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enemies by the business; he was advancing ing; and he was not more remarkable for into years : he could not enlarge his fame in grnius than humanity: humanity, indeed, carrying it forward, but he felt for the ho. was the leading trait in his character ; and nour of the House, and the honour of the such was his tenderness of nature, that it nation, and he stood up as the defender of approached even to womanish weakness. the defenceless. Mr. Francis then inveighed Mr. Fox began his speech with vindicate bitterly against the manner in which Mr. ing ihe conduct of his noble Friend (Lord Hastings had set up the lands of the native North) in regard to the continuance of Mr. proprietors in Bengal to public sale, to ihe Hastings in his government. vagabonds of India, the Banyans, &c. and It had been thrown out, he observed, and meanest servants, that could lay out a rupee he thought very improperly, that party in the purchase of them. To this he added fpirit had in a great measure dictated the a succinct account of the Rohillas, their proceedings againit Mr. Hastings. The bek origin, turn to agriculture, manufactures, answer he could give to an assertion lo uc. and numbers; he infilted that they could founded, was a flat negative. Bue at any have sent, at the time of their extirpation, rate he hoped it would not be said that the above 80,000 fighting men into the field; proceed.ngs of the Secret Committee, on that they had poffelled the country above which the principal charges against Mr. fixty years; and that but a short time pre- Hastings were founded, had been the result vious thereto they had sent to batıle above of party spirit. The advocates of Mr. 40,000, besides 12,000 that were preparing Hastings had laid much Atress on the mericoto march after. He then recited the crucliy rious services which he had rendered to his that attended their extermination, confirm- country, and had from thence argued that ing all he had said from the letters of Col. they were a sufficient alonement for his for Champion, which he read, to prove that mer errors, if he had committed any. But Mr. Hastings was aiding and abetting in his this was a principle which he for one oever cruelies. He next read Mr. Hastings's lei. could admit. ter to Sujah Dowla on the subject, in which He remembered, when Lord Clive was he made the extirpation of those harmless brought to the bar of the House, a similar people one of the principal ftipulations for argument was attempted to be set up in bis aiding Sujah Dowla in their destruction, favour. A noble Lord who now filled a which Mr. Francis drew in very affecting splendid situation ir. ano: her place (the Lord colours, with many other remarks, which Chancellor) had then a seat in that Houlehe promiled to subftantiate in letter and He, with that manliness of character and Spirit; concluding with the assertion, that with that nervous cloquence which pecuthis cruel and oppreílive war could not be liarly distinguish him, crushed to atoms that carried on without Mr. Haflings, who was idea which could, against enormous crimes, the SINE QUA NON of it.
attempt to institute a SET-OFF on account of Mr. Grenville drew a very nice line of subsequent services, however meritonouso distinction between public and private jus. He was of the same opinion, and in that rice, on which he founded an opinion ihat argument was proud to enlist himself under the Rohilla war was justifiable on the part the banner of the person to whom he alludof Mr. Hastings; and that the charges of ed. But he would ask, what meritorious cruelty rested entirely on the testimony of services Mr. Hastings had performed lo esCol. Champion, whose mind might be un- title him to such a plea? For his part, be der a bias, as it was certain that those only knew of no inftance wherein that gentleman were driven beyond the Ganges who had had rendered an effential good to his coun. taken up arms againsi Sujah Dowla, the ally try, except by the Mahratta peace. It was of England. The Rohillas, he observed, founded on the breach of a solemn treaty, were a tribe of not quite fixty years fettko and considering it in that light, it was but a ment, seated between two contending poor subject for triumph. His condu& to powers, the Mahrattas and Sujab Dowla; Lord Macartney, in disapproving of bis ihey had but three choices, viz. either to treaty with Tippoo Saib, was no great proof join one side or the other, or land nenter. of his ardent desire for peace. He adverted In this lituation, Sujah Dowla called upon to the very great levity and indifference with his ally Mr. Hastings, who aslisted him, which fome gentlemen affected to treat the through the juítest policy, inasmuch as it subject of excirpation or expulsion of the placed the balance of power in Mr. Hait- Rohillas - It was called the removal of an ings's hands.
