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have found yourselves at this. The relieving you from this unfortunate situation is the ob. ject of the following essay."

Mr. Twaddle accordingly proceeds to paticipate the important day,

" When the squadrons, impatient of longer

delay, « The call to Blackheath, and to glory,

ubty."

The Soldiers and Sailors Friend ; an Appeal to the People of Great-Britain. By Thomas

Martyn. Svo. is. Debrett. 1786.

EY 'VERY plan that tends to relieve the count of the numbers of which their family

distresses of the unfortunate, from what. confifts, to forfeit twenty pounds. ever cause they arise, merits the attention of The produce of this tax our author esti. the humane; but when those distrelles origi- mates at 200,000l. in England, and 20,cool. nate, if we may be permitted the expression, in Ireland ; a fund sufficient to allow eleven in the service of our country, as is the case thousand men, in addition to those already of the unhappy maimed soldiers and seamen, provided for hy Government, an annuity the objects of our benevolent author's from sol. 10 201, cach. Such a provifuun, pamphlet, their claim to allistance and relief in their old age, for those who had spent the is doubly cogent. To accomplish lo laudable vigour of their youth in the service of the a purpose, Mr. Martyn proposes levying a public, would, he thinks, be a means of tax on the inhabitants of all houses of above greatly facilitating the raising recruits in time the rent of 41. per annum ; the lowest class to of war, and tend to render the odious cufton pay two shillings, the highest eight shillings of impreling men unnecessary. He likea-year. From this tax none are to be exemple wise wishes this provision might be made to od but minors, apprentices, and servants. extend to sailors in the Merchants service. Lodgers in houses paying more than 30l. a. We heartily approve of this humane and year rent, to pay four thillings; the pay- laudable scheme ; but, over-burthened as we ments to be made quarterly, and every are already, we see but little prospect of its principal of a family giving in a fraudulent ac- being adopted, A genuine Narrative of Facts which led to the Murder of Patrick Randall M'Donnel,

Esq. near Castiebar, in the Kingdom of Ireland ; for which George Robert Fuzgerald, Esq. now Mands inuicted. Containing the principal Incidents of Mr. Fitzgerald's Life, so far as relates to his Original Dispute with the deceased, &c. By an Impartial Hand 8vo, Is. Debrelt.

T
HIS pamphlet is evidently written in advice and active influence could extend."

defence of Mr. Fitzgerald. The un.' These provocations, though great, canno, fortunate predicament in which he now however, justisy Mr. F's behaviour. Stands, is here attributed to the disputes which The unnatural conduct of the parent may had long sublisted between bim and his late intitle the son to our pity, but it can fay father, in confequence of the latter's flagrant nothing in defence of his violence. The partialicy to his younger fon Cliarles. The following account of that part of Ireland deceased, M'Donnel, appears to have rendered where this bloody business was transacted, himself extremely obnoxious to Mr. F is very alarming. There is not,” says the by officiously interfering in these family. writer, “any such thing as either law or quarrels, and taking a decided part against police. The whole province of Connaughe, him. “ He acted,” we are told,

the county of Sligo excepted, is in as wretched incendiary at the head of the tenantry, to keep a state of barbarism and bigotry as it wa the lawful claimant out of his right, and the two centuries ago ; nor can any man of proheir from the poffeffion of his andisputed perty live any longer in peace there, Miza fortune ; augmenting his diftrejles, and those whilft he has a faction or the military to of his virtuous mother, at least as far as his support him in his legal poffeffions."

as an

Tales of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries ; from the French of Ms. Le Grand.

2 vols. 6s. Egerton. 1786.

