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49 51 29.17

cloudy, light rain 2 41 49 30

cloudy
48 52 30- 3 cloudy, evening light rain
47 49 30- 2

cloudy in general
45 46 30. 2

lightly clouded
35 39
30. 8

mostly cloudy, evening clear
27 31 30-11 lightly clouded
8 21 27

30. 6

mostly clear 9 15 97 SO-1 clear 10 14 25 29-17 very foggy, clear upwards 11 28 33 29-18

morning cloudy and focy, afternoon clear 12 23 27 30- 0

cloudy at times 13 17 28 29-15 clear 14 17 31 29-14 mostly clear 15 25 29 29.11

mosily clear, high wind 16

23 24 28-18 cloudy, high wind, light snow 17

27 29 28-13 cloudy, light snow or rain all the day 18 28 08 29. 3 snow almost the whole of the day 19

29 35 29. 8 cloudy, some rain 20 33 34 29.11 cloudy, some very light raia 21 09 31

29-15 cloudy, afiernoon rain 22 32 33

29.16 cloudy, very foggy 23 28 31

30. 2 cloudy, afternoon light snow 24 30 33 29. 9

clear, evening cloudy, very light snow 25 30 31

30-12 cloudy 26 29 31 .30-12

cloudy, afternoon very light rain 27 30 S2 30-14 liglit snow in the night, day cloudy 28 29 36 30.12 mostly cloudy 29 41 44 30-10 cloudy, some very light rain, windy 30 43 46 30. 6 cloudy, very light sprinkling rain 31 41 43 29-19 cloudy, frequent light rain The average degrees of Temperature, from observations made at eight o'clock in the morning, are 30-77 100ths; those of the corresponding month in the year 1811 were 35-51 jonths ; in 1810, 33.32 100ths; in 1809, 37.94 100ths ; in 1808, 33-10 100ths ; in 1807, 31-55 100ths; in 1806, 44-44 100ths; in 1805, 37; and in 1804, 33-50 100ths.

The quantity of Rain fallen this month is equal to 48 100ths of an inch ; that of the corresponding month in the year 1811, was 2 inches 15 100ths ; in 1810, 5 inches 24 100ths ; in 1809, 2 inches 68 100ths; in 1808, 1 inch 52 100ths; in 1807, 2 inches .5 100ths ; in 1806, 6 inches 39 100ths; in 1905, 3 inches 77 100ths; and in 1804, 1 inch 45 100ths.

METEOROLOGICAL Table for January, 1913. By W. CARY, Strand.

Height of Fahrenheit’s Thermometer. Height of Fahrenheit’s Thermometer.

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THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,

For JANUARY, 1813.

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Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 15. Lord George Sackville, and to any EEING a Letter in your Magazine other of the numerous persons who

are conjectured to be the Author. with a conjecture respecting the Au- I know that, notwithstanding the thor of Junius, namely, that it was great merit of that Nobleman in pub ? William Earl of Shelburne, afterwards lic life, and the great services that he first Marquis of Lansdowne, -1 desire' has rendered to the State', not only to give some reasons which militate by his liberal endeavours on many against that conjecture.

occasions to serve his Country, but by I grant that there are some circum- many of his actions, particularly by .. stances in its favour: that he was cer- effecting a Peace in the Autumn of tainly a man of superior talents, as 1782 both with France and with the well as knowledge and information; United States of America, at a time and that he was well acquainted with when this Country was in the greatest public men and the public measures difficulties, and in a great dilemma, which were transacting within the ten owing to the violence of parties hava years when Junius wrote, namely from ing in the Spring of that year tied up 1762 to 1772 inclusive; that he was the hands of the Sovereign, and conalso, according to Mr. Park's opinion, , sequently of the Country, from car. quoted by you, an orator, a liberal pa- rying on an offensive war with Ame- $ tron of the arts, and a most amiable rica, so that it was impossible to i mau iu private life; that he had an ac- proceed with the war except under curate knowledge of the history and the grealest disadvantage; - 1 am constitution of his own, and of the state aware tbat, notwithstanding this ėmiof other countries; and that he was nent service, which produced the fa- : a profound politician. I believe also, mous Coalition belween two great that he was a sincere lover of his Statesmen, who had for ten years: Country; friendly to Ireland, in which never agreed upon any thing be- , lie had a large property as well as in fore, the Noble Lord has been ever England ; and very hostile also to since loaded with the most uninerited every species of oppression either in calumny by the oumerous partizans public or private life. Nor do I think of those two great men, who thus : it can give the least of'ence to the made him a sacrifice. I also know friends of that illustrious Nobleman, that, froin a certain too great for : by endeavouring to place ou his brow. wardness of manner, and precocity a sprig of that laurel which the ablest of discourse, a great degree of inwriter of the age might have proudly sincerity and duplicity has been im- ;

