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XXXI. Letter to Alcison from X. The council of Chalcedon
the monks of Palestine 368 upheld by Justinian


XXXII. Ejection of Macedo- XI. Deposition of Anthimus

nius and Flavian from their

and Theodosius from their




XXXIII. Severus, bishop of XII. Cabades and Chosroes,


371 kings of Persia


XXXIV, Act of deposition XIII. Incursion of the Arabs.

against Severus

374 -Sedition at Constantinople ib.

XXXV. Suppression of the XIV. Persecution by Huneric 397

Isaurian insurrection 375 XV. Cabaones the Moor 398

XXXVI. Invasion of the XVI. Expedition of Belisarius


ib. against the Vandals


XXXVII. Capture of Amida. XVII. Triumph of Belisarius 400

-Founding of Daras . 376 XVIII. Origin of the Moors.-

XXXVIII. The Long Wall ib. Munificence of Justinian in

XXXIX. Abolition of the



377 XIX. Events following the

XL. Falsehoods of the histo-

death of Theodoric


rian Zosimus

. 379 | XX. Conversion of the Heruli 402

XLI. Refutation of Zosimus 380 XXI. Loss and recovery of

XLII. The Gold-Rate

384 Rome


XLIII. Insurrection of Vita- XXII. Conversion of the Abas-


385 gi


XLIV. Sedition at Constan- XXIII. Conversion of the


386 people on the Tanais.



XXIV. Achievements and pie-

ty of Narses


BOOK IV. Pages 387_424. XXV. Invasion of the Persians.

-Capture of Antioch


I. Accession of Justin 387 | XXVI. Display of the wood of

II. Designs and death of Aman-

the cross at Apamea . 405

tius and Theocritus ib. XXVII. Siege of Edessa by

JII. Assassination of Vitalian 388 Chosroes


IV. Deposition of Severus, bi- XXVIII. Miracle at Sergiopo-

shop of Antioch.-Succes-



sion of Paul and Euphrasius 389 XXIX. Pestilence

V. Fires and earthquakes at XXX. Avarice of Justinian . 411

Antioch._Death of Euphra- XXXI. Description of the


. 409

390 church of St. Sophia at Con-

VI. Elevation of Ephraemius, stantinople


count of the East, to the pa- XXXII. Partiality of Justinian

triarchate of Antioch. ib. for the Blue faction


VII. Miracles of Zosimus and XXXIII. Barsanuphius the


391 ascetic


VIII. General calamities 393 XXXIV. Simeon the monk ib.

IX. Appointment of Justinian XXXV. Thomas the monk 417

to a share in the empire ib. | XXXVI. Account of a mira.


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1. Accession of Justin the Se-

BOOK VI. Pages 448—467.

cond .


II. Murder of Justin, kinsman I. Nuptials of Maurice and

of the emperor

425 Augusta


III. Execution of Ætherius

II. Alamundarus the Arab, and

and Addæus

426 his son Naamanes


IV. Edict of Justin concerning III. Military operations of

the faith

ib. John and Philippicus 450

V. Deposition of Anastasius,

IV. Mutiny of the troops

patriarch of Antioch 430

against Priscus


VI. Gregory, the successor of V. Compulsory elevation of

Anastasius .

431 Germanus


VII. Submission of the in- VI. Mission of Philippicus 452

habitants of Persarmenia 432 VII. Accusations against Gre-

VIII. Siege of Nisibis by Mar-

gory, patriarch of Antioch ib.


ib. VIII. Recurrence of earth-

IX. Invasion of the Persians 433

quakes at Antioch


X. Capture of Apamea and IX. Inroad and destruction of


435 the barbarians


XI. Insanity of Justin 436 X. Clemency of the emperor

XII. Embassy of T'rajan to towards the rebels. — Inva-


ib. sion of the Avars


XIII. Proclamation of Tibe- XI. Mission of the patriarch

rius.--His character

437 Gregory to the troops . ib.

XIV. Successes of the Roman XII. Oration of Gregory to the

commander Justinian against troops


the Persians

438 XIII. Submission of the troops 457

XV. Death of Chosroes.-Suc- XIV. Loss of Martyropolis 458

cession of Hormisdas . 440 | XV. Capture of Ocbas 460

XVI. Succession of bishops ib. XVI. Murder of Hormisdas ib.
XVII. Earthquake at Antioch 441 | XVII. Flight of Chosroes the
XVIII. Commotion on


count of Anatolius

ib. XVIII. Mission of Gregory

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THEODORET, the author of the following history, was born at Antioch, about the year 387. His parents had long been childless ; and it is related that much prayer was offered, and especially by Macedonius, a hermit, that a son might be born unto them. Hence, when at length, in answer to prayer, this child was granted to them, the name Okodópntoc was conferred upon him, signifying, given by God.

Little is known respecting the childhood and early youth of Theodoret, except that his mother, who seems herself to have been a remarkable character, dedicated him to God from his very cradle. According to some accounts he was placed in a monastery at the age of seven, where he studied theology and the sciences under Theodorus of Mopsuestia and St. John Chrysostom. Certain it is, that much of his life, was devoted to study; for it is evident from his works that he was a very learned man, conversant with classical and theological literature, and acquainted with several languages besides his own, which was the Syriac. He entered upon the work of the ministry at a very tender age; for he was but a child when he was appointed to be one of the Lectores, or public readers of Scripture. His parents, who were persons of rank and affluence, died when he had scarcely attained to manhood, leaving him in possession of a splendid inheritance. He, however, despised the gifts of fortune, and chose a life of voluntary poverty. He renounced his land and his honours, and distributed all that he possessed among the poor, reserving nothing for himself but his clothes, which were of very inferior quality. The next years of his life were spent in retirement in a monastery about thirty leagues



from Antioch. In A. D. 423 he was compelled, almost by force, to relinquish his solitude, and to enter upon the duties of the episcopal office. He was ordained by the bishop of Antioch, and sent to govern the church of Cyrus, in Syria Euphratensis, with its eight hundred villages. This new field of labour offered many discouragements, yet the selfdenying and zealous spirit of Theodoret soon changed the whole aspect of affairs. Although, on his first appointment, the diocese was full of Arians, Macedonians, Eunomians, and other heretics, yet in the year 449 not one heretic could be found throughout the whole region. Nor were his labours confined to his own diocese; for Pagans and Jews from distant countries constantly resorted to him, and he publicly confuted all the arguments and objections which they could advance against Christianity. He attributed his success to prayer, and particularly to the persevering supplications of James, a hermit.

Theodoret was also active in promoting the temporal welfare of his flock. He greatly beautified the city of Cyrus, which was but a small and almost deserted town when he first fixed his residence in it. He built an aqueduct and a canal to supply the former deficiency of water. He likewise repaired the baths, and erected public galleries and two bridges in this city. His whole public life seems to have been one of ceaseless exertion; and in one of his works he describes himself as engaged “in the hurry of a thousand occupations, both in the city and in the country, both military and civil, both ecclesiastical and secular.” The

rage of controversy, so characteristic of mediæval history, interrupted the useful and dignified tenor of his exist

About A. D. 430, he became involved in a dispute concerning the heresy of Nestorius, whose cause he espoused. The distinguishing tenet of Nestorius was his refusal to give to the Virgin Mary the title of Ocotókos, or Mother of God. That Theodoret should have sided with this heresiarch can only be accounted for upon the supposition that he did not perceive, that, unlike most of the disputes of the period, this heresy was not a mere quibble about words, but involved a doctrine of no less importance than the Divinity of the Son of God. Theodoret uniformly and strenuously adhered to this doctrine, although he rejected this particular term, OEOTókog.


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