Page images


His probity and integrity were pure and in- respective professions *, augmented his fa. corruptible; and the honelt indignation with mily with 38 grand.children, of whom 26 which he inveighed against every intance of are still living. It was a most plealing and perfidy and injuttice, was fingularly remark- affe ting specile, to see the venerable old ible. His piety was rational and fincere : man, fitting (ueprived of fight) like a Pem his dreation was fervent : he was intimately triarch in the midst of his numerous fa. perfuaded of the truth of Christianity-felt mily, all zealous in rendering the evening of its importance to the dignity and happiness of his life serene and pleaäng, by every cender buman nature and looked upon its detrac- office and mark of attention, that the warmest tors and opposers as the most pernicious ene- filial affection could suggest. - We icel a of His philanthropy was great, peculiar pleasure in the contemplation of and if ever he felt the emotions of aversion this respectable domestic scene; and when and indignation, it was only when he con- we combine the sublime researches of this templated the malignant frenzy of the pro. great luminary of science with the serene felled abators and apostles of Atheism. We piety of his setting rays, and consider the life th-il pot contend with such as may look upon of the philofopber, in one point of view, with this as an infirmity; for we never felt any the death of the jull, we see, we feel lere tting in our occasional visits to Bedlam, an indication of immortality, which confound's but sentiments of pity, and that kind of de. the puny sophistry of the sceptic; and we jection that arises from the humiliating view behold, in EULER, the fun setting, only to of disordered Nature.

rise again with purer luftre. M. EULER had by his first marriage

-Ille poftquam fe lumine vero dirteen children, of whom eight died in in- Implevit, ftellasque vagas mirufur et afra fancy or early youth. The other five, of Fixa polis, videt quania fub nočie jaceret which three are sons, highly eminent in their Hæc noftra dies.

For the EUROPE A N MA GA ZIN E. To the PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY of LONDON. GENTLEMEN, THE following ALLEGORY, intended chiefly to recommend a good TASTE IN THE CHOICE OF Books, is a candidate for admission into your instructive and elegant Magazine. The early insertion of it will give much pleature to

Your bumble Servant,

QUANDOWE DORMIT AT HOMERUS. OME time ago I had occafion to visit a with the uninterrupted silence and venerable

public library, for the purpose of con- gloom that reigned around me. My atterfutring an author, whose works were too tion, however, was quickly engaged in exaFoluminons to be admitted into a private col- mining some out of the infinite variety of lection. Ou retiring to bed at night, I could volumes, that on all sides crouded on my at help reflecting on the immense compila- view. Books, both printed and manufcripi, tibus that had been made of this fort, and the in all languages, arts, and sciences, as kell great difficulty of telecting with judgment those that were valuable for the importance the best productions of various writers. I of their contents, as such as had nothing to had not long indulged my reflection, before recommend them but their unwieldy bulk, I insensibly fell into a gentle Number, during contributed to form this grand magazine of

a sisch my imagination pursued the subject of learning. After having been fome time jutt my waking reverie thro' the following in admiration, I observed, at tume dittance, a dream.

personage of a composed and itately depronto Merbought I was conveyed into the

His face was the image of impenemost compleat library that the industry of Crable and contented 1tupidity. His eyes heafuccellive generations had been able to fur- vily moved over the objects immdiately bepuh. As my first entrance I was struck fore him with the phlegmatic dulnets of a

"The eldest of these, every way worthy of the name he hears, and who, as we have seen before, took á part in the last labours of his venerable father, is still an ornament to the University of Petersburgh, and has obtained several academical Prizes there, as also at Paris, Munich, and Gottingen, The second is Physician to the Empress of Rutiin, mud enjoys great reputation in that line.---The bird is Lieutenant Colonel of the Artillery, and is well known in the learned world by his astronomical observations. He was one of ! e Astronomers that were named by the Academy of Peteríburzh tu obitrye te Painage


of Perus.

Durch commentator. The most confpicuous intirely upon literature, I paid no attention part of his dress was an immense full-bot. to them. My curiosity enjoyed the highest tomed wig. He wore an academic gown, gratification when I discerned a next biok. venerable for its age and the antique dust cate, whose contents I began immediately to which besprinkled it, and his chin was orna- examine. On looking for the inounierable mented with a hand which would not have theological treatises and polemical pamphlets, disgraced the Lord Chancellor himself. His which formed fo large a part of the collection employment consisted in arranging books I had lately lest, 'I found no other volume upon the capacious thelves of the library. Under the article of Religion than the Bible, Except on those occafions when he took accompunied by the paraphrases of Clarke and up a volume of Jarger dimensions thao ordi- Pyle. When I surveyed the compartment nary, he never discovered the nightelt symp- where the Ciaflicks were deposited, my fatoms of dillike or farisfaction, but conttantly tisfaction was very great, to see Milton placed preserved the same rigid inflexibility of fea- betwen Homer and Viigil.

