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Mr. Dundas fated, that a doubt had reply to charges containing nothing specific; arisen in India, as to the contruction of the and that they might be called historical narclauses of two diftinct Acts of Parliament of ratives, with voluminous commentaries. the 13th and 24th of the present King, in That he had been in India from a schoolrespect to the removal of a covenanted ser- boy; and that during a period of thirty-six vant of the Company from one settlement to years servitude, he had always the happiness another. This doubt had, Mr. Dundas said, to maintain a good and respectable characbe understood been entertained at Calcutta, ter.—That by the evil machinations of a few when a noble Lord lately arrived there from individuals, men of notoriety, he now apMadras, i take upon himn the office of Go- peared in an unfortunate situation ; but that vernor-General, and therefore it was proper he chose to come forward on the occasion, to bring in a Bill to explain it: with this and incet his fate, rather than be subjected view he moved for leave to bring in a Bill; to the continual threats of a : Parliamentary and he gave notice, that his intention was to prosecution.--That with regard to the indulbring in the Bill this day, and to get it gence now granted, it was a matter of inpassed through all its different stages the same difference whether it proceeded from the day, unless lome particular objections were humanity or the justice of the House; he made against it.

considered himself as equally indebted to The Speaker, in consequence of the reso- them. That he had acted according to the lution of the House, called Mr. Hastings to emergencies of the times;, and that he had the bar, who, having been informed of the been frequently reduced to such extremities, purpose for which he was admitted there, as lo defy the sanction of any precedent. observed, that he was not accustomed to pub. That no man had been in more perilous lic speaking, and therefore begged the House filuations, and that in those disasters he was would indulge him with the hearing of what entirely left to the resources of his own he had drawn up in his defence. His me- mind. That he had resigned his governmory was not remarkably tenacious, and as ment in India amidit the regret of his felthe refutation or contradićtion of the charges low-subjects. - That he had repeatedly rebrought against him required frequent rc- ceived the thanks of his employers, the Court ferences to certain documents and papers of Directors of the Ealt-India Company: necessary to be produced, he flattered him. and as he had the satisfaction of discharging self that the Houle would easily conceive the theiruft reposed in him with such unanimous propriety of his requisition. This having approbation, he believed, that' no other been readily assented to, Mr. Hastings pro- power on carth had a right to call his conceeded to read his defence. He began by duct in quellion. Mr. Hastings was interremarking, that the grounds of the crimina- rupted by tion were ill-founded, aspersive, and mali- Mr. Rolle, who, ypon Mr. Hastings have cious; that the various publications of the ing withdrawn, begged to know whether times contained the most unwarraniable obo his defence might not be received without fervations on his conduct, and that the press being read, and afterwards printed ; buc daily teemed with the molt gross libuls up- being informed that the Houle had already on every part of his administration in India; resolved to hear the defence, that the most extraordinary of all was, the Mr. Hastings was called in, and went on pamphlet lately published, in which the with his defence for about two hours; when charges of delinquency were not only co- appearing to be much fatigued, he was repiously displayed, but the name of the ac- licved by Mr. Markham *, and afterwards culer himsell (Mr.Burke) printed in the titlc- successively by the two Clerks. The House page, by which it would appear that it had continued hearing the defence till ncar eleven not only his fan&tion and authority, but that o'clock. the accu'er had officiously condescended co The Chancellor of the Exchequer then obbecome the publisher ; that these charges served, that as he had been informed the had been the result of much deliberation ; remainder of the defence would take up a and that, during a period of five years, his ene- considerable time, he would move that the mies had exeried their abilities in order to proceeding Phould be adjourned till next specify the different grounds of accusation. day. That he only resolved on Monday last, with the Mr. Burke immediately rose, and depermission of the Hon House, to enter him. clared his entire satisfaction with the mi. self upon his defence ; and that he now ap- nute manner in which the defence was peared prepared to meet his accusers, in as couched. He was perfectly satisfied that Mr. iew days almoft as the years in which his Hattings Should have full scope, and every cnemics had been engaged in bringing for- pollible indulgence allowed him. But he ward the matters which tended to criminale was in great hopes that the whole would and afperle him. That he was obliged io have been one day's business, and therefore

Son of the Archbishop of York, formerly Resident at Benares, and who parrowly elcaped with his life at the time of tbe insurrection there.

he ment.

he should be much better pleased that the Major Scott next moved, that a sufficient defence might be then finilhed; however, number of copies of the said papers bc he trusted it would not by any means be printed for the use of the Members. suffered to extend beyond to-morrow.