puted to him; whereas those who have I admit too, that Lord S. was, from known him well bear ample testimony the first to the latest period of his to his many distinguished virtues. life, a man of great ambitiou ; and The principal idea of “N. S.” in that he got the best inforniation, both, attributing the “ Letters of Junius” to 1 at home and abroad, of what was the Earl of Shelburne, is from a coinpassing in the world. I admit also, parison of the fac-simile letters pub. that it is not inconsistent with the lished by Mr. Woodfall, with a short i opinion of his being the Author, note from his Lordship, in which, he i that his name might have been used says, there are some shades of re. in such terms as could not. bave seinblance. This alone, be confesses, been by him, unless for the purpose' would be an insufficient ground for af setting suspicion at rest-an ob- the supposition he has adopted. In servation wbich applies equally to 1763, he was sworn of the Privy

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Council, at the age of 26, and made think he is one of the first-rate chaFirst Lord of Trade. In July 1766, racters he is supposed to be, as Lord he was appointed Secretary of State George Sackville, Mr. Burke, &c. ; in the Southern Department, and though he miglit have had informaresigned with Lord Chatham in Oct. tion from many or all of them at 1763.

different times, and may have been It is well known, that the Author connected with some of

them in poof Junius assumed that name long liticks. before he wrote in the " Public Ad

I ought to apologize for this long vertiser" under that title, which was Epistle ; and therefore will subscribe in January 1769. He had written to myself for the present,

JUNIOR. Mr. Woodfall under different signatures since April 1767, and probably Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 1. '

COV vious to that time. It lias been seen Dr. Johnson's opinion both of that Lord S. had been in several high Junius, and of the tendency of his situations since the year 1763, besides , writings, and you well recollect that having been Aide-de-camp to his Ma- he offered bin battle; yet, whatever jesty in 1760; and, having been an his

reason, Junius never returned M. P. before, he succeeded bis father to the fieid, but laid down his armis. as Lord Wycombe and Earl of Shel- His celebrated Letters 'haye run, burne in May 1761. Being appointed through many editions ; ile last of Secretary of State in July 1766, with which, by Mr. Woodfall, you bave. the Earl of Chatham Lord Privy Seal, with great impartialily reviewed.; ; the Duke of Grafton First Lord of: and have likewise admitted in the the Treasury, and Lord Camden front of your Magazine for Decem-, Chancellor ;-it is a strong proof of ber; an interesting Letter relative lo. their opinion of his principles as well

the supposed Author. as his abilities, and very unlikely he

Really, Mr. 'Urban, I could not should so soon have taken up his pen help imagining I saw your old ac-i to decry them individually, and collec.. quaintance the Doctor with your : tively; in which latter capacity he book.close to his eye, exclaiming, himself was involved. Besides, Lord S., “What! has Sylvanus quite forgotwas a man of an immense property ten me? that Junius engrosses so both in England and Ireland; and it many pages of his Miscellany.-Ah! is not likely he should descend to the be appears again, and on my old situation of an anonymous scribbler ground too, now I no more can meet io a Newspaper ; being a man too of him !"

G. W. L. a very high mind, as well as of great personal spirit and courage, as he Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 19. evinced upon more than one occasion. That bis abilities were not FROM the singular coincidence of

the two following Letters (the uaequal to this work, if he had con- first of which has appeared in “ The : descended to have engaged in it, must

Morning Herald,” and the other in be allowed; but it was by no means

“ The Morning Post,” Jan. 15,) with compatible with the digoity of his

that in your last Volume, p. *499,character.

