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Arvon, Dec, 2. grand and majestic even in decay. In H Aorbern borders of tower on the ARLECH is a small town on the the civil wars between the houses of

York and Lancaster, after the battle shire. The privileges of a borough of St. Alban's, 1460, Margaret of Anwere granted to it by Edward 1. but, jou took refuge in this castle before

In 1468 it from the obscurity of its situation, it she fled into Scotland. is fallen into decay. The only remains

was bravely defended by Dafydd ap of its former prosperity are the Cas- Jevan ap Einion, and surrendered on tle, one or two antient timber houses, honourable terms to Edward IV. In and the shattered shell of the Town: alternately in possession of both par

the civil wars of Charles I. it was hall, which appears to be of the same style as the Castle. The Church, ties, and finally surrendered in 1647, a small mean building, stands two being the last fortress that held out miles off, at Llanvaier. The other for the King in North Wales. The buildings are mean, and the whole first Constable after its rebuilding by place presents strong features of de- Edward 1, was Hugh de Wlonkeslow, solation and decay. °It stands on the with a salary of one hundred ponads side of a high mountain overlooking per ann,

It was afterwards reduced the Irish sea, exposed to all the to twenty-six pounds -thirteen shilstorms and blasts of the S. W. wind.lings and four pence; in some acThe view into Llyn is highly beauti- counts fifty pounds; which probably ful; and that of the Eryri moun

was the fee for both Constable and tains (Snowdon), is grand and sublime, Captain of the town. The whole garequal, if vot superior, to any in rison at that time consisted of twenty the Principality. The Castle stands soldiers, whose annual pay amounted on a high rock ; the neck that con

to one buodred and forty pounds. nects it with the mountaio has a broad The present Constable is Sir R. W. deep ditch cut out of the solid rock; Vaughan, bart. with a salary of fifty the other sides, overlooking the sea pounds a year, payable out of the and marsh, are defended by preci. revenues of North Wales, pices and outworks, rendering it

Yours, &c.

T. S. ncarly inaccessible. In its early state it appears to have been the residence of the British chieftains, Brouwen,


Sept. I. sister of Bran ap Llyr, King of Bri- I HEREWITH send you a Narratain, gave the first name to the for

tive, which is tremendously awful tress, it being called Twr Brouwen. in its circumstances ; and trust it may In after-times it was called Caer Coll- prove as interesting to the minds of wyo, from Collwyn ap Tango, one

others, as I myself found it, many of the fifteen tribes of North Wales, years since, when I transcribed it and lord of Efionydd, Ardudwy, from the manuscript. It is as yet and part of Llyn. He resided in a

unpublished ; and if you deem it prosquare tower in the oldest part of per to be inserted, by portions, in a the fortress, the remains of which, few numbers of the Magazine, it is and part of the old walls, are at this much at the service of yourself and time plainly to be distinguished: the readers. more modern walls are built on them.

In Mr. Lysons's entertaining EnviEdward I. about the year 1282, re

rons, vol. IV. p. 314, I find ihe folbuilt a great part of the Castle, and lowing, inscription, which is so suienlarged it. The form is


table an accompaniment to the Narwith large round towers at the an

rative, that you will oblige me by gles, having elegant round turrets letting them go togetber. rising above the battlements. The

Mr. Chase is buried in Bromley entrance to the inner ward is by a

church, Kent; and at the East end deep, gateway, between two large of the South wall is his monument, round towers, defended by massy

thus inscribed : gates and a portcuflis. The entrance

“ Sacred to the memory of to the outer ward is through a smaller

THOMAS CHASE, Esq. gateway, with banging round towers formerly of this parish; on the sides, and (formerly) a draw- born in the City of Lisbon, bridge over the fuss. The whole is the first of November, 1729, GENT. MAG, February, 1813.


and buried under the ruins down, I was obliged to put my arm of the same house where he first saw the out of a window, and support myself light,

by the wall. Every stone in the walls in the ever-memorable and terrible

separating each from the other, and Earthquake which befel that City, grinding, as did all the walls of the

on the first of November, 1755, other bouses, one agaipst another, when, after a most wonderful escape, he, by degrees, recovered from a very made the most dreadful jumbling

with a variety of different motions, deplorable condition, and lived till

noise that ears ever heard. The ad. the 20th of November, 1788.”. Yours, &c.


joining wall of Mr. Goddard's room

fell first; then followed all the upper An Account of what happened to Mr.

part of his house, and of every other, THOMAS CHASE, at Lisbon, in the as far as I could see towards the cas. great Earthquake : written by 'him

tle; when, turning my eyes quick to self, in a letter to his mother, dated

the front of the room—for I thought the 31st of December, 1755.

the whole city was sinking into the Quanquam animus meminisse hòrrret, earth, I saw the tops of two of the luctuque refugit,

pillars meet; and I saw no more. I Incipiam ?

