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cellar or basement except upon a written permit from the health officer, unless it is an extra water-closet in a private dwelling and complies in all respects with the provisions of this act. If any dwelling is built in a locality where neither a water main nor sewer is accessible, a Kentucky privy," as recommended by the State board of health, may be built in the yard in lieu of a water-closet. The overflow from this privy may be taken up by laterals or it may empty into a vault. The structure to be built over this privy shall be provided with adequate means of ventilation.
In two-family dwellings and in multiple dwellings of class A hereafter erected, there shall be for each family a separate water-closet constructed and arranged as above provided; except that where there are apartments consisting of one or two rooms only, it shall be sufficient to provide one watercloset for each two such apartments. In such case, such water-closet if within the building, shall not open into any apartment, but shall be accessable through a public hall, and the door thereof shall be provided with lock and keys; and such compartment and water-closet shall comply in all other respects with the provisions of this act. In multiple dwellings of class B hereafter erected, there shall be provided at least one water-closet for every 15 occupants or fraction thereof. In two family and multiple dwellings, the floor of every such water-closet compartment shall be made waterproof with asphalt, tile, stone, terrazzo, or some other nonabsorbent waterproof material; and such waterproofing shall extend at least 6 inches above the floor, so that the said floor can be washed or flushed out without leaking.
SEC. 36. Sewer connections.-Except as hereinafter provided no multiple dwelling shall hereafter be erected on any street unless there is accessible city water and a public sewer or a private sewer connected directly with a public sewer, and every such multiple dwelling shall have its plumbing system connected with the city water supply and with a public sewer before such multiple dwelling is occupied. No other means of sewage disposal shall be used in connection with any dwelling where connection with public sewer is practicable: Provided, however, That a multiple dwelling may be erected on a street where no sewer connection is possible, upon a permit issued by the health officer if in his opinion adequate and sanitary means of sewage disposal are provided by the owner of the lot on which such dwelling is proposed to be erected.
SEC. 37. Plumbing.—In every dwelling hereafter erected, no plumbing fixture shall be inclosed with woodwork, but the space underneath shall be left entirely open. Plumbing pipes shall be exposed, when so required by the health officer. All plumbing work shall be sanitary in every particular and, except as otherwise specified in this act, shall be in accordance with the plumbing regulations of said city. All fixtures shall be trapped. Pan, plunger, and long hopper closets will not be permitted except that frost-proof closets may be used outside of a building. In all multiple dwellings hereafter erected where plumbing or other pipes pass through floors or partitions, the openings around such pipes shall be sealed or made air-tight with incombustible materials, so as to prevent the passage of air or the spread of fire from one floor to another or from room to room.
SEC. 56. Rooms and halls, lighting and ventilation of.—No dwelling shall be so altered or its lot diminished that any room or public hall stairs [sic] shall have its light or ventilation diminished in any way not approved by the health officer.
SEC. 60. Water-closet accommodations.—Every water-closet hereafter placed in a dwelling, except one provided to replace a defective or antiquated fixture in the same location, shall comply with the provisions of sections 25, 35, and 37 of this act relative to water-closets in dwellings hereafter erected.
SEC. 66. Water-closets in cellars.-No water-closet shall be maintained in the cellar of any dwelling without a permit in writing from the health officer, unless it is a supplementary water-closet in a private dwelling. Under no circumstances shall the general water-closet accommodations of any two-family or multiple dwelling be permitted in the cellar or basement thereof; this provision, however, shall not be construed so as to prohibit a general toilet room containing several water-closets, provided such water-closets are supplementary to those required by this act.
SEC. 67. Water-closet accommodations.—For every multiple dwelling existing prior to the passage of this act there shall be provided at least one watercloset for every two apartments, groups, or suites of rooms, or fraction thereof. Except that for multiple dwellings of class B there shall be provided at least one water-closet for every 15 occupants or fraction thereof.
SEC. 68. Basement and cellar rooms.-No room in the cellar of any dwelling erected prior to the passage of this act shall be occupied for living purposes. And no room in the basement of any such dwelling shall be so occupied without a written permit from the health officer, which permit shall be kept readily accessible in the main living room of the apartment containing such room. No such room shall hereafter be occupied unless all the following conditions are complied with:
(1) Such room shall be at least 7 feet high in every part from the floor to the ceiling.
(2) The ceiling of such room shall be in every part at least 3 feet 6 inches above the surface of the street or ground outside of or adjoining the same.
(3) There shall be appurtenant to such room the use of a water-closet.
(4) At least one of the rooms of the apartment of which such room is an integral part, shall have a window opening directly to the street or yard, of at least 12 square feet in size, measured between the stop heads, and which shall open readily for purposes of ventilation.
