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wooden board of three-ply birch, or other hardwood, not less than 3-inch thick, or by two thicknesses of 0.100 inch, 275-pound test, solid fiberboard. Gross weight of fiberboard box must not exceed 65 pounds; or in mailing tubes, specification 29, provided the penetration of the spikes of fusees (flares or highway signals), through the outside container is prevented by one of the methods specified for fiberboard boxes, specification 23B or 24B in this paragraph. Gross weight of mailing tube must not exceed 5 pounds. [As amended Jan. 13, 1934, Mar. 12, 1936, 1 F.R. 47]

(14) Toy caps must be packed in inside packages constructed of cardboard not less than .013 inch in thickness which shall provide a complete enclosure. The number of caps in these inside packages shall be limited so that not more than 10 grains of explosive composition shall be packed into one cubic inch of space and not exceeding 17.5 grains of the explosive composition of toy caps shall be packed in any inside container. [As added Mar. 15, 1938, effective Jan. 1, 1939, 3 F.R. 652]

(b) Weight. Except as specified in paragraph (a) of this section, the gross weight of one outside package containing fireworks must not exceed 500 pounds; the gross weight of a package containing toy torpedoes must not exceed 65 pounds.

(c) Marking. Each outside package must be plainly marked in letters not less than seven-sixteenths inch in height "FireworksHandle Carefully-Keep Fire Away." Outside fiberboard packages containing firecrackers, flash crackers, salutes, flash salutes, sparklers, paper caps, or paper cap ammunition for toy pistols, as permitted by paragraph (a) (6) of this section, must also be marked "Firecrackers," "Flash Crackers," "Salutes," "Flash Salutes," "Sparklers,” "Paper Caps," or "Paper Cap Ammunition for Toy Pistols," as the case may be. Outside packages containing toy torpedoes must also be marked "Toy Torpedoes." [As amended Dec. 15, 1931]*+ [Pars. 114-116]

80.61 Shipping order and bill of lading description and certificate for less dangerous explosives-(a) Description and certificate. The shipper of any less dangerous explosive must describe each article in his shipping order and bill of lading by the specific name used herein, and may add any further description not inconsistent therewith, and must show on the shipping order the following certificate in the lower left-hand corner, over the written or stamped facsimile signature of the shipper or of his duly authorized agent:

This is to certify that the above articles are properly described by name and are packed and marked and are in proper condition for transportation according to the regulations prescribed by the Interstate Commerce Commission. (b) Shipping names.

Ammunition for cannon with empty projectiles.

Ammunition for cannon with sand-loaded projectiles.

Ammunition for cannon with solid projectiles.

Ammunition for cannon without projectiles.


Smokeless powder for cannon.

Smokeless powder for small arms.

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*For statutory citation, see note to § 80.1.

(c) Switching tickets. When the initial movement is a switching operation, the switching ticket, and copies thereof, prepared by the shipper, or by the carrier under the shipper's written authority, must bear the shipper's certificate and show kind of placard applied.*+ [Par. 117]

80.62 Car for less dangerous explosives; placards-(a) Car specification. Shipments of less dangerous explosives specified in § 80.61 (a), (b) must be loaded and transported in a box car, which is in good condition, into which sparks can not enter and with roof not liable to take fire through unprotected decayed wood; the doors if not tight must be stripped to prevent entrance of sparks. Fireworks may also be transported in container cars in good condition. (b) Application of placards. A car containing less dangerous explosives must be protected by securely applying to each outside end and side thereof the "Inflammable" placard as prescribed in § 80.278 (b) (1).

Placards must be applied to both sides and both ends of a container car on which containers containing fireworks are placed; or placards must be applied to both ends of such a car and to both sides of the container containing fireworks. [As added Oct. 14, 1932]

Billing for car must be endorsed to show which of the containers loaded thereon contains fireworks. [As added Oct. 14, 1932]

(c) Standard placards furnished by shipper; commodity name. (1) Placards must conform to standards and samples will be furnished by the Bureau of Explosives on request. Shippers must furnish and apply placards to cars loaded by them.

(2) Placards for carloads must show thereon, in the space provided, the proper name of the commodity as prescribed by the regulations in Parts 72-80, or the commodity name must be shown on tag board cards measuring 5 by 8 inches securely attached to each side of the car.

(d) Removal of placards. When lading requiring "Inflammable” placards is removed from cars, placards must be removed by the party unloading the car.*+ [Pars. 118-121]

CROSS REFERENCE: For standards and method of application for placards, see $$ 80.279, 80.280.

RELATIVELY SAFE EXPLOSIVES, CLASS C, AND NONEXPLOSIVE MATERIALS 80.63 Small-arms ammunition-(a) Definition. Small-arms ammunition includes all fixed ammunition such as is used in pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, and similar firearms, or in machine guns with nonexplosive bullets, and consists usually of a paper or metallic cartridge case, the primer, and the propelling powder charge, with or without shot, bullet (except explosive bullets), tear-gas material, or pyrotechnics, the component parts necessary for one firing being all in one assembly. [As amended Dec. 10, 1935]

(b) Packing. (1) Small-arms ammunition must be packed as follows:

In pasteboard or other inside boxes, packed in securely closed strong wooden boxes, fiberboard boxes, or metal containers. [As amended Aug. 27, 1936, 1 F.R. 1366]

*For statutory citation, see note to § 80.1.

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(2) Small-arms ammunition in pasteboard or other inside boxes may also be shipped when packed in the same outside container with nonexplosive and noninflammable articles; or with small-arms primers or percussion caps in quantity not to exceed 5 pounds. The weight of the small-arms ammunition packed with other articles must not exceed 55 pounds in outside fiberboard box, or 75 pounds in outside wooden box. The outside package must be a securely closed strong wooden or fiberboard container and must be marked as provided in paragraph (c) of this section.

