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ceeded against as a subje&t of England, and “ But all above, around, below, by his peers condemned, as a traitor to the “ Ditad fights, dire sounds, and thrieks of kirg who had made him a knight. The author has added a short history of the

" Awhile I'll weap Cyndyllan Nain, bards; a race of men who poffefsed, for ma

“ And pour the weak desponding strain : ny ages, so great an influence over the geoius « Awhile I'll footh my troubled breaft, of the Welih, inspiring them with hospitable « Then in eternal filence reft."manners, and with the sentiments of freedom

After reprobating the massacre of the and glory. This our limits will not permit

bards, whom the conqueror sacrificed thro' us to give an account of; we can only, as a Specimen of their poetry, give the following

a policy as atrocious as it was alliberal, our tranflation of an elegy written by Llywarche author concludes his work with the follow.

ing remark.

“ The emotions which so inben, a British bard of the sixth century, on the death of Cyndyllan, prince of Powis.

teresting a spectacle, as that of an ancient and

gallant nation falling the victiins of private "Come forth and see, ye Cambrian dames,

ambition, might at the time have excited, Fair Pengwern's royal roofs in flames !

have at this period lost their poignancy and The foe the fatal dart hath flung,

force. A new train of ideas arises, when (The foc that speaks a barbarvus tongue) we see that the change is beneficial to the * And pierc'd Cyndyllan's princely head,

vanquished: when we see a wild and preca" And firetclid your champion with the dead : rious liberty fucceeded by freedom, secured ** His heart, which late with martial fire

by equal and fixed laws: when we see man, • Bade his lov'd country's fues expire,

ners hostile and barbarous, and a spirit of ra. (Such fire as wastes the forest hill)

pine and cruelty, softened down into the arts Now like the winter's ice is chill.

of peace, and the milder habits of civilized « O'er the pale corse, with boding cries, life: when we see this remnant of ancient “ Sad Argoed's cruel eagle fies;

Britons uniting in interest and mingling in • He flies exulting o'er the plain,

friendship with the English, and enjoying the " And scents the blood of heroes Nain. same constitutional liberties, the purity of ( Dire bird ! this night my frighted ear whichi, we trust, will continue uocurrupted “ Thy loud, ill.omen'd voice shall hear : as long as this empire thall be numbered « I know thy cry, that-screams for food, among the nations of the earth." " And thirsts to drink Cyndyllan's blood. The perufal of this volume has afforded us * No more the mansion of delight,

much pleasure. « Cyndyllan's fall is dark to-night ;

Mr. Warrington, who has upon the whole # Nor more the midnight hour prolongs

acquitted himself with no considerable 56 With fires, and lamps, and festive songs.

degree of merit, appears throughout, the “ Its trembling bards amicted shun

warm friend of liberty, and fully equal to " The ball, hereav'd of Cyndrwyn's son.

the task he has undertaken. If the nature of “ Its joyous visitants are fied,

the subject prevented his displaying very great “ Its hospitable fires are dead :

abilities, he has at least established a claim « No longer rang'd on either hand

considerably beyond mediocrity. u Its dormitory, couches stand: Boswell's Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides with Dr. Johnson.

[ Continued from page 173.] OUR laft Critique ended with this fen- in your 303d page you muft repeat it :

cence." We have already had occasion " The man in a gaol, faid he (i. e. the Docto point out fome of Dr. Johuson's strange tor), has more room, better food, and come ideas on sea affairs.'_Here we hopped, and monly better company, and is in fafety." now tinus resume the subject.-In Boswell, In this sentence every thing is as fallacious p. 151, the Ducior says, " No man will be as the motive of safety is base.—The Doctor a failor who has contrivance enough to get in another page of Boswell ridicules the suphimself into a gaol, for being in a fhip is position that the labourer is encouraged to being in a gaol with the chance of being submit to his fate by the idea that he is ferv. drowned.”—In the name of all that is capri- ing the Public. Be that as it may, both the cious, what is this !!! A most notorious fact labourer and the sailor are stimulated by the denied (for there are thousands of voluntary thought that they are providing an indepen. sailors), and the baseft principles set up as dence for their families and themselves; and superior wisdom! Such foolery is enough it is well known how much the desire of to make one fick.--You should not have beating an enemy, and supporting the honour recorded these filly rants, Mr. Boswell ; yet of his own ship, inspires the meanest failor

