fire, animation, and enthusiasm, of his genielegant, frequently vulgar, and generally fee- us,” p. 203. What is the difference between ble. I hope the following instances will the fire, animation, and enthusiasm of a poet! serve to shew that this opinion is not thrown Bodily sirength and agility were accompaniout at random.

ed hy bealıb and vigour of confiitution," F. 1. Nothing is more characteristic of a false 205. What information is intended to be taste than an indiscriminate prolusion of the conveyed by this sentence? When was dod y most forcible epithets which language affords. freng:'

: feen separate from braltb and v5 This impropriety is perpetually recurring. of conjtitution“ Causes which it was eafy We have immortal rivers, immorsal republics; to conjecture and imposible to mistake." inimitable productions and intxirable excellence Pray, when did it come to pass that things occur in the fame sentence : and again, with- which could not possibly he mistaken wert in the same pace, inimitable author : inimita. matters of conjecture ? that is, of doubl; for ble charms of the fancy, vol. I. p. 211. inime conjecture implies doubt. table qualities of a virtuous prince ; ebe imita. 5. But we are not offended by tautology and tive, ikough inimiiuble expietjions of obe Grecian affectation alone; the same rage for omuovent tongui. Detachedientences cannot give a betrays him into downrighe nonsense. Spekproper notion of this defect. Nothing but ing of Anacreon's poems, he says, " there a perusal of the book can make the reader may be discovered in them an extreme huaja fully fenfible of its disagreeable effects. A ousness of manners and a fingular voluptuover. few haríh sounds do not give much molefta- ness of fancy, extending beyond the tenies tion ; but a continuance of them teazes, and and tainting the foul itself," p. 199. Now at last becomes quite tormenting.

what fort of extreme licentiousness is it, and The Doctor would do well to ftudy War. singular voluptuousness of fancy, that does not ton (Flry on P'ope) on the appropriation of extend beyond the fenfes, nor tains the fearl epithets, before he publishes his second edi. itfeli ? " Supplio breathed the amorous flames tion, Hs epithets are heldom more appl.cable by which the was contumed, while Alczas to one subject than another. He is deter. declared the warmth of his attachment." p. mined to be fine, but his finery is of a coarse

198.

" These weapons improve the courage and vulgar kind.

as well as the vigour of the foldier,"p. 206. 2. Akin to this abuse of the verba ardere No classical bigot having, I believe, dreamed tie is the prostitution of the boldest and most of any peculiar cbara in the weapons of antipoetical figures of speecil. As Homer, de. quit, this must be a new discovery; and signing an liero by some of his dittinguithing Dr. G. in order to complete it, world do qualities, intlead of simply fuying Hercules, well to prepare a memvir for the French

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Academy of Belles Lettres, pointing out those on," p. 197. How are the odes of Pindar qualities in the Greck swords and spears contradistinguished from the pleasant fongs of which rendered them more favourable to Anacreon by being called inimitable? But courage and vigour than the bayonet of the inimitable can never come with impunity European, or the tomohawk of the Indian. within his reach. Whoever desires information on the effects 8. He has caught the newspaper trick of produced by the arms of the ancients, will using participles for adjectives; as detested for hand good sense and elegant language in detestable, respected for respectable, revered Heyne's paper, Comm. Goett. Vol. V. p. I- for venerable, chastised principles, &c. 17: “ Gracefully danced towards the right 9. He debases his language with other Gal. round the well-replenished altar," p. 203. licisms ; for the last-mentioned fault is derived "The most exalted fame cannot extend with from the same fruitful source of corruption ; equal facility to distance of time and distance as, ačiua! for prrfins, a&tually for at present, of place.” What has exalted to do here? paffim ad nauseam ufque; remounts to the neWe hould perhaps read, “ The most exten- roic ages; to remount to their source; retrace ; five fame cannot extend, &c. " The two to allure the destruction of the enemies; defirst stanzas of the ode being of an equal length Fultorious ardour. were either of them longer than the third.” 10. Clufters of adjectives without the conAs this sentence stands, its meaning seems to junction copulative, are inconsistent with the be, that the first two stanzas were longer than genius of the English language ; « clear comthe second, because they were of an equal prehensive mind;"" "gross indecent insolence." length : but perhaps Dr. G. only means, that These instances will sufficiently support if A be equal to B, and longer than C, B will Dr. G.'s claim to a distinguished rank among likewise be longer than C.

the nerveless and affected writers, though I am 6. He frequently becomes ridiculous by afraid they will lose much of their effect by expresiing trivial things in pompous phrases, appearing separately. I have quoted the paNil mortale jonai. In his mock-heroic style, ges where many of them occur, both that the abuse or a blow is “ the reproaches of the curious reader may have an opportunity of tongue, or even the more daring insult of the comparing them with the context, and that it band."