(5) The lowest floor shall be waterproof and damp proof.
(6) Such room shall have sufficient light and ventilation and shall be well drained and dry, and shall be fit for human habitation.
SEC. 69. Cellar walls and ceilings.-The cellar walls and cellar ceilings of every two-family and multiple dwelling shall be thoroughly whitewashed or painted a light color by the owner and shall be so maintained. Such whitewash or paint shall be renewed whenever necessary, as may be required by the health officer.
SEC. 70. Water-closets and sinks.—In all two-family and multiple dwellings the floor or other surface beneath and around water-closets and sinks shall be maintained in good order and repair and, if of wood, shall be kept well painted with light-colored paint.
SEC. 71. Repairs.—Every dwelling and all the parts thereof shall be kept in good repair, and the roof shall be kept so as not to leak, and all rain water shall be so drained and conveyed therefrom as to prevent its dripping onto the ground or causing dampness in the walls, ceilings, yards, or areas.
SEC. 72. Water supply.-Every dwelling shall be provided with proper water supply as set forth in the requirements under section 34 of this act. The owner of such dwelling shall provide proper appliances to receive and distribute an
adequate and sufficient supply of such water, according to the provisions of this act, at all times of the year, during all hours of the day and night. But a failure in the general supply of city water shall not be construed to be a failure on the part of such owner, provided proper and suitable appliances to receive and distribute such water have been provided.
SEC. 73. isterns and wells.-Where there is no city water supply reasonably accessible, there shall be provided one or more adequate cisterns or wells with a pump or other attachment for drawing water but with no opening for drawing water with pails or buckets. Such cisterns or wells shall be furnished of such size and number and constructed and maintained in such manner as may be determined by the health officer.
SEC. 74. Catch basin.-In the case of dwellings where sinks with running water are not provided and where there is no sewer, one or more catch basins or some other approved contrivance for the disposal of waste water, as may be necessary in the opinion of the health officer, shall be provided in the yard or court, level with the surface thereof and at a point easy of access to the occupants of such dwelling.
SEC. 75. Cleanliness of dwellings.—Every dwelling and every part thereof shall be kept clean and shall also be kept free from any accumulation of dirt, filth, rubbish, garbage, or other matter in or on the same, or in the yards, courts, passages, areas, or alleys connected with or belonging to the same. The owner of every dwelling, and in the case of a private dwelling the occupant thereof, shall thoroughly cleanse or cause to be cleansed all the rooms, passages, stairs, floors, windows, doors, walls, ceilings, privies, water-closets, cesspools, drains, halls, cellars, roofs, and all other parts of the said dwelling of which he is the owner, or in the case of a private dwelling the occupant, to the satisfaction of the health officer, and shall keep the said parts of the said dwelling in a cleanly condition at all times.
SEC. 76. Walls of courts and shafts.-In multiple dwellings, the walls of all courts and shafts, unless built of a light-colored brick, stone, or other lightcolored material, shall be thoroughly whitewashed by the owner, or shall be painted a light color by him, and shall be so maintained. Such whitewash or paint shall be renewed whenever necessary, as may be required by the health officer.
SEC. 77. Walls and ceilings of rooms. In all multiple dwellings the health officer may require the walls and ceilings of every room that does not open directly on the street to be kalsomined white or painted with white paint when necessary to improve the lighting of such room, and may require this to be renewed as often as may be necessary.
SEC. 78. Receptacles for ashes, garbage, and rubbish.-The owner of every dwelling, and in the case of a private dwelling or a two-family dwelling the occupant, shall provide and maintain for said dwelling proper and suitable tight metal cans, with covers for holding ashes, rubbish, garbage, refuse, and other matter. Chutes and bins for such purposes are prohibited.
SEC. 79. Prohibited uses.-No horse, cow, calf, swine, sheep, goat, or fowls shall be kept in any dwelling or part thereof. Nor shall any such animal be kept on the same lot or premises with a dwelling except under such conditions as may be prescribed by the health officer. No such animal, except a horse, shall under any circumstances be kept on the same lot or premises with a multiple dwelling. No dwelling or the lot or premises thereof shall be used for the storage of rags or junk. No multiple dwelling or the lot or premises thereof shall be used for purposes of prostitution or assignation.
SEC. 83. Overcrowding.—If any room in a dwelling is overcrowded, the health officer may order the number of persons sleeping or living in said room to be so reduced that there shall not be less than 500 cubic feet of air to each adult and 250 cubic feet of air to each child under 12 years of age occupying such room.