On opening tures. All the time I surveyed this labori- his works I could not find “Paradije Res ous book-vorm, I felt a gr. dual torpor dif- gained,” and the Georgicks seemed to be the fofing itself over my whole fyltem. This only part of Virgil that had been read more exu aordiniry effect of the atmori bere made

than once.

Aristotle's works preceded the mc fenfible that I was rather immersed in treatises of Harris, next which stood the the fogs of Boeota, than breathing the pure works of our English Aristotle, Bacon. The air of Pindus. I know not bow for its in- name of Locke diftinguished a subsequent fluence might have extended, bad I not made volume. I saw most of the principis ediria. a reloluie effort and gone forward. I now nes of the Greek writers, without the parade found myseif in anpartment, the light andele- of voluminous noies, or the puerile alttance gance of which not only dijelbeed my former of Litin translations. I thought it remark. l:Aletine's, but invigorated me with sich able, that Plato should be placed immediately fpiriis. At first I was someviivit ilatled, on under Homer, and that £iop's Fables should observing my fulden appearance tid inter- find by the side of Herodvius. The Greek rupted a perion who seemed to have been togejies were accompanied by the translations reading. His engang buheriour food re- of Potter and Franklin, Racine, Corneille, moved my embaratiment. Hie requited nie Mason's Elfrida, and Caractacus followed in the müft un.ffected an: easy manner to next in order. Horace and Juvenal included émole niyle!f witi, whatever his abode af- the imitations of Pope and Johnson. Ovid, forded, and immu'jately iciunied bis studies. Catullus, Tibullus, Propertius, Horace, TeThis lant incident give me I opportunity of rence, Polybius, Livy, Cicero, Criar, Sal. hirveying his figure and dre:s. The keenest Juft, Tacitus, Suetonius, both the Plinies, cifcurament d'arted from his eyes, and the Quintilian, and Longinus, were not wanting neft vivid sensibility was ditiuied o: er his to compleat the clatric: collection. 1 he whole countenance. His hair waved around Fragments of Menander, the Antiquities of bi neck in singlets, 100 graceful to ne the Jofephus, and the works of Plutarch hat each fpitwenus estećt of nature, and too eaty to a contpicuous place. The moral treatises of be the riaborate retult of art. He was dreiled the last-mentioned author seemed to have been in a flouing robe of dove-coloured filk. I frequently perused. It was curious to obwas much furprized at the dirterent einorions ferve, that the fineid, Gierusalemme Libe. be discoveredt, as he was differently aficted rata, the Lusiad, and the Benrinde contained by the pattages he perusel. Sumtiimes he perpetual resciences to Homer, with this frowncl with dilapprobation, and fometimes hint, “ Puriws ex ipfo Fonte biom'r aqur." grew pale with diguit: afterwaria, he was so do searching for our own poeta, I obferved tired with rapture, as scarcely to refrain that Speníer and Dayden were two of the from exisuvapant gestures. I never once

fuft. in opening the works of the latter, obleried him to be wholly uninponed. the Ode for St. Cecilias Day was the artt Lipon the whole, he was more frequen:ly piece presented to my view. Sbak (peare pleated thran disguited with what he peruled. by Jobnion and Steevens, M.llinger, Geeray, Uni I taw this perion, I imagined To le io Rowe, Pore, and Thomson's Seasons, wih le mien baing; but now I made no doun! 1.0cred and sgiímunds, Keri fuperbly decoobis real existence. I was not, however, 16!, not only for the impoie of paying to tai tivated by his attractive exter or, por thoíe auth1015 a sitiever dittinction, but to fois xed by his extraordinary hehaviour, s form a judicious contract with the bindings of Mit to take the advantage of his otier, and the rest of the colectivo. I was pleaied to lule; what was pretented to my vietv. fee many of onlr portr 1103"*?, Gi(la

The room was ornamented with paint- toti', tontimith, Irior, Punc., Pillips, Beatter, ***US, IC, duid bulls; but as my II :...16'artvinsia biayiey, Birrines, and

the day.

