« PreviousContinue »
On the south side.
this dreadful calamity, was heard' to come « Fratres orate,
circling (or as it were ferpentizing) over the Prece vestra sanctificate,
platform, from the south-west. In an inTemphi Factores,
stant of time, not only the whole magazine Seniores et Juniores,
was blown into the air, but also all the houses Wilfric fundavit,
and lodgings of the castle ; particularly some Bonus Adam fic renovavit.
'fair and beautiful buildings that had just been
erected, at great expence, under the care ad “ brethren, both young and old, pray ; direction of lord viscount Hation, the then and, with your prayers, hallow the builders
governor, who was at that time within the of this church, which Wilfric founded, and buildings of the castle. good Adam thus renovated.”
“ By this accident the lady dowager Hate " The whole of this conjecture rests on ton was killed by the fall of the cieling of her the word renovavit, which is not always con- chamber, which fell in four pieces, and killfined to repairing or rebuilding the identical ed her on the spot. The right honourable edifice, but is often used to express a different the lady Hatton, the governor's wife, and building, appropriated to the same purposes daughter of the earl of Thanet, was likewise to which the former was devoted.
destroyed in the following manner.
- Fler " This ruin measures on the outside 80 ladynip being greatly terrified at the thunder feet, from eart to west, and 54 from north
and lightning, infifted upon being removed to south; its walls are four feet thick, and from the chamber Me was in to the nursery. constructed of fin! set in grout-work. It She and her woman, in a few minutes after, is divided into two unequal rooms : the largest fell a sacrifice, by one corner of the nurseryo or eafternmott, 46 feet by 43, has two win
room falling in upon them. dows on the north, and two on the south, as “ In the same room was also killed a dry. also two doors on the north and south walls, nurse, who was found dead, with my lord's near the western extremity, and another in
second daughter in her arms, holding a small the west side, leading to the lefser room. At
Silver cup in her hands which the usually about 18 feet from the east and west walls, played with, which was all rimpled and and ten from the north and fouth, stand four
brunfed; yet the young lady did not receive columns, which with four half columus, let the least burt. This nurse bad likewise oue into the east and west walls, once probably of her hane's fixed upon the cradle, in whicla fupported a vaulted roof. These columns, lay my lord's you:gat danglite, and the which are of two different sorts, shaft and cradle almost filled with rubbish, yet the capital included, measure nearly twenty-five child received no sort of prejudice. Befiles feet, or eighi diameters; they are of tone, there, one enlign Covert, mr. William Prole, as compact and durable as marble ; their buses
my lord's iteward, and interal other per. octogonal; most of the arches of the doors
fons, were detircyed by the same accident. and windows are circular.
“ Having given this account of tho e who “When this building was first token notice
per Thed, I thi briefly mention fome of of, it was used as a barn, and covered with a
those who u ere most miraculously preserved modern roof. This has been since taken off,
in this extraordinary disaster. and it now forms a very striking ornament to
" First, the governor, who at that rime he garden,"
had his apartment in a convenient house This volume also contains three views of which his lord hip had built brut two years Malmsbury Abbey, Wiltshire ; and nine views before. This house stood N. by E. frona in the inlands of Guernsey and Jersey, exclusive the magazine, and very near it Hlis lord. of the frontispiece, which is a carious dir wing thip, at the time it blew up, wi fait in 11:ep, of Castle Cornet, in Guernsey, in the state ic and was carried away by she explovou, in his was before 1672, when the powder ma- bed, upon the battlements of a wall just ad. gazine being set on fire by lightning, the joining to his houle, and wis not awaked great tower or keep, with many houses and but by a Niuwer of bail that fell upon bus other handsome buildings, were blown up face, an i made him sevdible wbere he was, and demolished; of which dreadful cata. This, no doubt, must appear very extraorAtrophe the following is said to be an authen- dinary, but is averied to be fact. A moit tic and accurate account.