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of the Royal Navy. These are feelings of like to be left in the dark. And Mr. Bof. which the rascal who abandons his family, well's incivility, arising from the most civil dilks his creditors, Cuts himself off from the intentions, deserved, at the worst, no such duties of society, and sculks in a gaol for punishment as the Doctor's wrath had de fear of being drowned, is utterly incapable. creed-never to speak tw him more after they Mr. Boswell ought not to have given the had returned to Edinbnrgh. But let us allo Doctor's reveries as his serious thoughts. view the fair side of this quarrel in its happy The Doctor knew that the failor served his termination. Dr. Johnson, on being told that

country, and that the fellow in gaol was a a friend had taken offence at a harsh exprer. e rotten member, a drawback and burthen on fion of his, had some days before made this the public.

excellent remark" What is to come of In page 153, we find our travellers lodged society, if a friendship of iwenty years very meanly in the house of one who appears standing is to be broken of for such a cause ?" to have been a fiero in heart, though low in As Bacon says, adus Mr. Boswell, rank and fortune. He was going to emja

“ Who then to frail mortality shall trust, grate to America, unable to live under the

But limns the water, or bul writes in duft." i oppreffion of liis Laird. The Doctor withed

that M'Qucen, the landlord, were Laird, and Mr. B. on the morning after the Doctor's the Laird to go to America. “ M'Queen anger, reminded him of this reotiment; and very generously answered, he should be forry the reader of generous feeling must be highly for it; for tbe Laird could not shift for bim- pleased when he finds the good Doctor thus self in America as he could." Yet in this confeffing his over-heat :-He owned," noble-hearted fellow's house were our tra- says Mr. B. “ he had spoken to me in pafvellers afraid of having their throats cut in fion ; that he would not have done what he the night for their money; for the landlord threatened ; and that if he had, he would was about to leave the country!!!--Poor have been ten times worse than 1; that M'Queen walked fome miles with them nextforming intimacies would indeed be "limning morning, by way of friendly convoy.-We the warer," were tirey liable to such sudden had almost omitted Mr. Boswell's accoun: of dissolution.”—This excellent remark ought his falling alleep at this poor brave fellow's to be deeply impreffed on the memory of house :-| fancied myself bit by innume- every man who has profeffed friendthip. rable vermin under the clothes ; and that a We now come to the visit to Sir Alexanspider was travelliag from the wainscot to- der Macionald.--It is no uncommon thing wards my month. At last I fell into insen. in England to see the hereditary pofleflors of fibility.”

the most ancient lordships forsaking with In page 161, the reader is amused with a their families their manfions and paiks, and quarrel between our learned travellers. The taking up their residence in little boxes and evening grew dusky, and “ we spoke none,” obscure retreats Some are woefully compelled says Mr. Boswell; who, to get the ion pre- to this step by their former prodigalities ; pared for the Doctor's reception, rode on and others are inclined to it from their before. The Doctor, who “ was advancing mere penuriousness and poverty of spiin dreary filence, called me back," says Mr. rit. Sir Alexander and his lady they found B. “ with a tremendous shout, and was really “in a house built by a tenant;" one we supe in a pafsion with me for leaving him. I pose the tenant liad built for himself ; "the told him my intentions, but he was not fatis. family mansion having been burnt in Sir Dofied, and said, Do you know I should as nald Macdonald's time. Instead of finding foon have thought of picking a pocket as the head of the Macdonalds surrounded with doing so.-Bofwell. I am diverted with his clan and a festive entertainment, we had you, Sir-Jobnjon. Sir, I could never be a small company, and cannot boast of our diverted with incivility. Doing such a thing cheer." Our travellers were of opinion that makes one lose confidence in him who has he ought to live in a very different style, and done it; as one cannot tell what he may do the head of the clan thought otherwise. Tlicy next.-His extraordinary warmth confound wifciy endeavoured to persuade him to throw ed me." - This we have cited. the rather, off his native disposition and fixed ideas in a becaule, trivial as it may seem, it throws great moment, and adopt theirs. But this was light on the Doctor's character Mr. Bose washing the blackamoor; and sure we are, well in common good-manners ought cer. all the misers of the kingdom will commend tainly to have told him where he was going; the chieftain. This freedom of Mr. Born but we cannot commend the Doctor's taking well's has, we find, made fome little dult,

be flip off to highly amiss. It betrays dread. and raised the chichtain's anger ; we therefore ful apprehensions and jealousies, and some here suppress some remarksof our own, as we thing peevishly childish, for children do not

