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other. And there with alle thei ben so proude, that thei knowen not how to ben clothed; now long, now schort, now streyt, now large, now swerded, now daggered, and in alle manere gyses. Thei scholden ben symple, meke and trewe, and fulle of Almes dede, as Jhesu was, in whom thei trowe: but thei ben alle the contrarie, and evere enclyned to the Evylle, and to don evylle. And thei ben so coveytous, that for a lytylle Sylver, thei sellen here Doughtres, here Sustres and here owne Wyfes, to putten hem to Leccherie. And on with drawethe the Wif of another and non of hem holdethe Feythe to another but thei defoulen here Lawe, that Jhesu Crist betook hem to kepe, for here Salvacioun. And thus for here Synnes, han thei lost alle this Lond, that wee holden. For, for hire Synnes here God hathe taken hem in to oure Hondes, noghte only be Strengthe of our self, but for here Synnes. For wee knowen wel in verry sothe, that whan zee serve God, God wil helpe zou : and whan he is with zou, no man may be azenst you. And that knowe we wel, be oure Prophecyes, that Cristene men schulle wynnen azen this Lond out of oure Hondes, whan thei serven God more devoutly. But als longe als thei ben of foule and of unclene Lyvynge, (as thei ben now) wee have no drede of hem, in no kynde: for here God wil not helpen hem in no wise. And than I asked him, how he knew the State of Cristene men. And he answerde me,
that he knew alle the state of the Comounes also, be his Messangeres, that he sente to alle Londes, in manere as thei weren Marchauntes of precyous Stones, of Clothes of Gold and of othere thinges; for to knowen the manere of every Contree amonges Cristene men. And than he leet clepe in alle the Lordes, that he made voyden first out of his Chambre ; and there he schewed me 4, that weren grete Lordes in the Contree, that tolden me of my Contree, and of many othere Cristene Contrees, als wel as thei had ben of the same Contree: and thei spak Frensche righte wel; and the Sowdan also, where of I had gret Marvaylle. Allas! that it is gret sclaundre to oure Feythe and to oure Lawe, whan folk that ben with outen Lawe, schulle repreven us and undernemen us of oure Synnes. And thei that scholden ben converted to Crist and to the Lawe of Jhesu, be oure gode Ensamples and be oure acceptable Lif to God, and so converted to the Lawe of Jhesu Crist, ben thorghe oure Wykkednesse and evylle lyvynge, fer fro us and Straungeres fro the holy and verry Beleeve, schulle thus appelen us and holden us for wykkede Lyveres and cursed. And treuly thei sey sothe. For the Sarazines ben gode and feythfulle. For thei kepen entierly the Cōmaundement of the Holy Book Alkaron, that God sente hem be his Messager Machomet; to the whiche, as thei seyne, seynt Gabrielle the Aungel often tyme tolde the wille of God.
17. Wicliffe, A.D. 1324-1384 (Manual, p. 55).
MATTHEW'S GOSPEL, CHAP. VIII.
Forsothe when Jhesus hadde comen mentid. And Jhesus saith to hym, I doun fro the hil, many cumpanyes fole- shal cume, and shal hele hym. And widen hym. And loo! a leprouse man centurio answerynge saith to hym, Lord, cummynge worshipide hym, sayinge; I am not worthi, that thou entre vndir Lord, gif thou wolt, thou maist make my roof; but oonly say bi word, and me clene. And Jhesus holdynge forthe my child shall be helid. For whi and I the hond, touchide hym sayinge, I wole; am a man ordeynd vnder power, hauynge be thou maad clene. And anoon the vndir me knigtis; and I say to this, lepre of hym was clensid. And Jhesus Go, and he goth; and to an other, Come saith to hym; See, say thou to no man; thou, and he cometh; and to my serbut go, shewe thee to prestis, and offre uaunt, Do thou this thing, and he doth. that gifte that Moyses comaundide, into Sothely Jhesus, heerynge these thingis, witnessing to hem. Sothely when he wondride, and saide to men suynge hym: hadde entride in to Capharnaum, cen- Trewly I saye to you I fond nat so grete turio neigide to hym preyinge hym, And feith in Yrael. Sothely Y say to you, said, Lord, my child lyeth in the hous that manye shulen come fro the est and sike on the palsie, and is yuel tour- west, and shulen rest with Abraham