miraculous preservation indeed, nothing being “ On Sunday night, about twelve o'clock, left standing of the house but the door.cale. on the 29th of December 1672, the night
6 From the battlements he was convey. d being very stormy and tempestuous, and the by two blacks, (who, among other servants, wind blowing hard at S. S. W. to which ai. attended bun to the guard-room of the caille pect the door of the magazine exactly fronted, under the deepeit affliction) to knows wbat the chunderbolt or ciap which accompanied was become of his lady, ortering 1ocol. in
whoever should bring her alive to him ; but A man of warre the keys doth keepe, ar.d no news could be learnt of her ladyship's
[rocke. fate till day-light, when the was found crush- The gates each piglit at this high-lowering su to death in the manner before related. The castle's ample, airy, healthy, and
66 Under his lordship's apartment was a The prospect pleasant, both by sea and land. chamber belonging to the lieutenant of his Two boisterous foes sometimes aflaul: with company, who, by the violence of the thock,
[crofie was carried out of his room, and tumbled in- The fortrelle, which their progresle seemes to to an entry on the ground-floor, but received The raging waves below, which ever dah no hurt.
Themselves in pieces, whiles with it they “ At the upper buildings of the castle
clath." were several apartments, and people in them all, particularly his lordship's fitters, upon whom a beam fell, or rather glance, in
Mr. Grole has also just published the two such a manner, that though they were both
fitt numbers of a work, intitled, “ Military together when it fell in, they could not afterwards get at each other ; yet neither of Antiquities respecting a History of the Engthem received any sensible hurt ; nor did any
lish Army, from the Conquest to the present
Time:" in which he proposes giving an other in those apartments receive any harm, though several of the roomis fell in wherein
historical and chropological detail of the difo
ferent contti:uent parts of the English army many of them were in bed, and some of the floors were in heaps of rubbish about them."
during that period, with the various changes We shall conclude this account with
they have undergone. These he proposes Prynne's poetical view of Gowray, or Mont
trearing under the fellowing heads : Orgueil Castle, in Jersey, not on account of
An account of the Anglo Saxon army be.
The general its poetry, but as it affore's a general idea of fore the battle of Hattings. its appearance, and the book is scarce,
outlines of the feudal fyllem which respects
military service. The constitutional force of “ Mont Orgueil Cafle is a lofty pile, the kingdom after the Norman Invasion, Within the eastern parts of Jersey Ille,
with the regulations relative thereto: Seated up in a rock, fuil large and high, Adminiltration of justice, and the various Close to the sea-shore, next to Normande, manners of trying military delinquents : Near tu a sandy bay, where bo: $ doe ride Artillery; the ancient machines ; the ir. Within a peere, fase hoth firm wind and cide: vention of gun-powder, cannors and mortar', Three parts thereof the flowing feas furround,
with their improvements : The fouth (north-westward's) is firme rocky Fortification ; the ancient manner of attack ground.
and defence of towns, with the alterations A proud lighi mount it hath, a rampier long, and improvemenis since the invention of gun. Foure gates, foure potternes, bulwarkes, ícone powder, &c, ces, strong;
The whole to be comprised in twenty-fix All built with Itone, on which there mount- numbers, each containing three plates, and ed lie
four sheets of letter press. The price 3s. Fifteen cost pieces of artillery,
e.ch pumber With fundry murdering chambers, planted so,
From Mr. Grose's well-known patience As best muy fence ittelf, and burt a fue. and application, his penchant for the subject, A gurd of soldiers (trong (till warre
and his practical experience for many years Begins to thunder) in it lodged are,
in divers branches of it, we doubt not of his Who watch and ward it duly night and day, completing the undertaking in a manner that For which the king allows them mouthly pay :
will do him credit, as well as merit the ai. The governor, if present, here doih lie; tention of the public. If abfent, bis lieutenant-deputy. The Efficacy of a Sinking Fund of One Million per Annum, conswered. By Sir Francis
Blake. 8vo. Debrett. THE Baronet objects to the Minister's ently
. The firft is, “ that all men should deterpul, that it is weak and inethicien', mine forthwith to be honest and true to the unless we can suppose a continued peace dur. fate; in which case I have no douht but the ing the time required to pay off the national present caxes would be sufficiently productive. debt, as five years war will Iwailow up all The other is" — Stop, gentle Reader — Sir the provisions of the twenty years peace.
Francis, on farther confideration, begs leave Whoever finds fault with the plan of ano- to ne excused from naming it; " (or fear of ther, should propose a better himself. Sie bringing all ine drones in the kingdom about Francis accordingly informs us, that two ways his ears at once." occur to him to increale the surplus sufficie
The History of Wales, in Nine Books, with an Appendix. By the Rev. William Warring
ton, 4to, il. Isa London, J. Johnson. 1986.
