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Station WMBI, 5 kilowatts, clear; H. C. Crowell, manager, Moody Bible Institute Radio Station, Chicago, Ill.

Station WOI, 5 kilowatts, clear; W. I. Griffith, manager, Iowa State College of Agriculture & Mechanic Arts, Ames, Iowa.

Station WOS, 500 watts, regional; Pem Gordon, Missouri State Highway Patrol, Jefferson City, Mo.

Station WOSU, 750 watts, 1 kilowatt LS, regional; R. C. Higgy, director, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

Station WRUF, 5 kilowatts, clear; Garland Powell, director, University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla.

Station WSUI, 500 watts, regional; State University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa. Station WTAW, 500 watts, regional; F. C. Bolton, director, Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, College Station, Tex.

Station KFGQ, 100 watts, local; J. C. Crawford, Boone Biblical College, Boone, Iowa.

Station KFKU, 500 watts, regional; Harold Ingham, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kans.

Station KFSG, 500 watts, regional; Maurice E. Kennedy, Echo Park Evangelistic Association, Los Angeles, Calif.

Station KFUO, 500 watts, regional; Rev. R. Kretzschmar, chairman, Board of Control, Concordia Theological Seminary, St. Louis, Mo.

Station KOAC, 1 kilowatt, regional; W. L. Kadderly, Oregon State Agricultural College, Corvallis, Oreg.

Station KPOF, 500 watts, regional; Ray B. White, Pillar of Fire, Denver, Colo.

Station KUSD, 500 watts, regional; University of South Dakota, electrical engineering department, Vermillion, S.Dak.

Station KWSC, 1 kilowatt, 2 kilowatts LS, regional; F. F. Nalder, State College of Washington, Pullman, Wash.

OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS OF THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BROADCASTERS

President, Alfred J. McCosker, WOR, New York, N.Y.

First vice president, Leo Fitzpatrick, WJR, Detroit, Mich.

Second vice president, John Shepard, III, WNAC, Boston, Mass.
Treasurer, Isaac D. Levy, WCAU, Philadelphia, Pa.

DIRECTORS

For the 3-year term: William S. Hedges, KDKA, Pittsburgh, Pa.; H. K. Carpenter, WPTF, Raleigh, N.C.; I. R. Lounsberry, WGR, Buffalo, N.Y.; Frank M. Russell, WRC, Washington, D.C.; Arthur B. Church, KMBC, Kansas City, Mo.

For the 2-year term: J. Thomas Lyons, WCAO, Baltimore, Md.; Lambdin Kay, WSB, Atlanta, Ga.; I. Z. Buckwalter, WGAL, Lancaster, Pa.; J. T. Ward, WLAC, Nashville, Tenn.; C. W. Myers, KOIN, Portland, Oreg.

For the 1-year term: Henry A. Bellows, Columbia Broadcasting System, Washington, D.C.; E. B. Craney, KGIR, Butte, Mont.; Walter J. Damm, WTMJ, Milwaukee, Wis.; Quin A. Ryan, WGN, Chicago, Ill.; W. W. Gedge, WMBC, Detroit, Mich.

STATEMENT OF DR. D. AITCHISON, PRESIDENT, NATIONAL LIBERTIES ASSOCIATION

Dr. AITCHISON. The drug bill presented by Senator Copeland is one of the most diabolical bills ever laid before Congress. It makes Uncle Sam a thief and a criminal. It robs man of ownership. Communism is the outstanding feature.

Remember a formula is an invention, and no man or set of men has any legal right to that formula.

The history of science has clearly proven that the so-called leaders in science have always denounced the greatest formulas.

Dr. Harvey demonstrated to the scientific world the functions of the blood. The allopathic medical trust denounced him as a quack.

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Every school child, today, knows that Dr. Harvey was right. Thousands of instances can be cited to prove that the would-be leaders in medicine have been the greatest hindrance to the advancement of true medical science.

Look how the chiropractors, naturipaths, and homeopaths were and are regarded as fakers by the allopathic medical trust.

After the medical trust has doped, butchered, and robbed the millions of victims, then left them as incurable, these noble professions have restored tens of thousands to health.

Gentlemen, do you think it fair, as legal, to compel a person to be actually robbed of his personal property, and by a set of men who hate him, and all decisions would be based on prejudice?

If such a bill were to go through it would deprive the public of medicines of great value.

I cannot imagine a committee that would have the nerve to pass such a bill. But I can see how a man who is already linked up with the medical trust that he would advocate anything to further the ends of the trust that is greasing his palm with blood-soaked dollars, dollars that have been bled from the victims of the allopathic trust. The bill should read:

All drugs that have been found to be habit-forming, and certain drugs that have a marked injurious effect on the body tissue, the name and percent of such drugs must be on the label.

Then the public would be protected, and also the rights of the manufacturers.

Listen, 90 percent of the drug addicts have been produced by the allopathic prescription medicine. As one of their members said, that the medical trust has been a curse to humanity, and has been actually the primary cause for the increase of suffering.

