Apothecaries' Weight 10 10 1 2 1 21 1 3 2 3 10 1 13 10 1 2 2 21 1 3 3 2 6 0 O 0 7 0 1 5 1 2 9 1 14 1 15 24 grains 20 pennyweights 10 15 4 0 8 34 11 3 13 0 4 4 41 8 101 0 11 = Spinach 51′′ 66 = Squash, 43". 66 Strawberries, H. S. H. S. H. S. = Weights and Measures = 1 ounce oz. = 1 pound-ib. = 1 quarter 1 hundred weight-cwt. 5" 1 pennyweight-dwt. = 1 ounce 480 grains 1 scruple 1 drachm 20 grains = 1 ounce = 1 pound-5,760 grains Apothecaries' weight is used only in weighing of medicines. 10. 6 02601160-6-I26 21 1 21 1 12 1 11 4 quarters 1 ton-2,000 lbs. 20 hundred weight Avoirdupois weight is used for weighing all ordinary articles, such as live stock, grain, hay, vegetables, etc. The standard avoirdupois pound of the United States is determined from the Troy pound, and contains 7,000 grains Troy. In some states 2,240 pounds are considered one ton. Troy Weight 11 15 0 10 14 0 13 1 3 2 1 2 2 2 6 Troy weight is used in weighing gold, silver and jewels. Pearls and diamonds are weighed by the karat of 4 grains, 5 diamond grains being equal to 4 grains Troy. The Troy pound, containing 5,760 grains, is the standard unit of all weights in the United States. 0 7 0 14 Linear, or Long Measure 3 barleycorns 7.92 inches 12 inches 3 feet 51⁄2 yards, or 161⁄2 feet 10 chains Square, or Surface Measure 144 16 40 4 Cubic, or Solid Measure Apothecaries' Measure = 20 ounces == = = = 8 furlongs 3 miles = 1 league Linear measure is used only in measuring distances or length in any direction. The yard is the standard unit of length. 1 span 1 cubit = 1 pace (military) 1 pace (geometrical) 1 fathom = 1728 cubic inches 27 cubic feet 40 cubic ft. rou. timber 60 minims (or drops) = = = = == = = 1 chain 640 acres = Square measure is used in measuring anything which has both length and breadth; that is, surface measure of two dimensions only. = = = 1 rood 1 acre, or 43,560 sq. ft. 1 square mile = 1 inch 1 link 1 foot 1 yard 1 rod, perch or pole = = 1 furlong 1 mile 1 cubic foot 1 cubic yard 1 ton or load 1 fluid drachm 1 fluid ounce Measures of Length 1 line 1 nail (cloth measure) 1 hand (horse height measure) 1 pint 1 imperial gallon Measures of Length-Continued 1 cable's length 1 league 1 degree of the equator 1 degree of meridian Dry Measure 2 pints = 1 quart (qt.) = 4 quarts Measure of Time 1 chaldron (for coke and coal) In Dry Measure the liter is legal at .908 quart. Liquid Measure 60 seconds 60 minutes 7 days 4 gills (gi.) 63 gallons Note.-311⁄2 gallons, in some instances, are considered a barrel. 365 days Circular Measure 60 seconds 60 minutes 360 degrees 30 degrees 1 gallon (gal.)-268.8 cubic inches 1 1 bushel (bu.) 12 signs 360 degrees = = = = = = = = = 1 ton = = 28, 29, 30 and 31 days 1 pint (pt.) 1 quart (qt.) 1 gallon (231 cubic inches) 1 tierce 1 hogshead (hhd.) 1 puncheon 1 anker 1 pipe 1 runlet 1 barrel 69.124 statute miles = = = = 120 fathoms = 3 miles =60.1613 miles or 60 nautical knots or geographical miles =69.146 miles = 1 sign zodiac 1 zodiac circle the circumference of the earth at the equator 1 degree of the equator = = 1 geographic mile = 1 degree English Money: = = = = Land Measurement 6 mi. X 6 mi. = 36 sq. mi. 1 mi. X 1 mi. = 1 sq. mi. 1 mi. X1⁄2 mi. = 1⁄2 sq. mi. 1⁄2 mi. X1⁄2 mi. = 4 sq. mi. 1⁄2 mi. X4 mi. = 4 mi.X4 mi. = = sq. mi. sq. mi. 4 seconds 1 minute 1 second 24 hours, or one day 1 hour = 23,040 acres = 1 Township 640 acres 1 Section = 320 acres = 1 Half Section 160 acres = 1 Quarter Section = 80 acres 1 Half Quarter Section = = 40 acres = 1 Quarter Quarter Section. 208.7 ft. square = 43,560 sq. ft. 66 ft. 80 chain or 5,280 ft. = = = 1 acre 1 acre 2 ft., 9 in. 1 vara = 1371⁄2 ft. square 1 keg of nails 1 barrel of flour = Time .0666 second = = Board Measure In figuring board measure, all boards are assumed to be 1 inch thick. To find the contents of lumber, multiply the length in feet by the width and thickness in inches and divide by 12. First: 1 in. x 12 in. x 8 ft.: 1x12×8÷12=8 sq. ft. 4 Farthings = 1 Penny 12 Pence = 1 Shilling 20 Shillings = To convert English money into American money: Reduce the English money to pence. Divide the rate of exchange (normal 4.8665) by 240, the number of pence in one pound, the result will be the value of one penny in American exchange. Multiply the total number of pence to be converted by the value of one penny, the result will be the equivalent in dollars and cents. $4.80÷240= .02, Rate of exchange is $4.80. £6 18s 9d 1,665d. value of one penny. 1,665dX.02 = $33.30. A List of Units Used in Commerce 1 barrel of beef or pork = 200 pounds = 100 pounds = 196 pounds = 250 pounds = 100 pounds 1 pig of iron or lead |