(c) Marking. Each outside package must be plainly marked "Small-Arms Ammunition."

Packages containing cartridges with tear gas material must also be marked "Tear Gas Cartridges" and must be labeled with "Tear Gas" label.

CROSS REFERENCES: For regulations of the Bureau of Internal Revenue relating_to_excise tax on pistols and revolvers, firearms, shells, cartridges, see 26 CFR Parts 302, 303. For international traffic in arms and ammunition as regulated by the National Munitions Control Board, see 32 CFR Part 1.

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(d) Restrictions limited. No restrictions, other than proper description, packing, and marking, are prescribed herein for the transportation of small-arms ammunition.*t [Pars. 122-125]

80.64 Primers, percussion caps, fuzes, cordeau detonant, instantaneous fuze, squibs, igniters, and lighters-(a) Definitions. (1) Primers, percussion fuzes, combination fuzes, and time fuzes are devices used to ignite the powder charges of ammunition or the blackpowder bursting charges of projectiles. For small-arms ammunition, the primers are usually called "small-arms primers" or "percussion caps.

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(2) Tracer fuzes are devices which are attached to projectiles and contain a slow-burning composition to show the flight of projectiles at night.

(3) Cordeau detonant is a drawn-lead tube fuse containing trinitrotoluene or a core of pentaerythrite tetranitrate overspun with yarns, tapes and waterproofing compounds. [As amended Aug. 27, 1936, 1 F.R. 1366]

(4) Safety squibs are small paper tubes containing a small quantity of black powder. One end of each tube is usually twisted and tipped with sulphur.

(5) Electric squibs consist of small tubes or blocks containing a small quantity of ignition compound in contact with a wire bridge.

(6) Delay electric igniters consist of small metal tubes containing a wire bridge in contact with a small quantity of ignition compound. The ignition compound is in contact with or in close proximity to a short piece of safety fuse.

(7) Instantaneous fuse is cotton yarns impregnated with meal powder.

(8) Fuse lighters and fuse igniters are small cylindrical hollow pasteboard of metal tubes containing an igniting composition in one end, the other end being open to permit it to be placed on safety fuse.

(b) Packing. (1) Primers, percussion caps, and percussion, tracer, combination, and time fuzes, must be packed in strong, tight, outside wooden boxes, with special provision for securing individual packages of primers and fuzes against movement in the box.

(2) Small-arms primers containing anvils must be packed in cellular inside packages, with partitions separating the layers and columns of the primers, so that the explosion of a portion of the primers in the completed shipping package will not cause the explosion of all the primers.

(3) Percussion caps must be packed in metal or other inside boxes containing not more than 500 caps; the construction of the cap and the kind and quantity of explosives in each must be such that the explosion of a part of the caps in the completed shipping package will not cause the explosion of all of the caps.

(4) Small-arms primers and/or percussion caps may be shipped when packed with nonexplosive and/or noninflamable articles, or with small-arms ammunition as provided in § 80.63 (b) (2); the weight of the small-arms primers or percussion caps must not exceed 5 pounds in any such outside container. [As amended Apr. 7, 1931]

*For statutory citation, see note to § 80.1.

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(5) Cordeau detonant and instantaneous fuse must be packed in strong wooden boxes or barrels, properly marked with the name of the article packed therein.

Cordeau detonant must not be packed in the same package with blasting caps, or with any high explosive.

Safety squibs, electric squibs, delay electric igniters, and fuse lighters or fuse igniters must be packed in strong fiberboard or wooden boxes or wooden barrels properly marked with the name of the article packed therein.

(c) Weight. The gross weight of one outside package must not exceed 150 pounds.

(d) Restrictions limited. No restrictions other than proper packing and marking are prescribed herein for the transportation of primers and percussion, tracer, time or combination fuzes.

No restrictions other than proper marking as follows are prescribed for the shipment of "Empty Cartridge Shells (cartridge cases), Primed" and "Empty Grenades, Primed," which consist of empty cartridge shells or grenades containing an ignition primer; and "Empty Cartridge Bags-Black-Powder Igniters," which consist of empty bags having attached thereto an igniter composed of black powder.

(e) Marking. Each outside box must be plainly marked "Smallarms Primers-Handle Carefully," "Percussion Caps-Handle Carefully," "Cannon Primers-Handle Carefully," "Combination Primers-Handle Carefully," "Percussion Fuzes-Handle Carefully," "Combination Fuzes-Handle Carefully," or "Tracer Fuzes-Handle Carefully," etc.** [Pars. 126–131]

80.65 Shipping order and bill of lading description for relatively safe explosives. The shipper of any relatively safe explosive whose transportation is subject to these regulations must describe the article in his shipping order and bill of lading by the specific name as shown in § 80.66, and may add any further description not inconsistent therewith.

Shipper's certificate is required for blasting caps in any quantity. (See § 80.48 for certificate.)*+ [Par. 132]

80.66 Car for relatively safe explosives. The following articles may be loaded into any closed car in good condition; with the exception of blasting caps and electric blasting caps, they also may be loaded into any container car in good condition; no placards are required:

(Number) blasting caps.
(Number) electric blasting caps-
(Number) blasting caps with
safety fuse___
Cannon primers.

Combination fuzes.

In quantity not exceeding 1,000 caps. The number of caps must be shown.

Combination primers.

Cordeau detonant.

Delay electric igniters.

Electric squibs.

Empty cartridge bags-black-powder igniters.

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*For statutory citation, see note to § 80.1.

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