[ Concluded from page *160. ] Talashtirom other in of Gry in che country.
THE fixth book contains the History of the prisoners and other spoils they had taken Cynan to the accession of Llewellyn ap Jor.
Another cruel measure characterises the werth. Upon the death of the former, his barbarous manners of the Welsh about eldest son Owen, surnamed Gwynedh, under this period. Their princes too frequently the newly-adopted title of prince, succeeded adopted the custom of Asiatic fovereigns, of as sovereign of North Wales.
exterminating the younger branches of their A series of prosperity had of late attende family. “ Cadwallon, the brother of Owen, ed the Wellh princes, which might in some having been affalfinated, left a son of the measure be attributed to the embarrassed fitu- name of Cynetha, the undoubted heir to his ation of Stephen, king of England, who, en- territories. To render his nephew incapable gaged in supporting a doubtful title, had nej- of asserting his rights, Owen had the barbae ther inclination nor leisure to attend to affairs rity not only to put out his eyes, but, rein which he was not immediately concerned, fining on a savage and detestable policy, caused and which were carried on in so remote a him to be castrated, that no heirs in future part of the island. He therefore concluded might lay claim to his territories, or retaliate a peace with the Welth, and allowed them to the injuries he had received.
An action, retain the territories they had lately recover- says Mr. Warrington, so atrocious, as not ed, free from homage or tribute.
even to be extenuated by the rudeness of the Our author observes, that the annals of times, and which throws a deep shade over Wales are disfigured for some years by dread- the character of a prince, in other respects ful scenes of savage manners; parents, chil- a friend to his country, and of an amiable and dren, and brothers engaging in unnatural con- gallant spirit.”! tefts, which generally proved fatal to the In the year 1157, Henry king of England, parties concerned, and nearly involved the by the wise measure of having a fleet on the State in the same ruin. The following is a coast of Wales, a second time reduced the striking instance of it.
Welsh nation to a dependance on the crown of “Annarawd, the son of Gryffydh ap Rhys, England. The long and gallant resistance had married the daughter of Cadwallader, the however which this people made for freedom, brother of Owen, prince of North Wales.-A against a power so very unequal, muft excite violent dispute having arisen between the father our admiration and wonder ; nor is it less and the son-in-law, they decided the contest, surprising, that a nation like the English, fo by fingle combat. In this encounter, che' much farther advanced in political wisdom, latter prince was slain. Owen was so in should not have been able to terminate the censed at this action of his brother, that he contest sooner. invaded his territories, set fire to his castle of To Owen Gwynedh, after a reign of 32 Aberystwyth, laid waste the country, and years, succeeded his son David, “During this obliged him to fly to Ireland ; where foon period, Madoc, another son of the late prince, engaging in his service some chieftains, and a seeing the contention which agitated the fiery large body of forces, he landed at Abermenai spirits of his brothers, with a courage equal in Caernarvonshire. Owen opposed this inva- to theirs, but far more liberally directed, gave fon with a powerful army, but, before any himself ap to the danger and uncertainty of seas action had taken place, a peace was concluded hitherto unexplored*. He is said to have embetween the brothers; which so incensed the barked with a few thips. Sailing west, and Irith that they detained Cadwallader as a se. leaving Ireland to the north, be traversed the curity till they had received their stipulated ocean till he arrived by accident upon the pay, who, to recover his liberty, gave them coast of America. Pleased with its appear. 2000 head of cattle. As soon as the Prince ance, he left there a great part of his people, of Wales heard that his brother was at liber. and returning for a fresh supply, was joined ty, he suddenly attacked the Irish, New great by many adventurers, both men and women; numbers of them, and recovered the cattle who, encouraged by a flattering description which had been given by Cadwallader, with of that country, and fick of the disorders
. This discovery rests on no better foundation than what may be gathered from the Poems of Meredyh-ap-Rhys, who Aourished in 1473, of Gut win Owen, in 1480, and Cynfrig-ap. Gronw, near the same period. These bards preceded the Expedition of Columbus ; and relate or allude to that of Madoc, as an event well known, and universally received to have happened 30 years before. ----Sec Jones's Musical Relics of the Welth Bards, p. 19.
