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the natural products of the smoking process; but the provisions of this definition shall not apply to any such article if it bears a label on which the presence and the percentage of every such antiseptic or preservative substance are clearly indicated, nor shall it apply to such portions of suitable preservative substances as are used as a surface application for preserving dried fish or meat, or as exist in animal or vegetable tissues as a natural component thereof, but it shall apply to additional quantities. The provisions of this and the two preceding sections relative to food shall not apply to mixtures or compounds not injurious to health and which are recognized as ordinary articles or ingredients of articles of food, if every package sold or offered for sale is distinctly labelled as a mixture or compound with the name and per cent of each ingredient therein.
Ingredients of Food to be stated, except, etc.
SECTION 19. If a statement of any of the ingredients of an article of food or drink or of an article entering into food or drink is required by law to be stated upon the label of such article, such statement and the name and address of the manufacturer or vendor of the article shall be distinctly and conspicuously printed on the label in straight, parallel lines of plain, uncondensed, legible type, well spaced on a plain ground. The statement of ingredients. shall be clearly separated from and not interspersed or confused with other matter, shall specify every such ingredient by its ordinary name, and shall be in the English language. The letters of said type shall be not less than onetwelfth of an inch long, and shall be larger than those of any other printed matter on the label or package, except the name of the compound or chief article enclosed therein which may be in larger type. The required label shall be firmly attached to or printed on the exterior of the package or envelope of the said article, on the top or side thereof and in plain sight. But the state board of health may in writing approve specific labels not strictly in accordance with the above provisions, if it is of opinion that the information required by law is set forth thereon clearly enough for the reasonable protection of the purchaser. Goods labelled in violation of the provisions of this section shall be subject to the provisions of law relative to adulteration of food which is unlabelled.
Samples for Analysis.
SECTION 20. Whoever offers or exposes for sale or delivers to a purchaser any drug or article of food shall, upon application of an inspector, analyst or other officer or agent of the state board of health and upon tender to him of the value thereof, furnish a sample sufficient for the analysis of any such drug or article of food which is in his possession.
Portion of Sample to be reserved.
SECTION 21. Before such sample is analyzed, a portion thereof shall be reserved and sealed by the analyst; and upon a complaint against any person, such reserved portion shall, upon application, be delivered to the defendant or his attorney.
Grade of Canned Food to be marked.
SECTION 22. Canned articles of food shall not be offered for sale unless they bear a mark to indicate the grade or quality thereof and the name and address of the person who packed or who sells them.
Marking of Soaked Canned Goods.
SECTION 23. All canned articles of food which have been prepared from dried products and have been soaked before canning shall be plainly marked by an adhesive label having on its face the word "soaked" in letters of legible type not smaller than two line pica. All cans, jugs and other packages containing maple syrup or molasses shall be plainly marked by an adhesive label having on its face the name and address of the person who made and prepared the same with the name and quality of the ingredients of the goods in letters of the size and description aforesaid.
Penalties for False Labelling, selling Adulterated Food or Drugs, selling Misbranded Foods, etc.
SECTION 24. Whoever falsely stamps or labels any cans, jars or other packages containing fruit or food of any kind, or knowingly permits such stamping or labelling, or, except as hereinafter provided, violates any of the provisions of sections sixteen to twenty-seven, inclusive, shall be punished by a fine of not less than twenty-five nor more than five hundred dollars; and whoever sells such goods so falsely stamped or labelled shall be punished by a fine of not less than ten nor more than one hundred dollars.
Penalty for "fraudulently" adulterating Food.
SECTION 25. Whoever, for the purpose of sale, fraudulently adulterates food with any substance injurious to health, or knowingly barters, gives away, sells or has in his possession with intent to sell any substance intended for food which has been adulterated with any substance injurious to health, shall be punished by a fine of not more than three hundred dollars or by imprisonment for not more than one year; and the articles so adulterated shall be forfeited and destroyed under the direction of the court.
