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On the south side.
this dreadful calamity, was heard' to come & Fratres orate,
circling (or as it were ferpentizing) over the Prece veltra sanctificate,
platform, from the south-west. ln an inTemphi Factores,
stant of time, not only the whole magazine Seniores et Juniores,
was blown into the air, but also all the houses Wilfric fundavit,
and lodgings of the castle ; particularly some Bonus Adam fic renovavit,
'fair and beautiful buildings that had just been
erected, at great expence, under the care and “ Brethren, both young and old, pray ; direction of lord viscount Hation, the then and, with your prayers, hallow the builders
governor, who was at that time within the of this church, which Wilfric founded, and buildings of the castle. good Adam thus renovated.”
“ By this accident the lady dowager Hat" The whole of this conjecture rests on ton was killed by the fall of the cieling of her the word renovavit, which is not always con- chamber, which fell in four pieces, and killfined to repairing or rebuilding the identical ed her on the spot. The right honourable edifice, but is often used to express a different the lady Hatton, the governor's wife, and building, appropriated to the same purposes daughter of the earl of Th.net, was likewise to which the former was devoted.
destroyed in the following manner.
Her “ This ruin measures on the outside 80 ladynaip being greatly terrified at the thunder feet, from eait to west, and 54 from north and lightning, infifted upon being removed to south; its walls are four feet thick, and from the chamber The was in to the nursery. constructed of fiin! fet in grout-work. It
She and her woman, in a few minutes after, is divided into two unequal rooms: the largest fell a sacrifice, by one corner of the nurseryor easternmot, 46 feet by 43, has two win
room falling in upon them. dows on the north, and two on the south, as “ In the same room was also killed a dry. also two doors on the north and south walls, nurse, who was found dead, with my lord's near the western extremity, and anothier in second daughter in her arms, holding a small the west side, leading to the lefler room. At Silver cup in her hands which the usually about 18 feet from the eart and west walls, played withi, which was all rimpled and and ten from the north and south, stand four brited; yet the young lady did not receive columns, which with four half columus, let the lealt burt. This nurse bad likewise oue into the east and west walls, once probably of her hane's fixed upon the cradle, in whicla supported a vaulted roof. These columus, lay my lord's you:gat daugi.te“, and tire which are of two different forts, thift and cradle almult filled with rubbuh, yet the capital included, measure nearly twenty-five child received no sort of prejudice. Befiles feet, or eight diameters; they are of itone, there, one enlign Covert, mr. William Prole, as compact and durable as marble ; their bifes
my lord's iteward, and ícreral other per. uctogonal; most of the arches of the doors fons, were dettreyed by the fame accident. and windows are circular.
“ Having given this account of tho e who “When this building was first taken notice
per thed, I th:ll briefly mention fume of of, it was used as a barn, and covered with a
thote who u ere mu!t miraculously preferved modern roof. This has been since taken off,
in this exrwordinary difafter. and it now forms a very striking ornament to
“ Firít, the gueror, wlio at that rime he garden,"
had his apartment in a convenient house This volume also contains three views of which his lordfhip hod built abcut two years Malmsbury Abbey, Wiltthire ; and nine views before. This house stood N. by E. froin in the lands of Guernsey and Jersey, exclufive the magazine, and very near it His lordof the frontispiece, which is a Curious dis wing thip, at the tima it blew up, w.sfait in leep, of Castle Cornet, in Guernsey, in the Itate ic arid was carried away by the explonon, in his was before 1672, when the powder ma- bed, upon the battlements of a wall just ad. gazine being set on fire by lightning, the joining to his boule, and wis not awaked great tower or keep, with many houses and but by a fiuwer of hail that fell upon his other handsome buildings, were blown up
face, an i made him fevdible wbere he was, and demolished; of which dreadful cata. Tbis, no doubt, must appear very extraorItrophe the following is said to be an authen- dinary, but is averied to be fact. A moit tic and accurate account.