SEC. 84. Infected and uninhabitable dwellings to be vacated.-Whenever it shall be certified by the health officer that a dwelling is infected with contagious disease, or that it is unfit for human habitation, or dangerous to life or health by reason of want of repair, or of defects in the drainage, plumbing, lighting, ventilation, or the construction of the same, or by reason of the existence on the premises of a nuisance likely to cause sickness among the occupants of said dwelling, or for any other cause, the health officer may issue an order requiring all persons therein to vacate such house within not less than 24 hours nor more than 10 days for the reasons to be mentioned in said order. In case such order is not complied with within the time specified, the health officer may cause said dwelling to be vacated. The health officer whenever he is satisfied that the danger from said dwelling has ceased to exist, or that it is fit for human habitation, shall revoke said order or may extend the time within which to comply with the same.
SEC. 85. Repairs to buildings, etc.-Whenever any dwelling or any building, structure, excavation, business pursuit, matter, or thing in or about a dwelling, or the lot on which it is situated, or the plumbing, sewerage, drainage, light, or ventilation thereof, is, in the opinion of the health officer, in a condition or in effect dangerous or detrimental to life or health, the health officer may declare that the same to the extent he may specify is a public nuisance, and may order the same to be removed, abated, suspended, altered, or otherwise improved or purified as the order shall specify. In addition to the above powers, the health officer may also order or cause any dwelling or excavation, building, structure, sewer, plumbing pipe, passage, premises, ground matter, or thing, in or about a dwelling, or the lot on which it is situated, to be purified, cleansed, disinfected, removed, altered, repaired, or improved. If any order of the health officer is not complied with, or so far complied with as he may regard as reasonable, within five days after the service thereof, or within such shorter time as he may designate, then such order may be executed by such official through his officers, agents, employees, or contractors.
SEC. 88. Rooms, lighting and ventilation of.-No room in a dwelling erected prior to the passage of this act shall hereafter be occupied for living purposes unless it shall have a window or [of?] an area of not less than 8 square feet opening directly upon the street, or upon a rear yard not less than 10 feet deep, or above the roof of an adjoining building, or upon a court or side yard of not less than 25 square feet in area, open to the sky without roof or skylight, unless such room is located on the top floor and is adequately lighted and ventilated by a skylight opening directly to the outer air, except that a room which does not comply with the above provisions may be occupied if provided with a sash window of not less than 15 square feet in area opening into an adjoining room in the same apartment, group or suite of rooms, which latter room either opens directly on the street or on a rear yard of the above dimensions. Said sash window shall be a vertically sliding pulley hung sash not less than 3 by 5 feet between the stop heads [beads]; both halves shall be made so as to readily open, and the lower half shall be glazed with translucent glass, and, so far as
possible, it shall be in line with windows in the said outer room opening on the street or rear yard, so as to afford a maximum of light and ventilation.
SEC. 89. Public halls and stairs, lighting and ventilation of. In all dwellings erected prior to the passage of this act the public halls and stairs shall be provided with as much light and ventilation to the outer air as may be deemed necessary by the health officer, who may order the cutting in of windows and skylights and such other improvements and alterations in said dwellings as in his judgment may be necessary and appropriate to accomplish this result.
SEC. 90. Privy vaults and water-closets.—In all dwellings erected prior to the passage of this act where a connection with a sewer is possible all privy vaults and other similar receptacles used to receive fecal matter, urine, or sewage shall, on or before July 1, 1921, with their contents, be completely removed and the place where they were located properly disinfected under the direction of the health officer. Such appliances shall be replaced by individual waterclosets of durable, nonabsorbent material, properly sewer connected and with individual traps and properly connected flush tanks providing an ample flush of water to thoroughly cleanse the bowl. Each such water-closet, when located inside the dwelling, shall be located in a compartment completely separated from every other water-closet, and such compartment shall contain a window of not less than 3 square feet in area opening directly to the street or a rear yard or on a side yard or court of the minimum sizes herein before prescribed. In two-family and multiple dwellings the floors of the water-closet compartments shall be waterproofed as provided in section 35 of this act. Where water-closets are placed in the yard to replace privy vaults long hopper closets may be used; but all traps, flush tanks, and pipes shall be protected against the action of frost. In such cases the structure containing the water-closets shall not exceed 10 feet in height; such structure shall be provided with a ventilating skylight in the roof of an adequate size, and each water-closet shall be located in a compartment completely separated from every other water-closet. In the case of two-family and multiple dwellings proper and adequate means of lighting the structure at night shall be provided. The provisions of section 35 as to number of water-closets in proportion to the number of families or persons in two-family and multiple dwellings shall apply.
SEC. 91. Basements and cellars.-The floor of the cellar or lowest floor of every dwelling shall be free from dampness and, when necessary, shall be concreted with not less than 4 inches of concrete of good quality and with a finished surface. The cellar ceiling of every multiple dwelling shall be plastered when so required by the health officer.