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throat, scarlet fever, gonorrhea, syphilis, etc., a laboratory examination shall be made, if necessary.
VI. CONSTRUCTION CAMPS.
SEC. 73. Definition.—For the purposes of these regulations railway construction camps shall be considered to include all camps and similar places of temporary abode, including those on wheels, established by or for the care of working forces engaged in the construction, repair, or alteration of railway properties or parts thereof: Provided, That camps which are occupied by less than five people, or camps which are established to meet emergency conditions and are not occupied longer than five days, shall not be included, except that section 90 of these regulations shall apply to them.
SEC. 74. General.-All camps shall be so located and so maintained as to be conducive to the health of their occupants and not endanger the health of the public; and all tents, houses, stables, or other structures therein shall be kept in a reasonably clean and sanitary condition at all times.
SEC. 75. Location.-Camps, except those on wheels, shall be located on high, well-drained ground; any natural sink holes, pools, or other surface collections of water in the immediate vicinity should be drained and filled when the camp is first established; and all such water not subject to complete drainage should have the surface oiled at intervals of not more than 7 days during the season of mosquito flight.
SEC. 76. Arrangement.-The general scheme of relations of the structures of a camp should be as follows: The kitchen should be located at one end of the camp, next to this should be the eating quarters, then the sleeping quarters, then the toilets for the men, then the stable; thus bringing the kitchen and the stable at the opposite ends of the camp, which should be as far apart as is consistent with the natural topography and the necessity for convenient access.
SEC. 77. Water supplies.-All water supplies for camps shall be properly chlorinated, unless obtained from a source which has been approved by the State board of health.
SEC. 78. Water containers. All drinking-water containers in camps shall be securely closed and so arranged that water can be drawn only from a tap, and said containers shall be kept clean and free from contamination.
SEC. 79. Garbage and refuse.-All garbage, kitchen wastes, and other rubbish in camps shall be deposited in suitable covered receptacles, the contents of which shall be emptied and burned each day; and manure from the stables shall be likewise collected and burned each day, or disposed of in some other manner approved by the State board of health.
SEC. 80. Scavenger.-In all camps where there are 100 men or more there shall be one employee whose duty shall be to act as scavenger and garbage collector.
SEC. 81. Toilets.-Every camp shall have an adequate number of latrines and urinals so constructed and maintained as to prevent fly breeding and the pollution of water, and the use of such latrines and urinals by the inhabitants of the camp shall be made obligatory. Latrines and urinals may consist of deep trenches covered with houses adequately screened against flies, or of any other type approved by the State board of health. They shall not be located within less than 200 feet of any spring, stream, lake, or reservoir forming part of a public or private water supply.
SEC. 82. Bathing facilities.—There shall be provided in all camps adequate bathing facilities for the use of the occupants thereof.
SEC. 83. Screening.—The kitchen, eating houses, and bunk houses of all camps shall be effectively screened against the entrance of flies and mosquitoes during the seasons of flight of these insects.
SEC. 84. Care of tableware.-All cooking, table, and kitchen utensils, drinking glasses, and crockery used in the preparation or serving of food or drink in camps shall be thoroughly washed in boiling water and suitable cleansing material after each time they are used.
SEC. 85. Food containers.-Refrigerators, food boxes, or other receptacles for the storing of fresh food in camps shall be emptied and thoroughly washed with soap and hot water and treated with a 1 to 3,000 solution of permanganate of potash or other approved deodorant at least once in each seven days that they are in use.
SEC. 86. Food and milk.-No spoiled or tainted food, whether cooked or uncooked, shall be served in any camp, and no milk or milk products shall be served unless the milk has been pasteurized or boiled.
SEC. 87. Examination of food handlers.-No person shall be employed as a cook, waiter, or in any other capacity in the preparation or serving of food in any camp who is known or suspected to have any dangerous communicable disease, and all persons so employed shall undergo a physical examination by a competent physician before being assigned to service and before returning to work after any disabling illness to determine their freedom from such diseases, and shall be immediately relieved from service if found to be so afflicted. There shall be a monthly medical inspection for dangerous communicable diseases. To determine persons afflicted with or carriers of typhoid fever, tuberculosis, dysentery, diphtheria, streptococcic sore throat, scarlet fever, gonorrhea, syphilis, etc., a laboratory examination shall be made if necessary.
SEC. 88. Sick persons.-When an occupant of a camp becomes sick with a dangerous communicable disease, he should be isolated and not released until declared by a proper health authority to be free from dangerous infection.
SEC. 89. Vermin.-It shall be the duty of some one appointed as a caretaker of the camp to make regular weekly inspections of the occupants and premises in order to ascertain the presence of lice or other vermin. Persons found to be infested shall be required to bathe and their clothing shall be boiled, and premises found to be infested shall be fumigated with sulphur or treated by some other effective vermin-destroying method.