TR. Le Grand's motive for collecting this principle, he has been indefatigable in

there volumes, appears to have been a defire discover the boundaries of literary property, to investigate truth, and an ardent zeal for and to detect the incroachments of other nathe reputation of his country. Actuated by tions, particularly of the Italians, on bis oszon; and has wrested the stolen trophies purse; he gave it to the tavern-keeper, and from the brows of their fahulists, and re. desired to have a piece of cheese cu cat with placed them on the heads of his own country- his bread. The vintner takes it with a men,

sneering nir, and goes to the cellar to bring “ These Tales,” says the Tranfator, "pre. what was required. The bachelor, during sent an interesting picture of the manners the absence of the vintner, goes to the wind and customs of the earlier ages, and are cal. calk, turns the cock, and lets the wine run culated to describe the ordinary transactions out upon the floor. The other, on his re. of private life. The opinions, prejudices, turn, finding his wine running out and oversuperstitions, customs, turn of conversation, fowing the room, quickly makes up to the miode of courtship, all are to be found in barrel, and having stopped the cock, rushes them, and in them alone.”

upon the Norman, and seizes him by the The manners which they exhibit, he ac. collar, vowing vengeance for the loss of his knowledges, are not always so chaste and wine. The Norman, however, being the decent as might be wished ; and the ex- stronger, raises the other by the midille, and pressions are frequently the most disguste throws him among the bottles, a great num. ing coarseness. This he attributes to the ber of which are broken, and proceeds to in. fimplicity of the times, the spirit of libertinism Alict the merited chastisement, till he is not having then invented those ingenious interrupted by the entry of some neighcircumlocutions, which, by half concealing bours. it, renders the fin more seducing. He, how. The affair was notwithstanding carried be. ever, thinks he should be nu less culpable as fore the sovereign, Count Henry. The a translator in altering them, than as an vintner spoke firit, and demanded reparation author in conceiving them. But he pro- of his damage. The prince, before he conmises the respect due to the reader Mall not demned the knight, asked him what he had be ferrgotten, nor any improper or indecent' to urge in his defence. The latter then reexpression admitted. He has, accordingly, Jated the affair exactly as it had fallen out, entirely suppressed some Lales, and expunged and concluded with Laying: “Sire, this man the licentious passages from others; yet, assured me, that wine fpilt portended good after all, many of them are fill sufficiently fortune, and that, having wasted half my Joose. We have selected the following as a measure, he hird put me into a fair way to Specimen :

become a rich man. Gratiende demanded a return on my part, and as I did not chuse to

be out done in generosity, I spilled bim half ON the year that Acre i was taken, a

a tun." pleasant adventure happened in Normandy.

All the courtiers applauded the conduct A bachelor + of that province had one morn. and the declaration of the bachelor. The ing nothing for his dinner but a halfpenny Count himself laughed heartily, and dismissed loaf. To make his scanty meal the more both parties, saying that what was spilt could palatable, he went into a cavern and called

not be gathered up again. for a pennyworth of wine. The master of the house, who was a man of rough and

THE TWO TRADESMEN AND THE CLOWN. boorish manners, came and presented to the TWO traders were proceeding on a pilgri. gentleman, with great rudeness, the liquor mage. A countıy-man, who was prosecu. in a cup; and in handing it to him, fpiit ting the same journey, having joined them on near half of it on the floor. To complete the road, they agreed to travel together, and his insolence, he observed to him, “

to make a joint stock of their provisions. going to be a rich man, Mr. Bachelor ; for But when arrived within a day's journey of liquor spilt is a sign of good luck."

, the holy place, it w.as almoft wholly expend. To break ont into a rage against To con- ed, so that they had nothing left but a liulo temptible a brute, would have been beneath Aour barely sufficient to make a small cake, a gentleman : the Norman took his measures The perfidious traders entered into a plot towith better management, and more address. gether to cheat their companion of bis share, He had still a half-penny remaining in his and, from his Itupid air, imagined they could

THE NORMAN RACHELOR.

you are

* This town was taken by Philip Augustus, and-Richard Cæur-de-Lion in 1991.

+ A hachelor meani, in the days of Chivalry, a probationary knight, or one between that degree and an esquire. It was also used to signify a poor gentleman, and in that sense it is here to be taken.