Penalty for "fraudulently" adulterating Drugs or Medicines. SECTION 26. Whoever, for the purpose of sale, fraudulently adulterates any drug or medicine, or sells any fraudulently adulterated drug or medicine, knowing it to be adulterated, shall be punished by a fine of not more than four hundred dollars or by imprisonment for not more than one year; and such adulterated drugs and medicines shall be forfeited and destroyed under the direction of the court.
Prosecutions as to Drugs limited.
SECTION 27. If the standard of strength or purity of any drug has been raised since the issue of the last edition of the United States pharmacopoeia, no prosecution relative to it shall be maintained until such change of standard has been published throughout the commonwealth.
PATENT MEDICINE LAW.
ACTS OF 1906, CHAPTER 386.
AN ACT RELATIVE TO THE LABELLING OF CERTAIN PATENT OR PROPRIETARY DRUGS
SECTION 1. Upon every package, bottle or other receptacle holding any proprietary or patent medicine, or any proprietary or patent food preparation, which contains alcohol to an amount in excess of the amount shown to be necessary by the United States Pharmacopoeia or the National Formulary as a solvent or preservative of the active constituents of the drugs contained therein, shall be marked or inscribed a statement of the percentage of alcohol by volume contained therein; and the provisions of section nineteen of chapter seventy-five of the Revised Laws shall apply to the manner and form in which such statements shall be marked or inscribed.
SECTION 2. Every package, bottle or other receptacle holding any proprietary or patent medicine or any proprietary or patent food preparation shall bear a label containing a statement of the quantity of any opium, morphine, heroin or chloral-hydrate contained therein, provided that the package contains more than two grains of opium, or more than one fourth grain of morphine, or more than one sixteenth grain of heroin, or more than eight grains of chloral-hydrate in one fluid ounce, or, if a solid preparation, in one avoirdupois ounce; and the provisions of section nineteen of chapter seventyfive of the Revised Laws shall apply to the manner and form in which such statements shall be marked or inscribed.
SECTION 3. It shall be unlawful for any person to sell, or to expose or offer for sale, or to give or exchange, any patent or proprietary medicine or article containing cocaine or any of its salts, or alpha or beta eucaine or any synthetic substitute of the aforesaid.
SECTION 4. It shall be unlawful for any person to sell, or to expose or offer for sale, or to give or exchange any cocaine or alpha or beta eucaine or any synthetic substitute of the aforesaid, or any preparation containing the same, or any salts or compounds thereof, except upon the written prescription of a physician, dentist or veterinary surgeon registered under the laws of the Commonwealth; the original of which prescription shall be retained by the druggist filling the same and shall not again be filled.
SECTION 5. The provisions of sections three and four shall not apply to sales at wholesale made to retail druggists or dental depots nor to sales made to physicians, dentists or regularly incorporated hospitals.
SECTION 6. Whoever manufactures, sells or offers for sale any medicine or food preparation in violation of the provisions of this act shall be punished by a fine of not less than five nor more than one hundred dollars. It shall be the duty of the state board of health to cause the prosecution of all persons violating the provisions of this act; but no prosecution shall be brought for the sale at retail, or for the gift or exchange of any patent or proprietary medicine or food preparation containing any drug or preparation the sale of which is prohibited or restricted as aforesaid, unless the said board has, prior to such sale, gift or exchange, given public notice in such trade journals. or newspapers as it may select that the gift, exchange or sale at retail of the said medicine or food preparation would be contrary to law.
SECTION 7. This act shall take effect on the first day of September in the year nineteen hundred and six.
BUTTER, CHEESE, LARD AND OLEOMARGARINE.
REVISED LAWS, CHAPTER 56.
Definition of "Oleomargarine," "Butter" and "Cheese."