may appear how thick such beauties are sown ; 7. So conceited a writer could not refift and not because other parts have been robbed the allurements of antithesis. Aiming at this, for the sake of this. Nor have I produced which he often does, and commonly with the every thing which drew my attention even in fame success, he makes “ admiration, glory, this narrow compass; for there are many respect, splendour, and magnificence, the me- patches which lose their glare when detached, lancboly attendants of the Thade of Archilo- as small inequalities pass unobserved unless the chus," p. 197. Contrasting the lyric poets, eye take in at the same time the plain cver he says, “ We have many inimitable odes of which they lie scattered. Piadar, and many pleasant songs of Anacre

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THE

LONDON REVIEW,

AND

L L T E R A R Y

JOURNAL.

Quid fit turpe, quid urile, quid dulce, quid non. Sylva ; or, The Wood : being a Collection of Anecdotes, Differtations, Characters, Apoph

thegms, Original Letters, Bous Mots, and other little Things. By a Society of the Learned.

8vo. 55. Payne. 1786. FEW things have contributed more to dis- way strikes more forcibly, and makes clearer

seminate literature among the generality as well as more lasting impressions than a teof mankind, than miscellaneous . writing. dious, formal style and manner. The truth Knowledge dclivered in this short and concise of the observation, Meya BiBavor piya xaxos,

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was

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was never more universally acknowledged who can furnish them, and brought more than at present ; we all with to appear learn- closely and compendioully together. The ed, but do not like the trouble necessary to great object of our work is to make men wi. become so. A shorter way, therefore, was fer, without obliging them to turn over folius to be found out to convey instruction under and quartos ; to furnith matter for thinking the semblance of pleasure, and inculcate the instead of reading.”—To enable our readers to lessons of wisdom by professing to amuse, judge how far the author has succeeded in this

Actuated by this principle, and desirous of undertaking, we have fulected the following contributing to the instruction of their coun- Ellay on English Patriotism, with the idea fotrymen, Addison and Steele were aniong us reigners have of it. the first writers in this style ; and their la- ~ Whoever should take a view of politibours were crowned with success. Allured cal maneuvres in England, must be ready to by their example, numberless authors have suppose it one of the best governed nations attempted to imitate them ; but few of them upon earth. For why? He would see all poffefling either the genius, learning, or taste, ranks and professions, all ages and sexes anxirequisite on the occasion, they have in gene. ous always, and sometimes even feditious, ral miscarried. The author, however, of for just and right adminiftr.ition in the aftairs Sylva is an exception to this observation ; he of state : but this apparent benefit is a real has shewn himielf a man of observation and misfortune, as it tends to keep us ever rest. knowledge of the world; is often instructive, Jess and unquiet : and I call the benefit apand always amefag: many of his anecdotes parent, because upon a nearer inspection, this are enterta ning, and his mode of telling them zeal for the state will usually be found only lively; but he sometimes loses fight of that a zeal for the zealot. I mean, that all his delicacy which fhould ever distinguish pro- pretences and clamours for the public have, ductions of this kind. His roth, rith, 12th, at the bottom, no other object but his owo 25th, and 28th, articles are of this fort. private emolument. Let me upon this occ

In an advertisement prefixed to this vo- fion call forth a certain anecdote from Antilume, the author, after mentioning the cacoce quity, which, while it illuftrates and countethes fcribendi which universally prevail, quo:es nances what I say, may, by proper med.ta. an expreilion of Solomon, that much fudy or tion, be rendered highly edifying : it is, that of reading is a wearinejs of the flesh; and goes more than sixty patriots, or libe ty men, who on to remark, “ that whatever hurt it may conspired against Julius Caefar, not one, ex. cause to the body, it must certainly cause no cepting Brutus, was believed to have been in. less to the mind, by overloading the memo- fluenced by the nubleness and splendour of ry, and ftiling all that reflection which is clie deed, τη λαμπρότητα και το καλό της necessary to make reading of any kind use. apatears, but to have acted solely fronrigtereftful ;” and that the observation of Petrarch will ed and selfish motives *. ever be found true, who says, dum plus hau. “ The truth of the case is, and almost every riunt quam digerunt, w stomacbis, fic etiam inge- one now seems reasonably well convinced of siis, naufa fæpius nocuit quam fames. it, that allthis bustle and contest among us ist,