army from a country where they had some Mr. Burton contended for the justice of property. the Rohilla war, and argued, that as the ally To illustrate this argument, he would of Sujah Dowla we could not avoid enter- suppose, for instance, that the French were ing into it. He detailed all the circumstances to invade Ireland, and to inóft on all the of that war, and concluded with a panegyric English who were proprietors of lands there on the merits of Mr. Hastings. His abilia to remove to their own country-to tell ties, he said, were shining and command- them, that they had only to cross the Chan
nel, nel, where they no doubt would be received injured people, were involved in the event and kindly treated ; but at any rate they of the vote of that day. must not on any account remaio longer Mr. Burke made a very long and empas. where they were. Would this be considered fioned speech, the chief tendency of which only in the same light as the removal of an was to charge Mr. Dundas with having be. army? But in the case of the Rohillas, trayed that House into the disgraceful scrape Mr. Hastings had not urged even the specious in which it then found itself, The Right pretence of restoring the country to its an- Hon. and learned Gentleman had, he said, in cient masters.
the absence of Mr. Hastings, barely libelled He reprobated in pointed terms that po- and calumniated that gentleman, and when licy which could carry the desolations of he came to the bar of the House as a culprit, war into any country, for no other reason instead of acknowledging the justice of the but the acquiation of wealth, and that reason Resolution of 1982, he had complained of Mr. Hastings does not scruple to avow as the it as a gross and undeserved attack on his motive of the Rohilla war.
character, and demanded reparauon for his The extent of dominion is not the object injured honour. Now that there was an opthat England ought to have in view, or the portunity to do Mr. Hastings full justice, policy the should adopl. It is the eltablish- provided he could prove his innocence, the ment or justice, humanity, moderation, and Hon. and learned Gentleman flew off from good faith, that must preserve hier empire in his charge, and basely abandoned that docthe East ; and it is by that alone that the can trine which he had publicly avowed in the expect to regain her loit credit.
face of Parliament, and persuaded that With respect to the cruelties which had House to accept as the doctrine of truth. If been committed in the prosecution of the the Hon. and learn d Genileman did not Rohilla war, it had been urged in extenu. move to rescind the Resolutions from the ation, that no blame ought on that account Journals, he was guilty of having equally to be imputed to Mr. Hattings, because they disgraced that House and Mr. Hastings. were not perpe rated by his au:hority, and Mr. Wilberforce declared, that he perthat he had made an ineffcctual application to fectly agreed, hat Mr. Haltings's conduct, the Vizier to put a ftp to them. But had in a great many instunces, had been highly he no other resource, failing that applica. laudable; but, notwithstanding this, his tion? To have prevented the disgrace of conduct in the Rorilla war was not wiped the Britilh name, he ought even to have away; and therefore, although it wuld give opposed them by force. But he could have him great pain, yet as an hi neft man he done it with a breath- for what was Sujah muft vote in favour of the motion. Dowla without the afliflance of the English ? Al last the question being called for, Mr. A mere name, a cypher. The crucliies of Martin faid, he could no: give a filent voic the Rohilla war had never been charged 10 in a case which appeared to him to contaia Mr. Hastings personally. And with respect so much criminality, the more of which he to them, he might have the gentle nature, heard, the more he was confirmed that Mr. the meek inoffensive disposition of a weak Hastings merited punishment. and timid woman, as his panegyrift had af- At leven in the morning the gallery was serted. But can his conduct lo Cheyt Sing cleared, and there appeared, be forgotten, or his treatment of the princi- A yes for the Charge,
67 pal inhabitants of Oude be crased from our Noes,
119 memory? He was willing to give Mr. Hartings credit for those kind obliging manners, Majority in favour of Mr. Hastings, 52 that police and condescending accommoda- That his conduct in the Rohilla war is NOT tion to all men, which often passes in the IMPEACHABLE. world for humanity, though, in reality, it Mr. Burke then gave notice, that he would frequenily is a veil for injultice and tyranny. move the same refolution on each of the arHe judged of him not from the partial ac. ticles separately, on Morday se'nnight. count of his friends, but from the more un- After which the House adjourned till erring opinion of ihose who had suffered from
JUNE 7. his despotism. He read his character, not The Report of the Committee of Supply, from his compartions and partizans, but in which 59,000l. had been voted last week from his actions, and from the dciolations for fortifications, was brought up, read, and of Indoitan. These were striking intances agreed to. that strongly marked the prominent features The order of the day was then read for of his mind, and were unequivocal proofs taking into considera'ion the Report of the of his inordinate ambition, and of his con. Committee of the whole Houle on the wine tempt of his superiors.
