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was the pride, this was the emulation of every Agreed to the report of the resolutions of governor; and the censorial accufer was é yefterday, for raising money by a lottery. character of the first dignity, and sought after
The Clerk of the Crown attended, and by men of the first repute (wbich was not the amended the writ for Carlisle, by inserting case in the present affair-India was diftant; the name of John Christian, Esq. and crasing there is a gulph like that betwixt Dives and that of John Lowther, Esq.
Lazarus, bet wixt them and us; their language The Fortification bill ordered for this day, is known to few) who met with every efi. on the motion of Sir George Howard, was tance in carrying forward the prosecution ; deferred to this day se'nnigb'.
formality was neither dictated nor decried, The House seemed urgent that Mr. Burke nor papers refused; every archive was thrown Should immediately enter on the proposed open, and every record fubje&ed to public enquiry into the Rohilla war, as the ground infpe&tion; which was not the case in the preof the first charge of Mr. Hastings; on which sent affair, as was visible to the world, to the
Mr. Burke, after waiting till the House disinterested ;- but that, in spite of all, be filled, about five o'clock rose, and having hoped to come off victorious even in the dethanked the assembly (which by this time was feat, as he was well convinced that the mats very full) for waiting, confessed that he ter of charges he had brought were grounded never felt himself in fo arduous a situation entirely on fact; that timewould strengthen in before, on which account he hoped that Atead of diminishing them; and that he thould gentlemen would so far fympathize in his find resources in his own bolom on this coofeelings, as to pardon such unintentional fideration, that if he should retire under the omissions as muft necessarily occur in the figma of a false accuser, he should bave the particulars he had to lay before them. bulk of mankind on his fide ; and that it
They were not come this day to decide on would be a consolation that those who had the character of an individuál; they were cleared Mr. Hattings, had condemned him, come to decide on maxims of state, on a in open defiance of the strongest facts, and code of laws, that millions untorn should the most respectable evidence in corroboraeither be governed by or appeal to; that at tion of those fa&ts. This affair involved in it present attracted the eyes of surrounding the honour of the House; they had pledged netions, and would either prove a blot on themselves to bring it forward: let their hothe name of an Englishman, indelible ihro' nour therefore never be tarnished ; let that time, or raise it, if possible, to a higher de- be safe with father Paul, Eflo perpetua. gree of national estimation for justice, huma. Hiving premised this and much more, he nity and public faith, than it has hitherto went over the ground of the charges he had held in the impartial annals of history-the already exhibited against Mr. Haftings, very idea of wh'ch, in the present occasion, strengthening some, explaining others, and Should preclude all prejudice ir part liry; collecting the whole, as it were, into one that every thir; thould give way to those point of view-in one, appealing to the hugicat objects, that raised Rome to that en. manity of the House: in another, to the juí viable digniy, that every nation flowed in to tice; in a third, to the policy of nations at her, and was proud to own her sway. He large, which he dwelt on for some time, eludid not wish io detain the House in déciama- cidating by applications from hiftory, ancient tion; he only wished to prepare them for a and modern, for the purpose of crowning bis train of facts, tbal, he truited, could not be remarks. controverted--that even Mr. Hastings had After this he adverted more particularly pleaded guilty to and the only difference to the Rohilla war. Having given a geograe was on the principle of them; and since he phical account of the situation of those peo. had mentioned Rome, he would point out ple, he painted the fimplicity of their man. how she supported her provinces, as long as ners, love of agriculture and manufactures, a spark of patriotism remained in her bosom. and peaceable difpofition. The whole In the first place, the maintained them by a amounted to above two hundred and forty continuity; they were mostly connected by thousand, and above fixty thousand of those land, or sightly diflevered by sea. In the were driven, like a flock of deer, beyond the next place, the Greek was universally spoker Ganges, men, women, and children, with. throughout them; and of course every man out any provifion, without any juft, or evea heard the other speak in his own language, plausible plca for so doing, besides the num. like the miraculous gift of the tongues at the
