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sister. This may account for some of the phenomena which about this time appeared in his wardrobe and toilet. During the first year of his acquaintance with these lovely girls, the tell-tale book of his tailor, Mr. William Filby, displays entries of four or five full suits, besides separate articles of dress. Among the items we find a green half-trimmed frock and breeches, lined with silk; a queen’s-blue dress suit; a half-dress suit of ratteen, lined with satin ; a pair of silk stocking-breeches, and another pair of a bloom-color.

Goldsmith ! how much of this silken finery was dictated, not by vanity, but humble consciousness of thy defects; how much of it was to atone for the uncouthness of thy person, and to win favor in the eyes of the Jessamy Bride !

Alas! poor

CHAPTER XXVI.

Goldsmith in the Temple. — Judge Day and Grattan. - La

bor and Dissipation. Publication of the Roman History, Opinions of it. — “ History of Animated Nature.” — Temple Rookery. Anecdotes of a Spider.

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N the winter of 1768-69 Goldsmith occu

pied himself at his quarters in the Temple,

slowly “ building up” his Roman History. We have pleasant views of him in this learned and half-cloistered retreat of wits and lawyers and legal students, in the reminiscences of Judge Day of the Irish Bench, who in his advanced age delighted to recall the days of his youth, when he was a templar, and to speak of the kindness with which he and his fellow-student, Grattan, were treated by the poet. “I was just arrived from college,” said he, “ full freighted with academic gleanings, and our author did not disdain to receive from me some opinions and hints towards his Greek and Roman histories. Being then a young man, I felt much flattered by the notice of so celebrated a person.

He took great delight in the conversation of Grattan, whose brilliancy in the morning of life furnished full earnest of the unrivalled splendor which awaited his meridian ; and finding us dwelling together in Essex Couri, near himself, where he frequently

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visited my immortal friend, his warm heart became naturally prepossessed towards the associate of one whom he so much admired.”

The Judge goes on, in his reminiscences, to give a picture of Goldsmith's social habits, similar in style to those already furnished. He frequented much the Grecian Coffee-House, then the favorite resort of the Irish and Lancashire Templars. He delighted in collecting his friends around him at evening parties at his chambers, where he entertained them with a cordial and unostentatious hospitality. "Occasionally,” adds the Judge," he amused them with his flute, or with whist, neither of which he played well, particularly the latter, but, on losing his money, he never lost his temper. In a run of bad luck and worse play, he would fling his cards upon the floor and exclaim, * Byefore George, I ought forever to renounce thee, fickle, faithless fortune.'

The Judge was aware, at the time, that all the learned labor of poor Goldsmith upon his Roman History was mere hack-work to recruit his exhausted finances. “His purse replenished,” adds

, he, “ by labors of this kind, the season of relaxation and pleasure took its turn, in attending the theatres, Ranelagh, Vauxhall, and other scenes of gayety and amusement. Whenever his funds were dissipated, and they fled more rapidly from being the dupe of many artful persons, male and female, who practised upon his benevolence, — he

returned to his literary labors, and shut himself up from society to provide fresh matter for his bookseller, and fresh supplies for himself."

ROMAN HISTORY.

255

How completely had the young student discerned the characteristics of poor, genial, generous, drudging, holiday-loving Goldsmith ; toiling, that

1 he might play ; earning his bread by the sweat of his brains, and then throwing it out of the window.

The Roman History was published in the middle of May, in two volumes of five hundred pages each. It was brought out without parade or pretension, and was announced as for the use of schools and colleges ; but, though a work written for bread, not fame, such is its ease, perspicuity, good sense, and the delightful simplicity of its style, that it was well received by the critics, commanded a prompt and extensive sale, and has ever since remained in the hands of young

and old. Johnson, who, as we have before remarked, rarely praised or dispraised things by halves, broke forth in a warm eulogy of the author and the work, in a conversation with Boswell, to the great astonishment of the latter.

“ Whether we take Goldsmith,” said he, as a poet, as a comic writer, or as an historian, he stands in the first class.” Boswell. — “ An historiar! My dear sir, you surely will not rank his compilation of the Roman History with the works of other historians of this age.” Johnson. — “Why, who are before him?" Boswell.

66 Hume - Robertson — Lord Lyttelton.” Johnson (his antipathy against the Scotch beginning to rise). -"I have not read Hume; but doubtless Goldsmith's History is better than the verbiage of Robertson, or the foppery of Dalrymple.” Boswell.

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wine and wassail, however, befogged his senses. Scarce had the author got into the second act of liis play, when Hiffernan began to nod, and at length snored outright. Bickerstaff was barrassed, but continued to read in a more elevated tone. The louder he read, the louder Hiffernan snored ; until the author came to a pause.

“ Never mind the brute, Bick, but go on,". cried Goldsmith. 6. He would have served Homer just so if he were here and reading his own works.”

Kenrick, Goldsmith's old enemy, travestied this anecdote in the following lines, pretending that the poet had compared his countryman Bickerstaff to Homer.

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“ What are your Bretons, Romans, Grecians,

Compared with thorough-bred Milesians !
Step into Griffin's shop, he 'll tell ye
Of Goldsmith, Bickerstaff, and Kelly ..
And, take one Irish evidence for t’other,
Ev'n Homer's self is but their foster-brother."

Johnson was a rough consoler to a man when wincing under an attack of this kind.

“ Never mind, sir," said he to Goldsmith, when he saw that he felt the sting. 6 A man whose business it is to be talked of is much helped by being at tacked. Fame, sir, is a shuttlecock; if it be

a struck only at one end of the room, it will soon fall to the ground ; to keep it up, it must be struck at both ends."

Bickerstaff, at the time of which we are speakig, was in high vogue, the associate of the first wits of the day ; a few years afterwards he was

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