The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Volume 1

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Henry G. Bohn, 1855
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User Review  - stillatim - LibraryThing

Let's be very clear about one thing: if you write English prose, and if you read a lot and care about English prose, you should read Gibbon. His sentences are perfect. Each is carefully weighted ... Read full review

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User Review  - ritaer - LibraryThing

end of Paganism, devision of east & west, end of western empire Read full review

Contents

THE GREEK EMPERORS OF NICE AND CONSTANTINOPLE ELEVATION AND REIGN OF MICHAEL PALEOLOGUS HIS FALSE UNION W...
49
Michael Palæologus Emperor
54
Recovery of Constantinople Return of the Greek Emperor Palæologus blinds and banishes the young Emperor
61
12621268 Is excommunicated by the Patriarch Arsenius 12661312 Schism of the Arsenites
63
12591282 Reign of Michael Palæologus 12731332 Reign of Andronicus the Elder 12741277 His Union with the Latin Church
65
12771282 His Persecution of the Greeks
68
The Union dissolved
69
Charles of Anjou subdues Naples and Sicily 1270 Threatens the Greek Empire
71
Palæologus instigates the Revolt of Sicily 1282 The Sicilian Vespers
73
Final Return of Gregory XI
74
Defeat of Charles
75
12041456 Revolutions of Athens Present State of Athens
81
Fortune of John Cantacuzene
84
12821320 Superstition of Andronicus and the Times 1320 First Disputes between the elder and younger Andronicus 13211328 Three civil Wars bet...
86
The elder Andronicus abdicates the Government 1332 His Death 13281341 Reign of Andronicus the Younger His two Wives
92
He reenters Constantinople
109
Tartars
115
Origin of the Othmans
138
Marriage of Orchan with a Greek Princess
145
Battle of Nicopolis
151
ELEVATION OF TIMOUR OR TAMERLANE TO THE THRONE
158
His War against Sultan Bajazet
170
Death of Bajazet
192
PAGE
198
APPLICATIONS OF THE EASTERN EMPERORS TO THE POPES
204
49
219
Council of Pisa
224
Eugenius deposed at Basil
238
Lessons of Barlaam
245
Their Faults and Merits
252
LATINS REIGN
259
50
263
Violation of the Peace
273
His Defence of Belgrade and Death
279
Character of Mahomet II
288
Mahomet II forms the Siege of Constantinople
295
False Union of the Two Churches
304
Siege of Constantinople by Mahomet II
310
Preparations of the Turks for the general Assault
317
Death of the Emperor Constantine Palæologus
334
Grief and Terror of Europe
338
The Capitol
360
Pope Martin IV
367
Battle of Tusculum
373
52
377
53
379
Translation of the Holy See to Avignon
383
54
394

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Page 322 - The number of the Ottomans was fifty, perhaps a hundred, times superior to that of the Christians; the double walls were reduced by the cannon to a heap of ruins: in a circuit of several miles, some places must be found more easy of access, or more feebly guarded; and if the besiegers could penetrate in a single point, the whole city was irrecoverably lost. The first who deserved the sultan's reward was Hassan the Janizary, of gigantic stature and strength. With his...
Page 203 - The precise era of the invention and application of gunpowder is involved in doubtful traditions and equivocal language ; yet we may clearly discern that it was known before the middle of the fourteenth century ; and that before the end of the same, the use of artillery in battles and sieges, by sea and land, was familiar to the states of Germany, Italy, Spain, France, and England.
Page 310 - ... hides ; incessant volleys were securely discharged from the loop-holes ; in the front, three doors were contrived for the alternate sally and retreat of the soldiers and workmen. They ascended, by a staircase, to the upper platform ; and, as high as the level of that platform, a scaling ladder could be raised by pulleys, to form a bridge, and grapple with the adverse rampart.
Page 319 - The preceding night had been strenuously employed : the troops, the cannon, and the fascines, were advanced to the edge of the ditch, which in many parts presented a smooth and level passage to the breach; and his fourscore galleys almost touched with the prows and their scaling ladders, the less defensible walls of the harbour.
Page 471 - Rome, have been elucidated by the diligence of the antiquarian and the student; and the footsteps of heroes, the relics, not of superstition, but of empire, are devoutly visited by a new race of pilgrims from the remote and once savage countries of the North.
Page 82 - Yet are thy skies as blue, thy crags as wild ; Sweet are thy groves, and verdant are thy fields, Thine olive ripe as when Minerva smiled, And still his...
Page 310 - A circumstance that distinguishes the siege of Constantinople is the reunion of the ancient and modern artillery. The cannon were intermingled with the mechanical engines for casting stones and darts; the bullet and the battering-ram were directed against the same walls; nor had the discovery of gunpowder superseded the use of the liquid and unextinguishable fire. A wooden turret of the largest size was advanced on rollers : this portable magazine of ammunition and fascines was protected by a threefold...
Page 320 - The foremost ranks consisted of the refuse of the host, a voluntary crowd who fought without order or command ; of the feebleness of age or childhood, of peasants and vagrants, and of all who had joined the camp in the blind hope of plunder and martyrdom. The common impulse drove them onwards to the...

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