bers buichered with fuch circumstances of feast of Pentecoft. And, lastly, he that had cruelty as would harrow up the soul. The either conquered, or was delegated to govern Rohillas thus treated, thus butc bered, ibus a province, adopied it with a degree of pa- exterminated, were the prime nobility of the rental affection ; he becaine the father of ihe country, the artizans, the bankers, &c. The people he was sent to preside over; inftead wife of one of the first princes amongst them, of privately joining to exterminate them, he was dragged through the country with every redressed their wrongs, poured oil into their mark of unmerited indignation and conwounds, or gathered them under his wings, tumely; and for what did
Mr. Hastings coneyes as an hen gathered her chickens. This spire to lay waste the country of the Rohillas,
which in his own letter he acknowledged to gency of the times rendered it inexpedient be the garden of India ? Wherever the for him to take any other measures for the Roman Eagle flew, liberty and science fol- removal of Mr. Hastings, than those which lowed after; every arace of barbarism va- were adopted during his administration. nished ; the aspiring temple was taught to Mr. Barwell declared, that he had no seek the sky, and the husbandman to tame knowledge of the treaty between Mr. Hala the stubborn genius of the soil; the reverse tings and Sujah Dowlah for the extirpation prelented itself this minute in the Rohsia of the Rohii as, though he was then in the provinces, and the revenue of that country
Council. had consequently fallen, one third.
Lord Mulgrave, Mr. Vanliltart, and the complaint had come from those people in
Lord Advocate ipoke. thirteen years. - And why fo? Becaule they
Mr. Fox then rote, but hearing round the were ftifled. At length their cries had found Committee a general cry of “ Adjourn, adthe way, and he hoped the car would not be journ;" Le faid he was the more disposed fnut against them; they stretched forth their to comply with the inclination of the Comhands, and spoke to us in an unknown tongue,
mittee, as he was apprehensive of being but the voice of diftress was known in every obliged to trouble them at considerable tongue; as it exceeded words, it did not re
length. The debate was then adjourned till quire the dress of them; they did not threa
twelve next day, and the House being reten, they only fupplicated, and he hoped funned, adjourved at past three o'clock in their supplication would not come in vain. the morning. Mr. Hastings had already exercised unbidden
JUNE 2. authorities; he had removed servants with The order of the day for going into the out orders; accepted prefents and bribes, further enquiry of Mr. Hsitings, relative to which he was strictly forbidden; he had in
the Rohilla war, being read, many cases stretched forth the arm of power
Mr. Francis got up, and in a speech of unlinewed either by authority or justice; he fome length, fummarily recapitulated the had placed a sword in the hand of a despe. heads of the charges, strengthening each, as rado; he bad encouraged infidelity, dupli- he went on, either by reference to written city, rapacity, and every crime that difgreced papers, or the evidence at the bar, and de. the name of a man. The House had already claring that declamation, in nuation, &c. condemned his conduct, when they knew
shoulú not come forward as operative in his less of it than they do at present; he hoped
tavour. As he itood in the light of an accuthey would therefore at conlistently.
ser in common with his Honourable Friend Mr. Williamson spoke in favour of the (Mr. Burke), which he acknowledged in the motion, and Mr. Nicholls against it. face of day, he thought it incumbent on
Mr. Powis difliked the manner in which him, in juftification of his character, to the charges were worded, as he might think declare, ihat personal animosity 10 Mr. Mr. Hallings guilty and impeachable in some Hultings did not in the lealt urge the decida of them, though not in others; he would ra- ed part he had taken in the present atlas; ther recommend a question. Whether on the
he went out to india with a spotless cha. whole of the charge he was guilty of impeach- ratter, he returned wih one, which was able matter?
more satisfactory to his own inind, and to · This produced a conversation, in which
his friends, than if he had returned laden Mr. Burke, Mr. Fox, Mr. Wilberforce, and
with millions. He had early reprobated Mr. Pitt spoke; at length Mr. Powis's Mr. Hattings's conduct, contrary to his own amendment was carried, to the purport al.
interest : but in this he was not singular ; ready described.
General Clavering and Colonel Monson had Mr. Powis then stated the two circum. done the fame; and it was but justice 10 Atances in which he conceived Mr. Hastings their memories to declare, that iney had guilty of this charge. The first was the fup. done fo; their names were irreproachable, pression of the treaty, and the fecond the ex- and when he thought of their worth, it anitirpation of the Rohillas, even if he were a matid and fired his busom.
These men party; for that, even in that cafe, he had no reprobated the conduct of Mr. Hastings, not right to do more than enforce the forty lacks through envy, for their minds were superior of rupees demanded by Sujah Dowlah. He te it; not through the hopes of aggrandizewas also against the indemnity, from an opi- ment, for they already filled exalted llanion that punishment should not be retrospec. tions; and Gen. Clavering was above fixey tive in its object, but calculated to prevent
age whey he went to India. o's the future repetition of crimes.
for himseit, what could he have expected Mr. Ellis spoke aga nit the motion. by the removal of Mr. Hastings ? Neither to
Lord North defended his own condu&t in be Commander in Chicínor Governor-Gence re-appointing Mr. Hastings after these crimes ral? And what hopes or view's bad Mr. were committed, by alledging, that they were Burke in this procedure? He had no dispute not known in Europe at the time. And tho' with Mr. Hattings; no hopes of preferent he disapproved the Rohilla war, yet she exi- in his dilgrace; he had made hinselí many
enemies by the business ; he was advancing ing; and he was not more remarkable for into ycars ; he could not enlarge his fame in genius than humanity: bumanity, indeed, carrying it forward, but he felt for the ho- was the leading trail' in his character ; and nour of the House, and the honour of the such was his tenderness of nature, that it nation, and he stood up as the defender of approached even to woman lh weakness. the defenceless. Mr. Francis then inveighed
Mr. Fox began his specch with vindicatbitterly against the manner in which Mr. ing ihe conduct of his noble Friend (Lord Hastings had set up the lands of the native North) in regard to the continuance of Mr. proprietors in Bengal 10 public sale, to the Hastings in his government. vagabonds of India, the Banyans, &c. and It had been thrown out, he observed, and mcaneft servants, that could lay out a rupee he thought very improperly, that party in the purchase of them. To this he added spirit had in a great measure dictated the a succinct account of the Rohillas, their proceedings againit Mr. Hastings. The bek origin, turn to agriculture, manufactures, answer he could give to an affertion so unand numbers; he insisted that they could founded, was a flat negative. But at any have sent, at the time of their extirpation, rate he hoped it would not be said that the above 80,000 fighting men into the field; proceedings of the Secret Committee, on that they had poflefled the country above which the principal charges against Mr. fixty years; and that but a short time pre- Hastings were founded, had been the refelt vious thereto they had sent to battle above of party spirit. The advocates of Mr. 40,000, belides 12,000 that were preparing Hastings had laid much fress on the meritoto march after. He then recited the crucliy rious services which he had rendered to his that attended their extermination, confirme country, and had from thence argued that ing all he had laid from the letters of Col. they were a sufficient alonement for his forChampion, which he read, to prove that mer errors, if he had committed any. Bus Mr. Hastings was aiding and abetting in his this was a principle which he for one never cruelties. He next read Mr. Hastings's lei. could admit. ter to Sujah Dowla on the subject, in which He remembered, when Lord Clive was he made the extirpation of those harmless brought to the bar of the House, a fimilar people one of the principal ftipulations for argument was attempted to be set up in bis aiding Sujah Dowla in their destruction, favour. A noble Lord who now filled a which Mr. Francis drew in very affecting splendid situation ir. ano: her place (the Lord colours, with many other remarks, which Chancellor) had then a seat in that Househe promiled 'to substantiate in luter and He, with that manliness of character and spirit; concluding with the assertion, that with that nervous eloquence wbicb pecuthis cruel and oppressive war could not be liariy distinguish him, crushed to atoms that carried on without Mr. Hastings, who was idea which could, against enormous crimes, the siNE QUA NON of it.
