Educational Finance Act of 1941: Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Education and Labor, United States Senate, Seventy-seventh Congress, First Session, on S. 1313, a Bill to Strengthen the National Defense and Promote the General Welfare Through the Appropriation of Funds to Assist the States and Territories in Meeting Financial Emergencies in Education and in Reducing Inequalities of Educational Opportunities. April 28, 29, and 30, 1941. ...
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1941 - 402 pages
Considers S. 1313, to strengthen national defense and promote general welfare by assisting states and territories in meeting financial emergencies in education and in reducing inequalities of educational opportunities.
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ability additional administration American amount appropriated areas assistance Association attendance authority average basis bill board of education buildings CHAIRMAN citizens colleges colored Commissioner committee communities Congress Constitution cost course court defense differences districts economic educational opportunities effect effort elementary enrolled equal expenditures facilities fact Federal aid Federal Government funds give going high school housing increase legislation less maintain Maryland matter mean Missouri necessary Negro Office paid percent persons plaintiff population practice present President problem public education public schools pupils question race reason received referred respect rural salaries Senator ELLENDER separate situation South Southern statement statute teachers things tion United University Virginia white teachers youth
Page 21 - Promote, then, as an object of primary importance, institutions for the general diffusion of knowledge. In proportion as the structure of a government gives force to public opinion, it is essential that public opinion should be enlightened.
Page 51 - The party who invokes the power must be able to show not only that the statute is invalid but that he has sustained or is Immediately in danger of sustaining some direct injury as a result of its enforcement, and not merely that he suffers in some indefinite way in common with people generally.
Page 40 - The admissibility of laws separating the races in the enjoyment of privileges afforded by the State rests wholly upon the equality of the privileges which the laws give to the separated groups within the State.
Page 41 - We may add that while all admit that the benefits and burdens of public taxation must be shared by citizens without discrimination against any class on account of their race, the education of the people in schools maintained by state taxation is a matter belonging to the respective States, and any interference on the part of Federal authority with the management of such schools can not be justified except in the case of a clear and unmistakable disregard of rights secured by the supreme law of the...
Page 41 - Here, petitioner's right was a personal one. It was as an individual that he was entitled to the equal protection of the laws, and the State was bound to furnish him within its borders facilities for legal education substantially equal to those which the State there afforded for persons of the white race, whether or not other negroes sought the same opportunity.
Page 21 - Education, to accomplish the ends of good government, should be universally diffused. Open the doors of the school-house to all the children in the land. Let no man have the excuse of poverty for not educating his own offspring. Place the means of education within his reach, and if they remain in ignorance, be it his own reproach.
Page 43 - The General Assembly, at its first session after the adoption of this Constitution, shall provide for the appointment of three commissioners...
Page 33 - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; West, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
Page 40 - The white resident is afforded legal education within the State ; the negro resident having the same qualifications is refused it there and must go outside the State to obtain it. That is a denial of the equality of legal right to the enjoyment of the privilege ' See University of Maryland v. Murray, 169 Md. 478, 486. which the State has set up, and the provision for the payment of tuition fees in another State does not remove the discrimination. The equal protection of the laws is "a pledge of the...