6. And now after such an exordium, many not how the government shall be administer. will be curious and eager to ask, What gen- ed, but wbo Thall administer it : Magis exeo tlemen who thus complain of a redundancy rum in manu fit, to use the language of Livy, of books, can poflibly mean by adding to the quam ut incolumis fie respublica quari. And number? -To ihis the reply is, We would this is the idea which foreigners in general erinot have ours considered as a book : we tertain of the English. “ Very long experie would rather call it (if we durft) the Beauties ence proves," says one of them, “ that the of Books. There are the Beauties of Sbake. patriotism of those who oppose the govern. Speare, the Beauties of Music and Poetry; and ment, hath no other object but to ttaze the there are the Beauties of Fox, Norib, and sovereign, to thwart the measures of his mie Burke, which contain (we suppose) the Beau- nisters, to traverse their beit concerted pro. sies of Politics. We would make ours,

if jects, and solely that themselves may have a could, the Beauties of Knowledge, Wil, and share in the ministry 1. An Englıth parrior is Willem ; selected from all indiscriminately commonly nothing more than an ambitious

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Plutarch. io Bruto. +" This contest hath now for many years so wholly taken up our political leaders, that the police of the kingdom, and all interior regulations, which far more concern our well-being and happiness than who shall govern, have been almost totally neglected."

$ " The original goes on, “ that is to say, in the spoils of the nation," as if to plunder was equally the object of all who govern. This writer (hould seem to have thought with Themi

stuctes; man, who makes efforts to succeed the Mini. mour, principle, or affection, the men of this Iter he decries ; or a covetous greedy-mind. order accommodate themselves solely to times ed man, who wishes to amals treasure; or a and persons. He might ascribe lying to an factious, lurbulent inan, who seeks to restore Embassador, because, being “ lent to lie a shattered fortune. But are patriots of this abroad for the good of his country," as Sir stamp formed to take sincerely to heart Henry Wotton defined his office, he preserves the interefts of their country ? Accordingly, an habit of lying, even when the officiality or when they obtain the places they wanted, they duty of fo doing may not require it. A want follow precisely the tracks of their predecef- of moral sense and sympathising humanity fors, and become, in their turn, the objects of would be found in men of the law; because, envy and clamour to those they dispofletted, paying no regard to the distinctions of right or who are now again the patriots and favourites wrong, but only intent on serving their clients, of the public ; for a fickle, restless people they are led to treat with inditference, and always believe chose to be their true friends fometimes even to sport with the molt injuri. who are the enemies of the persons in pow., ous decisions against the most pitiable objects: er; and thus, not a jot the wiser by experi- the love of gain, in all who traffic; because ence, are ensnared and taken by the same po. Tu b have been habiluated to consider money pular arts practiled upon them in an eternal as the chief good, and to value every man acfucceffion *."

cording to what he is worth : and, lastly, If the above be not a flattering, it is at an open systematical kind of knavery in the least a striking likeness of a modern Patriot. boneft farmer ; who, without any regard to The following observations on profellional value in the commodity, profetses to buy as character are keen and shrewd, and mark an cheap, and sell as dear, as he can ; and who, intimate acquaintance with the human heart, if you remonftrate against his offering a horse tho' the Itrictures they contain will by many or cow for twice its worth, asks you with a be thought too severe,

freer: "Whether be mult noido che bett he “RamazZINT, a physician of Padua, wrote can for his family:" + Would not, I lay, all a book De morbis artificum; to thew the pe. this be perceived, where profeffional {pirit is culiar distempers of tradesmen, arising from not checked or counteracted by natural temeach respective trade, Might not a philofo- perament ? and thus thro’ life, and every des phic obterver construct a work upon a fimi- partment of it, where the characters of men las plan, to mark the specific habitudes and would be found in a compound rariu of temmanners of each respective order and profes- perament and profellion; and be natural or fion?

artificial, according to the proportion ia “ In the course of this disquisition, he which these are combined.” would be led to observe, for instance, that in. * The following decision of the King of fincerity in a courtier must be the ruling fea- Prullia may serve as a speciinen of what clie ture of his character. And why? Because, author calls anecdotes : without allowing any thing to private hu- “ A foldier of Silesia, being convict:d of

stocles; who, when the people of Athens murmured at exactions, and were importunate for the change of magistrates, pacified them with the following apologue :

“ A fox sticking fast in a bug, whither he had defcended in quest of water, fies (warmed upon liim, and almost sucked out all his blood. To an hedge-hog, who kindly offered to disperse them, No (replied the fox), for if i base who are glusted be frighted away, ar bungry (warm will succeed, who will devour the little blood remaining."

PLUTARCH. * “ Is not the single instance of Pulteney sufficient to cure men of being hallooed and led en furiously by patriots, if experience could make wife? Walpole's ministry was opposed and attacked many years, and Pulteney was at the head of the Opposition ; yet no sooner was Walpole driven off, than Pulteney and Carteret entered into private negociations with the Nezcaftle party, who were men of Walpole's measures ; and, compromising matters, Pulteney became Lord Bath, and Carteret Lord Granville. They look very few of their compatriots with them into the miniltry; md Lord Chesterfield being one that was left be. bind, exprefled his resentment thus, in a paper called " Old England; or, the Constitutional Journal, No. 1. Feb. 5,1743.". “ This paper (says he) is undertaken against those who have found the secret of acquiring more infamy in ten months, than their predecessors, with all the pains they took, could acquire in twenty years. We have seen the noble fruits of twenty years opposition blafted by the connivance and treachery of a few, who, by all the ties of gratitude and honour, ought to have cherished and preserved them to the people."