attempt to ipiticute a SET-OFF on account of Mr. Grenville drew a very nice line of subsequent services, however meritorious distinction between public and private jus. He was of the same opinion, and in that tice, on which he founded an opinion ihat argument was proud to enlift himself under the Rohilla war was justifiable on the part the banner of the person to whom he alludof Mr. Hastings; and that the charges of ed. But he would ask, what meritorious cruelty refted entirely on the testimony of services Mr. Hastings had performed 10 enCol. Champion, whose mind might be un- title him to such a plea? For his part, he der a bias, as it was certain that those only knew of no instance wherein that gentleman were driven beyond the Ganges who had had rendered an essential good to his countaken up arms against Sujah Dowla, the ally try, excepe by the Mahratta peace. It was of England. The Robillas, he observed, founded on the breach of a folemn treaty, were a tribe of not quite fixty years settle and considering it in that light, it was but a meni, seated between two contending poor subject for triumph. His condu& to powers, the Mahrattas and Sujab Dowla ; Lord Macartney, in disapproving of bis they had but three choices, viz. either to treaty with Tippoo Saib, was no great proof join one side or the other, or fand neuter. of his ardent delire for peace. He adverted In this lituation, Sujah Dowla called upon to the very great levity and indifference with his ally Mr. Hastings, who aliíted him, which some gentlemen affected to treat ibe through the juítest policy, inasmuch as it subject of extirpation or expulsion of the placed the balance of power in Mr. Hait- Rohillas - It was called the removal of an ings's hands.
army from a country where they had some Mr. Burton contended for the justice of property. the Rohilla war, and argued, that as the ally To illustrate this argument, he would of Sujah Dowla we could not avoid culer- suppose, for instance, that the French were ing into it. He detailed all the circumstances to invade Ireland, and to inóft on all the of that war, and concluded with a panegyric English who were proprietors of lands there on the merits of Mr. Hattings. His abilio to remove to their own country-10 tell ties, he faid, were shining and command- them, that they had only to cross the Chan.
nel, where they no doubt would be received injured people, were involved in the e
the absence of Mr. Hastings, barely libel He reprobated in pointed terms that po- and calumniated that gentleinan, and wł licy which could carry the desolations of he came to the bar of the House as a culpr war into any country, for no other reason instead of acknowledging the justice of but the acquisition of wealth, and that reason Resolution of 1982, he had complained Mr. Hastings does not scruple to avow as the it as a gross and undeserved attack on H motive of the Rohilla war.
character, and demanded reparation for The extent of dominion is not the object injured honour. Now that there was an o that England ought to have in view, or the portunity to do Mr. Hastings full justic policy the should adope. It is the eltablish- provided he could prove his innocence, th ment or justice, humanity, moderation, and Hon. and learned Gentleman flew off from good faith, that must preserve i:er empire in his charge, and basely' abandoned that doc the East ; and it is by that alone that the can trine which he had publicly avowed in th expect to regain her loit credit.
face of Parliament, and persuaded tha With respect to the cruelties which had House to accept as the doctrine of truth. I been committed in the prosecution of the the Hon. and learned Genileman did not Rohilla war, it had been urged in extenu- move to rescind the Resolutions from the ation, that no blame ought on that account Journals, he was guilty of having equally to be imputed to Mr. Hastings, because they disgraced that Houte and Mr. Hastings. were not perpe rated by his au:hority, and Mr. Wilberforcc declared, that he perthat he had made an ineffcctual application to fectly agreed, chat Mr. Hattings's conduct, the Vizier to put a stop to them. But had in a great many instances, had becn higiily he no other resource, failing that applica- laudable; but, not withstanding this, his tion? To have prevented the disgrace of conduct in the Rorilla war was not wiped the British name, he ought even to have away; and therefore, although it wi uld
one fingle reason to prove that the bill ought the bill, together with the summary jurisdic. to be recommitted, he presumed the House tion of the Commissioners, would iend, in a would not be disposed to adopt the motion. very great mealure, to prevent the repetition
Mr. Newnham then read, from a manu- of them in future. He reminded the House Script, fome objections that had been put that this fuimary jurisdi&ion was not a new into his hands, to several clauses of the bill. thing in this country; and begged that gesWhen he concluded, the question was put