had resolved to throw myself upon the Crudelis ubique

floor, but suppose I did pol; for inluctus, ubique Pavor, et plurima Mor- mediately I felt myself falliug, and

tis Imago ! Virg. L.Il. then, how long after I know not, " ABOUT three quarters after nine but just as if waking from a dream, o'clock in the mornivg, on Saturs with confused ideas, I found ng day, the day that made me twenty- mouth stuffed full of something, six years of age, and in the very

which with my left hand I sirove to house where I was born, on the 1st

get out; and Dot being able to breathe of November, 1755, I was alone in freely, struggled, till my head was my bed-chamber, four stories from quite disencumbered from the rubthe ground, opening a bureau ; when bish. In the doing this I came to mya shaking or trembling of the ground, self, and, recollecting what had hapwhich I knew immediately to be an pened, supposed the earthquake to earthquake, gentle at first, but gra- be uver. From what I had so lately dually increasing to greater violence, seen I expected to find the whole city alarmed me so much, that, turning fallen to the ground, and myself on round to look at the windows, the the top of the rujus ; when, upou alglass seemed lo be falling out. Sur, tempting to look about, I saw four prized at the continuation of it, and high walls, pear fifty feet above me. instantly recollecting the miserable The place where I lay was about ten 'fate of Callao in the Spanish West feet in length, and scarce two feet Indies, I expecled the same would wide; nor could I perceive either happen then ; and also remembering door or window in any of the walls. that our house was so old and weak, Astonished to the last degrèe at my that apy heavy carriage passing madu situation, I at length remembered it shake all over, I ran directly up that there was such a space between into the Urado. This place, as is the houses; but, not having seen the customary in many houses, was a

upper parts of both fall, concluded single room at the top of the house, that either the inhabitants inust all with windows all round; the roof be destroyed, or at least that there supported by stone pillars. It was

was no probability of their looking only one story higher than my cham- down there again in time epough for ber, and commanded a prospect of my preservation: so that, struck with some part of the city from the King's horror at the shocking thought of palace up to the castle ; from whence being starved to death, immured in I was anxious to see if the peigh- so hopeless a manner, 1 remained in a bouring houses were agitated with

state of stupefaction, till the still fall. the like violence. I was vo sooner ing tiles and rubbish made me seek up the stairs, than a prospect the for shelter under a small arch in the most horrid that imagination can

narrow wall, opposite my head. As form, appeared before my eyes. The I lay at the bottom of this, there aphouse began to heave to that degree, peared to be a little hule quite through that, to prevent my being thrown it: upon my approach, and with


difficulty dragging myself out of the the street, not imagining myself to rubbish, I found the aperture to be have been so near it. The people much larger than I had imagined it were all at prayers, covered over was ; and geiting in my head and arm

with dust, and the light appeared first, by degrees pulled my whole just as if it had been a very dark body aiter, and feli, about iwo feet, day: here, ilattering myself that into a small dark place arched over my leg migbt still support me to the at the top, which I supposed to be water-side, I turned, and saw the only a support for the two walls; till street below, which was very narrow, feeling about I found on one side a

filled with fallen houses, as high as narrow passage, which led me round the tops of the remaining ones, 'Then, a place like an oven into a little room, in hopes of getting into the country, where stood a Portugueze man co

I advanced a few steps up, the hill, vered with dust, who, the momeut till the same sad prospect presented he saw me coming in that way, started itself above me ; and in a street to back, and crossing himself all over, the right-hand I saw no other! Uncried out, as the custom is when knowing what to do, my strength failmuch surprized, • Jesus, Mary, and ed me, and I fell prostrate in the midJoseph ! who are you? where do you dle, just where the three streets met. coine from which being informed I then thought myself so much gone of, he placed me in a chair; and in- past all assistance, that though Mr. stantly clasping his hands together, Branfils, Mr. Goddard, and their he lifted them and his eyes toward the people, came to the spot where I cieliog, in sign of the utmost distress lay, I spoke io none of them, notand concern. This made me examine withstandmg they stood close by me: myself, which before I had not lime till at length Mr. John ERNEST to do. My right arm hung down FORG *, a German, and merchant of before me motionless, like a great the city of Hamburgh, coming to his dead weight, the shoulder being out, door, told them he saw no way of and the bone broken: my stockings their escaping out of the city; and were cut to pieces, and my legs cue

therefore begged they would go up. vered with wounds, the right ancle into a garden he had, by the cop of swelled to a prodigious size, with a his house, which was the safest place fountain of blood spouting upwards he knew of. This they compied from it: the knee also was much with ; and how loug afterwards i lay bruised, my left side felt as if beat in, there I know not; but, recovering a so that I could hardly breathe : all little strength, I raised hyself up, the left side of my face was swelied, and set my back against the wall of the skin beaten off, the blood stream: this gentleman's house ; who aping from it, with a great wound pearing again at his door, I heard above, and a small one below the him say, " What miserable wretch is eye, and several bruises on my back this? He seems, by his dress, to be and head. Scarcely had I perceived a stranger;" and coming down from his niyself to be in this mangled condi- door round to the other side of my tion, when another shock, more face, he cxclaimed, “ Dear Mr. Chase, threatening than the former, came what a shocking sight is this! Let on : the poor man flew directly out me carry you up stairs, and try wiat of the door; the violence of the con- we call do for you.” My answer cussion, and the falling of houses, was, Mang thauks, but it was now joined with the screams of the people, too late.” “Never think so," said he, made me again seek shelter at the “ I hope the worst is over, and you arch where I had entered in; where shall have the very first assistance waiting till the horror abated, I re- that can be procured.” Then calling turned back again ; and nobody ap- some of his people, he bad me conpearing, went out at the same door'ı veyed up stairs, and put me in a saw the man do, in hopes of finding chair, till he had got me something bim again, or of meeting with some to drink ; and a bed was ordered, other person ; but, instead of a which being made ready, he laid me room as I expected, it proved only a there, desiring me to compose inyparrow staircase, with a few steps ope way: then turning as many more, Dignum lauds Virum vetat Justitia it brought me, to my surprize, inte



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