defire w widen no breach among geudomen on a subject fo distant from the concerns quence, and little things of little importante: of literature; and proceed to observe, that and fo he becomes more patient, and better the epitaph inserted by Mi. Boswell on plealed. All goud-humour and complailance "Sir James Macdonald by the prit lord Lyl. are acquired. Naturally a child seizes die telton, does his lordfhip's literary talents no rectly what it fees, and thinks of plealing ito credit. It is tedious common place, deftio felf only. By degrees, it is taught to please tute of any thing peculiarly characteristic, others, and to prefer others; and that this that requisite required by Dr. Juhnson in his will ultimatels produce the greatest happiingenious critique on that species of compofi- nefs. If a man is not convinced of thai, to tion.

never will practise it. Common Language We pass over Mr. Boswell's tales of the speaks the truth as to this : we say, a periun is second-fight. They were merely bearofu, well-bred." and no snow.ball ever gathered like that The above subject, we had afterwards to dreaming gosip. The escape of the Pre- sumed : " In the argument on Tuesday night, tender, alias Prince Charles. Edward, is the about natural goodness, Dr. Johnson denied

nezt passage of note ; but as that has been that any child was better than another, but already cited in our Magazine and other pab- by difference of instruction ; though, in cut lications, we also país it over ; only obu sequence of greater attention wenig paid to serving that, as Mr. Boswell truly lays, it inttruction by one child than another, and of does great honour to the humanity, fidelity, a variety of imperceptible causes, such as in and generally of the liighlanders. Nor can struction being counteracted by servants, a we resist the temptation to guess what Dr. notion was conceived, "that of two children, Johnson would have said on the Prince's ef. equally well educated, one was naturally much cape, had he been as much prejudiced against worse than another. He owned, this morn. him as against the Whigs ; we think we hear ing, that one might have a greater aptitude him saying, “ Why, Sir, many a thief has to learn than another, and that we inherit male as extraordinary an escape from more dispositions from our parents. “I inherited, multifarious perils, and has experienced as said he, a vile melancholy from my father, much fidelity from the rest of the gang." which has made me mad all my life, at lealt

A Highland gentlemap had assured our tra- not sober." -Lady M‘Leod wondered be vellers that Prince Charles was in London in should tell this." Madam, faid 1, he kocars 1759, and that there was then a plan in agi- that with that madecís he is fuperior to ather tation for restoring his family. Dr. Johnson men." could scarcely credit this story, and said, It is a well known fact, that llume's frf* There could be no probable plan at that tem of scepticism is founded on that part of time. Such an attempt could not have suc- Locke's Essay on the Human Understanding, ceeded, unless the King of Prussia had stop- where innate ideas are denied; where it is ped the army in Germany; for both the army afferted that the mind is a mere rasa rabuda, and the feet would, even without orders, and that every impression arises from out. have fought for the King, to whom they had ward accident. And here, with all his zea! engaged themselves."

againft Hume's philosophy, we find Dt. Weak, indeed! To mention no more, ene Johnson most cordially fupporting it, though would think the Doctor had never heard of certainly withont attending to the consequeno the defeciion of Churchill and the army in - ces drawn by Hume, that Truthi and Virte; England, and of the Irish at the Boyne, from Falsehood and Vice are merely arrihçal

, med their iwero allegiance to Prince Charles's not the same in different ages and countries. grandfailer, and of their cordially joining a Not to enter into metaphysics on ionate ideas

, foreigner, the Prince of Orange.

no fact, we believe, is more certain than The follow ing observations on the chear that, interwoveb with their meft primary fulness of við men ne excellent. "lex. perceptions, there are different difpofitions a preffen lome surprize, says Mr. Boswell, at children, which allele powers of educatiun C.Rogan's recommending good-humou, as and company will never uvercome. Courage if it were quite in our own power to áttiin, and cowardice, compaffion and heard-heartit.-Jobrfor. " Why, Sir, a man grows hel- edness, avarice and generobty, in a word, ter humoured as le grows older. He im.. baseness and magnanimity of temper, are * proves by experience. When young, he deeply rooted in children of the fame parents, thinks himieli of great consequence, and every as their different degrees of intellectual caps thing of importance. As he advances in city; and are under the power of EQUATRÁS lise, he learns to think himself of no conse in the same manner. Good dispositions and