It was the custom then to dine at ten o'clock in the morning, and to fup at five in the afternoon. Thus in she story of Lanval, we hear of a company going out after jupper and walking till nigbl.

dupe dupe him without difficulty. “ We must abyss of everlasting fire. There, I was a come to some agreement," said one of the ci- witness to the torments of the damned." Lizens. . “ What will not assuage the hunger" And I,” said the other, “ dreamed that the of three, máy fatisfy a single person, and I gates of Heaven were opened to me. The Fore that it be allotted to one of us only. arch-angels Michael and Gabriel, after raisBut that each may have a fair chance, I pro- ing me up into the sky, carried me before pole that we all three lie down and fall asleep, the throne of God. There was I a spectator and that the bread may be the lot of him, of bis glory." —And then the dreamer began who, on awaking, shall have had the most co. to recount the wonders of Paradise, as the rious dream.

other had of the infernal abodes. The other citizen, as we may readily sup- The country. man, mean while, though he pole, approved vastly this suggeftion. The heard perfectly well what they said, preterdcountryman also fignified his approbation, ed to be still asleep. They went to rouíe him and pretended to give completely into the from his flumber ; when be, affecting the Inare. They then made the bread, put it on surprize of a man suddenly difturbed from the fire to bake, and lay down. But our rest, cried out, “ What is the matter?" tradesmen were so much fatigued with their " Why it is only your fellow-travellers. journey, that without intending it, they fell What do you not recollect us ? Come, foon into a profound Alumber. The clown, arife, and inforın us of your dream." “ My more cunning, waited only this opportunity ; dream? Oh! I have had a very droll one, got up without noise, went and are the bread, and one that I am fure will afford you fome and then composed himself to rest.

diverfion. When I faw you both carried Soon after one of the citizens awaked, and away, the one to Heaven, the other to Hell, calling to his companions, “ Friends," faid I thought that I had lost you for ever. 1 he, u listen to my dream. I thought myself then got up, and as I expected never to fes tranfported by two angels into Hell. For a you more, I went and demolished tise loaf.” long time they kept me suspended over the Confolation to the Mourner, and Inttruction both to Youth and Old Age, from the early

Death of the Righteous ; in two Discourses. By Samuel Cooper, D. D. Minifter of Great Yarmouth. 8vo. 25. 6d. Robinson and Becket.

FROM
TROM the multifarious productions con- verted upon in fome future production.

tained in this volume, it appears that the Many people will think that these learned Doctor was not satisfied with informing the men might have been treated with leis an o. world of his daughter's perfections; it was gance and contempt; but to “ bint a fault Bikewise necessary to be told, that the and hesitate dislike," would betray a poor. Doctor, who had published several tracts, is ness of spirit which this literary Bobadil has one of the best and most revered of men;" no idea of. Yet, from his preface, we that his wife " is the most angelic of wo- rather suspect that his former works have not men,” (now the daughter is dead) and has escaped cenfure, and that he has been conwritten a novel; and that bis fon is “ equal demned for that “ bigotry in learning." to his fister in excellence," and has com. “ inanity of sentiment," and " puerility of pofed an elegy; so that there never was be- deciamation," which he now impates to fore fuch a divine and learned family. But others. Nor does he seem to treat bis fock, the Editor is not fo totally absorbed in their at Yarmouth, with greater decorum ; for, praises, as to forget expatiating upon the forgetting the politeness with which Sa. merit of his own compositions ; for he kindly Paul addresses his heathen audience when he te!'s w, not only what he has, but what he appeared before Agrippa, he tells his conintends publishing; and, according to liis Gregation, (though the Worshipful Corpora 200wt, never author was so successful ! tion was present) that they had never te. He has " overturned from the foundation

fected upon

" what they must do to be tre vifonary edifice" erected by Bishop War. saved.” Perhaps they believe in works of burton, in his Divine Legation ; birt notwith. Supererogation, and rely upon the fuperabundas Nanding the fabric is entirely destroyed, he merits of their prous paftor and his family to fili intends, whenever a new edition of that supply their deficiency in religious atteinwork is printed, that his work that attend

Burt to return to the avowed fubjct of The Doctor is fhocked at the numberlefs be work. The Doctor fays, his daughter erners fre mas discovered in the famous Locke; “ was so perfect, that no trials were neces. Dust as hely mentions" one of the flighteft," fary to prepare her for Heaven." —A bold We my suppose the others will be anumad, affertion! - She was adorned with every

moral

ments,

moral virtue, every Christian grace, and we could think of nothing but Uncle Toby's altogether refined from every the least alloy Smokeojack. of any earthly foible or human frailty !" This miscellaneous volume is dedicated, Surely be here deals not a little in the hyper- without permission, to the Bishop of Norwich. bole! -. There never was but one person The Doctor feared his bumility, we think the upon earth that deserved such encomiums. prelate's good sense, would have prevented to