EC ROP, Mac,
which reigned in their own, were desirons Owen had fhared in the captivity of his o seeking an asylum in the wilds of Ame- father, but was afterwards taken into favour,
and highly carelled at the English Court, An instance of favage barbarity was about from whence, on the death of David Llew. this time perpetrated on some of Henry's elyn, he withdrew, and fortunately effected yaffals in South Wales. William de Bruce, his escape into Wales. lord of Brecknock, invited to an entertain- At this time, our author observes, the ment, at the castle of Abergavenny, Seifyllt Wellh had neither opportunity nor spirit åp Dyfowal, Geoffry his son, and other either to carry on commerce or coltivate chiefs of distinction. In the midit of their their lands, and in consequence u ere perith. feftivity, to give fome colour to the baseness ing by famine, " The harp of the churchof his defign, he told the Welsh chieftains, men,” to ufe the words of an old writer, that in future they fhould not travel armed, were changed into forrow and lamentaeither with their swords or bows, and requi- tions, their high and ancient renown was red them to take an oath for the due per- faded." formance of this. So imperious a command In this ficuation the two princes thought was by a high-spirited nubility universal- proper to conclude a peace with the English ly rejected : when, on a signal being made, king, on the severe conditions, of yieluing a number of armed soldiers rushed into the up for ever all the country from the frontier hall, and massacred the Welsh lords. Not of Chethire to the water of Conway; and satisfied with this, Bruce, attended by his that all the Barons of Wales were to do ho. ruffians, proceeded to the house of Scifylle, mage and service to the kings of England and murdered his infant son, in the presence for ever. of his mother.
For some years after this, the Welsh oqe • Scenes such as these,” Mr. Warrington tion remained difpirited and inactive. With remarks, “ are fo expressive of horror, that their freedom they lost every trace of their they disgust the eye of humanity, and it is national character, till Owen, the eldest of with pleasure we turn to the more agreeable the reigning princes, not brooking a partner prospects which are opening to our view, of in the throne, engaged his younger brother justice and order, of freedom and national in hoftilities against Llewelyn ; when after a importance."
Tharp engagement, their army being routed, The feventh book contains the history and themselves taken prisoners, that prince from the acceffion of Llewelyn ap Jorworth, remained in fule poffeffion of his mutilated to the death of David ap Llewelyn. During kingilom. this period, we behold the Welth exposed to The cyes of the Wellh nobility were at all the vicissitudes of fortune, in their manly length opened ; a series of injuries awakened Aruggles for liberty : by exerting their uni- them to a sense of their loft condicions. ted strength, sometimes raison to the high. They resorted to their prince, and in the most est pinnacle of prosperity ; at others, in an folemn manner, with an affecting tho' maninftant fallen into dilunion and dependance. ly spirit, they declared, that they would rao Llewelyn ap forworth possessed not only ther die in the field in defence of their navmany of the qualities which constitute the ral rights, than any longer remain subject to warrior and the great prince, but in private so cruel and oppressive an enemy. Llewelya life was just, tender, and amiable. His de seconded their ardour. They all determined feets (for in characters the most eminent to rescue their country, or bravely perish for their virtue, the shades of human infirmie amidst the ruins of its freedom. ty will appear') may be considered as the A&ualed by this principle, they immedivices of the times he lived in, more juftly ately commenced hostilities; and from that than his own. A few acts of ferocity, too period exerted themselves with unremitting frequent a violation of treaties, and a want ardour, tho' with various success, to recover of firmness on some occasions in his conduct, their liberty. At one time, hy one of those may injure bis fame in fume degree, but turns in human affairs which neither fagacity cannot deprive him of the title of Llewelyn can foresee, nor power prevent, Llewelyn sbe great, conferred on him by the gratitude in a fortunate moment, by his own spirit and of his country, for a long life employed in its judgment, obtained what inany of his ances. defence.
tors had negociated and fought for in vain. The eighth book contains the narrative At length, however, the genius of Llewelyn, from the accession of Owen and Llewelyn, weighed in the balance with that of Edward, the suns of Gryffydh ap Llewelyn, who fome sunk in the scale. Trusting the safety of years before had been killed by attempting Wales to the chance of war, and relying on to escape out of the Tower of London, to its natural situation, the strength of which the death of Llewelyn, the last prince of had so often baffled the armies of England; Wees.