(which neither of the Writers appears With regard to the similarity of to have seen) you will perhaps think hands, it is certainly a very fallacious

them worth transcribing. It will be ground, I myself having seen many candid, at the same time, to insert the score letters of that Nobleman to subsequent letter of refutation. different persons, and all very differ

Yours, &c.

INVESTIGATOR. ent from any of the fac-similes given

1.“JUNIUS.—It is said, that the Author by Mr. Woodfall.

I wish, Mr. Urban, I could give of the celebrated Letters under this sig-assistance, in my conjectures concern

nature has been positively ascertained; ing this anonymous Writer : though quis of Lansdowne, father of the present

and that they were written by the MarI by no means agree with him in all

Nobleman who bears that title. The his positions. He cortainly must have

secret, it appears, was not discovered by had very authentic as well as minute

its connexion with any political affairs information of every thing going on but by some verses in the possession of a in the political world; but I do not Lady, who had a copy of them before

they

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they were transmitted to the Printer for bore no resemblance to that of Junius; publication, and the hand-writing of the and lastly, that their hand-writings were Marquis is ascertained without the pos- equally dissiinilar.

A. P. R." sibility of a doubt. It is well known, that the Marquis was long suspected of

Mr. URBAN, being the Author; and it is by vo ineans

Jan. 16. in

we consider the general conjunction with his intimate friends opulence of the inhabitants of Dunning and Colonel Barre, the one this troiy fortunate Country, --fortusupplying the legal knowledge, and the nale in escaping the horrors of Reother many of the bitter sarcasms which volution and foreign invasion, the were spread through them, and which scourge of three-fourths of the world; are quite in the manner of the Colonel, --it is very natural to wish that Eagwho also probably furnisher the military land migné be equally distinguished information. Junius's declaration, that for the cultivation of the Fine Arts, he was the sole depositary of his own as it is for all the useful and yecess :ry secret, is entitled to little confidence;

comforts of life, for manufactures, as he could fully rely on the fidelity of such associates, particularly as they were

commerce, and arms.

The Readers of your widely-circu. as much interested in the concealment as himself.”

lated pages must observe with plea

sure, that a new æra has occurred in 2." On the leaf preceding the title- : regard to one part of the subject now. page of a very curious old book which oder consideration. The general taste lately came into my possession, the fol- which has prevailed of late .years for lowing memorandum is written; which, travelling and exploring the rich if true, discloses a secret that has long scenes presented to our view in all held the literary world in suspense: parts of the Empire, in the ruins of

'. The Letters commonly called Junius,: religivus houses and castles, frequentwhich have made so much noise in the ly situated in places abounding with world, were the production of Malagrida, all the luxuriance of rocks, mounwell known in the political circles as the tains, wood, and water, bas insensi-, Jesuit, whose principles and abilities bly formed numerous artists, ama- ; exactly qualified bim, morally and lite- teurs, aud admirers of topographical rally, for such performances. This in- delineations; whose ideas being artriguing Statesman was but young when dentiy directed to the subject, a corhe set out on this career; and his petty rectriess of judgment was generated, name corresponded with the signature which led to a power of discriminawhicb he assumed. (Signed) J.

ting on the merits ofeach effort of the “ There are many of your Readers, pencil and graver offered to public, who will perfectly understand this de- view; and the result is, that even signation ; which, if correct, and I have mediocrity will not satisfy now, where every reason to believe it to be so, ren

error and coarseposs formerly inet ders it highly probable, that the Author,

with approbation. This may be ex-; while living, durst never disclose his

CENTINEL."

emplified by referring to any tour,

county history, or work of chat oaLincoln's Inn, Jan. 18.

ture, published previous to the year 3. “ For a decisive refutation of the 1760, and comparing the miserable conjecture contained in your Paper of

bird's eye views (composed of objects this day, as well as in the last month's

little leis ludicrous in their arrangeGentleman's Magazine, that the Earl of menl of perspective than Hogarth's Shelburne (designated by the nick-name plale to illustrate such errors) enof Malag'rida) was the Author of Junius's graved in a raw style almost without Letters, it would be quite enough to shading, and perfectly innocent of read the character given of that Noble

every graphic charm, with the rich man by Junius, in one of his best letters, and correct engravinys of recent time, under the signature of Atticus*, in vol. abounding with touches that evi. III. p. 173, of Woodfall's new edition. But, in addition to this, it may be truly whence originate the noblest traits

dently spring from the same source observed, that his Lordship's style of the pencil