tlenien would observe that, if it was to be ta. upon his motion, which was negatived by a ken away in this instance as unconftitutional
. majority of 39 :
the constitution could not be secure until Aves, 32 Noes, 61. every veftige of it was removed from the The House then went through the various ftatuie-books ; and confequently to go as far amend ınents that had been made in the as the honourable Mover wished, and do íar. Committee ; after which
ther, would be doing the bufiness by halves Mr. Beausoy begird leave to propose a and ineffe&tually. He hoped therefore, wben new clause, which he thought absolutely ne- he rehfied so popular a clause as was thes cellary, in order that justice might be in- a fubject of debate, that he should not be partially adminisered under this bill. The thought to be less zealous for the trial by juSummary proceedings of the Com initioners ry than any other man in the House; but that in levying penalties under the Excise law's thellouse would give him credit that nothing were incompatible with the spirit of the con
could make him refiit the notion, but a strong Mitution, because they superled'd the trial by apprehension that, by agreeing to it, he should Jury, which was the bulwark of the confitu
Take the credit of the nation, and thereby The summoules issued by the Coin. endanger, it not absolutely ruin the constimissioners on the information of an Excile
tion. Officer were returnable in three days; and Mr. Fox, Mr. Courtenay, and Mr. Dempe as perfonal service was not ne elsary, it ser, supported the motion; and Sir Grey might happen that the firlt notice a man Croper opposed it, though at the same time Should get of an informacion having been
he thought the Excise laws inapplicable to Jodged against him, might be by the Sheriff's
the wine trade. feizing his goods; and as the summonica The llouse chen divided on the motion for did not state the ground of information,'he bringing up the clause, when there appeared mult nec sarily be unprepared for a defence. for it, 30; against it, 95. The claute was He would move therelore for leave to bring consequently lost by a majority of 65. up a clause that thould give the person ac
Several oiher classes were received, after cused an option in have his cause tried either which the House adjourned. by the Commissioners or by a Jury in the
JUNE 8. Court of Exchequer; and he thought ihis
In a Committee to conlider of duties paid the more reasonable, as the Excile Officers
on fermented wash on Scotland, were at present intitled to this op:ion by
Retu.ved, 1, " That the several duties now Jaw. He concluded by moving for lcave to
paid upon fermented wath, and also upon bring up the c!ause.
low wiocs and spirits, and also upon licences Mr. Pirt said, he felt uncommon concern,
taked out by diltutors or makers of low when he conceived it to be his duty to oppose wines or spirits from core or malt in Sept. a meafure so popular, and so juilly popular,
land, do cease and be discontinued for a ume as was that of securing to every man bis birth
to be limited. figlio, the trial by jury. But the same ne- 2. “ That a yearly duty of : l. 10s flerling cofty which firit introduced Excile laws, be charged upon every gailon, English wine had fuperfidcd, in soine cases, that best of uri. measure, of the cubicod content of every still, als, because the collection of the revenue including the acid which thall be used for could not have been otherwise securrd. The making low win:s or spiriis from corn or i curity of the reverue was now the security
niais, which shall be erected within the enof public credit, and consequently of the con
tered warehouses of any dilliller in Scoce Miration, which could not survive the ruin of
land. the faith, credit, and character of the nation. 3. " That a yearly duty of 21. 10. flere The pulling fthe wine duties under the ma- ling be charged upon every gallon, English na zement of the Board of Excise was but an winc-meafure, of the cubical content of experiment; and would it be unationded by such fills which th II be used for making she summary trial lietore the Commissioners, low wines or spirits from mclaffes or lugar. it might turn ut to be very highly prejudicial, 4. “ That a yearly duty of zi. Iterling be and not at all advantageous to the revenue. To charged for and upon every gallon, Esgluth extend the Exile laws at all was to him a wine-measure, of the cubical content of paintul measure, which nothing could induce
such ftills which shall be uted for making him to propose, but a firm conviction that low wines or fpirits from foreign materials iroucis to an enormous degree had been com- (excep: melaties and sugar). mitied upon the Customs in the article of 5. That a duiy of is. per gallon be wines, and that the regulations contained in laid upon all spiriis brewed or made fron