Sir Joseph Mawbey and Alderman Towa. The Speaker then put the question, and send both secondcd it. the further hearing [ Mr. Hastings' defence Mr. Burke said he approved of the mowas adjourned.

tion; on which the question was put, and MAY 2.

unanimously agreed to. Mr. Dundas moved, that the bill for ex. Mr. Burke then desired the order of the plaining doubus in an A&t passed in the 24th day to be read, for going into a Committee year of the reign of his present Majesty, lo of the whole House, to consider of the far as related to the appointment of a Go- charges of high crimes and misdemeanors vernor-General, &c. at Fort William, in againit Warren Hastings, Esq. and the province of Bengal, be read a second The Speaker having left the chair, the time; which after a short debate was agreed House resolved itself into a Committee of to.

the whole House on Mr. Hastings's bufinels, The bill was afterwards committed, re- the Hon. Mr. St. John in the chair. ported, engrossed, read a third time, passed, Mr. Burke ruse, and acquainted the Come and ordered to the Lords. In a short time mittee, that, with their permission, he afterwards it was sent back from the Lords, would instantly proceed to the calling wile who had agreed to it without any amendo nelles-which being granted, he called in

Sir Robert Barker, who was examined Mr. Hastings being placed at the bar, re- relative to the disposition of the Rohilla newed his dcfence to the rema ning charges, Chiefs, and the Rajah Dowlah. The chief in which he denied positively being the au- points turned upon the pacífic dispositions thor of the Mahratga war; but claimed all of these princes. the merit to himlelf in making the Mahratta The examination of Sir Robert Barker peace, which had now lasted three years. was directed chiefly towards the motives that He charged Nundocomar with bring a Prince occalioned the Rohilla war, and continued of the greatest treachery, and of such infamy uninterrupted until of character, as to be a rogue even where it

Mr. Burke demanded to know, whether was his interest to be honeit. He charged Mr. the witness was not one of the subscribing Burke, the author of the charges against him,

witnesses to the peace concluded between with having made partial extracts from his the Vizier Şujah Dowlab and the Rohillas, own letters, for the purpose of criminating by which it was stipulated that the Rohillas him, and of omitting material pallages, should pay to the Vizier a certain sum ?-which would have redounded to his honour. Answer, Yes. Whether he did not consider

He concluded with thanking the House. the Company bound by fuch subscription to for the indulgence they had thewu, and ex. guarantee that peace ? To this question Mr. pressed a wish, that he might be permited Nichols objected. The witness withdrew. to lay upon the table the inivutes and papers Mr. Nichols alledged, that as he sat in that from which he had read his defence.

House as a Fudge, he considered the quelThe Speaker aiked the Hon. Gentleman, tion not only irrelevant but unfair, inasmuch whether he had any thing further to lay? as it went to matter of opinion instead of and being answered in the negative, he was

matter of fact; for that reason, he confiderordered to withdraw.

ed it to be his duty to resist the question. Major Scott moved, that Mr. Hastings be Mr. Burke contended, that many circumpermitted to deliver in to the blouse, the stances connected with an enquiry like the minutes and papers from which he had read present, muft, of neceffity, be explained by answers to the matters contained in the the opinions of the witnesses ; for instance, Coarges of high crimes and misdemeanors. fuppose a General was asked his opinion as

Alderman Le Melurier seconded the to the mode of attack-of defence, &c. &c. motion.

The Attorney and Solicitor General both Mr. Burke desired to second the motion infifted that matters, of opinion did not likewise.

square with the form which the law pres The question was put, and agreed to scribed upon the solemn proceedings of 20 unanimously:

importani trial. The Speaker then ordered Mr. Hastings Mr. Burke reminded the learned Gentlein, who being placed at the bar, was in- men, that the present proceeding did nui formed that the House had complied with partake of the nature of a trial ; that was his request, as moved for by an honourable reserved for the House of Lords: it was only Member; therefore the Clerk would come an enquiry into the conduct of Mr. Hastings, down to the bar, and receive the papers whereon to ground an impeachment; therefrom him ; on which Mr. Lee went to the fore, not only the present, but any limilar, bar, and Mr. Haltings delivered him a large questions were perfectly relevant. Гbe bundle of papers.

House coincided with Mr. Burke. The


MAY 4.

