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m.iny ohlervations, equally judicious, and pro- bis plan for reducing the national debt is an pole many alterations meritng attentiin. additional proof that ner omnia pajjunius S: bc omnia-it would have been well--but
An Enquiry into the Influence which Enclosures have had upon the Population of England.
By the Rev. J. Howlett, Vicar of Great Durmuw, Effex. 8vo. is. Richardson.
HE Reverend Enquirer firenuously com
“ The baptisms,” says our author, “ in
perfifts in maintaining that inclosures are during the five years beginning with the inimical to population, notwithstanding the year 1760, to the baptiíms during the five respectable testimonies tha: have been re- years beginning with 1775 or 1776, are peatedly given on the other fide of the ques. nearly as 100 to 121; whereas in the tion. In farther confirmation of these tefti- 490 of the latter, for the same periods monies, and to bring the matter to a clear respectively, the advance is only as 100 ilue, Mr. How lete procured a list of the 10 109; that is, the enclosures are increased Enclosure Bilis from the Journals of the more than one-fixth, the non-inclosures House of Commons, by which he found, to scarcely one-tenth. This is surely little less his great furprize, that between the years than absolute demonftration of the point in 1750 and 1781 they amounted to near a question-the influence of enclofures upon thousand. He then wrote to the Clergy of the populatios of the kingdom, and that so the enclosed parishes, but did not receive far from having diminished, they have inanswers from above ninety. From there, creafed it. It is also to be observed, that however, he has formed a table, and com- the increase from hence arising, is certainly pared these parishes with others not recently greater than here appears; because those enenclofeu.
closures which converted arable to pasture, in this calculation he has not, for self-evi- mutt have leffened the employment of the dent reasons, included the large manuface inhabitants, and, of course, their number, turing towns. From this table, which in in the several parishes in which they respeccludes two clafles of parishes, 89 that have tively took place, and proportionably auge been lately enciofed, and 490 not lately en- mented and employed those in parishes where Closed, it appears that the recently encloled enclosures had not taken place." malhes have valtly the advantage of the others.
The Anticipation of the Review of the Horse-Guarus, &c. By Timothy Twaddle, Esq.
Poet-Laureat to the Troops. 410. 15. Stockdale, 1786.
THIS Laureat, whose poetical claims to chance on a passage in an old author, 1 faw
that dignity are not remarkably well the mystery instantly cleared up. As it is founded, poffeiics, however, a tolerable in a language which it would be thamefully fure of humour, which he exercises pretty pedantic for you to understand, I submit freely at the expence of his patrons, the the following literal trarllation to your pe. officers of the horse-guards. The following rusal. extract from the dedication may serve as a
“ Long * hefore Agamemnon f command. fpecimen.
ed at Troy, " To the Officers of the Horse. Guards, &c. While Nestor was yet hut a (nivelling boy, “ My worthy patrons,
There were many Horse-guards-men who " I have often perplexed myself in en- liv'd and who dy'd, deavouring to trace out the origin of an ap- But of whom we know licle or nothing be. pellation fo frequently applied to your corps, I mean that of unfortunate gentlemen. 1 ne- They were all as brave fellows, I'll venture ver have been happy enough to meet with a to say, single satisfactory answer to the namberless As c'er you should see in a fair summer's day ; enquiries I have made on the subject; and Tho' this we must ghels, for we never probably might have remained eternally in could know it, the dark, but for one of those lucky incidents Because they ne'er thought of employing a that throw a sudden light upon a question, Poet." which perhaps has been the object of an endless • Thele gentlemen were, as you see, at and fruitless investigation. Casting my eye by bai day, in the same predicament as you
* Vixere fortes ante Agamemnona, &c,
+ A Colonel of the Horse-Guards.
have found yourselves at this. The relieving " When the squadrons, impatient of longer you from this unfortunate situation is the ob. delay, ject of the following essay."