+ Our good Christian farmer, however, may deign to learn a better lesson from an heathen : Ex omni vita fimulatio difficulatioque tollenda eft : ita nec ut emai melius, nec ut vendat, quidquam fimulabit aut diffimulabit vir bonus. Cicero de Ofic. III. 15.

Itealing stealing certain offerings to the Virgin Mary, ward any present from the Virgin Mary, or any was doomed to death asa facrilegious róbber; Saini wbutever." This, I take it, was anbut he denied the commiflion of any theft, (wering fools according to their folly, and is saying, that the Virgin, from pity to his po- an instance of wisdom as well as wic." verty, had presented him with the offerings. Upon the whole, we confess we have been The affair was brought before the King, who highly entertained by the peruial of this work, asked the popish divines, whether, according which, to use the author's words, we recomto their religion, the miracle was impollible? mend to men who have been liberally train. They replied, that the case was extraordina- ed, and are not unacquainted with languages ry, but not impoffible. “ Then," said the (and for such it was chiefly intended); men, King, “ the culprit cannot be put to death, who may wish to have some sabulum mentis, because he denies the theft, and because the or mental fodder, always at hand, but whose divides of his religion allow the present not profefsions or situations in life do not permie to be impossible; but we strictly forbid him, leisure to turn over volumes. under pain of death, 19 receive bencefor

Supplement to the Antiquities of England and Wales. By Francis Grose, Esq. F. R. S.

4to. Hooper. 1786.
R.
, of

" This venerable ruin, which hes so long quities are much obliged for bis un- remained unnoticed by the curious, stands in wearied endeavours to gratify their taste, in- the garden of the Earl of Clanricard, at Waruforms us, in an advertisement preceding this ford, on the high road from London to Gof Supplement, that he meant, after publishing port. It is known by the title of King his last volume, to bave laid down bis pen and Jolin's House, an appellation common to pencil, from an apprehenfion, that by continu- many ancient structures in which that King ing his work he might have led the original had no concern; King John and the Devil encouragers of it into a greater expence than being the founders, to whom the vulgar im. they at first either expected or intended. pute moft of the ancient buildings, mounds, or

So repeated, however, have been the soli- intrenchments, for which they cannot sign citacions from a number of respectable peo. any other constructor; with this distinction, ple to the author to continue and extend the that to the king are given most of the m.n. work, that, yielding to them, and farther fions, cattles, and other buildings, wbilit the urged by his fondness for the subject, he has Devil is supposed to have amused himself chrefretumed his labours, and added this Supple. ly in earthen works; such as his Ditch at ment; the rather, as the work baving been Newmarket, Punch-bowl at Hind-head, with regularly closed, this addition would not sub. divers others too numerous to mention. jećł the original encouragers to the inconve- " In the map of Hampshire engraved by dience he apprehended.

Norden, about the year 1610, this building is Mr. Grole was at first in doubt whether marked as a ruin; and in some writings of : the Supplement should conuft of one or two more ancient date, belonging to the Clanricard volumes, but has been determined by the opin family, it is conveyed with the manor and Dion of the public and his friends to extend present manfion by the denomination of the it to two volumes, of which this is the first: Old House, the second will be publice with all conve- “ What it originally was, can only be pient speed; and the author promises the pur- conjectured. Two ancient infcriptions on the chafers that the plates shall be executed in a parith church, the first on the north the lemanner at least equal to the best in the cond on the south side, within the porch, former volumes. That this promise will be seem to afford some grounds to suppose it literally fulfilled, if we are to judge from the the ancient church built by Wilfric Bishop of volume before us, there remains not the least York, between the years 679, wlien he took doubt.

refuge among the South Saxons, and 685, The author has prefixed several addenda when he returned to his fee. to the preface of the Antiquities ; among The inscription on the north is as follows: others, an ancient code of military laws, and

" Adæ hic de Portu, solis benedicat ab orto, an account of Druidical monuments.

Gens cruce fignata, per quem fic lum re. The subjects in this Supplement are chiefly

novata, selected from counties omitted in the body of the work, or flightly touched upon.

“ May all Christian people, even from the Among thote in Hampshire, we find the rising of the sun, following account of kiug John's House, at Bless Adam de Port, by whom I was thus Warnford.

renovated."?

On

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