Freedom Under Fire: U.S. Civil Liberties in Times of War

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South End Press, 1990 - 282 pages

“The great wars we have fought for the sake of liberty have been accompanied, without exception, by the most draconian assaults on individual rights. This is the theme of Michael Linfield's Freedom Under Fire, and he documents it with examples from every war since the American Revolution.”—The Progressive

“Linfield demonstrates conclusively, starting with the American Revolution and coming right up to the invasion of Panama, that the Bill of Rights is set aside by the government again and again, for reasons of 'national security.' He performs an important service, reminding us that liberty cannot be entrusted to the Bill of Rights or to the three branches of government, but only can be safeguarded by our own vigilance.”—Howard Zinn


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About the author (1990)

William Ramsey Clark was a lawyer, activist, and a federal government official. He was born in Dallas, Texas on December 18, 1927. He served in the marines as a courier as a courier in Europe in World War II. He was a graduate of the University of Texas. He earned his law degree and a master's in history from the University of Chicago. Under President John F. Kennedy, he was appointed an Assistant Attorney General, overseeing the Land's Division, 1961-1965 and went on to be Deputy Attorney General, 1965-1967. He served as the 66th United States Attorney General, 1967-1969, under President Lyndon B. Johnson. When Johnson left office, Clark went back into private legal practice. He represented the disadvantaged, unpopular causes and infamous people. He taught at Howard University Law School (1969-1972) and Brooklyn Law School (1973-1981). His books included Crime in America (1970), The Fire This Time (1992), Challenge to Genocide (1998), NATO in the Balkans (2000), The Impact of Sanctions on Iraq (1996), The Torturer in the Mirror (2010) written with Thomas Ehrlich Reifer and Haifa Zangana, and The Iraq Special Tribunal (2011) written with Curtis Doebbler. His awards and honors include the 1992 Gandhi Peace Prize, the 2008 United Nations General Assembly Prize in the Field of Human Rights and the Peace Abbey Courage of Conscience Award. In 1999, he received an honorary doctorate from Belgrade University. William Ramsey Clark died in New York City on April 9, 2021 at age 93.

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