SEC. 90. Abandoned camps.-When any camp is to be abandoned all garbage, rubbish, and manure shall be collected and burned, and the latrine trenches filled, and the grounds and buildings shall be left in a clean and sanitary condition.
SEC. 91. Duty to enforce regulations.—It shall be the duty of the superintendent, foreman, or other person in charge of a camp to see that all regulations pertaining thereto are faithfully complied with.
SEC. 92. Definitions.-For the purpose of these regulations offices shall be considered to include all buildings or parts of buildings occupied or used as the offices, headquarters, or working spaces of the clerical, administrative, or executive forces of railways or other common carriers.
SEC. 93. Space.-All offices shall contain not less than 400 cubic feet of space for each occupant.
SEC. 94. Ventilation, heat, and light.—All offices when occupied shall be provided with an adequate supply of fresh air, heat, and light for the maintenance of healthful and comfortable working conditions. Any measures taken to
assure continuous ventilation during working hours should be supplemented by the opening of doors and windows for at least five minutes before the beginning of morning and afternoon work periods and once during each of such periods. When artificial heat is necessary the temperature should not exceed 70° F.
Window space should be sufficient to allow of the use of natural skylight in all parts of the offices during the brighter parts of the day, and when artificial lights are used they should be so arranged and shaded as to prevent direct glare.
SEC. 95. Cleaning.-All offices, together with the corridors, stairs, or passageways leading to them, shall be swept and dusted daily, and at intervals of not more than seven days the floors shall be scrubbed with soap and water and the woodwork and furniture rubbed clean with a cloth moistened with water or oil. Cleaning shall not be carried out while offices are occupied by employees, except in offices which are occupied continuously; and in such case sweeping may be done only after the floor has been sprinkled with wet sawdust or other dust-absorbing material, and dusting only with a cloth moistened with water or oil.
SEC. 96. Window cleaning.-Office windows shall be washed or otherwise cleaned at such intervals as will assure a free and uninterrupted flow of light to office interiors, and in no case shall such cleaning be less frequent than once in each month.
SEC. 97. Telephones.—Telephone earpieces and mouthpieces should be cleaned with soap and water at least once in each week.
SEC. 98. Spitting.—Spitting on the floors, walls, stairways, or other parts of offices or office buildings is prohibited.
SEC. 99. Cuspidors.—If cuspidors are provided in offices or office buildings, they shall be cleaned daily, and oftener if their condition requires.
SEC. 100. Toilets. All offices and office buildings shall be provided with adequate toilet and lavatory facilities of an approved sanitary type, conveniently located for the use of employees, and where members of both sexes are employed separate toilets shall be maintained for each sex. Where a sewer is available toilets shall be of the water-flushing type and permanently connected thereto.
SEC. 101. Care of toilets.-All toilets installed as set forth in section 100 shall be kept in repair and in good working order and shall be cleaned daily by scrubbing the floors, bowls, and seats with soap and water. When offensive odors appear in toilets which are not obliterated and removed by cleaning as above set forth said toilets shall be treated with a 1 per cent solution of formaldehyde or other odor-destroying substance.
SEC. 102. Toilet supplies.-Toilets and lavatories installed as set forth in section 100 shall be furnished with an adequate supply of toilet paper, soap, and clean towels.
SEC. 103. Common towels.-The supplying of roller towels or other towels for common use in offices or office buildings of commn carriers is prohibited.
SEC. 104. Combs and brushes.-The supplying of combs and brushes for common use in offices or office buildings of common carriers is prohibited.
SEC. 105. Common cups.-Individual drinking cups in sufficient number shall be supplied in the offices of common carriers, and the use of common drinking cups is prohibited.
SEC. 106. Drinking water and ice.—If the drinking water provided in offices or office buildings of common carriers is not obtained from an approved municipal supply, or is not distilled or otherwise sterilized before being used, it shall be subject to the conditions set forth in section 11 of these regulations.
Ice used for cooling drinking water shall be subject to the conditions set forth in section 12 of these regulations; and drinking-water containers shall be subject to the conditions set forth in sections 13, 14, and 15 of these regulations.
SEC. 107. Drinking fountains.—If drinking fountains of the bubbling type are provided in the offices or office buildings of common carriers, they shall be so made that the drinking is from a jet which is free, projecting at an angle to the vertical, and not from a jet that is projected vertically or that flows through a filled cup or bowl.
SEC. 108. Lockers.-If Lockers are supplied for the use of employees, they shall be kept clean and free from discarded clothing.
SEC. 109. Rest rooms.-A rest room shall be provided in all offices or office buildings of common carriers where 100 or more women are employed; and such room is desirable where any smaller number of women are employed.
SEC. 110. Communicable diseases.-When an employee who is convalescent from a communicable disease reports for duty, such employee shall not be allowed to resume work until a satisfactory certificate or release from the health officer having jurisdiction has been secured stating that there is no remaining danger of his communicating disease to other people.