miraculous preservation indeed, nothing leing “ On Sunday night, ahout twelve o'clock, left standing of the house but the door.cale, on the 29th of December 1672, the night
6 From the battlements he was convey. d being very stormy and tempestuous, and the by two blacks, (who, among other sei Vanden, wind blowing hard at S. S. W. to which ar- attended bum to the guard-room of the cartie pect the duor of the magazine exactly fronted, under the deepeit affiction) in know what che thunderbolt or clap which accompanied was become of his lady, offering 100gi. in
whoever should bring her alive to him ; but A man of warre the keys doth keepe, ar.d no news could be learnt of her ladyship's
[rocke. fare till day-light, when the was found crush- The gates each niglit at this high-lowering ed to death in the manner before related. The castle's ample, airy, bealthy, and
“ Under his lordship's apartment was a The prospect pleasant, both by sea and land. chamber belonging to the lieutenant of his Two boisterous foes sometimes aflaul: with company, who, by the violence of the ihock,
[crofle was carried out of his room, and tumbled in- The fortresse, which their progreffe seemes to to an entry on the ground-floor, but received The raging waves below, which ever dah no hurt.
Themselves in pieces, whiles with it they “ At the upper buildings of the castle
clash.” were several apartments, and people in them all, particularly his loruthip's fitters, upon whom a beam fell, or rather glance!, in
Mr. Grose has also just published the two such a manner, that though they were both
first numbers of a work, intitled, “ Military together when it fell in, they could not afterwards get at each other; yet neither of Antiquities respecting a History of the Eng. them received any sensible hurt ; nor did any
lith Army, from the Conquest to the present
Time:" in which he proposes giving an other in those apartments receive any harm, though several of the rooms fell in wlierein
historical and chropological detail of the dif.
ferent contti:uent parts of the English army many of them were in bed, and some of the
during that period, with the various changes floors were in heaps of rubbish about them." We thall conclude this account with
they have undergone. These he proposes Prynne's poetical view of Gowray, or Mont
treating under the following heads :
An account of the Anglo Saxon army be. Orgueil Caftle, in Jersey, not on account of
The general its poetry, but as it affore's a general idea of fore the battle of Hattings.
outlines of the feudal fyllem which respects its appearance, and the book is scarce,
military service. The constilutional force of " Mont Orgueil Castle is a lofty pile,
the kingdom after the Norman Invasion, Within the eastern parts of Jersey Ife,
with the regulations relative thereto : Seated up in a rock, full large and high,
Adminittration of justice, and the various Close to the sea-hore, next to Normande, manners of trying military delinquents : Near tu a sandy bay, where bo: $ doe ride Artillery; the ancient machines ; the ir. Within a peere, safe hoth from wind and tide: · vention of gun-powder, cannors and mrtar, Three parts thereof the flowing seas surround,
wiih their improvements : The fouth (north-westward's) is firme rocky
Fortification ; the ancient manner of attack ground,
and defence of towns, with the alterations A proud ligh mount it bath, a rampier long, and improvemen:s since the invention of gun. Foure gatis, foure potternes, bulwarkes, icon- powder, &c. ces, strong;
The whole to be comprised in twenty-fix All built with stone, on which there mount- numbers, each containing three plates, and ed lie
four sheets of letter press. The price 3s. Fifteen cost pieces of artillery,
each oumber With fundry murdering chambers, planted so, From Mr. Grose's well-known patience As beft may fence illelt, and but a fue. and application, his penchant for the subject, A go.rd of foldiers (trong (till warre
and his practical experience for many years Begins to thunder) in it lodged are,
in divers branches of it, we doubt nut of his Who watch and ward ic duiy night and day, completing the undertaking in a manner that For which the king allows them monthly pay :
will do him credit, as well as merit tiie ai. The governor, if present, here doch lie; tention of the public. If absent, his lieutenant-deputy. The Efficacy of a Sinking Fund of One Million per Annum, confulered. By Sir Francis
Plake. Svo. Debrett. THE Baronet objects to the Minister's ently. The firft is, " that all men should deter
pall, that it is weak and inethicien', mine forthwith to be honest and true to the unless we can suppose a continued peace dur- fate; in which case I have no doubt but the ing the time required to pay off the national present taxes would be sutticiently productive. debt, as five years. war will twailow up all The other is" - Stop, gentle Reader - Sir the provisions of the twenty years peace.
Francis, on farther contideration, begs leave Whoever finds fault with the plan of ano- to de excused from naming it; " for fear of ther, should propose a better himself.' Sir hringing all one drones in the kingdom about Francis accordingly informs us, that two ways his ears at once." occur to him to increate the surplus sufficie
The History of Wales, in Nine Books, with an Appendix. By the Rev. William Warriogo
ton, 4to, il. Is. London, J. Johnson. 1786.