bill. He arraigned in severe terms the conduet Mr. Alderman Newnham moved that it of Mr. Dundas, and called upon the House should be recommitted. io consider, that the honour and dignity of Mr. Rose observed, that as the llon. Parliament, as well as the justice due to an Member had not thought proper to alliga
one fingle reason to prove that the bill ought the bill, together with the summary jurisdic. to be recommitted, he presumed the House tion of the Commissioners, would iend, in a would not be disposed io adopt the motion. very great measure, to prevent the repetition
Mr. Newnham then read, from a manu- of them in future. He reminded the House Script, fome objections that had been put that this lummary jurisdiction was not a new into his hands, to several clauses of the bill. thing in this country; and begged that gen. When he concluded, the question was put
tlemen would observe that, if it was to be taupon his motion, which was negatived by a ken away in this instance as unconftitutional, majority of 39 :
the conftitution could not be secure until Aves, 32 Noes,
every veftige of it was removed from the The House then went through the various ftatute-books; and consequently to go as far amendments that had been made in the as the honourable Mover wished, and so far. Committee; after which
ther, would be doing the business by halves Mr. Beaufoy begged leave to propose a and ineffe&tually. He boped therefore, when new clause, which he thought absolutely ne- he resified so popular a clause as was then cessary, in order that justice might be im- a fubje&t of debate, that he should not be partially administered under this bill. The thought to be less zealous for the trial by jusummary proceedings of the Commissioners ry than any other man in the House; but that in levying penaliies under the Excise lau's the Iloure would give him credit that nothing were incompatible with the spirit of the con.
could make him relift the inotion, but a trong Mitation, because they fuperfed-d the trial by apprehension that, by agreeing to it, he should Jury, which was the bulwark of the conflitu- Qake the credit of the nation, and thereby
The summoules issued by the Com. endanger, if not absolutely ruin the confti. missioners on the information of an Excise tion. Officer wore returnable in three days; and Mr. Fyx, Mr. Courtenay, and Mr. Dempe as personal service was not ne efury, it ser, fupported the motion; and Sir Grey might happen that the first notice a man Croper opposed it, though at the same time Thould get of an information having been he thought the Excise laws inapplicable to Jodged against him, might be by the Sheriff's
the wine trade. fcizing his goods; and as the summonies
The llouse chen divided on the motion for did not state the ground of information,' he bringing up the clause, when there appeared muit necessarily be unprepared for a defence. for it, 30; against it, 95. The claule was He would move therefore for leave to bring consequently lost by a majority of 65. up a clause that should give the person ac
Several other claules were received, after cused an option to have his cause tried either
which the House adjourned. by the Commissioners or by a Jury in the
JUNE 8. Court of Exchequer; and he thought ihis
In a Committee to consider of duties paid the more reasonable, as the Excise Officers
on fermented wash on Scotland, were at present intitled to inis option by
Reinved, 1, " That the several duties now Jaw. He concluded by moving for leave to
paid upon fermented wash, and also upoa bring up the cause.
low wiors and spiries, and also upon licences Mr. Pitt laid, he felt uncommon concern,
taken out by diftulers or makers of low when he conceived it to be his duty to oppose wines or spirits froin corn or malt in Souto a meafure fo popular, and so juilly popular, land, do cease and te discontinued for a time as was that of securing to every man his birth
to be limited. siglit, the trial by jury. But the fame ne
2. “ That a yearly duty of 11. :os sterling sity which fill introduced Excile laws, be charged upon every gallon, Engliih wine biad superfidcd, in some cases, that best of this measure, of the cutical content of every ftiib, als, berauto the collection of the revenue including tlic acid which thall be used for could not have bees otherwise fecured. The making low winis or spirits from corn or í curity of the reverue was now the li curity mait, which shall be erected within the ensof public credit, and consequently of the con
tered warehouses of any aidiller in Scoi. Bline on, which could riot survive the ruin of land. the faith, crcdir, and character of the nation. " That a yearly duty of al. 105. ftere The purring: f the wine duties under the ma- lin; be charged upon cvery gallon, English nazrment of the Board of Excise was but an wine-meafure, of the cubical content of erueriment; and thould it be unaliended by such fills which thll be used for making the summary trialbesore the Commissioners, low wines or spirits from mclaffes or sugar. jt might iurn, ut to be very highly prejudicial,
4. “ That a yearly duty of zl. iterling be and not at all advantageouses incrivenue. To charged for and upon every gallon, English exterd the Excile laws at all was to him a
wine-measure, of the cubical content of painful meafure, which nothing could induce such fills which shall be ufed for making him to propose, bu a firm conviction that low wines or fpirits from foreign materials dr-uds to an enormous degree had been com- (excep: melafies and sugar). mixed upon the Cuftonis in the article of " That a duty of 25. per gallon be wines, and that the regulations contained in laid upon all spirits brewed or trade from
corn, malé, cyder, or any mixture there. clauses added ; and a motion having been with, or from worts, or wash of British or made, “ That ibis bill do país," forcign matcrials, of the strength of one to Mr. Alderman Newnham opposed it, as ten over hydrometer proof, which shall be impoliticand oppressive. He said he had little imported into England from Scotland." hope that his opposition would be of any ef
The Earl of Surrey desired to be informed fet; he rose therefore principally to request by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, whe- the Minister would pledge himself to this, ther any meafure was meant to be taken this " that if it should be found that this expefellion relative to the sale of the Crown rimental plan did not produce the great inLands. It was a business, his Lordship crease of revenue that was expected from it, fid, that he wilhed much to see brought he would suffer the win: trade to return to forward, and therefore hoped something was its old system, by a repeal of the bill next 'n meant to be done to restore the heirs of the fesion, hould it pass into a law in the preDerwent water eslates to their property, the sent one," which, faid he, may the LORDS same as had been last year done with other in their mercy prevent ! noble families, whose eltates had been ale Mr. Alderman Hammet joined in this tainted. He also wished to be informed, hope ; he said it was reported that the Right whether any thing decisive was to be donc Hon. Gentleman was an enemy to the trade this year for settling the claims of the Ame. of the country (This raised a loud laugh ou rican Loyalists.
both sides of the House). He called upon Mr. Pite in answer said, undoubtedly it him therefore to prove that the report was was his intention to bring forward the busi- ill founded, by declaring, that if the expepels of the Crown Lands as carly as polii- riment should fail, he would not continue ble; but he was fearful nothing more could to ruin the trade of England by oppression. be done this year than using parliamentary Mr. Pitt said smilingly, that if he was an authority for a more actual and accurate lur. enemy to the trade of the country, he bad vey.-
--As to the claims of the American the mortification to find that ever since he Loyalists, cvery step possible was taken to had been at the head of the Exchequer, that accomplish the business ; but he did not ima. trade had been improving, and was fill gine the House would be called on to come likely to grow and improve. He could feel to any thing decisive on that head this year. no objetion to grant the request of the Hon.
Mr. Young brought up the Report of the Member, taking it on his own terms; and Committee on the militia bill, which was therefore he might safely say, " that if the read; but when the Speaker came to the experiment should fail, he would not conticlause which ftates that only Two-THIRDS nue to ruin the trade of England by oppresof the militia lhall be called out annually, a fon.” In answer to the request of the other conversation took place between Mr. Mar. worthy Magistrate, which was very diffeSham, Mr. Powney, Mr. Jolliffe, Mr. Pye, rently expressed, he would say, that if the &c. &c. whether it would not be better to success of the experiment should fall short call out yiVE-SIXTHs, on which the House of what he expected from it, he would then divided, for calling out only two-thirds, endeavour to devise some subsidiary regulaAyes, 49 Noes, 13
tions that would render the plan more Mr. Rolle proposed a clauic, not to suffer effectual. any man to become a subirute who had Mr. Alderman Sawbridge observed, that inore than one child born in wcdlock ; this was a poor confolation for the country which, after a trilling conversation, was to be told, that if the present oppression did wichdrawn.
not raise money enough, the oppression JUNE 9:
should be made heavier next year. For his'part, The House resolved itself into a Commit- he detested the principle of the Excise laws, tce of Supply, to take into consideration the and as he was resolved to oppose every ateltimate for ihe new buildings to be erected tempt to extend them, so he was determined near the Admiralty Office.
to take the sense of the House on the palling from the eltimate, that the sum of 13,000l. of the present biil. would be necellary for the erecting thole Mr. Fox and Mr. Sheridan expressed their works; and it was moved that 6000l. of that disapprobation of the resolution the Right suin should be advanced this year towards Hon. Gentleman seemed to have taken. carrying them on.
The House then divided on the question After some little conversation and oppose for the passing of the bill, which was carried tion on the part of Mr. Hulley, the question by a majority of 38 : was put, and on a division was carried by a Ayes, 71 majority of 27:
The bill was accordingly passed, and ora Ayes, 63
Noes, 36. dered up to the Lords. The House was then refumed.
The Housc then went into a Committee, On the third reading of the wine duty to take into consideration a petition from bill, some alterations were made, and new the East-India Company, which had been EUROF. MAG.
presented a few hours before, praying for observing, in the words of Mr. Duodas, icave to borrow two millions sterling. " that Mr. Hastings seldom or ever went a
The Chancellor of the Exchequer observed, journey in India, but it was marked with that, as he could not foresee any objection to the ruin of some prince.” The right honour. the prayer of the petition, he would not tire able Member, in a speech of two hours and the Committee by urging arguments to en- a half, displayed his ufual abilities, and alforce it. It was a signal satisfaction to him, ter recapitulating shortly, that Warren Hallhe said, that the proposition which he wes ings had, in violation of every tie of honour, going to make, would relieve the East-India and in defiance of express agreements entered Company, without laying any burthen on into, exacted great funis from Cheyt S. g, the nation. He was not going to propose and wantonly, ihrough a determined enmity that the public should lend the money, but to him, endeavoured to find means to drive that the Company might be so far released him from his country, thereby bringing from its legal restraints as to be at liberty to disgrace on Englishmen; he concluded with borrow it op iis own credit. The sum moving, " That the Committee having heard wanted by the Company was two millions the charge, and examined evidence thereto, Sterling, which he proposed to raise in this were of opinion that it contained fufficient way by the fale of an annuity of 36,000l. grounds for impeaching Warren Hastings, due to the Company by the public: this, he Esq. faid, would produce 800,oool, and by an He was seconded by Mr. Francis. enlargement of the Company's trading itock Mr. Nicholls defended Mr. Hailings, and from 3,200,000l. to 4,000,000l. the addi. faid, if he was guilty, the nobl. Lord in the tional 800,000l. stock would sell for blue ribband was guily in noi bringing him 1,200,000l, which would complete the fum wanted. He then moved,
The Chancellor of the Exchequer declared That it is the opinion of this Committee, that he should take a general view of the that the Eaft-India Company be enabled to question ; that he should draw his arguments raise a sum of money for the purposes men from the general refule as it impart.zily tioned in their petition by the sale of 36,9261. weighed in his mind, neither leaning co16s. being an annuity due from the public wards the profi cution on one hand, or esin consideration of 1,207,559!. 155. part of deavouring to extenuate the supposed crimdi4,200,000l. advanced by the Company to nal on the other. Here the honourable Gen. the public under the authurity of several teman took an opportunity to censure the Acts of Parliament.
vindiative spirit with which the prosa ution That the said Company be enabled to raise had been inftituted. The politics of India a further sum by adding 800,000l. to their were involved in obscurity, even upon the capital sock of 3,200,000l. so as to make very spot; how then was it pofiible for gene the whole capital in future 4,000,000l. and tlemen to form a clear and distinct idea u pon that such additions be made by opening a every transaction which was so diffuse and subscription to that amount, after the rate of complicated ? He had, with as much attra1601. for every 100l.
tion as he could possibly appropriate from This brought on a conversa: ion, in which the other concerns of Government, endezMr. Sheridan, ard other Members, entered voured to investigate the grounds of tbe largely into the state of the Company's af- charge now under consideration, and he had fairs.' After a long conversation, the quel- made up an opinion upon it which was cotion was put, and the resolution carried tirely satisfactory to his conscience. He ac. without a division; and the House being knowledged the task was arduous, he would resumed, adjourned at ten o'clock. not shrink from it, but boldly avow bis opiJUNE 12.
nion, as an honest man, whatever might be The House resolved itself into a Committee the consequence. of Supply, Mr. Gilbert in the chair.
Af:er this exordium, the honourable Gen. The Chancellor of the Exchequer then tleman proceeded to state, that, upon the moved, that an additional duty of six shil. prelent enquiry, there arose two queftions. lings p r baried be imposed on all sweets 11. The right which Mr. Hastings pciletted made for sale.
of calling on ihe Rajah for his contribution ; The Report of the Committee on the and, 2dly, the propriety of making it. election bill being then brought up, a great
The first head of this question naturally many amendments
were proposed and divided itfelt into three branches :adopted, when the House adjourned.
ift. The penalty in refusing the stipulated JUNE 13.
quota; Mr. Fox desired the third charge against 2dly. The nature of the constitution of be Mr. Hallings relative to Benares to be read; Afiatic governments, by the ienure of which which bung done, he enlarged upon each Cheyt Sing held. And, article of the charge and commented with 3dly. The agrecinent between him and much severity on Mr. Hastings's conduct, the Company, which had been so warmly