To combat these notions is the design of Dr. Beattie's Emay on the Immutability of Truth; a good and easy subject, had it been handled with more logic and lets declamition.



good intellects may be cultivated and set in a witness in Westminster. hall, was fo disconmotion, and bad ones may be gilded and dis- certed by a netv mode of public appearance, guiled by it. Nay, vicious habits may even that he could not underttand what was asked. be fubdued by conviction and refulution : but was a caufc where an actor claimed a free that rare occurrence only proves the radical benefit ; that is to say, a benefit without paydifference of the powers and dispositions with ing the expence of the house ; but the mean. which we are born. In many parts of his ing of the term was disputed. Garrick was Ramblers and other writings, the Doctor asked, “Sir, have you a free benefit?" clearly ascertains the difference here contended “ Yes."_" Upon what terms have you it?" for, though in the above citation, through the -"Upon-the terms-of-a free benefit." medium of Mr. B. " he denied that any He was dismissed as one from whom no ige child was better than another, but hy diffe- formation could be obtained.—Dr. Johnfon is rence of instruction ;"which we humbly often coo hard on our friend Mr. Garrick. conceive to be no better than saying, there is When I asked him, why he did not mention no difference between copper and gold, ex- him in the preface to his Shakespeare, he cept the different ftamp of the mint. The said, “Garrick has been liberally paid for any close of the quotation contains a confession thing he has done for Shakespeare. If I which throws light on the Doctor's character, should praise him, I should much more as the conclusion and following passage do praise the nation who paid him. He was not co that of Mr. Boswell:

made Shikespeare better known. He cannot “ I was elated," says he, “ by the thought illustrate Shakespeare. So I have reasons eof having been able to entice such a man to nough againit mentioning him, were reason's this remote part of the world. A ludicrous necessary. There should be reasons for it.” yet just image presented itself to my mind, The above anecdote reminds us of Mr. which I exprefled to the company. I come Garrick's behaviour when he was examined pared myself to a dog who has got hold of a on the trial of B-ti, who had stabbed a large piece of meat, and runs away with it ruffian in the Haymarket. Our Roscius deto a corner, where he may devour is in clared on oath that he never heard or knew peace, without any fcar of others taking it that ftabbing was an Italian vice. The cena from him. " In London, Reynolds, Beau · sure on Garrick's literary abilities and talte clerk, and all of them, are contending who is severe indeed: “ He cannot illufraie Sbukio shall enjoy Dr. Johnson's conversation. We Sprare."--However Itrange this may seeni to are feaiting upon it, andisturbed, ac Dunve- the moh, who remember Garrick's astonishgan.”

ing powers of acting, we believe that thivie Take also the following striking character. who have conversed with him, and knew iftics of the Ductor's treatment of his obie- the turn of his taste, and extent of his critical quious friend and companion : "To hear the acumen, and who recollect many of the poor grave Dr. Samuel Johnson, that majestick neglected dramas which he brought on this Seacher of moral and religious wisdom, stage, will very cordially agree with the Duco while fitting solemn in an arm.chair, in the cor's censure. itie of Sky, talk ex casbedra of his keeping a The following is highly characteristic of Seraglio, and acknowledge that the suppofi- Mr. Boswell's feamanship : " It was very cion bad often been in his thoughts, Itruck dark indeed, and there was a beavy and inme fo forcibly with ludicrous contrast, ceflin: rain. Tlie sparks of the burning that I could not but laugh immolerately. peat flew so much about, that I drea:ded the He was too proud to submit, even for a mo. vefsel might take fire. Tlien, as Col was a ment, to be the object of ridicule, and in sportiman, and had had powder on board, I ftantly retaliated with such keen sarcaltick figured that we might be blown up. Simpwit, and such a variety of degraving images, son and lie both appeared a little frightened, of every one of which I was the object, that, which made me more so; and the perpetual shough I can bear such attacks as well as most talking, or rather shouting, which was carmen, I yet found myself so much the sport of ried on in Erse, alarmed me still more. A all the company, that I would glaliy expunge man is always suspicious of what is saying in from my mind every trace of this severe re- an unknown tongue ; and if fear be his palLort."

fion at the time, he grows more afraid. Our The following anecdote of Garrick, and vefsel often lay so much on one side, that I Johnson's estimate of his abilities as a critic trembled left she should be overfet ; and in. and judge of fine writing, are curious." Hav- deed they told me afterwards, that they had ing talked of the strictness with which wit- run her sometimes to within an inch of the nelles are examined in courts of justice, Dr. water, so anxious were they to make what Johnson cold us, that Garrick, though accuf. halte they could before the night should be comed to face multitudes, when produced as worse. I now saw what I never saw before

