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of the Ordnance, or his Majesty's officers of fation, a clause was admitted for prolonging ftate, as it could never have been intended the duration of the bill to the opening of for their usc. Under these circumstances he next session of Parliament, and for one month moved, that an address should be presented after. to his Majesty, humbly praying that there Mr. Jenkinson said, that the regulation of should be laid before them copies of the the commerce beiwern the United States of names and appointments of the officers who America and our Welt-India islands, and composed this board of enquiry, the instruc- that of the trade between this country and lions given them, and fuch extracts from the United States, claimed the attention of their report as could be given conlistently the Houle. Many had apprehended that the with ebe public safety.
plan that had bitherto been adopted in temMr. Pite faid, that when the present mo. porary acts of parliament would prove injelion was first fuggeited, he had objected-to rious to our islands; but this apprehention granting any extracts from the reports until was pow removed by experience; and he knew from more mature deliberation, therefore, he thought it might with safety whether such could be granied with safety: continue on the same footing. As to the in He had peruled them carefully, and was tercourse between Great - Britain and the happy to declare his opinion, that they United States, it was so hampered and might be allowed with trifling subtractions clogged by the acts of thofe States, though and a few verbal alterations. He would Great-Britain had behaved with liberality propoít, only for the fake of order, a mo. towards them in encouraging their trade, sjon different in form, nor in fpirie, from that until they fhould bring forward some rethal of the hon. Gentleman opposite him. gular and permanent plan of commercial in
Mr. Sheridan allented to this, and with. cercourse, he was of opinion, that the tempo drew thic morion he had made.
rary act of parliament for keeping up that in Gen. Burgoyne expresied his pleasure on tercourse should be prolonged, and that no the information he was about to receive. Other measure ought for the present to be a TheHouse would then, he said, be convinced dopted on our part. He concluded by movwith him, that the Board could not decide ing for leave to bring in a bill to prolong the otherwise than they had done; yet the Hoofe laid act; and leave was accordingly givea. might not to be bound by their decision. The papers on the fubje&t of Fortifications, The Master General of the Ordnance was which were yesterday moved for, being certainly a very able engineer, and he con- brought up and read, fesiled to have received from him much in- Mr. Pits moved that they may be printed, formation in that science while at the Board with an exclusion of certain estimates, that . But he thought much more highly of his publication of which, as they contained the abilities in another point of view. The noble precise dimensions of the new buildings to be Duke had evinced Singular acuteness in fta- erected, may be attended with injurious coa ting every question hypothetically, in sup- sequences; and it was ordered accordingly. pofing cases which were scarcely possible, Mr. Burke made this day a speech full yee leading the judgment gradually and in- threc hours long; in which he charged Mr. fenfibly troin one deduction to another, Hastings with the most flagrant mal-admiOptil the mind was brought ai length to nistration in lodia. The justice of the naassent to propositions which it was prede- tion, he said, called aloud for a vi&im, that termined to rejcct.
future governors might be deterred from Mr. Fox laid, that the case was certainly ruining the countries they thould be sent to poliible. A proficient in logic may misead govern. The affair was of too great a maga even men of good sense and informed judgo nitude to be profecuted in the ordinary way ments; and he knew no person whole ta- by the Attorney-general in the Court of fenis were more equal to such a talk than King's-Bench. The proceeding by a bill of those of the noble Duke, of whom, if he pains and penalties, was by experience were not present, (his Grace of Richmond was known to be a moft erfcêtual way to bring a at this time in the gallery) he woald say more criminal to public justice. He therefore than that he regarded him with equal affection would prefer the trial by iin peachment as and reverence. He thought it a question to the bar of the House of Lords. To enable bc argued on grounds of general policy, and him to do this, he Thould be obliged to cail as fuch, more proper for the confideration for a great number of papers, out of which of Parliament than for that of any set of be would colle&t such a body of charges of mon, however intelligent otherwise, or how- criminality, as would altonifia that House ever profesedly informed.
and all the world, He accordingly made Mr. Pill's motion was then put and many motions, ton of which were carried. agreed to.