SEC. 111. Toilet facilities.—All repair, constructing, or other shops of common carriers shall be provided with adequate toilet facilities for the use of the employees; and if both men and women are employed, such facilities shall be separate for the two sexes. Where running water and sewers are available. all toilet fixtures shall be permanently connected thereto.
SEC. 112. Type of water-closets.-Water-closets should be of the individual bowl type with individual water seal; flush range closets shall not be used. The seats should be of wood or other poor conducting material, and should be rendered impervious to water by coating with varnish or other means. The seats should be of the cut-out-front type, or if closed in front the openings should be at least 7 inches wide by 11 inches long.
SEC. 113. Closet inclosures.-The separate seats of water-closets shall be so inclosed as to secure privacy for the users. Between the seats there should be partitions about 6 feet high and 12 inches off the floor, and each inclosure should have a swinging door of proper height. Each inclosure should have not less than 10 square feet of floor space and not less than 100 cubic feet of air space, and the walls and partitions should be of light color to increase illumination and facilitate cleaning. The floors should be of tile or concrete, with a smooth surface, and should be nonabsorbent.
SEC. 114. Windows in toilet rooms.-All toilet rooms containing water-closets should be open to outside light and air. The minimum window space for a room containing one closet fixture should be 4 square feet, and for each additional fixture there should be an addition of 2 square feet of window space. Windows should be so arranged that they can be opened for affording free ventilation.
SEC. 115. Equipment of closets. All closet inclosures shall be equipped with clothes hooks and with a plentiful supply of toilet paper with proper holder.
SEC. 116. Type of urinals.-Urinals should be of the vertical slab or the porcelain stall type with proper flushing; troughs and basins shall not be used for this purpose. There should be protection around urinals to secure privacy. The floor in front of urinal should be impervious and nonabsorbent and should slope to drain.
SEC. 117. Care of closets and urinals.—All water-closets and urinals, together with the floors, bowls, and seats, shall be kept in a reasonably clean and sani
tary condition at all times. They should be cleaned by scrubbing with soap and water daily, and when offensive odors develop which are not removed by such cleaning they shoud be treated with a 1 per cent formaldehyde solution or other odor-destroying substance.
SEC. 118. Number of closets and urinals.-Closets should be installed in the proportion of 1 to each 25 employees on any one shift, and urinals should be installed in the proportion of 1 to each 50 male employees on any one shift.
SEC. 119. Location of closets and urinals.-Closets and urinals should be located as conveniently as possible to work. There should be a number of small installations rather than a few larger ones.
SEC. 120. Privies.-Where water and sewer connections are not available sanitary privies of a type approved by the State board of health shall be provided, with a ratio of not less than 1 seat to each 25 employees on any one shift. They shall be adequately protected against the entrance of flies, and shall be kept in a clean and sanitary condition at all times. The vaults shall be treated with caustic soda or other approved disinfectant at intervals of not more than seven days, and shall be emptied at such intervals as will avoid the development of a nuisance.
SEC. 121. Wash rooms and lockers.-Ample washing facilities and locker space shall be provided for employees. If possible, wash rooms and locker rooms should be along the routes of employees when going from work, and so located as to avoid undue hazard or exposure to the weather when reaching them. They should be separated from toilet rooms by partitions or otherwise, and should be open to outside light and air. Sufficient window space should be provided to afford adequate light and ventilation.
SEC. 122. Type of wash-room fixtures.-Facilities for washing should be either so constructed that the users must necessarily wash from a flowing stream or individual basins; no large basins or troughs for common use should be installed. Both hot and cold water, delivered through a common discharge pipe, should be supplied to each fixture. Soap should be provided, and fixtures should be so spaced that a man can wash without splashing his neighbor.
SEC. 123. Finish of wash rooms.-The floors of wash rooms should be of concrete or other nonabsorbent material and should slope toward central drains. The walls, ceilings, and partitions should be light in color to increase illumination and to facilitate cleaning, and the rooms should be adequately lighted artificially so that no dark corners will exist.
SEC. 124. Lockers.-A locker or other provision for caring for a change of clothing shall be supplied for each employee who has a fixed place of work. Lockers should be elevated at least 4 inches off the floor, and should be not less than 12 by 15 inches in floor dimensions, and should be ventilated by perforated doors or otherwise.
SEC. 125. Bathing facilities.—Shower baths shall be provided in the proportion of 1 to each 25 employees for all employees who work with lead, paint, | or in yery dusty or dirty places. They should be located adjoining locker rooms, should be inclosed so as to afford privacy, and should be supplied with hot and cold water delivered through a common discharge pipe. The floors should be of concrete or other nonabsorbent material and should slope to a central drain.
SEC. 126. Caretakers.-There shall be caretakers in sufficient number responsible for the cleaning, supplying, and upkeep of toilets, wash rooms, and locker rooms.
SEC. 127. Lighting.—In all shops and parts of shops there shall be an adequate amount of light for the occupation or process being carried on therein, and the glare of direct light passing from unshaded sources directly to the