In those pages where the Doctor defines fulsome au address being made public. the difference between appetite and passions, Transactions in India, containing a History of the British Interests in Indoftan, during a Pee

riod of near Thirty Years; distinguished by two Wars with France, several Revolutions and Treaties of Alliance, the Acquisition of an extensive Territory, and the Adminis. tra:ion of Governor Hastings. 8vo. 6s. J. Debreit. 1786.

ces.

TH. Haring if enad Gentleman, now-
HIS Hisorian is evidently no friend of politics, whether this master-spring in his

nature be ultimately beneficial to the species; ever, has no more formidable adversaries to or whether, on the whole, iss befte are not encounter, he has not much to fear. The greatly overbalanced by its wors consequenauthor has proved beyond contradiction the truth of the observation, “that paper, pens, “. The history of sbe two rival nations, and ink, with the manual capacity of using which eminently exemplifies, at the same them, are sufficient to write a book.” time that it approaches nearest to a decision Should any reader doubt the truth of this as- of this poini, is that of France and England. sertion, the following specimien may convince " This ancient and prevailing characterirhim.

tic in the genius of each, has oftener than oute “ Emulation is one of the most forcible portended the destruction of both.” and operative principles in states and indivi. Need we oftener than once repeat, that duals. Man in his social and solitary capaci. such a writer, instead of commencing hiftoty is the artificer of man. But it is still one rian, is hardly fit—"to, chroniclo small-boer." of the most important desiderata in morals or

Tixo Letters, addressed to the Right Hon. Mr. Pitt, for obtaining an equal System of

Taxation, and for reducing the National Debt. By P. Barfoot, Eig. 8vo. 15. Debrett, I 1786. I

give back one tenth of their tythe;" and to ring the proportion of taxes paid by make it quite palatable to them, he withes, tradesmen and fariners, thews that the latter instead of calling it a tax, to have it termed a bear 2 much greater share of the burthen than free gift. His second letter contains a plan the former. In order to relieve them, he for paying off the National Debt, somewhat recommends a variety of substirules for some similar to that proposed by Lord Newhaven, of the present taxes which bear hard upon by abolishing all the present taxes, and subthem, and wishes to transfer the load to the sticuting an impost which will produce confi. backs of those who are well able to bear it- derably more, but by being more equally the pluralists and dignitaries of the church. - divided be less oppressive to individuals, These,' he thinks, "might with pleasure

A Narrative of the Death of Captain James Cook; to which are added some Particulars

concerning his Life and Character, and Observations respecting the Introduction of the : Venereal Disease into the Sandwich Iands, By David Samwell, Surgeon of the Discovery.

410. 2s. 60. Robinsons, 1786.

HE Author of this Narrative is of opin supposition, injurious to Captain Cook's

memory death has not been so explicitly related as the for his caution and prudence than for his importance of it required. The public opi. eminent abilities and undaunted reso'u. nion having attributed that unfortanate affair. tion. This account seems to transfer the in some measure to rashness or over-confi- blame on an officer who was present at the dence in the Captain, - Mr. Samwell thinks it fatal catastrophe, which is attributed to a duty the friends of the deceased owe to want of timely exertions in those who were his character, to relate the whole affair in the boats. The Author however with candidly and fully, in order to remove such a great candour observes, that it is a painfal

a

talk,

continues Mr. B. there was a double talking, trade, and remain in poverty and insignifidach continuing to maintain his own argu. cance; but let the Englishman reap wellment, without hearing exactly what the other earned wealth and indeper.dence from the faid." Mr. B. thus concludes the account of beneficial and honourable pursuits of it. In Mr. M'Lears, the venerable clergyman in the our Review of this work for March laft, Hack wig, above mentioned : “ He (i. e. Dr. page 171, we gave our idea of the character,