On the inch motion, however, a difference
of opinion having asisen, it was moved by The bill for retraining the exportation of Mr. Dundas, that the debate on chat quel hay for some time longer palled through a tion thould be adjourned to Monday next. Gernmilice, whers, aftcr fome little contes. The motion pafcd without oppofition.
the House to allow every paper, of whatever Mr. Brent from the Tax-office presented, description soever, to be produced. In the xcording to order, Au account of the total present stage of the business, the accusation fums allested in Great Britain for horses against Mr. Hastings was only implied. It and carriages, heretofore under the manage. selted chicfly on the authority of the Hon. ment of the Commislioners of Extise, for Gentleman who had come forward in the waggons, wains, and other such carriages, business. Before the House therefore should and for male and female servants, and for go on piling volume on volume, and paper fhops." And also,
on paper, agrecably to the suggestion of the The total of fums affefied upon all in.' Hon. Gentleman, he thought it was highly habited houses, as far as the same can be proper to consider whether it was under any mnade up in complete periods, diftinguishing obligation to gratify bim on this point, or each period and each assesment.” The ti- whether it would act wisely and formally tes were read, and the accounts ordered to by so doing. There was as yet no specific be printed.
charge before the House. Would the Hon. f.
Gentleman come forward with a specific Affessment on houles for half
accufation? If he should, in that case there
259,224 511 might be some plausible reason which he Dinio shops three quarters of
miche urge for calling for certain papers, a year
55:481 4 9 necessary to substantiate his charge ; but Ditto male servants, three
under the present aspect of affairs he could quarters
66,997 9 4 sec nonc. He concluded by declaring, that Drito female servants 24,426 16 6 he would act on the liberal Gde with regard Ditto borses, half a year 67,115 4 5 to the production of papers. Ditto four wheel carriages 87,992 10 9 Mr. Burke contended, that the learned Ditto iwo wheel
10,907 9 Gentlçınan's reasoning was not at all justified The Speaker having called the attention of by the practice of the House. It was usual the Hodle to that part of the business at to call for papers, without mentioning for which they had adjourncd, Mr. Burke de. what purpose. Papers had been laid upon clared he had two objects in view : The the table the last session in this very manner. fort was to obtain truth, and the second to He recolleeted the care in point, and would fave time. With regard to the grand and bring to the learned Gentleman's recaliés. fundameatal principles of the business now tion, that this instance had obtained relative in agitation, he entertained conGiderable con. to the Nabob of Oude. He considered the hdence of success, as he conceived that the rejection of his request as a fratager to get House was pledged, by every tic of honour rid of the whole enquiry : and although, and dignity, to support him in his allega- formally speaking, he might cake the advantions, and encourage ebe investigation of a tage of the Icarned Gentleman's fubterfuge. lubject that had for its ultimate end the re- and steal away from the enquiry, yet he felt demption of our candour, probity, and too lively a sense of public justice to desert juftice as a civilized nation. In the prose- its cause. He well know how much a cri. cution of such an intricate affair, which re- minal prosecution depended on the firmaels, quired much attention, diligence, and inde- vigour, and fidelity of the prosecutor. When fatigable perseverance, it mult be obvious Cicero accused Verses, he was not abandona to every gentleman, that much information ed, but supported by the flower of the Ro. was wanted, and that the production of man Senate. The Hortensii, Metelli, and various papers illustrative of the subject, Marcelli, were ftrenuous in the cause. The would be absolutely necessary; be therefore public records were laid open to bim, hoped, that there would be no objection to Every species of evidence was furnished. the communication of evidence which ap- Persons were even fent out of Italy into peared of an important nature. He then Sicily, to fith for proofs of his guilt. No begged leave to withdraw the motion which means were left unemployed to bring to the Speaker had read, which was agreed to; public justice its proper viâim. In like when one to the following effect was fubfti. maoner, the Cicero (Mr. Dundas) of the tuted :-" That there be laid before the British Senate, when he seemed to feel that House, duplicates of the correspondence, indignity against public crimes which did instructions, or minutes, from the Governor- him so much honour when ardent in the General and Council, concerning the state of execution of public justice, in a case which the country of Oude, and the Royal Family could not have escaped the recollection of there :-Allo copies of the inttructions given any who attended to the history of the into Mesīrs. Johnttone, Middleton, and Brif- dia delinquency, had every alistance bed tow :- As also so many of the papers con- ftowed on him. The flower of the orators neated with the foregoing as relate to the at the bar supported him. Every paper transactions with Almas Ali Cawn," which he wanted was produced. Every The motion was seconded, when