he neglected to furnish with the necetlany
Aock of provisions, an important post to from thence, thu' the whole power of Enwhich he and his people might be forical lo gland was on the other side of the river." retire. Thus ficuated, he had no alternative This confidence, not improperly placed, lasted but to implore the mercy of the Englith only for a moment ; the grove being in an king. "A peace was concluded, on trumilia. inttant surrounded. Llewelyn then endearing terms for the Welsh,
voured as secretly as he could to make good For some time, the History of Wales afo" his retreat, and join bis troops on the mounfords to incidents worthy of notice; the fpi. tain. In this attempt lie was discovered, and fit of the people was broken by the rigour closely pursued by one of the enemy, who, of a foreign government. They regretted nat knowing his quality, plunged his spear ina eke freedom they had Joft; but, too weak to to the body of the prince, unarmed and una recover it, they remained filent and dejected. capable of defence. The English then pro
Ac length roused by repeated acts of op- ceeded to difludge the enemy from their pust, preslion, a general insurrection took place in which they gallantly defended, till overpowa 1281; which Edward im:nediately marched ered by numbers they were obliged to giv to fupprefs, and advanced as far as Conway, way, leaving two thousand men, a third of sear which place he encamped at the foot of their number, dead on the field, Snowdon mountains, and male preparations “ Thus" says Mr. Warrington, “ feli to pass the Menai. Here, however, he niet Llewelyn ap Gryffydh, after a reign of thirty; with a severe check, the Welth rushing six years. Inttead of reciting his virtues, down in great multitudes from the mountains, highly marked in the conduct of his life, or on a party of Eglish and some Gascon lords, regretting his rival's ambition, it is our with who had paffed over at luw water to recon- to draw a veil over the melancholy scene. noltre their works. Fifteen knights, thirty. Gratitude could pay no tribute to his memo two esquires, and one thou!and common-lol. ry fo expressive, as the tears which his coua: diers were fain, or perished in the water. try shed upon the tomb of their fallen prince,
Elaced by this success, the Welsh urged An elegy composed by a bard who lived in Llewelyo to act with intrepidity, and affault his Court, in wild yet pathetic notes, and the Englith in their turn. This he thought with a seemingly prophetic spirit, finely ex unsafe to do without farther reinforcements; prefses their sorrow and despair. to obtain which he determined to go into 6. The voice of lamentation is heard in eves South Wales, and accordingly murched with ry place, as heretofore in Camlan. The a body of forces to the aid of his friends in copious tears ftream down every check, for that country.
Cambria's defence, Cambria's munificent lord as foon as the king heard of this move. is fallen.-Oh Llewelyn ! the loss of sbe is the ment, he fent orders to Oliver de Dineham to loss of all. At the thought of sbee horror chills país over the Severn to Carmarthen, to sup- my blood, exhaufts my spirits, and consumes port bis generals in that country.
my felh. -- Behold how the course of nature Llewelyo proceeded with his forces to the is changed ! how the trees of the forest rush Cantrev of Buellt, where hy' agreement he furioudly againft each other ! See how the was to hold a conference with some lords of ocean deluges the earth! how the sun devithat diftrict. Having therefore posted his ates from its course! how the planets start army on the top of a mountain near the wa- from their orbits !--Say, ye thoughtless morten of Wy, he placed a body of troops at a tals, do not these things portend the dissolue bridge which commanded the passage over cion of nature? - And let it be diffolved that river. Thus securest, as he thought, from Let a speedy end be put to the incurable anany sudden attack, he proceeded unarmed, guifh of our fpirits fince ; now there's no and attended only by his etquire, into the place to which we miserable men may fee, valley where the conference was to be held. no spot where we can securely dwell, no In a moment after his departure the bridge friendly counsel, no safe retreat, no way to was attacked, and defended with such 1pirit, escape our unhappy doom." that the English were unable to make any The last book of this History, which conimpression, ill a detachment having with cains the history from the accession of David difficulty forded the river, the Welth, alfault- ap Gryffydh to the entire conquest of Wales, ed in the front and rear, were driven from presents the affecting spectacle of a brave and their post.
generous prince, after every effort to preserve Tlie prince, who was waiting in a small the freedom of his country, falling in the cougrove, Being informed by his esquire that Alict, and finding an honourable grave in its he heard a great outcry at the bridge, eager. ruins. This important event took place duly enquired if his people were in poffeßion ring the reign of Edward the first, who meanof it; and being cold they were, he, very ly, sacrificed.the gallant David to his interest. calmly replied, “ He then would not ftir As being a baron of the realm, he was pro.
X x 2