MAY 3.

wil.nels was again called to the bar, and an- this, and after a short conversation between swered the question in the negative. To the Attorney-General, Mr. Hulley, Mr. Dunattempt to enter into a detail of an exami. das, and Mr. Pitt; Col. Champion was

was again nation that forms only one branch of a very called to the bar, and underwent a long exvoluminous charge against Mr. Hallings, amination relative to the Rohilla war. would neither be entertaining to our readers, The House then went into the examination or by any means convey information tend- of Major Marsac, formerly surveyor of the ing to give a just idea of the conduct of that Province of Oude; after which they adGentleman. "At ten o'clock Sir Robert Bar. journed. ker's examination was finished, and the House, upon the motion of Mr. Burke, Gen. Adeane on his own, as well as his agreed to report progress, and proceed upon friends account, wished to acquaint the the examination of the other witnesses the House with a transaction that he hoped they next day.

would not think beneath their attention. In

the return that he made of genticmen in the The order of the day being read to consider county of Cambridge, in his opinion, qualifurther of the charges against Warren Hait- fied to fill the land-tax commission, the names ings, Esq. The Speaker left the chair, and the of many had been artfully altered by the adHouse went into a Committee, Mr. St. John dition, omission, or change of the letters in in the chair.

their names, through sinister views, which Mr. Francis, then moved, that Col. Cham. he did not doubt might be the case in other pion be called to the bar. He proceeded to lifts, in consequence of which he wished that examine him relative to the conduct of the the perpetrator or perpetrators might be called expedition against the Rohillas. A debate to proper account, which in all probability of a considerable length arose on the manner might put a stop to the practice in future. of examining Col. Champion.

Mr. Marsham spoke to the authenticity of Mr. Pitt objected to the question, whether the complaint, and the necessity of immethe Rohilla war was not conducted with cir- diately taking it into consideration; which cumítances of great cruelty and oppreßion. was instantly complied with, in the appointe He said it was a leading question: and be- ment of a comuniitee for ihat purpose. fdes, it was of no importance in his opinion, The order of the day being read for the unless it could be established that Mr. HartHouse going into the consideration of the bill jogs was accessary to it. That ought to be for vesting certain sums in Commissioners at the first question. It was of no consequence the end of every quarter, to be by them apto the present enquiry how the Rohilla war plied to the reduction of the national debt, was conducted, unless it could be brought Mr. Sheridan rose, and in a speech of conhome to Mr. Hastings.

fiderable length, wholly directed to alledged Mr. Burke proielted against checking the authorities and calculations, the validity of examination of evidence in the present tage which he called on the Minister to contradi&, of the buliness. The House were now fitting proposed, that the further consideration of as an loqueft, firat to enquire what was done, this bill should be deferred on the grounds and then to bring it home to the person ac- he had to offer, which, in his opinion, were cused. If he was not permitted to bring his so tenable, that if he was obliged to yield, it evidence in that manner, it would be impol- would not be through the want of arguments, sible for him to substantiate many of his which they amply furnished. As to the obcharges : for instance, he might call one wit-, ject of the bill, which went to the reduction nels to prove that the country of the Rohillas of the national debt, as it was an object ro was depopulated, but the same witness truly desirable, and in which he heartily might not be able to say that Mr. Hastings joined, he should not at present say any thing was accessary to ii, and therefore the right on that head - it was a consummation de honourable Gentleman's argument was ab. voutly to be wished ; he would therefore surd.

confine his observacions in the report of the Mr. Francis said, his object was to come Select Commitice, the subjcct of the day, a at the truth, and he was indifferent in what subject of such importance, that he trusted manner it was done. He certainly did not their attention would be directed to it in the wild either to put leading questions to the course of the debate. The honourable Ges. witness, or to take up the time of the House tleman (Mr. Pire) when he brought forward unnecessarily.

this bill, observed, that it drew the eyes of Mr. Pitt wished the proceedings 1o be all Europe; he therefore wished, that the Mortened as much as pollible, but did not Commitiec might have stated the accoun's in intend to throw any obftacle in the way of such a manner, as to remove every cause of bringing forward the evidence. He objected suspicion on this article, and to convince however to the Mape in which the question them that we were not afraid to meet the was put, which ought to have been, in what fituation of our affairs, however diftreffingly manner was the Rohilla wár conducted ? they might have been painted. This would M5, Francis and Mr. Burke acquiefced in bave saved many opinions since got abroad,