[ocr errors]

Hoadley: hut I could not find Glover, Ham- Mandeville's works, and White's Bampton mond, or Graves. Among the Englith profe Lectures were covered with a sheet of Cobb's writings was the Spectator, (hut curtailed of Sermons. many papers which (well the common edi. On glancing my eye over several boxes Lons) the Rambler, Idler, Adventurer, and that were let open, I observed that they were Maror. Hume's History of England stood lined with Priestley's Corruptions of ChrisDext to De Lolme on the Constitution. Ju- cianity, the works of Lord Monboudo, HiDus and Fitzosborne's Letters were placed ron's Letters, and Boswell's Remarks on ukr the title of “elegant composition.” Johntou's Tour. Under the article of Romances and Novels, I know not to what length I might have i observed Don Quixote, Gil Blas, R. Crusoe, extended my observations on this curious Tom Jones, Amelia, Clariffa, Grandison, collection of Literature, had I not been awam Kezte's sketches, the Man of Feeling, Julia kened by the splendor of the sun, which disde Roubigné, and Cecilia.

fipated the phantoms of Deep, and suggested A parcel was laid on a table, containing that it was time to commence the bulinets of Parr's Discourses, wrapped up in a leaf of To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.


- COL. Oxon, December 13, 1785. SIR,

HAVE been a reader of your entertain- for you have brought ample proofs, that of Il nxjaths; and am now templed to offer ter : but, as you have omitted that Lester, nçlelí as a correspondent ; first, lo express permit me a few remarks upon it. That the pleasure I received from your ítric figure, he says, “occurs in writers who tures on those truly original effusions of pe- have jome just claim to praite." But after this tary and abfurdity, which have lately ap- cold jone claim, who would think Cervantes peared under thic tame of Leliers of Litera. was to be mentioned? Yet mentioned he is as foro, by Robert Heren, Ejq.; and fecondly, to having "no smali fkill" in the figure of utler make a few remarks on some part of that gen. abjuraity. And the proofs are, Sancho's trian's philosophy, in which he appears to having his provisions after the galley-Alaves Die fully as contemptible as he is in criticism. had taken them; that Sancho lost his ass in But pleased as I am with your ingenious iie. la

one page, and is riding on him the next, teation of Heron's self-contradictions, such as

Now, what do such abíurdilies ang many others his laying “ he believes amount to ? Nothing more than a mere lip *tu Virgil's most fanguine admirer will of the author's memory. Put Mr. Heron's " allow that not one ray of invention appears absurdities admit of no such excute;" his thri' all bis works 2;" and yer in another judgement and taste are concerned in then, pre of the very famę Letter, he has the stue and they evidence a perverleners in thinking, palicy to teil us that “the episodes nu orna. and a pedantry run mad. Poor Cervantes, *ments of the Georgies have been hitherto it is said, wrote great part of his mequalled * dlowe the very brightest proofs Virgil has work in gaol, (tho’ Mr. Heron, among his given of genius or invention.”

many utter absurdities, says it is all a mistake, be 123s, that the b ftory of Dido is confi. to think thai nien of genius have been poor) * dered as the only proof that Virgil gives of and, no doubi, Don Quixote went 10 prets

*onality or genius in the neid.” Tho' by piece-meal, as Johton's Dictionary sid, poid, I say, to see this, and the many other and as works for bre d utually do. Nor &kins which fairly Itrip the gown from munt Virgil miss his fling, when Mr. Heron Ekais's ears, I cannot help withing that talks of üb:urdiiy. “ Virgil, says he, makes fute parts of your remarks had been a little “ Latinus 1peak thus to Turnus : IT prosed. You have often laid Mr. Heron

recalent nostro Tiberina fuenta 19 his back with bis own weapons ; witness

Sanguine adbuc campique ingerates oflibus albeni. us abuse of Virgil for saying, "ibe noile jest tbe fl18:;" and your citing bimlelf pro- “ In the name of all the profundity of dul. púng to firike against the theoretic reflecrions “ne's," 1.ys Mr. H.“how could the ftreams of Duboi, to see what would fly out. (See “ be yet Lot with their blood, and their bones Meg for Sept. p. 196.) But I am surprized “ wbiten the ground?” per ta thould have omitted, on these occafions, to our critic lets up for a matter of fart to cite Mr. Heron's Letter (xxii.) on that man; a pretty judge of poetry indeed! But 4:46 of speech called CTTER AE SURDITY; Virgil lays nothing but what cratory has

&c. &c.

And again,

· Lettur xvi.