and Ysaac and Jacob in the kyngdam of heuenes; forsothe the sonys of the rewme shulen be cast out into vttremest derknessis; there shal be weepynge, and beetynge togidre of teeth. And Jhesus saide to centurio, Go; and as thou hast bileeued be it don to thee. And the child was helid fro that houre. And when Jhesus hadde comen in to the hous of Symond Petre, he say his wyues moder liggynge, and shakun with feueris. And he touchide hir hond, and the feuer lefte hir and she roose, and seruyde hem. Sothely whan the euenyng was maad, thei brougte to hym many hauynge deuelys: and he castide out spiritis by word, and helide alle hauynge yuel; that it shulde be fulfillid, that thing that was said by Ysaie, the prophete, sayinge, He toke oure infirmytees, and bere oure sykenessis. Sothely Jbesus seeynge many cumpanyes about hyın, bad his disciplis go ouer the water. And oo scribe, or a man of lawe, commynge to, saide to hym, Maistre, I shal sue thee whidir euer thou shalt go. And Jhesus said to hym, Foxis han dichis, or borowis, and briddis of the eir han nestis; but mannes sone hath nat wher he reste his heued. Sotheli an other of his disciplis saide to hym, Lord, suffre me go first and birye my fadir. Forsothe Jhesus saide to hym, Sue thou me, and late dede men birye her dead men. And Jhesu steyinge vp in to a litel ship, his disciplis sueden him. And loo! a grete steryng was made in the sec, so
that the litil ship was hilid with wawis; but he slepte. And his disciplis camen aig to hym, and raysiden hym, sayinge, Lord, saue VS: we perishen. And Jhesus seith to hem, What ben yee of litil feith agast? Thanne he rysynge comaundide to the wyndis and the see, and a grete pesiblenesse is maad. Forsothe men wondreden, sayinge: What manere man is he this, for the wyndis and the see obeishen to hym. And whan Jhesus hadde comen over the water in to the cuntre of men of Genazereth twey men hauynge deuelis runnen to hym, goynge out fro birielis, ful feerse, or wickid, so that no man migte passe by that wey. And loo! thei crieden, sayinge, What to vs and to thee, Jhesu the sone of God? hast thou comen hidir before the tyme for to tourmente vs? Sothely a floc, or droue, of many hoggis lesewynge was nat fer from hem. But the deuelis preyeden him, seyinge, gif thou castist out vs hennes, sende vs in to the droue of hoggis. And he saith to hem, Go yee. And thei goynge out wente in to the hoggis; and loo! in a greet bire al the droue wente heedlynge in to the see, and thei ben dead in watris. Forsothe the hirdes fledden awey, and cummynge in to the citee, tolden alle these thingis; and of hem that hadden the fendis. And loo! al the citee wente ageinis Jhesu, metynge hym; and hym seen, thei preiden hym, that he shulde pass fro her coostis.
FROM THE DEATH OF CHAUCER TO THE AGE OF ELIZABETH.
18. James I. 1394-1437. (Manual, p. 57.)
From the King's Quair (Quire or Book).
ON HIS BELOVED.
The longè dayès and the nightès eke,
I would bewail my fortune in this wise,
Bewailing in my chamber, thus alone,
Now was there made fast by the touris wall
An herbere green; with wandis long and small
Was all the place, and hawthorn hedges knet,
Of her array the form gif I shall write, Toward her golden hair, and rich attire, 1 Against.
3 Herbary, or garden of simple
In fret wise couched with pearlis white,
About her neck, white as the fyr amaille,
That as a spark of lowe9 so wantonly
And for to walk that freshè mayè's morrow,
In her was youth, beauty with humble port,
6 Burning. 7 Mr. Ellis conjectures that this is an error, for fair 8 Goldsmith's work. 9 Fire. 10 Heretofore. 11 A little.
email, i. e. enamel. 12 Half.
19. William Dunbar, about 1465-1520. (Manual, p. 58.)
From the Dance of the Seven Deadly Sins.
IRE, PRIDE, ANd Envy.
And first of all in dance was Pryd,
1 With hair combed back (and) bonnet to one side. 2 Likely to make wasteful 3 Like a wheel. 4 Hung all in rumples to the
heel. 5 His cassock for the
Mony proud trompour with him trippit,
Then Ire cam in with sturt and strife,"
All bodin in feir of weir.
In jakkis stryppis and bonnettis of steil,
Sum upon uder with brands beft,7
With knyves that scherp coud scheir."
Next in the dance followit Invy,10
Hid malice and dispyte,
For privy haterit that tratour trymlet;
6 Many a proud impostor with him tripped.
Through scalding fire as they skipt. 8 They grinned with hideous groans. 9 Then Ire came with trouble and strife. 1 Boasters, braggarts, and bullies. 2 After him passed in pairs. 3 All arrayed in feature of war. 4 In coats of armour and bonnets of steel. 5 Their legs were chained to the heel. (Probably it means covered with iron net-work.) 6 Froward was their aspect. 7 Some struck upon others with brands. 8 Some stuck others to the hilt. 9 With knives that sharply could mangle. 10 Followed Envy. 11 Filled full of quarrel and felony. 12 For privy hatred that traitor trembled. 13 Him followed many a dissembling renegado. 14 With feigned words fair or white. 15 And flatterers to men's faces. 16 And backbiters of sundry races. 17 To lie that had delight. 18 With spreaders of false lies. 19 Alas that courts of noble kings. 20 Of them can never be rid.
20. Sir David Lyndsay. 1490-1557. (Manual, p. 68.) MELDRUM'S DUEL WITH THE ENGLISH CHAMPION TALbart. Then clariouns and trumpets blew, And weiriours 1 many hither drew;