by by no means advantageous to this matter, on tion to rouge, and legalizing ponatum. The which he proceeded to make many remarks, only proper tax, in his opinion, was the argiving it as his opinion, that the opinions of ticle of hair-powder, which had been origa noble Earl (Stanhope) on this subject, in a nally suggested by a noble Lord, who had late publication, were in so many points con- certainly contributed his share towards the formable to his own, that he could with to tax by suggesting the idea. (Here a loud see them adopted He lamented on this laugh took place at the expence of Lord Sur. occasion the absence of that noble Lord, who rey's head, which has been long unconscious hrad in this instance exhibited a degree of or any external embellishment.] plain-dealing where it was essentially necela After commenting at great length on these fary, and on a subject where of all others ftatements, he adverted to the absurdity of felf-delusion must be the most fatal. He then placing the receipts of the present year adverted to the Select Committee, on whom against the expenditure of 1791.- We were he did not intend to cast the lealt reflection, acting at present, he said, a part the most but only to observe, that the choice of them imprudent'; we were grasping with too cager in his idea did not depend on that candour a band the blossoms of our prosperity, and and liberality that should operate on the oc- spoiling the hope of future harvests. For cafion, as they were apparently connected this purpose he moved, that the Committee with the honourable Gentleman (the Chan. should be deferred to this day se'nnight. cellor of the Exchequer) in many points, in- Mr. Grenville said he was happy to have deed in many more than he objcted to on a at longih an opportunity of hearing objet. Similar occasion, in the person of his honour- tinns so long promised, and so early threatene able friend Mr. Fox. The fatement of the ed. He had, he confessed, his apprehenaccounts plainly showed that this affertion lions, as a good citizen, that some serious did not fiw from random, but the matureft error, which had been overlooked by the deliberation, as it was plain that they gave Committee, might be found in the port. up their opinion to one that they esteemed He was, however, Intally released from bis superior, evinced in many points, on which fears by what he had now heard. ho animadverted with much clearncís, point- He then obfirved how trilling the cavils ing out the propriety of investigating certain were, which had been the objects of such calculations and facts, which they mighe have long and ingenicus research, when fo little 'done, as they had it in their power to call could be found objectionable in the eftimates for papers, that would at once have satisfied of a revenue of 15 millions. The idea had and informed, which he insisted they did been inputed to the Committee of having not, and which he reprobated as a desertion taken the averages where they were favoura. of their own judgment, which he compli- ble to their purpose, and of iaking in their mented, if they chose to have exercised in stead where they were unfavourable in the Sare one, who broke through the decorum produce of the current ycar. This objection (Mr. Call). After this he condemned the had been particularly urged to the statement parzial mode (in his opinion) of comparative of the produce of the land and malt. Theie and illusive calculation, that could only tend had been flated together at 2,600,000l. But to mislead the judgment, and divert the al- how would the triumph of the objectors de iention to glitter and show, without the least cline, when it was seen in the last quarterly 1 lidiry. To favour the Minister's idea of a account, that inilcad of 2,600,00ol. che fum furplus, they had every where in their ftatc. for which they had been given, they were mines of the recripts taken that which was found in produce no less than 2,850,0nol. ? contingent as infallible, and that which was If gentlemen thought proper to infift on merely probable for an absolute certainty; erilling inaccuracies, here was, in his opinios, and had thus made it appear in all their cal. a full and complete answer to their objec. culations that they thought as was our only tions; and when the Committee were at SURPLUS-MAKER. It was irue, a short time culid of having exaggerated the different might prove the inefficacy, and point out the branches of receipt, the reply was conclufive furility of the whole beyond ihe force of ore har in one single art cle of receipt their gument, but short as that time mighe br, it estimate had fallen short of the reality by no was roz prudent to wait for its confirmation, l'Is than 250,nvol. as objects might present themselves to-day, He asserted ihe propriety of drawing aids that could not be attained to-mortow. from a lo:tery. Until some method could

Allir flaring, that in the article of customs he devised or suppressing the spirit of gamb. alone, the deficiency was no less than 300,000l. ling, it may as well be exercised with profit in the quarterly account onding April 5, 1785, to the State as to individuals ; and we mas Die proceedid 10 lhew, that the glore and as well pretend to reject the profits drawn in horse tax, though reckoned togriher at the State from wine and beer, because ter: 150.000l. scaricly produced 35,900l. yet to porary mischicfs occurred from the intoxica. supply chefe deficiencies, nothing better had lion which they occafioned. been fuggested than a lax on the crash in pere Mr. Beauloy said, that as a member of functh us, 'by giving parliamentary fanc. the Coinmitice, and thçrelore an arcuid



