America and the Armenian Genocide of 1915
Before Rwanda and Bosnia, and before the Holocaust, the first genocide of the twentieth century happened in Turkish Armenia in 1915, when approximately one million people were killed. This volume is an account of the American response to this atrocity. The first part sets up the framework for understanding the genocide: Sir Martin Gilbert, Vahakn Dadrian and Jay Winter provide an analytical setting for nine scholarly essays examining how Americans learned of this catastrophe and how they tried to help its victims. Knowledge and compassion, though, were not enough to stop the killings. A terrible precedent was born in 1915, one which has come to haunt the United States and other Western countries throughout the twentieth century and beyond. To read the essays in this volume is chastening: the dilemmas Americans faced when confronting evil on an unprecedented scale are not very different from the dilemmas we face today.
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ABCFM ABCFM archives Aleppo Allies American Anatolia anti-Armenian April Armenian Genocide Armenian mandate Armenian Massacres Armenian population Armenian Question army atrocities August Barton British campaign Cemal Christian civilians committed Committee Congress Constantinople Consul consular crime cultural CUP’s Dadrian death declared diplomatic documents East Relief Erzurum ethnic European extermination fate force foreign German Gilbert Graffam Harbord Harput Henry Morgenthau Holocaust Hovannisian Ibid issue Istanbul Jay Winter Jews killed Kurds Lansing leaders League of Nations military million mission missionaries Muslim nian officials ofthe organization Ottoman Empire Paris Paris Peace Conference Peace Conference political post-war President Princeton protect province refugees resolution response Russian Senate September Sivas Smyrna soldiers Syria Talˆat tion total war Trabzon treaty troops Turkey Turkish Turkish government Twentieth Century United University Press Vahakn victims wartime Wilson Papers Wilsonian women and children World wrote York Young Turk