The Concise Dictionary of World Place Names
Oxford University Press, 2017 M12 7
Every populated place, however small, has a name, and every name is chosen for a reason. This fascinating dictionary gives the history, meanings, and origin of an enormous range of country, region, island, city, and town names from across the world, as well as the name in the local language. It also includes key historical facts associated with many place names. Place-names are continually changing. New names are adopted for many different reasons such as invasion, revolution, and decolonization. This dictionary includes selected former names, and, where appropriate, some historical detail to explain the transition. The names of places often offer a real insight into the places themselves, revealing religious and cultural traditions, the migration of peoples, the ebb and flow of armies, the presence of explorers, local languages, industrial developments and topography. Superstition and legend can also play a part. All this fascinating detail is included in the Concise Dictionary of World Place Names. In addition to the entries themselves, the dictionary includes two appendices: a glossary of foreign word elements which appear in place names and their meanings, and a list of personalities and leaders from all over the world who have influenced the naming of places. Containing over 10,000 names, from Aachen to Zyrardów, this is a unique and fascinating guide for geographers, travellers, and all with an interest in current world affairs.
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15th century 19th century According to legend ancient Arabic Argentina Australia autonomous Azerbaijan became the capital British built called Canada Cape Cape/South Africa castle ceded Celtic century BC Chinese coast colony Croatia Czech Republic district Dutch East emperor England/UK English personal name formerly fortress founded France French governor Greek hill honour Honshū/Japan independence India Ireland island Kazakhstan King Kingdom known Lake Land later Latin meant Mexico mountain name comes name is derived name means name was changed Native American nearby North Northern Old English Old English personal Old High German original name Ottoman Turks Persian Place Poland port Portuguese possibly present name Prince province reference region renamed Roman name Romania Russian Sanskrit Serbia settled settlement South Africa Soviet Spain Spanish spelt takes its name territory town tree tribe Turkey Turkic Turkish UK England Ukraine USA USA village West Western word Zealand