MAY 5.


man, he hoped the House would indulge him ed. On an average of eight years, beginfor a short time. He dwelt much on the ad. ning in 1737, the importation of wine was vantages which had resulted from the sup- at 19,000 tons. On an a'erage of the eight preffion of smuggling; but contended that following years, it was reduced 10.12,000 ; much was yet to be done. He instanced and on the average of the latt Eur years it several frauds which now existed, particu- amounted only to 10,000 tons. Suproling, larly in the importation of rum. By the then, that the consumption of wine was not present mode of ascertaining their contents, greater than at the period first alluded to, eight gallons were now subltracted from the che increase to the revenue, by the measures Teal number in each puncheon ; this defalca- he liad to propose, would form a difference tion of gs. per gallon on 20,000 puncheoas of 360,000l. But notwithstanding the im. imported, amounted to no less than 40,000l. portance of the object, he would not recoma per ann. all which might easily, in his opi- mend the improvement in the revenue at the nion, be saved, by diminishing the number expence of any portion of our freedom or of useless officers, and at the same time constitution, it the alterations to be made Encreasog the salaries and the alacrity of the could be thought subject to any imputations remainder.

of that nature. The objections to Sir RoThe question was then put on Mr. Sheri- bert Walpole's plan were, that it would indan's motion, which, after the gallery was crease the power of the Crown by the addie aleared, was negatived without a division. tional number of officers to be created, and

injure the public liberty, by making every Mr. Burke brought up an additional man's house liable to be searched by excisés charge against Mr. Hastings, containing no In the plan proposed those objections new matter, but referring to the former would be done away, as the regulations charge against him relative to the Rohillas. would require no greater addition of officers The only Prince of that unhappy race who than 260, whose salaries would not amount had escaped, by treaty, the general exter- to more than 12,000l. The influence of the mination, cultivated, with govo subjects, a excise would also be confined to persons small extent of territory, under circum- dealing in wine, either by wholesale or reftances of greater discouragement and op- tail, and not be extended to private indivipression than any man ever did before. duals. In respect also to the number of There could, Mr. Burke faid, be no objec- those, which was very small, who sold wine tion to his charge except in point of time, without having a spirit licence at the same and he should have exhibited it befire, but time, there could be no inconvenience in that it was not fully made out till yesterday. that quarter. There might indeed be some

Major Scott declared himselt dilatisfied difficulty in arranging the article of bottles, with the period of adducing the charge, but he thought such regulations might be but said he should give no direct opposition devised as would obviate the difficulty. He to the receiving it.

would not trouble the Committee with any On this the charge was laid on the table, further explanation in the present stage, as ordered to be printed, and referred to the wishing to afford them the most ample opCommittee to consider of it.

portunity for discussion hereafter. Mr. Pitt Mr. Pitt now moved, that the House re. then moved the following resolution-" That falve itself into a Committee on the Wine it is the opinion of the Committee, that the Trade ; which being agreed to, the Speaker present duty on wines should now cease and left the chair, and Mr. Gilbert took ii. determine."

Mr. Pilt then said, that he had this day Mr. Dempster declined giving any decided a measure to propose, which had on a sor- opposition to the bill in the prefent stage, but mer occasion been agitated with much expressed himself at the same time extremely warmth, and given up to the popular cla- apprehensive of the bad consequence of an exs mour. 'At present he made no doubt but tension of the Excise. The Cyder bill, he it would be received with more moderation. observed, was no more objectionable in its He believed whatever might be the political principle than the present, and yet it was differences in that House, and however va. found necessary to be repealed. rious opinions might be on the state of the nion, an addition of 260 Excise officers was finances, all would unite in the necessity of no small increase to the influence of the improving the revenue by every adviseable Crown, and the certain expence of 12,000l. measure. And indeed this disposition should was by no means a light or trivial object. be most prevalent amongst those who did He did not know what might be the advantage not think so favourably as he did of the situ- of the bill, but he thought no depression of ation of this country. For whoever conti- our revenue should induce us to surrender dered the decrease of duty on wines, owing any portion of our liberties, and of the conin some degree to smuggling, and in others ftiturion. to adulteration, within the late years, must Mr. Fox declined opposing the motion at be convinced of the necelliiy of applying that time, but put in his claim to a very deCome remedy to the defalcation that appeare cided one in the future stagrs, if it mould EuroP, MAC,



in his opi

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