» Leter xxiv.




fis m

often said. Tbe fea is yet dyed with their According to Mr. Heron, Talso has only blood, said the late Chatham, in a speech one or two distant imitations ; and these are, against the peace, when talking of his own he says, “ such as none but original writers victories gained many months before. A cri.

can imitate :"--and he would persuade us, tic ought also to know that there is a figure, against the plainest facts, that his characters c.lled hyperbole, highly proper at times of are mostly new. Unblushing impudence ! earnest persuasion, (as was the case with Dr. Hurd, in his Letters on the genius of Larinus as above) both in poetry and ora- Gothic Chivalry, gives a very different but tory. And what other is this? “The waves jult character of Tafso. " The reputation of of Tyber are yet hot with our blood, and the Tailo's poem,” he says, “ has been founded wide fields are whitened with our bones.” chiefly on its resemblance to the Epic poems It is indeed from the profundity of dulness that of antiquity: the fable is conducted in a critic brings luis matters of fuž to try such

the manner of the Iliad, and with a finct rea figure of speech, so obvious to the meanest gard to that unity of action which is admired capacity. But why stop fo fhort with the in Homer and Virgil. There is also a fudied matter of fari? Why did not Mr. Heron cal- and close imitation of these poets in many of culate how many millions of throats must be the smaller parts, the descriptions and fimiles." cut to find blood enough to beat, but for 2

Thus Hurd; and tho' Mr. Heron calls Virminute, the waves of a great and rapid river? gil's episode o. Nisus and Euryalus filly, Tallo

The pattuge might as well be condemned on thought it worth copying, in the night expe. that lead, as on the head he has chofen: for his dition and the death of Clorinda, his very wile calculation is, that if there has been time Camilla. Nor are his imitations from the enough to whiten the bones, the blood muit Portuguese poet Camoens either few or tri. be cold by that time. Such is exactly his fling.-Besides the gardens of Armida, which objection : but wliat would he think, if you mention as closely copied from the Illand Virgil should prove to be right, even by mal.

of Venus in the Lusíadas, are many others. ter of fult, though his expreffion need no The appearance of Ismeno in a dream to Soflich delence? Why, Mr. Heron, Latinus lyman, in Tallo, is partly translated from the tells Tuins, just in the line hefore, they had appearance of Bacchus, in the form of Mahobeen defeated in two great butiles ;

met, a Moorish priest, in Camoens.

The gates of the palace of Neptune, in the mig"?


Lufiadas, are sculptured with buitories of “ Twice have we been defeated in great the Gods. The gates of the palace of Arbalties."--Now, a riglit matter of faci man mida, in the Gierusalemme, are also fculptured will enqure, firít, how long the wolves and with the like histories. And here, Mr. vultures of a hot climate will take in stripping Editor, your correspondent has done a little the bones of a Nauglitered hoft, and he will injustice to Camoens: if he had had that aufrid a few day's will do the business. Then thor at his band, as he says he had not, he lle will tay, may not the bones Latinus speaks would have seen that Camoens does not copy of be those of the Din in the first battle? the cave of Cyrene so servilely as Tailo has and may not the second battle be just fought, done. Virgil enumerates the great rivers of which he says the Tiber is yet hot with seen in Cyrene's cave, and Tatlo servilely coblood ?-- and thus Virgil's truly poetic pies nim, and enumerates several great rivers ; byperlok he reconciled to the dulleft matter but Camuens gives his cave an air of origiof frel fellow in all Eæotia. And what will nality. He describes the four elements in it Mr. Heron fay, it an exprellion nearly the as riting from chaos, and struggling to disenfame as Virgil's, Tould be produced from gage themselves from each other. This has the grave biltonian T.:citus ; It is this, talk- great propriety, in describing the God of the ing of the Varian defeat; Medio campi alben. Ocean's deepest recess, and affords some fine tia ollee, ut fugirant, m?reflierant, disjecia poetical colouring, superior to both Virgil and vel aggerata. Annal. Lib. I.

Tailo's mention of rivers. It was a strange inf.stuation, when Mr. Mr. Heron seems to think Taffo quite Heron, having exprelied the utmost con- original when he thus be prailes him : tempt for Virgil's talents, becaure he was “ The paftoral incident in the seventh book an invitator, took it into his head to exilt is a delicate relief from the scenes of war and Tallo as a molt original poet; Talso, the horror which precede it. Nothing can have most open and egregions of all imitators! a more pleasing effect on the imagination On this bead you or your corespondent than luch contralls, when managed with ar. might have taid a great deal onore, and might tificial propriety.” And be wisely adus, that have told Mi, Huron that his favourite Tailo * the happy effect of contrast of incident is thought very differently of Virgil, as app-ar's never perceived, but hy a reader of June by bis many obvious imitations from that poet. iufie," -- Anu Talso had the good taste to