[ Concluded from page *160. ] "HE fixth book contains the History of the prisoners and other spoils they had taken Cynan to the accession of Llewellyn ap Jor.
Another cruel measure characterises the werth. Upon the death of the former, his barbarous manners of the Wellh about eldest son Owen, surnamed Gwynedh, under this period. Their princes too frequently the newly-adopted title of prince, succeeded adopted the custom of Asiatic fovereigns, of as sovereign of North Wales.
exterminating the younger branches of their A series of prosperity had of late attende family. “Cadwallon, the brother of Owen, ed the well princes, which might in some having been alfalfioated, left a son of the meafære be attributed to the embarrassed fitu- name of Cynetha, the undoubted heir to his ation of Stephen, king of England, who, en territories. To render his nephew incapable gaged in supporting a doubtful title, had neis of asserting his rights, Owen had the barba. ther inclination nor leisure to attend to affairs ricy not only to put out his eyes, but, rein which he was not immediately concerned, fining on a savage and detestable policy, caused and which were carried on in so remote a him to be castrated, that no heirs in future part of the iNand. He therefore concluded might lay claim to his territories, or retaliate a peace with the Welsh, and allowed them to the injuries he had received.
An action, retain the territories they had lately recover- says Mr. Warrington, so atrocious, as not ed, free from homage or tribute.
even to be extenuated by the rudeness of the Our author observes, that the annals of times, and which throws a deep shade over Wales are disfigured for some years by dread- the character of a prince, in other respects ful scenes of savage manners ; parents, chil- a friend to his country, and of an amiable and dren, and brothers engaging in unnatural con- gallant spirit.” tefts, which generally proved fatal to the In the year 1157, Henry king of England, parties concerned, and nearly involved the by the wife mcasure of having a fleet on the State in the same ruin. - The following is a coast of Wales, a second time reduced the striking instance of it.
Welsh nation to a dependance on the crown of " Annarawd, the son of Gryffyah ap Rhys, England. The long and gallant resistance had married the daughter of Cadwallader, the however which this people made for freedom, brother of Owen, prince of North Wales.-A against a power so very unequal, must excite violent dispute having arisen between the father our admiration and wonder ; nor is it less and the son-in-law, they decided the contest, surprising, that a nation like the English, la by fingle combat. In this encounter, the much farther advanced in political wisdom, latter prince was Nain. Owen was so in. Nould not have been able to terminate the censed at this action of his brother, that he contest sooner. invaded his territories, set fire to his castle of To Owen Gwynedh, after a reign of 32 Aherystwyth, laid waste the country, and years, succeeded his son David. “During this obliged him to fly to Ireland ; where soon period, Madoc, another son of the late prince, engaging in his service fome chieftains, and a seeing the contention which agitated the fiery large body of forces, he landed at Abermenai spirits of his brothers, with a courage equal in Caernarvonshire. Owen opposed this inva- to theirs, but far more liberally directed, gave hon with a powerful army, but, before any himself ap to the danger and uncertainty of seas action had taken place, a peace was concluded hitherto unexplored*. He is said to have embetween the brothers; which so incensed the barked with a few thips. Sailing weit, and Irish that they detained Cadwallader as a le. leaving Ireland to the north, he traversed the curity till they had received their stipulated ocean till he arrived by accident upon the pay, who, to recover his liberty, gave them coast of America. Pleased with its appeare 2000 head of cattle. As soon as the Prince ance, he left there a great part of his people, of Wales heard that his brother was at liberand returning for a fresh supply, was joined ty, he suddenly attacked the Irish, New great by many adventurers, both men and women; numbers of them, and recovered the cattle who, encouraged by a flattering description which had been given by Cadwallader, with of that country, and sick of the disorders
• This discovery rests on no better foundation than what may be gathered from the Poems of Meredyh-ap-Rhys, who Aourished in 1473, of Gutwin Owen, in 1480, and Cynfrig-ap. Gronw, near the same period. These bards preceded the Expedition of Columbus; and selate or allude to that of Madoc, as an event well known, and universally received to have happened 300 years before.- -See Jones's Musical Relics of the Welta Bards, p. 19. EU ROP. Mac.
which reigned in their own, were desirons Owen had shared in the captivity of his o feeking an asylum in the wilds of Ame- father, but was afterwards taken into favour, r ca.
and highly carelled at the English Court, An instance of favage barbarity was about from whence, on the death of David Llew. this time perpetrated on some of Henry's elyn, he withdrew, and fortunately effected yaffals in South Wales. William de Bruce, his escape into Wales. lord of Brecknock, invited to an entertain- At this time, our author observes, the ment, at the castle of Abergavenny, Seifyllt Welsh had neither opportunity nor spirt äp Dyfowal, Geoffry his son, and other either to carry on commerce or cultivate chiefs of distinction. In the midit of their their lands, and in consequence u ere perith. festivity, to give fome colour to the baseness ing by famine, " The harp of the churchof his defign, he told the Welsh chieftains, men,” to use the words of an old writer, that in future they fhould not travel armed, were changed into forrow and lamenta. either with their iwords or bows, and requi- tions, their high and ancient renown was red them to take an oath for the due per- faded." formance of this. So imperious a command In this situation the two princes thought was by a high - Spirited nubility universal- proper to conclude a peace with the English ly reje&ted : when, on a signal being made, king, on the severe conditions, of yieluing á number of armed fuldiers rushed into the up for ever all the country from the frontier hall, and massacred the Weld lords. Not of Chethire to the water of Conway; and fatisfied with this, Bruce, attended by his that all the Barons of Wales were to do ho. suffians, proceeded to the house of Seilylle, mage and service to the kings of England and murdered his infant son, in the presence for ever. of his mother.
For some years after this, the Welsh ngo " Scenes such as these,” Mr. Warrington tion remained difpirited and inactive. With remarks, " are fo expressive of horror, that their freedom they lost every trace of their they disgust the eye of humanity, and it is national character, till Owen, the eldest of with pleasure we turn to the more agreeable the reigning princes, not brooking a partner prospects which are opening to our view, of in the throne, engaged his younger brother justice and order, of freedom and national in hoftilities againit Llewelyn ; when after a importance."
Tarp engagement, their army being routed, The seventh book contains the history and thenselves taken prisoners, that prince from the acceffion of Llewelyn ap Jorworth, remained in fule poffeffion of his mutilated to the death of David ap Llewelyn. During kingilom. this period, we behold the Welth exposed to The cyes of the Wellh nobility were at all the viciffitudes of fortune, in their manly length opened ; a series of injuries awakened Aruggles for liberty : by exerting their uni- them to a sense of their lost condicior. ted strength, sometimes raisal to the high. They resorted to their prince, and in the moft est pinnacle of prosperity; at others, in an folemn manner, with an affecting tho' maninftont fallen into disunion and dependance. ly spirit, they declared, that they would ra Llewelyn ap Jorworth possessed not only ther die in the field in defence of their naumany of the qualities which constitute the ral rights, than any longer remain subject to warrior and the great prince, but in private fo cruel and opprettive an enemy. Llewelya life was just, tender, and amiable. His de seconded their ardour. They al) determined feets (for in characters the most eminent to rescue their country, or bravely perish for their virtue, the shades of human infirmi- amidst the ruins of its freedom. ty will appear') may be considered as the Atualed by this principle, they immedi. vices of the times he lived in, more juftly ately commenced hostilities; and from that than his own. A few acts of ferocity, tco period exerted themselves with unremitting frequent a violation of treaties, and a want ardour, tho' with various success, to recover of firmness on some occasions in his conduct, their liberty. At one time, by one of those may injure his fame in fume degree, but turns in human affairs which neither fagacity cannot deprive him of the title of Llewelyn can foresec, nor power prevent, Llewelyn sbe great, conferred on him by the gratitude in a fortunate moment, by his own spirit and of his country, for a long life employed in its judgment, obtained what many of his ances. defence.
tors had negociated and fought for in vain, The eighth book contains the narrative At length, however, the genius of Llewelyn, from the accession of Owen and Llewelyn, weighed in the balance with that of Edward, the sons of Gryffydh ap Llewelyn, who some funk in the scale. Trusting the safety of years before had been killed by attempting Wales to the chance of war, and relying on to escape out of the Tower of London, to its natural Gtuation, the (trength of which the death of Llewelyn, the last prince of had so often baffled the armies of England; Wdes.
he neglected to furnish with the neceffary
tock of provisions, an important prit to from thence, thu' the whole power of En. which he and his people might be forced to gland was on the other fide of the river." retire. Thas fituated, he had no alternative This confidence, not improperly placed, lasted but to implore the mercy of the English only for a moment ; the grove being in an king. A peace was concluded, on trumilia. inttant surrounded. Llewelya then endea, ting terms for the Welsh,
voured as secretly as he could to make good For some time, the History of Wales af. his retreat, and join his troops on the moun. fords no incidents worthy of notice; the fpi. tain. In this attempt lie was discovered, and rit of the people was broken by the rigour closely pursued by one of the enemy, who, of a foreign government. They regretted not knowing h's quality, plunged his spear iga the freedom they had lost; but, too weak to to the body of the prince, unarmed and una recover it, they remained silent and dejected. capable of defence. The English then pro
At length roused by repeated acts of op- ceeded to difudge the enemy from their pult, preffion, a general insurrection took place in which they gallantly defended, till overpowa 1281; which Edward im:nediately marched ered by numbers they were obliged to giv to fuppress, and advanced as far as Conway, way, leaving (wo thousand men, a third of near which place he encamped at the foot of their number, dead on the field, Snowdon mountains, and made preparationis “ Thus" says Mr. Warrington, « fell to pass the Menai. Here, however, he met Llewelyn ap Gryffydh, after a reign of thiry, with a severe check, the Welth rushing fix years. Inttead of reciting his virtues, down in great multitudes from the mountains, highly marked in the conduct of his life, or on a party of Exiflish and some Gascon lords, regreiring his rival's ambition, it is our with who had passed over at low water to recono to draw a veil over the melancholy scene. Boltre their works. Fifteen knights, thirty. Gratitude could pay no tribute to his memo. two esquires, and one thou!and common-lol. ry fo exprellive, as the tears which his counó diers were hain, or perished in the water. try shed upon the tomb of their fallen prince,
Elated by this success, the Welsh urged An elegy composed by a bard who lived in Llewelyn to act with intrepidity, and affault his Court, in wild yet pathetic notes, and the English in their turn. This be thought with a seemingly prophetic spirit, finely exa unsafe to do without farther reinforcements; preffes their sorrow and despair. to obtain which he determined to go into 6. The voice of lamentation is heard in eves South Wales, and accordingly marched with ry place, as heretofore in Camlan. The a body of forces to the aid of his friends in copious tears ftream down every check, for that cowitry.
Cambria's defence, Cambria's munificent lord As foon as the king heard of this move is fallen.-Oh Llewelyn ! the loss of tbee is the ment, he sent orders to Oliver de Dinebam to loss of all. At the thought of sbee horror chills pass over the Severn to Carmarthen, to sup- my blood, exhaults my spirits, and consumes port his generals in that country.
Behold how the course of nature Llewelyn proceeded with his forces to the is changed ! how the trees of the forest rush Caotrev of Buellt, where hy' agreement he furiously against each other ! See how the was to hold a conference with some lords of ocean deluges the earth! how the sun devi. that district. Having therefore posted his ates from its course! how the planets start army on the top of a mountain near the wa- from their orbits !-Say, ye thoughtless mor. ten of Wy, he placed a body of troops at a tals, do not these things portend the diffolu. bridge which conimanded the passage over tion of nature ? — And let it be diffolved thar river. Thus securest, as he thought, from . Let a speedy end be put to the incurable anany sudden attack, he proceeded unarmed, guifh of our fpirits fince ; now there's no and attended only by his esquire, into the place to which we miserable men may flee, valley where the conference was to be held. no spot where we can securely dwell, no In a moment after his departure the bridge friendly counsel, no safe retreat, no way to was attacked, and defended with such fpirit, escape our unhappy doom." that the English were unable to make any The last book of this Hiftory, which con. impression, till a detachment having with cains the history from the acceffion of David difficulty forded the river, the Welsh, ataul. ap Gryffydh to the entire conquest of Wales, ed in the front and rear, were driven from presents the affecting spectacle of a brave and their post.
generous prince, after every effort to preserve The prince, who was waiting in a small the freedom of his country, falling in the cougrove, being informed by his esquire that fict, and finding an honourable grave in its he heard a great outcry at the bridge, eager- ruins. This inportant event took place duly enquired if his people were in pollellion ring the reign of Edward the first, who meanof it ; and being sold they were, he very ly sacrificed the gallant David to his interest. calmly replied, “ He then would not ftir As being a baron of the realm, he was pro