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a prodigious fea, with immense billows com. have said, in the words which he has chose ing upon a vessel, so as that it seemed hardly for the motto to his Rambler, pollible to escape. There was something Quo me cunque rapit competes, deferer bespei grandly horrible in the fight. I am glad After the above description of a tempelt a I have seen it once. Amidåt all these ter. sea, written under lively and most feries rifying circumstances, I endeavoured to feelings, we are presented with the follow compuse my mind. It was not easy to do ing, which, at the close of a sad tale of bair it ; for all the stories that I had heard of the breadıb 'scapes, is certainly somewhat lad dargerous failing among the Hebrides, which crous, and will affect the risible mufcio e is proverbial, came full upon my recollec. those who are masters in the art of mens tion. When I thought of those who were imagery, as much perhaps as the whole of the dearest to me, and would suffer leverely, (ad tale, particularly the danger apprehende Thould I be loft, I upbraided myself, as not from Col's powder-horn, will affect th having sufficient cause for putting myself in true fals-water sailor. “ I now went dowriting such danger. Piety afforded me comfort ; says Mr. B. “ with Coll and Mr. Simple yet 1 was difturbed by the objections that to visit him (the Doctor). He was lyin have been made against a particular provi- in philosophic tranquility, with a greyhoun dence."

of Col's ac his back, keeping him warm Hardly a week passes but the Gravesend Col is quite the Juvenis qui gaudet cecidu. boats run wirbin an incb of ibe water," and He had when we left Taliskeri (wo pret have the billows dashing over their decks. hounds, two terriers, a pointer, and Indeed we cannot help considering the dan- large Newfoundland water-dog. He lor gers above expressed, and the fearful appre- one of his terriers by the road, but had it henfions acknowledged, as a cockney's ac- five dogs with him. I was very ill, 23 sount of his first voyage to Woolwich or very desirous to get on More." Gravesend. On the first perusal of the above, The posture of the Doctor and his canin we were impatient to see how Dr. Johnson, companion, and the interesting catalogue whose ideas on the horrid situation of one on Col's dogs, are truly Homeric; though, per th'p-board we have already cited, behaved haps, a little in the spirit of Conor's celebra in this dreadful scene, lo grandly horrible; ted tranflation of Virgil. and we were pleased to find that good luck The next thing remarkable we meet (for to say Providence on the occasion, would our journey through Mr. B's volume repro hardly be decent) befriended him. He“ liad fents the Ductor in a very role and des all this time," says Mr. B. “ been quiet and greeable light. We find him treating a unconcerned. He had lain down on one of learned and venerable clergyman of seventythe beds, and having got free from fickness, seven years in the most waspilh and cap was satisfied. The truth is, he knew no. cious manner. But of this afterwards. thing all this while of the danger we were (To be concluded in cur nex?.] ia ; but, fearless and unconcerned, might Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester. Vol. I, & 11. Sr.

125. Boards. 1783. Cadell.

[ Continued from page 168. ] An Essay on the Ascent of Vapour. By Dr. Hamilton. It is this—That the air diffolvat

Eason, Read 19th November, 1782. water, as water does salive substances: the 1

HIS paper might with equal propriety solution being perfoct, the air will become

have been called an Essay on the transparent." Descent of Rain; but the Doctor is a better Having made bis objections to the philosopher than he is a writer. He sets theory, our author proceeds to raise, w 1$ out with telling us that “there are few the assistance of electricity, one of his ows phenomena in nature, which have puzzled which is at least ingenious, and is it. philosophers more, than the ascent of va- deed as probable as any of the other one pour : and the different theories laid down hundred and ninety-nine which have beca by Doctors Halley and Defaguliers have been raised on the same subject —" By mak! rejected, while another, not less liable to some observations on the falling of rain, *** objections, has been almost universally re- he, we all have other proofs, that ceived.

electric matter is the great cause by w..) This theory, which I Mall presently men- vapour is supported in the atmosphere He. tion, was at first invented by a French gen. I must observe a fact, well known to sleman, Monsieur le Roi, and afterwards present, that bodies electrified, by the revived by Lord Kaimes, and Doctor Hugl electric power (no matter whether patimine

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