« The call to Blackheath, and to glory, Mr. Twaddle accordingly proceeds to obty.” aaticipate the important day, The Soldiers and Sailors Friend; an Appeal to the People of Great- BritainBy Thomas
Martyn. 8vo. is. Dubrett. 1786.
'VERY plan that tends to relieve the
count of the numbers of which their family
ever cause they arise, merits the attention of The produce of this tax our author esti. the humane; but when those distrelles origie mates at 200,000l. in England, and 20,conl. nate, if we may be permitted the expression, in Ireland ; a fund sufficient to allow eleven in the service of our country, as is the case thoafand men, in addition to those already of the unbappy maimed soldiers and seamen, provided for hy Government, an annuity the objects of our benevolent author's from sol. 10 201, cach. Such a provifun, pamphlet, their claim to affistance and relief in their old age, for those who had spent the js doubly cogent. To accomplish lo laudable vigour of their youth in the service of the a purpose, Mr. Martyn proposes levying a public, would, he thinks, be a means of tax on the inhabitants of all houses of above greatly facilitating the raising recruits in time the rent f 41. per annum ; the lowest class to of war, and tend to render the odious cufton pay two shillings, the highest eight shillings of impreling men unneceffary. He likea-year. From this tax none are to be exemple wise wishes this provision might be made to od but minors, apprentices, and servants, extend tu failors in the Merchants service.Lodgers in houses paying more than 30l. a- We heartily approve of this humane and year reni, to pay four thillings; the pay- laudable scheme ; but, over-burthened as we ments to be made quarterly, and every are already, we see but little prospect of its principal of a family giving in a fraudulent ac- being adopted. A genuine Narrative of Facts which led to the Murder of Patrick Randall M Donnel,
Esq. near Castiebar, in the Kingdom of Ireland ; for which George Robert Fuzgerald, Esq. now ftands inuicted. Containing the principal Incidents of Mr. Fitzgerali's Life, so far as relates to his Original Dispute with the deceased, &c. By an Impartial Hand. 8vo. Is. Debrelt.
defence of Mr. Fitzgerald. The in-' These provocations, though great, canno, fortunate predicament in which he now however, juftify Mr. Fru's behaviour. stands, is here attributed to the disputes which The unna:ural conduct of the parent may had long subfifted between him and his late intitle the son to our pity, but it can say father, in confequence of the latter's flagrant nothing in defence of his violence. The partiality to his younger fon Cliarles. The following account of that part of Ireland deceased, M'Donnel, appears to have rendered where this bloody business was transacted, himself extremely obnoxious to Mr. F is very alarming." There is not,” says the by officiously interfering these family. writer, “any such thing as either law or quarrels, and taking a decided part against police. The whole province of Connaughing him. “ He acted," we are told,
the county of Sligo excepted, is in as wretched incendiary at the head of the tenantry, to keep a state of barbarism and bigotry as it was the lawful claimant out of his right, and the two centuries ago ; nor can any man of proheir from the possession of his undisputed perty live any longer in peace there, Miza fortune ; augmenting his diftieiles, and those whilft he has a faction or the military to of his virtuous mother, at least as far as his support him in his legal poffeffions." Tales of the Twelfth and Thirteenth centuries; from the French of Mr. Le Grand.
2 vols. 6s. Egerton. 1786. TR. Le Grand's motive for collecting this principle, he has been indefatigable in
there volumes, appears to have been a desire discover the boundaries of literary property, to investigate truth, and an ardent zeal for and to detect the incroachments of other pathe reputation of his country. Altyated by tions, particularly of the Italians, on bis Ru; and has wrested the stolen trophies purse; he gave it to the tavern-keeper, and from the brows of their fabulists, and re. desired to have a piece of cheese cu cat with placed them on the heads of his own country. his bread. The vintner takes it with a men.
(neering nir, and goes to the cellar to bring “ These Tales,” says the Tranfator, “pre.' what was required. The bachelor, during sent an interesting picture of the manners the absence of the vintner, goes to the wine and customs of the earlier age, and are cal. calk, turns the cock, and lets the wine run colated to describe the ordinary transactions out upon the floor. The other, on his re. of private life. The opinions, prejudices, turn, finding his wine running out and overfuperftitions, customs, turn of conversation, flowing the room, quickly makes up to the mode of courtship, all are to be found in barrel, and having stopped the cock, rushes them, and in them alone.”
upon the Norman, and reizes him by the The manners which they exhibit, he ac. collar, vowing vengeance for the loss of his knowledges, are not always so chaste and wine. The Norman, however, being the decent as might be willied; and the ex- stronger, raises the other by the midule, and pressions are frequently of the most disgust- throws him among the bottles, a great num.. ing coerseness. This he attributes to the ber of which are broken, and proceeds to in. fimplicity of the times, the spirit of libertinism Aict the merited chastisement, till he is not having then invented those ingenious interrupted by the entry of some ncighcircumlocutions, which, by half concealing bours. it, renders the fin more seducing. He, how. The affair was notwithstanding carried be. ever, thinks he should be nu less culpable as fore the sovereign, Count Henry. The a translator in altering them, than as an vintner spoke firit, and demanded reparation author in conceiving them. But he pro- of his damage. The prince, hefore he conmises the respect due to the reader shall not demned the knight, asked him what he had be forgotten, nor any improper or indecent to urge in his defence. The latter then reexpresion admitted. He has, accordingly, Jated the affair exactly as it had fallen out, entirely suppressed some tales, and expunged and concluded with saying: “Sire, this man the licentious passages from others; yet, assured me, that wines fpilt portended good after all, many of them are fill sufficiently fortune, and that, having wasted half my Inore. We have selected the following as a measure, he had put me into a fair way to fpecimen :
become a rich man. Gratitnde demanded a
return on my part, and as I did not chure to THE NORMAN BACHELOR.
be out done in generosity, I spilled him half ON the year that Acre * was taken, a
a tun." pleasant adventure happened in Normandy.
All the courtiers applauded the conduct A bachelor + of that province had ore morn. and the declaration of the bachelor. The ing nothing for his dinner # but a halfpenny Count himself laughed heartily, and dismissed loaf. To make his scanty meal the more both parties, saying that what was spilt could palacable, he went into a cavern and called not be gathered up again. for a pennyworth of wine. The master of
THE TWO TRADESMEN AND THE CLOWN. the house, who was a man of rough and boorish manners, came and presented to the TWO traders were proceeding on a pilgri. gentleman, with great rudeness, the liquor mage. A countıy-man, who was prosecu. in a cup; and in handing it to him, spitting the fame journey, having joined them on near half of it on the four. To complete the road, they agreed to travel together, and his insolence, he observed to him, you to make a joint stock of their provisions. going to be a rich man, Mr. Bachelor ; for But when arrived within a day's journey of liquor spilt is a sign of good luck."
the holy place, it wis almoft wholly expend. To break ont into a rage against To con- ed, so that they had nothing left but a liala lemptible a brute, would have been beneath flour barely sufficient to make a small cake, a gentleman : the Norman took his measures The perfidious traders entered into a plot to. with better management, and more address. gether to cheat their companion of bis share, He had Atill a half-penny remaining in his and, from his stupid air, imagined they could
* This town was taken by Philip Augustus, and Richard Cæur-de-Lion in 1191.
+ A bachelor meani, in the days of Chivalry, a probationary ko ht, or one hetween that degree and an esquire. It was also used to signify a poor gentleman, and in that sense it is here to be taken.
It was the custom then to dine at ten o'clock in the morning, and to sup at five in the afternoon. Thus in the story of Lanyal, we hear of a company going out after jipper and walking till nigbio
dupe him without difficulty. “We must abyss of everlasting fire. There, i was a come to some agreement,” said one of the ci- witness to the torments of the damned." Eizens. . " What will not assuage the hunger " And I," said the other, “ dreamed that the of three, may satisfy a single person, and I gates of Heaven were opened to me. The vote that it be allotted to one of us only. arch-angels Michael and Gabriel, after rairBut that each may have a fair chance, I pro- ing me up into the sky, carried me before pole that we all three lie down and fall asleep, the throne of God. There was 1 a fpectator and that the bread may be the lot of him, of bis glory." —And then the dreamer began who, on awaking, shall have had the most co. to recount the wonders of Paradise, as the rious dream.
other had of the infernal aboues, The other citizen, as we may readily lupu The country. man, mean while, though he pose, approved vastly this fuggeftion. The heard perfectly well what they said, pretendcountryman also signified his approbation, ed to be still asleep. They went to rouíe bim and pretended to give completely into the from his flumber ; when be, affecting the fnare. They then made the bread, put it on surprize of a man fuldenly difturbed from the fire to bake, and lay down. But our rest, cried out, 4 What is the matter ?** tradesmen were so much fatigued with their " Why it is only your fellow-travellers. journey, that without intending it, they fell What! Jo you not recollect us? Come, foon into a profound flumber. The clown, arife, and inforın us of your dream." "My more cunning, waited only this opportunity; dream ? Oh! I have had a very droll one, got up without noise, went and are the bread, and one that I am fure will afford you fome and then composed himself to reft.
diversion. When I saw you both carried Soon after one of the citizens awaked, and away, the one to Heaven, the other to Hell, calling to his companions, “ Friends," said I thought that I had lost you for ever. ! he, u listen to my dream. I thought myself then got up, and as I expected never to fee tranfported by two angels into Hell. For a you more, I went and demolished the loan." Long time they kept me fuspended over the
Consolation to the Mourner, and Inttruction both to Youth and Old Age, from the early
Death of the Righteous ; in two Discourses. By Samuel Cooper, D. D. Muifier of Great Yarmouth. 8vo. 25. 6d. Robinson and Becket.
verted upon in fome future production. tained in this volume, it appears that the Many people will think that these learned Doctor was not falistied with informing the men might liave been treated with less anno. world of his daughter's perfections; it was gance and contempt; but to “ hint a fault kewise necessary to be told, that the and hesitate dislike," would hetray a poor. Doctor, who had published several tracts, is ness of spirit which this literay Boband has one of the best and most revered of men;" no idea of. Yet, from his preface, we that his wife “is the mott angelic of wo- rather suspect that his former works have not men,” (now the daughter is dead) and has escaped cenfure, and that he lias been conwritten a novel; and that his fon is “ equal demned for that “ bigotry in learning," to his fister in excellence," and has com. “ inanity of sentiment," and " puerility of pofed an elegy; so that there never was de- declamation," which he now imputes to fore such a divine and learned family. But others. Nor does he seem to treat his flock, the Editor is not so totally absorbed in their at Yarmouth, with greater decorum ; for, praises, as to forget expatiating upon the forgetting the politeness with which St. merit of his own compofitions ; for he kindly Paul addresses his heathen audience when he te!s w, not only what he has, but wizat he appeared before Agrippa, he tells his corrintends publishing; and, according to liis gregasim, (though the Worshipful Corpora2600w, never author was so fuccessful ! tion was present) that they had never reHe has “ overturned from the foundation
" what they must do to be the vifionary edifice erected by Bishop War. saved.” Perhaps they believe in works of Burton, in his Divine Legation ; but notwithe Supererogation, and rely upon the fuperabundant standing the fabric is entirely difroxed, he merits of their pious pajter and his fasily to Hili jotends, whenever a new edition of that fupply their deficiency in religious attainwork is printed, that his work mall attend
But to return to the growed fubjed of The Doctor is fhocked at the numberlefs the work. The Doctor says, his daaghter eniors le bas discovered in the famous Locke; was fo perfect, that no trials were necefDat as he only mentions “ one of the fighteft," fary to prepare her for Heaven,"—A bold WC Empy suppose the others will be animad, assertion! She was adorned with every
moral virtue, every Christian grace, and we could think of nothing buit Uncle Toby's altogether refined from every the least alloy smoke.jack. of any earthly foible or human frailty !" This miscellaneous volume is dedicated, Surely he here deals not a little in the hyper- without permission, to the Bishop of Norwich. bole!-- There never was but one person The Doctor feared his bumility, we think the upon earth that deserved such encomiums. prelate's good sense, would have prevented so
In those pages where the Doctor defines fullome au address being made public. the difference between appetite and pafions, Transactions in India, containing a History of the British Interests in Indoftan, during a Pee
riod of near Thirty Years; distinguished by two Wars with France, several Revolutions and Treaties of Alliance, the Acquisition of an extensive Territory, and the Administration of Governor Hartings. 8vo. 6s. J. Debreit. 1786.
HIS Historian is evidently no friend of politics, wliether this master-spring in his
nature be ultimately beneficial to the species; ever, has no more formidable adversaries to or whether, on the whole, its beft are not encounter, he has not much to fear. The greatly overbalanced by its wors consequenauthor has proved beyond contradiction the truth of the observation, "that paper, pens, “ The history of sbe two rival nations, and ink, with the manual capacity of using which eminently exemplifies, at the same them, are sufficient to write a book."- time that it approaches nearest to a decision Should any reader doubt the truth of this af- of this poini, is obat of France and England. sertion, the following specimien muy convince " This ancient and prevailing characterir. him.
tic in the genius of each, has oftener aban
0664 " Emulation is one of the most forcible portended the destruction of both.” and operative principles in states and indivi. Need we oftener tban once repeat, that duals. Man in his social and solitary capaci. such a writer, instead of commencing hiftoty is the artificer of nao. But it is still one rian, is hardly fit-"to, chronicle small-beer."
' of the most important desiderata in morals or
Txo Letters, addressed to the Right Hon. Mr. Pict, for obtaining an equal System of
Taxation, and for reducing the National Debt. By P. Barfoot, Eig. 8vo. 15. Debrett,
ring the proportion of taxes paid hy make it quite palatable to them, he withes, tradesmen and fariners, thews that the latter initead of calling it a tax, to have it termed a bear 2 much greater share of the burthen than freezifs. His second letter contains a plan she former. In order to relieve them, he for paying off the National Debt, somewhat recommends a variety of substitutes for some similar to that proposed by Lord Newhaven, of the present taxes which bear hard upon by abolithing all the present taxes, and lubthem, and wishes to transfer the load to the ftituting an impost which will produce consi. backs of those who are well able to bear it-- derably more, but by being more equally the pluralists and dignitaries of the church.- divided be less opprellive to individuals. These, he thinks, "might with pleasure
A Narrative of the Death of Captain James Cook; to which are added fome Particulars
concerning his Life and Character, and Observations respecting the Introduction of the : Venereal Disease into the Sandwich INands. By David Samwell, Surgeon of the Discovery. 410. 25. 6d. Robinsons, 1786. HE Author of this Narrative is of opi. supposition, injurious to Captain Cook's
memory death has not been so explicitly related as the for his cancion and prudence than for his importance of it required. The public opi. eminent abilities and undaunted refo'u. nion having attributed that unfortanate affair tion. This accoun: seems to cransfer the in some measure to rashness or over-confi-' blame on an officer who was present at the dence in the Captain, Mr. Samwell chinks it fatal catastrophe, which is attributed to a duty the friends of the deceased owe to want of timely exertions in those who were his character, to relate the whole affair in the boats. The Author however with candidly and fully, in order to remove such a great candour observes, that it is a painfal