. either of public speaking or of writing,

It is sufficient for the present pur. * On this part of the transaction, see pose, to draw the attention to these vol. LXXXII. p. *500.-Edir,

facts, and the very aumerous engrave

ings

name.

ings of cathedrals and religious and to have feared an abrupt termination castellated ruins, to shew the truth of of the labours of the artists employed; the preceding remarks ; and it will but when the King, Queen, and six : incontestably prove, that a taste for other members of the Royal Family, the Arts has arisen, which, if properly and Ferdinand the Fourth of Sicily, encouraged, will in due time spread appear, with a long list of the noble and into all the ramifications of which affluent, as patrons and subscribers, it they are susceptible ; and here we is only reasonable to look forward to may refer for an example to the the completion of the design. Longgrand and expensive engravings of man and Co. Booksellers, White and public events so greatly multiplied Cochrane, Cadell and Davies, and P. within the last thirty years, which W. Tomkins, are the Publishers. W. do honour to England, the artists, Y. Ottley, esq. F. S. A. conducts the and the liberality of their purchasers. series from the Marquis of Stafford's

A rich source still remains for the collection, aud remarks on each picuniversal improvement of our knowo , ture; wbich he arranges according to ledge of the Fine Arts, in the trea- schools, and in chronological order. sures we possess of many of the fiuest and thus the generous and patriotic works of ihe antieot masters, honour spirit of the Marquis enables the pro... ably procured by purchase from their prietors to offer the publick the conoriginal possessors, and now forming tents of his superb gallery, under the different and most valuable collections title of “The British Gallery of Picin the houses of the noble and the tures. First Series.” opulent. The Italians long since The second Series consists of Enoffered as an inviting example, by gravings or the finest Paintings of perpetuating their best pictures with the old Masters, selected from the the graver ; and the French deserve most admired productions of Rahonourable mention for their graphic faello, Giulio Romano, Andrea del copies of various cabinets in their Sarto, Corregio, Parmigiano, Baroc. own country; nor must it be forgot' cio, Tiziano, Giorgione, Annibate ten, that the English have made soli- Caracci, Dominichino, Guido, Salvatary attempts in this way, and of tér Rosa, Reubens, Poussin, Claude great excellence, but want of encou- Lorraine, Teniers, Ostade, Reinragement from the publick paralyzed brandt, Gherard Dow, Paul Potter, their efforts,

Cuyp, &c.; and those are derived It cannot but be acknowledged, from various collections of Noblemen that no more certain way is practi-' aud Gentlemen, whose public spirit cable to improve the judgment in keeping pace with that of the Noble drawing and colouring, than by a Marquis just named, has permitted minute and critical examination of copies of them to be taken. This the Works of the celebrated Conti Series is accompanied with descripnental Painters, whose labours are an tions bistorical and critical by Heury, aggregate of all that is excellent in Tresham, esq. R. A.; the executive art, or attainable by man. That ex- part under the management of Mr. amination being in a great measure Tomkins, Historical Engraver to Her necessarily denied to the publick at Majesty. Those impressions which

. large, it was highly desirable that are coloured are done from the copies soine measure should be resorted to in a manner so truly rich, faitblul, in order to obviate this difficulty; and original, that they are as nearly and fortunately for the future hopes equal to the picture as it is possible : of the artist and his admirers, and of the different branches of the Arts emthe country, a liberal spirit of enter. ployed will permit; and the ainateur prise has suggested, and in part ac- will undoubtedly appreciate them accomplished, a plan, by which numbers cordingly. of the community will be supplied As it is incumbent upon each iudiwith close and accuratë copies in en- vidual of the State to promote, as graving of all that is estimable in this far as in him lies, the lionour of the, way in England.

Country, a description of this splene "Had the patronage afforded to the did National Undertaking must prove. undertaking alluded to been less acceplable to those who have not yet brilliant and imposing, it would have seen it, from one whoʻis in po manner been no great proof of despondency known to the persons employed in its

execution,

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