SECTION 35. For the purposes of sections thirty-six to forty-seven, inclusive, the word "oleomargarine" shall, in addition to its ordinary meaning, include "butterine ", " imitation butter" and any article, substance or compound made in imitation or semblance of butter or as a substitute for butter and not made exclusively and wholly of milk or cream, or containing any fats, oils or grease not produced from milk or cream, and for the purposes of sections thirty-seven, thirty-eight and forty-one to forty-seven, inclusive, the terms "butter" and "cheese" shall mean the products which are usually known by these names and are manufactured exclusively from milk or cream, with salt and rennet, and with or without coloring matter.
Imitation Butter to be marked.
SECTION 36. Whoever, himself or by his agent, sells, exposes for sale or has in his possession with intent to sell, oleomargarine shall have the word " oleomargarine or "butterine" stamped, labelled or marked, so that said word cannot be easily defaced, upon the top, side and bottom of every tub, firkin, box or package containing any of said oleomargarine. Whoever, himself or by his agent, exposes or offers for sale oleomargarine not in the original package shall attach thereto in a conspicuous place a label bearing the words "imitation butter", or the word " oleomargarine” or “butterine". In retail sales of oleomargarine not in the original package the seller shall attach to each package so sold, and shall deliver therewith to the purchaser, a label or wrapper bearing in a conspicuous place upon the outside of the package the words "imitation butter ", or the word "oleomargarine or "butterine". All said stamps, labels and marks shall be in printed letters in a straight line of plain, uncondensed gothic type, not less than one-half inch in length.
Imitation Cheese to be marked.
SECTION 37. Whoever, himself or by his agent, sells, exposes for sale or has in his possession with intent to sell, any article, substance or compound, made in imitation or semblance of cheese or as a substitute for cheese, and not made exclusively and wholly of milk or cream, or containing any fats, oils or grease not produced from milk or cream, shall have the words "imitation cheese" stamped, labelled or marked in printed letters of plain, uncondensed gothic type, not less than one inch in length, so that said words cannot be easily defaced, upon the side of every cheese-cloth or band around the same, and upon the top and side of every tub, firkin, box or package containing any of said article, substance or compound. In retail sales of any of said article, substance or compound not in the original packages, the seller shall attach to each package so sold at retail, and shall deliver therewith to the purchaser, a label or wrapper bearing in a conspicuous place upon the outside of the package the words "imitation cheese", in printed letters of plain uncondensed gothic type, not less than one-half inch in length.
Penalty for Violation of Two Preceding Sections.
SECTION 38. Whoever sells, exposes for sale or has in his possession with intent to sell, any article, substance or compound made in imitation or semblance of butter or cheese or as a substitute for butter or cheese, except as provided in the two preceding sections, and whoever, with intent to deceive, defaces, erases, cancels or removes any mark, stamp, brand, label or wrapper provided for in said sections, or in any manner shall falsely label, stamp or mark any box, tub, article or package marked, stamped or labelled as aforesaid, or whoever, himself or by his agent, sells, exposes for sale, or has in his possession with intent to sell, oleomargarine, contained in any box, tub, article or package, marked or labelled with the word " dairy ", or the word " creamery", or the name of any breed of dairy cattle, shall for the first offence forfeit one hundred dollars, and for each subsequent offence two hundred dollars to the use of the city or town in which the offence was committed.
Conveyance of Oleomargarine for Sale.
SECTION 39. Every person who conveys oleomargarine in carriages or otherwise, for the purpose of selling the same in any city or town, shall annually, in May, be licensed by an inspector of milk of such city or town to sell the same within the limits thereof, and shall pay therefor to such inspector fifty cents to the use of the city or town. The inspector shall pay over monthly to the treasurer of such city or town all money collected by him. In towns in which there is no inspector of milk, licenses shall be issued by the town clerk. Licenses shall be issued only in the names of the owners of carriages or other vehicles, and shall be conclusive evidence of ownership. No license shall be sold, assigned or transferred. Each license shall be numbered and shall state the name, residence, place of business, number of carriages or