Natural Area Tourism: Ecology, Impacts, and Management
The book covers all facets of tourism in natural areas. The book is underpinned by a strong foundation of environmental understanding. It then describes the range of impacts, which occur when tourism takes place in the natural environment and illustrates how managers can plan, develop and appropriately manage tourism developments in natural areas. Finally, the book addresses ongoing management concerns such as monitoring environmental change and the need to introduce appropriate management strategies.
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Possible physical indicators are water quality , soil compaction and erosion , and air pollution . Biological indicators include vegetation cover and fauna . The number of people seen or heard is an indicator of social conditions .
Indicators must be relevant to visitors and the associated data must be cost - effective to collect , available and accurate . The next step is developing an acceptable range and benchmark for each indicator .
parameter systems ( Hammitt & Cole , 1998 ) , is collecting information on a number of indicators . A widely used indicator rating system is that developed by Parsons and MacLeod ( 1980 ) for Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks in ...
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The Ecological Perspective
Coral reef ecosystems
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