[ocr errors]

perceive and feel and imitate a beauty of the " who hath drunk of life till he is sick. Men same kind in Camoens. The pastoral scene in “ of temperance alone enjoy life, and feel its Tailo is between twoduels. The pastoral scene " delight : men of luxury are the most likely allale w in the Luliudas is in the sih Canto,

" to be those between the dreadful tempeft which the herd " Who smile on death, and glory in the of the poem encountered at the Cape of Good Hope, thus mentioned by Thomson ;

“ Personal courage indeed depends totally

upon the animal spirits. As the spirits With such mad scas the daring Gama fought,

are in perpetual fluctuation, we need not For many a day and many a dreadful night

“ wonder at a brave man on one occasion Inceffant lab'ring round the stormy Cape

“ being a coward on another. Yet luxurious (By bold ambition led-)

“ living, which ferments and exalts the fpiand a most affecting description of a putrid “rits, is certainly more likely to produce disorder that attacked the adventurers, and courage than the parfimony of temperance. carried many of them off like a pestilence. “ Falstatt, you know, tells us, that warm These are scenes of horror indeed. And what " blood begets warm thoughts." is something particularly remarkable, the What man of common sense but would late tranilator of the Lusiadas obferves in his weep to see his son at fixteen so miferably note on this place, that “Variety is no less shallow ! So courage and cowardice have " delightful to the reader than to the tra. nothing to do with inherent magnanimity or

veller, and the imagination of Camuens gave baseness of soul ! In children equally bred up, " an abandant rupply. The infertion of this the brave and generous, and the base and cow"paferal landii ape beiwveen the terrific fienes ardly spirit distinguish themselves in the most * obicb precede and follow bas a fine effice." eminent manner. That tædium vitæ which Here is Mr. Heron's remark, and almost his luxury breeds may indeed make a man despise words : and let the reader compare the pas. life; but such contempt of life is of that coral scenes in the two poets, and Taflo's imi- kind which sends liim to the pistol or halter. Lation will be self-evident. And here let it “It is as distant from that generous, magbe ailo ubferved, that what Mr. Heron says nanimous kind, which inspires and prompts of the difference between the truth of nature its poffeffor cheerfully to encounter all the in the confiftency of poetic and magical fic- miseries of long voyages and hard campaigns, tion and the truth of fact“, is borrowed, and under diftant and inclement skies ; as distant miserably ubícured, from the above cited from that noble {pirit, as a traitor and base Lailers on Chivalry, by Dr. Hurd, where deserter is from the foul of a Ruffel or a Sydthe reader will find the same ideas infinitely ney, those martyrs to honour and their coun. better expressed and enforced.

try. Mr. Heron talks as if a wretch tired What Mr. Heron says of Warburton's of life thronigla luxury, had nothing to da Notes on Shakespeare, that they are "the ar- but to rise from a feast, and step into battle “ rogance of madness, mingled with the igno- and get his brains heat out. What absurdity! “ rance of folly”—may with great truth and Thousands of hardships are to be encountered propriety be applied to his own wonderful ere the hour of battle arrives ; and the very cchions.

idea of these hardships is Hell itself to the Nor is Mr, Heron less absurd and ridicu- wreich broken down by luxury into the lous in philofophy than in poetical taste t.edium vite, the ennui, the weariness of and criticism, Take one instance for all.- life ; and to cite Faljaff (talking as a jolly # Lorary," he says, “ in its vulgar accepta. toper) as a philosophical authority for the "tion, is the parent of great atchieven:ents." nature and causes of courage in the greatest He thus continues: “The reason may haply actions of life! miserable indeed! In a wore', * be this: contempt of life muft produce any had Mr. Heron said that luxury“ in its vul. " of these actions, in which life is evidently gar acceptation is the parent of self-murder,' " let down hy its poffeffor as a mere trifle. he would have been perfectly right: but to * Now this contempt is mere certainly pro ascribe the greatest and most arduous atchieve". Juced by içixury, than by the ferocious ments, which almost always require the " spirit of barbarism. How ! you will say ; firmeft patience to accomplish-lo ascribe * Joth no: Luxury enervate a man, and make these to the temper of the soul that is " him a coward? The very contrary : it makes weary of life, and funk into total indifhim brave."

ference, is an abfurdity reserved for Mr. “ To explain this paradox: only consider Heron, and a species of madness peculiar to 4 what a icdium vitæ, anennus, luxury breeds; himself. " and you will not wonder that no man de

COMMON SENSE, "spires life so much as the disciple of luxury, EUROF. MAG,

Letter xxxie

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »