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corn, malé, cyder, or any mixture there. clauses added ; and a motion having been with, or from worts, or wash of British or made, “ That this bill do país," foreign matcrials, of the strength of one to Mr. Alderman Newnham opposed it, as ten over hydrometer proof, which shall be impoliricand oppressive. He said he had little imported into England from Scotland." hope that his oppofition would be of any of

The Earl of Surrey desired to be informed fedt; he rose therefore principally to request by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, whe- the Minister would pledge himfelf to this, ther any mealure was meant to be taken this " that if it hould be found that this

expefellion relative to the sale of the Crown rimental plan did not produce the great inLands. It was a business, his Lord'hip crease of revenue that was expected from it, faid, that he wilhed much to see brought he would suffer the win: trade to return to forward, and therefore hoped something was its old fyftem, by a repeal of the bill next meant to be done to restore the heirs of the session, Mould it pass into a law in the preDerwent water elates to their property, the sent one," which, faid he, may the LORDS fame as had been lalt ycar done with other in their mercy prevent ! noble families, whole eltates had been are Mr. Alderman Hammet joined in this tainied. He also wished to be informned, hope ; he said it was reported that ihe Right whether any thing decisive was to be donc Hon. Gentleman was an enemy to the trade this year for settling the claims of the Ame. of the country (This raised a loud laugh on rican Loyalists.

both sides of inc House). He called upon Mr. Pitt in answer faid, undoubtedly it him therefore to prove that the report was was his intention to bring forward the busi- ill founded, by declaring, that is the expepels of the Crown Lands as carly as polli- riment should fail, he would not continue ble; but he was fearful nothing more could to ruin the trade of England by oppression, be done this year than uting parliamentary Mr. Pitt laid smilingly, that if he was an authoriy for a more actual and accurate lur- enemy to the trade of the country, he had vey.-- As to the claims of the Aincrican the mortification to find that ever since he Loyalists, cvery step poflible was taken to had been at the head of the Exchequer, that accomplish the busines; but he did not ima. trade had been improving, and was till gine the House would be called on to come likely to grow and improve. He could feel to any thing decisive on that head this year. do objection to grant the requeft of the Hon.

Mr. Young brought up the Report of the Member, taking it on his own terms ; and Committee on the militia bill, which was therefore he might safely say, " that if the read; but when the Speaker came to the experiment should fail, he would not conticlause which states that only TWO-THIRDS nue to ruin the trade of England by opprelof the militia shall be called out annually, a

son.” In answer to the request of the other conversation took place between Mr. Mar. worthy Magistrate, which was very diffeSham, Mr. Powney, Mr. Jolliffe, Mr. Pye, rently expressed, he would say, that if the &c. &c. whether it would not be better to success of the experiment should fall short call out SIVE-SIXTHS, on which the House of what he expected from it, he would then divided, for calling out only two-thirds, endeavour to devise some subsidiary regulaAyes, 49 Noes, 13

tions that would render the plan more Mr. Rolle proposed a clauíc, not to suffer effcctual. any man lo become a subitieute who had Mr. Alderman Sawbridge observed, that inore than one child born in wedlock ; this was a poor confolation for the country which, after a trilling conversation, was to be told, that if the present oppreslion did withdrawn.

not raise money enough, the oppression JUNE 9.

should be made heavier next year. For his'part, The House resolved itself into a Commits he detefted the principle of the Excise laws, tee of Supply, to take into consideration the and as he was resolved to oppose every ateitimate for the new buildings to be created tempt to extend them, so he was determined near the Admiralty Office. Is appeared to take the sense of the House on the passing from the eltimate, that the sum of 13,nool. of the present biil. would be necessary for the crecting thole Mr. Fox and Mr. Sheridan expressed their works; and it was moved that 6oool. of that disapprobation of the resolution the Right sumn should be advanced this year towards Hon. Gentleman seemed to have taken. carrying them on.

The House then divided on the question After some little conversation and opposin for the palling of the bill, which was carried tion on the part of Mr. Hulley, the queition by a majority of 38 : was put, and on a division was carried by a Ayes, 71

Noes, 33. majority of 27 :

The bill was accordingly passed, and ora Ayes, 63 Noes, 36. dered up to the Lords. The House was then resumed.

The House went into a Committee, On the third reading of the wine duty to take into consideration a petition from bill, some alterations were made, and acw the East-India Company, which had been EURO. MAC.



to account.

presented a few hours before, praying for observing, in the words of Mr. Dundas, Icave to borrow two milli ns sterling. " that Mr. Hastings seldom or ever went a

The Chancellor of the Exchequer observed, journey in India, but it was marked with that, as he could not foresee any objection to the ruin of some prince.” The right honour. the prayer of the petition, he would not tire able Member, in a speech of two hours and the Committee by urging arguments to en- a hall, displayed his usual abilities, and af force it. It was a signal satisfaction to him, ter recapitulating Mortly, that Warren Hallhe said, that the proposition which he wes ings had, in violation of every tie of honour, going to make, would relieve the East-India and in defiance of express agreements entered Company, without laying any burthen on into, exacted great funis irom Cheyt Soig, the nation. He was not going to propose and wantonly, through a determined enmity that the public should lend the money, but to him, endeavoured to find means to drive that the Company might be fo far released him from his country, thereby bringing from its legal restraints as to be at liberty to disgrace on Englishmen; he concluded wide borrow it on iis own credit. The sum moving, “ That the Committee having heard wanted by the Company was two millions the charge, and examined evidence i hercio, Iterling, which he proposed to raise in this

were of opinion that it contained sufficient way by the sale of an annuity of 36,000l. grounds for impeaching Warren Hailings, due to the Company by the public: this, he Esq. said, would produce 800,000). and by an He was seconded by Mr. Francis, enlargement of the Company's trading itock Mr. Nicholls defended Mr. Hailings, ard from 3,200,000l. to 4,000,000l. the addi. said, if he was guiliy, the noll. Leid in the tional 800,0001. stock would sell for blue ribband was guily in not bringing him 1,200,000l which would complete the sum wanted. He then moved,

The Chancellor of the Exchequer declared That it is the opinion of this Committee, that he should take a general view of the that the East-India Company be enabled 10 question ; that he should draw his arguments raise a sum of money for the purpoles men from the general result as it imparticily tioned in their petition by the sale of 36,2261. weighed in his mind, neither leaning co16s. being ar. annuity due from the public wards the prosecution on one hand, or esin consideration of 1,207,559!. 155. part of deavouring to extenuate the suppoled crimi4,200,000l, advanced by the Company to nal on the other. Here the honourable Gen. the public under the authority of several tleman took an opportunity to censure the Acts of Parliament.

vindiaive spirit with which the prosecution That the said Company be enabled to raise had been inftituted. The politics of India a further sum by adding 800,000l. to their were involved in obfeurity, even upon the capital fock of 3,200,000l. so as to make very spot; how then was it posible for genthe whole capital in future 4,000,000l. and tlemen to form a clear and distinct idea u pon that such additions be made by opening a every transaction which was so diffuse and subscription to that amount, after the rate of complicated ? He had, with as much attra1601. for every 100l.

tion as he could possibly appropriate from This brought on a conversa'ion, in which the other concerns of Government, endcaMr. Sheridan, ard other Members, entered voured to investigate the grounds of the largely into the state of the Company's af- charge now under consideration, and he had fairs.' After a long conversation, the ques. made up an opinion upon it which was ention was put, and the resolution carried tirely satisfactory to his conscience. He ae. without a division; and the House being knowledged the task was arduous, he would resumed, adjourned at ten o'clock.

not shrink from it, but boldly avow his opiJUNE 12.

nion, as an honest man, whatever might be The House resolved itself into a Committee the consequence. of Supply, Mr. Gilbert in the chair.

Afier this exordium, the honourable GenThe Chancellor of the Exchequer then tleman proceeded to stare, that, apon the moved, that an additional duty of six shil- prelent enquiry, there arose two queitions. lings p r bancd be imposed on all sweets ift. The right which Mr. Hailings pcilefied made for sale.

of calling on the Rajah for his contribution ; The Report of the Committee on the and, 2dly, the propriety of making it. election bill being then brought up, a great

The first head of this question naturally many amendments

were proposed and divided itfelt into three branches :adopted, when the House adjourned.

att. The penalty in refusing the stipulated JUNE 13:

quota; Mr. Fox desired the third charge against 2dly. The nature of the conftitution of the Mr. Hattings relative to Benares to be read; Afiatic governmenis, by the ienure of which which bong done, he cnlarged upon each Cheyt Sing held. And, article of the charge and commented with 3dly. The agreeinent between him and much severity on Mr. Hastings's conduct, the Company, which had been so warmly

inntico infifted upon by the right honourable Mover had taken to draw from the Rajah the extra of the question.

fupplies of money and troops; and read exOn the first of these branches it would be tracts froin the several minutes of the Council pre pofterous to allert that there could exist a Board at Calcuita, in which the Members had government without a power to 'command acceded to the demand of the five lacks for resources in the time of exigency. All go three years; and even Mr. Francis himself vernments in the world, whether despotic or had gone so far as to give his consent to fine limited, muft of necelli y possess such power. the Rajah in one lack, as a punishment for The history of our own country, under the having neglected to comply with such defeudal lyitem, was a striking instance of it. mand. Nay, further, that Mr. Francis had Without such a power indeed, no regular actually, in the first instance, given his congovernment could exift.

sent to threaten the Rajah with military exeAs to the second head, the constitution of cution, if he made any further excuse or deAbatic principalities; it appeared to him Jay, with this proviso, that “ he hoped the that the land of the country, by a sort of threat would be sufficient." This Mr. Pitt feudal shackle, was bound io answer every urged was fairly recognizing the power, alcall which the Nabob, Rajah, or Prince (by though the blamné was now entirely thrown whatever title he was dittinguilhed) should upon Mr. Hastings. Having thus made out make upon the owners; nay, it was even a the two positions, viz. the right of calling for question in India, whether the Zemindar had the aids in question, and the propriety in doany natural right to the soil, or whether he ing it; he then traced Mr. Hastings step by and all his under tenants were not considered itep, until he arrived at the city of Benares, mcrely in the light of Itewards to the Nabob with the avowed intention of enforcing comunder whom they held.

pliance to his demands. He did not mention these circumstances by And here he came to the most painful part way of giving the least approbation of them ; of the task imposed upon him by the duty that but he mult reafon upon the state of India in he owed to the cause of Justice. the situation in which it REALLY was, and Mr. Hastings knew, when he departed from not what it OUGHT to be. In this view of Calcutta, all the circumstances that had atthe conftitution, and the tenure on which the tended the Rajah's delay. He therefore left Rajah held, it was evident that Mr. Hastings, that place with a full determination of infifton hchair of the India Company, might law- ing upon his demands being complicd with, fully call upon him for allistance whenever and with no OTHER INTENTION whatever. pecesity required it. He then adverted to Nothing new happened on his passage, except che third head, namely, The agreement be- that the Rajah met him, and made the most I neen Sujah ul Dowlah and Mr. Hastings, on humble submission -a submission, which, by the one part, and Cheyt Sing on the other. the way, shewed the inferior condition in

Here he entered into a variety of forcible which he considered himself. When Mr. and ingenious arguments to shew, that altho' Hastings arrived at Benares, without taking by the agreement in question, a certain annual

any preparatory steps, he deterınines to fine fum was ftipulated, after payment of which him 50 lacks, (about half a million) and are ihe Rajah was not to be called upon; yet this refled him in his palace, in order to enforce was to be considered as a sort of peace elta- immediate payment. Here it was, that the blishment, and by no means precluded Mr. transaction affected Mr. Hastings-allowing Hattingstrom calling for auxiliary aid, when him every merit in the previous transactions, the neccflity of the einpire demanded a gene- and exculpating him entirely from any crimes ral exertion. In order fully to clear up this on that score. Yet this was such a breach of point, he entered at large into the manner in faith such a cruel oppression, such a heavy which the territory of Benares became in the exaction-and upon the whole, a conduct lo pofíeffion of Cheye Sing, by m:ans of Bulwant cruel, unjust, and oppreslive, that it was imSing, his father, —Here the Hon. Genueman possible, he, as a man of honour or hondly, evinced a thorough and compleat knowledge or having any regard to faith and conscience, of his subject ; and very clearly proved, that could any longer refilt; and therefore he had the tenure by which he held, was entirely fully satisfied his conscience, That Warren subordinate, and therefore liable to all those Hallings had been guilty of such enormities sellraints incident to such ftuations in India. and misdemeanors, as constituted a crime As an auxiliary argument to support this opi- sufficient to call upon the justice of the House nion, he lhewed, that at a period when War- to impeach him. --A great cry from all parts ren Hastings had proposed to make the Rajah of the House, hear! hear! hear !—Mr. Pitt Dowlah entirely independent, under a con- then went into several particulars of the subfideration that it would strengthen his hands, sequent conduct of Mr. Hattings, and excul. he was oppoied by a majority of the Council, pated him froin any charge. and in paruicular by Mr. Francis.