Statistics prove that thousands of soldiers have been murdered by serums and vaccines, also tens of thousands of children of which the public are not acquainted of the appalling fact.

Gentlemen, I appeal to you to denounce in severest terms the bill presented by Senator Copeland.

I represent approximately forty thousand American people who are opposed to such an infernal concoction, a criminal infringement on the rights of the American public.

(Thereupon, at 7:17 p.m., an adjournment was taken until Friday morning, Dec. 8, 1933, at 10 o'clock.)

FOOD, DRUGS, AND COSMETICS

FRIDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1933

UNITED STATES SENATE,

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to adjournment, in room 335, Senate Office Building, at 10 a.m., Senator Royal S. Copeland presiding.

Present: Senators Copeland, McNary, and Caraway.

Senator COPELAND. The committee will be in order. We have a great many requests from members of the audience, persons who wish to be heard, and I would like to say a word or two about that before we begin. Bear in mind that this is a hearing. This subcommittee cannot settle anything. It can simply prepare a bill to be sent to the full committee, and then it goes to the Senate. We heard yesterday at great length an explanation of the bill. We heard at almost as

great length a constructive criticism of the bill.

We have here five groups represented: Food, cosmetics, newspaper and advertising, including broadcasting, drugs and chemicals. Then we have the consumers, because bear in mind that the purpose of this bill, after all, is to protect the public. Let us not forget that in our debates. It is not alone what we can do to help the commercial industry, but what we can do to protect the public against foods and drugs of doubtful propriety.

A great many persons who desire to add to the value of the record wish to present briefs. We hope that desire will become contagious. Bear in mind, too, that if you have occasion in thinking over the hearings to recall things that you wish might have been added to the record, you may send forward to the committee any information in the form of briefs.

Now, I am going to ask those who wish to be recorded as present and to file briefs to submit their names.

(The following parties announced their desire to submit briefs:) W. A. Hines, of Marlow & Hines, attorneys, New York City, Harriet Hubbard Ayer, Inc.

Charles T. Stout, the Delson Chemical Co.

James W. Baldwin, National Association of Broadcasters.

Horace W. Bigelow, American Drug Manufacturers.

John H. Hayes, the Chesebrough Manufacturing Co.; also Stanco

Ink; Daggett & Ramsdell; and Jane Arden.

Bonnie L. Fisher, Coast to Coast Health School.

Hugo Mock, American Manufacturers of Toilet Articles.
Donald J. Burke, George H. Lee Co., of Omaha, Nebr.

Eugene C. Brokmeyer, general counsel, International Beauty and Barbers Supply Dealers Association.

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R. J. Everett, American Social Hygiene Association.

James W. Waldron, National Association of Druggists.

Dr. Kendall Emerson, National Tuberculosis Association and American Health Association.

Mr. Samuel Fraser, National Apples Association.

The Pacific Coast, California, and Oregon Fruit Growers Association.

Senator COPELAND. This does not preclude anybody else sending forward briefs or sending them later to the committee. They will be incorporated in the record.

Mr. Sebastain Mueller, vice president of H. J. Heinz Co., desires to have a few minutes to present the views of that company with respect to this bill.

STATEMENT OF SEBASTIAN MUELLER, VICE PRESIDENT, H. J. HEINZ CO., PITTSBURGH, PA.

Mr. MUELLER. Mr. Chairman, I am vice president in charge of the manufacturing operations of H. J. Heinz Co., Pittsburgh, Pa.

While in our opinion some minor changes in the bill as written are desirable, we wish to go on record as being in favor of some legislation of this nature. It is our feeling that the bill as drawn is not impracticable and unreasonable, because its enactment in its present form would not necessitate any changes in any of our present manufacturing practices.

However, as we view the situation, we would prefer to have a separate bill drawn to apply to food only as we feel it would be a distinct advantage to the food industry to do so. This industry is certainly large enough to deserve such special consideration, and many of its problems are quite foreign and distinct from those of the drug and cosmetic industries.

Our specific objections to the proposed bill are as follows:

First. Section 3, paragraph (d). We feel the use of any artificial coloring in ordinary food products is objectionable and should be prohibited. In it are the possibilities of the greatest deception. It would be a backward step. If custom and practice seem to require the use of such artificial coloring matter in confectionery or some other special line, where the public expects it, exception might be made to cover such usage.

Senator COPELAND. Would you absolutely exclude the coloring matter?

Mr. MUELLER. Only in food products that have no color. I have a suggested amendment here for that. That paragraph should read: A food shall be deemed to be adulterated if it contains any artificial colors except those foods which have no distinctive color such as candies, confections, ices, delicacies, and desserts, and which are expected by the consumer to be artificially colored or tinted. In the case of these exceptions, only such colors should be used as are determined by acknowledged authority to be harmless.

Second, section 11, insofar as this section refers to standards of quality. We manufacture only prepared food products in which flavor is the most outstanding quality factor. Our products do not lend themselves to fixed standards of quality, so we are not in favor of such a provision.

Senator COPELAND. Would you favor the omission of the whole section?

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