) told me afterwards, he liked firmness in enlarged mind, and important pursuits of the an old man, and was pleased to see Mr. great merebant ; and shall here add, that the M‘Learı fo orthodox ; at his age it is too Ductor and his friend seem to have formed late (the Doctor's remark) for a man to be their ideas of such character on no better asking himself questions as to his belief."- models than that of Scotcb Pedlers and English Too late! We do not somehow like this ex. Huckfiers. -We find no such philosophical preffion ; but justice to Dr. Johnson calls us day-labourer, says the Doctor, “who is to a view of his own account, in his own happy in reflecting that, by his labour, he Tour, of this vifit. The Doctor there does contributes to the fertility of the earth, and himself great credit by the warm and friendly to the support of his fellow creatures." We manner in which he mentions Mr. M.Lean; know not what to make of such oraculous he calls him one of the finest and most vene- r:Sponses, they are so egregiously wrong. rable old men he had ever seen, is highly We every where meet with the day-labourer pleased with his learning and orthodoxy, and who is happy in cultivating his master's farm in place of Mr. B's too late fays," at seventy- or his own garden ; or, in a word, in any feven it is high time to be serious ;" conclud- labour; for, though he knows not the term, ing with this characteristical sentence, which he has, in the strongest manner, the poilafo. from the Doctor conveys the highest panegy- phical thought, that he is labouring for the sic: “ When I came away, I was sorry he support of bis family and himself." There is was a Presbyterian.”—Thus the Doctor, nothing in trade connected with an enlarged when he speaks for himself.

mind." Good Heaven! had the Doctor We have already expressed our indignation never heard that Colonization in its embra at the Doctor's miserable and contracted ideas formation, in its infaucy, growth and maturity, of trade and the merchant, and cannot for. is principally the work of the merchant ; a bear to give the following extract, as it so work which requires both zeal and wisdom, fully confirms our former cenfure.“ At break. and every talent of an enlarged mind; a work full 1 asked,” says Mr. Boswell, "what is the in which the merchant is the most proper reason that we are angry at a trader's having and best counsellor of Kings; and which opulence ?"-Johnson. “Why, Sir, the rea- verifies the expression of the Hebrew Pro. son is, (though I don't undertake to prove phet, when speaking of Tyre, “ Her mere that there is a reason) we see no qualities in chants are the Princes of the earth." trade that should entitle a man to fuperiority. We have alreadly observed, that Mr. BofWe are not angry at a soldier's getting riches, well and the Doctor, particularly the former, because we see that he pollelses qualities had great veneration for the feudal fyftem. swhich we have not, If a man returns from Let the following serve as a comment en a battle, having lost one hand, and with the that admired mode of government. other full of gold, we feel that he deserves “ 1 procured a horse," says Mr. B. “ from the gold: we cannot think that a fellow, by one M Ginnis, who ran along as my guide, fitting all day at a desk, is entitled to get The M'Ginnises are said to be a branch of above us.”- Bofweil. But, Sir, may we the clan of M.Lean. Sir Allan had beca not fuppose a merchant to be a man of an en- told that this man had refused to send him larged mind, such as Addison in the Spečiator some rum, at which the Knight was in grez: describes Sir Andrew Freeport to have been !” indignation. “ You rascal! (faid he) don't -Johnson.“ Why, Sir, we may suppose any you know that I can bang you, if I please!" fictitious character. We may suppose a -Not adverting to the Chieftain's power over philosophical day-labourer, who is happy in his clan, I imagined that Sir Allan had reflecting that, by his labour, he contributes known of some capital crime that the fellow to the fertility of the earth, and the support had committed, which he could discover, of his fellow creatures, but we find no such and so get him condemned; and faid, "How philosophical day-labourer. A merchant may, so?""Why, (faid Sir Allan) are three noi perhaps, be a man of an enlarged mind; but all my people ?"-Sensible of my inadvero there is no.hing in trade connected with an tency, and most willing to contribute wins enlarged mind."

I could towards the continuation of feuds! In a commercial nation like ours, erro- authority, “ Very true,” said I.—Sir Alla neous and injurious ideas of trade ought care

* Refufe to send rum to me, you fully to be refuted. Les the Spaniard despise rascal! Don't you know that, if I order you

went on :

DO

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