The above is oniy a fajnt idea of the wonHaving thus cleared his ground, he next derful display of oratory, sound sense and adverted to the several steps that Mr. Harings scnfibility which Mr. Pite displayed upon this interesting' occasion; and to which nothing acceded to Mr. Pitt's opinion, that Ms. Hall. but want of room should prevent us from at ings wasimpeachable for having waniosly and templing to do justice.

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unnecefTarily exercised an arbitrary and crue) Mr. Dempster agreed with the last Ho- authority over the Rajah. nourable Speaker in all but his concluíion. He Lord Mulgrave, Mr. Grenville, Ms Powys was confident that Mr. Hastings' motives and Mr. Piit replied to each other, but adwere pure ; that we owed the prefervation of duced nothing new; when at Half after an empire to his exertions.

Twelve the Gallery was cleared, and the Lord Mulgrave, Mr. Grenville, Mr. Van- Committee disided, Sittart, Col. Phillips, and Major Scoit, lup- Ayes for the motion

118 ported Mr. Hastings.


79 Mr. Powys thanked God that the Minister had declared himself in lo honourable and

Majority 39 manly a manner ; but at the saine time he for IMPEACHING Mr. HASTINGS of besaw him stand alone; his friends avowed the ing GUILTY of HIGH CRIMES and MIS arbitrary principle which was so jullly and DEMEANORS, in his Condu&t to che RA. honestly reprobated by the Minister. He theu JAH of BENARES.

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O DE to SL E EP,

But since my Stella's angel charms Written at Midnight, by WM.Parsons, Esq. Sadly I wilte the night in fighs,

Have fill'd my soul with soft alarms; NOW ebon Thades obscure the room,

And no kind Numbers close mine eyes. And no kind rays the scene illume, Oh come! Jiffuse thine influence bland, Suve through the pane in languid streams Sreal on my sense with downy hand ; The wan moon theds her yellow beams, And, Morpheus, on thy friendly wing With chequer'd radiance decks the ground, Some sweetly-soothing visiop bring. And gently gilds the gloom around.

I fk not dreams of high renowo, At this lone hour, when midnight reigns The Poet's wreath, or Monarch's crown, With fulence o'er the twilight plains, Or to deform the fancied plain While drowsy birds forget to sing,

With clouds of smoke, and bills of lain; No echoes in the forest ring;

Far, far, such awful forms remove No zephyr through the valley blows,

From him who only thinks of love : But all is hulh'd in deep repose ;

But bear me to some vernal scene, Shall 1 alone sad vigils keep,

Empurpled mead, or alley green, Why dost thou fly me, gentle sleep? Where o'er fam'd Arno's gentle tide O'ercome with toil, the cottag'd (waio The dark pines wave their umbrage wide, Is sure thy partial (miles to gain ;

And bring my Stella to my mind, On hardy bed nutitretch'd he lies,

Ah! bring her fair-and bring her kind!
And ready slumbers close his eyes.
L'en * the poor sea boy on the malt

Thou deign'st to lock in fetters faft,
Tho'round him blows the whistling gale,

By: -- MERRY, Esq.
And rattling shrouds his ears affail.
Nor doft thou to the flave refuse


PEACE to yonder tumult rude, The balm of thine oblivious dews;

That bursts upon my lohtude ; He, yielding to thy welcome (way,

And mingles with the storm afar, Flies from his tyrant far away,

The frantic ravings of despair ; Escapes the scourge and galling chains, While thro' the dreary deep of air And temporary freedom gains.

Thy fatal voice is heard, O blood-stain'd war! Lo! where with weight of sorrows prest, Yes, now the paifions wildly rage, Pale Grief reclines and sinks to reft ;

And sadly gloon the human scene ; E'en pining Care forgets his woes,

Forgotten all the poet's page, And Pain to thee a respice owes.

His penfive joy and honr serene.
Love only thou forsak'it, О neep,

O hence, ye furious paffions, hence!
Love only wakes and wakes to weep! But welcome to my longing arms,
Once thou wert wont unsought to thed Array'd in all thy Cober charms,
Thy peaceful poppies on my head ;

Mild tranquil Indolence!
* Shakespeare's Henry IV.


For much I love to view thy melting eye, The upland lawns, the Nuadowy vales,
Thy wauton tresses careless fly,

Cool lucid streams and tepid gales,
The zoneless breast, the open grace,

And where the feather'd choirs around The vagrant undetermin'd pace,

Wanton amid the wilds of sound. The aspect bland, the form benign,

Each laughty tyrant scorns to tread The winning air, and (mile divine.

Thy simple puth, with flow'rs bespread. Amid the silent noon of night,

He, too, whose sordid soul requires When sailing on in lustre bright

Sull to increase his daily heap, O'er pathless wilds, and mountains drear,

Who leaves th' unfriended race to weep, The pale moon throws her filver ray, Base, wretched victim to his own desires ; Guiding the pilgrini's lonely way

Alas! his bosom ne'er shall feel
To where the convent's distant spires appear ; The bliss thy radiant smiles bestow,
O then thou lov'st, at ease reclin'd,

When soft thy 'luring Numbers steal,
With Contemplation by thy side,

And charm away the sense of woe.
Where gently {teals the whisp'ring wind, But bright Content Thall thee be near,
And soft the ling’ring waters glide,

And oft, to catch the breeze, unfold
To think, alas ! how short, how vain, Her waving locks of downy gold,
The rich man's boast, the poor man's woe! And chase the rising tear.
What madness to exult below,

Thore glowing Genius shall in rapture muse, What folly to complain!

And round his holy rays diffu'e;
See Hope's gay altars by fresh vot'ries drest, With comprehensive thought Mall scan
The swarm of yesterday at rest !

The windings in the maze of man :
Those budding flow'rs their seasons gave, And thus with thee my limbs reclin'd,
Have prov'd the blossoms of the grave; Far from the world shall soar my mind.
And Death alike shall foon efface
The glories of the present race.

HORACE, Book II. ODE 16.
O goddess! wave thy lily hand,

Otium Divos, &c.
That meekly bears the magic wand,
To soothe the mental storm to rest!

And now Life's drops unrufed Aow,

On board the Barrington in his Voyage from Nor burn with rage, nor chill with woe,

Bengal to England in 1785.
But all is sweet and tranquil in the breast :
Nought now the placid soul can move, Addressed to JOHN SHORE, Esq.
Save Pty comes with tearful eye,

TOR ease the harraís'd seaman prays,
Or the fixt gaze of feeling love,
Or gentle Mercy's heart-felt figh.

The Capc's surrounding wave;
Yet these will not disturb thy cell,

When hanging o'er the recf he lears For Echo's dirge-like notes, and clear,

The cracking mast, and sees or fears,
Shall oft inform thy lift ning ear ;

Beneatli, his watry grave.
With these the Virtues dwell.
And see the fleecy clouds transparent Ay,

For ease the 1 w Mabasta spoils,
Leaving serene the summer's sky:

And hardier Sie erratic toils, And see gray evening's gloom appears,

While both their ease forego ; While Nature melts in dewy tears.

For care, which neither gqid can bay, O hither come, and bring with thee

Nor robes, nor gems, which oft bulye The rural nymph, Simplicity.

The cover'd heart, bestow. Where Arno's waves uncertain flow,

For neither gold nor gems combin'd Where rapid rolls the brighter Po,

Can heal the soul or suffering mind. Oft have I woo'd thee, goddess dear!

Lo! where their owner lies : To bless with ease my future days,

Perch'd on his couch Diftemper breathes, From censure far, or noisy praise.

And Care, like smoke, in turbid wreaths O máy thy clarion, Fame ! sublime to hear,

Round the gay celing flies. Be ever to my senses mute :

He who enjoys, nor covets more, 'Tis true, the thrilling notes are strong, Yet cannot charm like Pity's lute,

The lands his father beld before, Nor Philomela's plaintive song.

Is of true bliss pofiers'd,

Le but his mind unfetter'd tread
Beneath his courser's boundings flect,
The laurell'd hero, as he goes,

Far as the paths of knowledge lead,
Tramples unseen full many a rore,

And wife, as well as bleit.
Nor heeds the perfume sweet. (way, No fears his peace of mind annoy,
But thou, indulgent power ! canst point the Leat printed lies liis fame destroy,'
Where all the milder pleasures stray,

Whish labor'd years have won;


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