avenue of information was laid open. Crown Ms. Dundas expressed a wish to know, lawyers were engaged in the research. Treaahsiber the Reports on the tabte pledged sury clerks exerted themselves with all the
B b 2
enthusiasm of public virtue. In short, the by the intrinsic goodness of his cause, i ndiq gentleman obtained more information than confidence of success founded on th:; prinhe might ultimately have wished to have ciple, he would hazard it againk all that brought in charge against a great delinquent power and wealth could oppole. But how different was his ftuation, when He made a few observations on the disa. compared with that of his modern Cicero! greeable fituation he was under, respecting He tell himself opposed in the fulfilment of the crimination of Mr. Hastings, and said, a duty which it became them more especi- that he was called upon and driven to the ally to discharge. Unsupported by those in business he had now engaged to prosecute. power, the ordinary means of information The Chancellor of the Exchequer declared, were denied him. He had even been in that the present affair was bf confider: formed, that not only Ministry discounte- able moment to the honour and dignity of nanced his effort, but that even the people the British nation; and therefore he hoped of England disapproved of it. But could that every gentleman would readily give bis ibis allegation be well founded ? Was it aslistance on the occasion. He congratulated possible that the people of England could the House on the apparent moderation of disapprove of a person who was contending those gentlemen who stood forward on the for the violated rights of men?. The build business; and was persuaded, that the teming of churches, and the erecting of hospin perance which marked their proceedings, tals, were expreslions neither of patriotism would greatly conduce to accelerate the innor of charity, compared to the noble work vestigation. Every paper which was mate. of bringing to public justice the man of rial to elucidate the fubject, ought to be proambition, or the tyrant who had trampled duced; but he was convinced, that the Hon. under foot the liberties of the human race, Gentleman who had undertaken the accufaSuch was the victim which the justice of tion would not infitt upon the production this country requiged as an atonement. It of papers which might tend to expose our was not from motives of private resentinent system of Asiatic policy. He was neither that he ated in this matter, but from the determined friend nor foe to Mr. Hattings, purest principles of benevolence towards but he was resolved to support the princi. mankind. In the prosecution of this busi- ples of justice and equity. He recommendness, reviled as he might be on account of ed a cool and moderate deliberation; and the active part he had taken against Mr. that every gentleman ought to be governed Hastings, he was conscious to bimself that by the free impulic of his own mind. If a he had been a&tuated by a sincere regard for Commitice were appointed, he hoped that justice; and in this sentiment he was con- it would be decided by them, whether er firmed by an old maxim, which he had not, after examination, the evidence or palearned in his earlier years, and which he pers produced were sufficient to criminata hoped he would carry with him to his the delinquent. If crimes of enormity were grave :-" Bļeffcd are ye when men shall proved beyond a doubt, the character of fevile you and perfecute you, and shall say that House, the reputation of the Britica all manner of evil against you falsely for name, the honour and dignity of the human my fake : rejoice and be exceeding glad, for species demanded support; and he hoped great is your reward in Heaven. He had that the juftice which was fo loudly apo looked for assistance from those in power; plauded from all quarters of the House, but he saw that left r objects intereited them would be roused to vengeance. We ought more deeply. He found that the adjustment to watch our honour with the stricteit eyes of the three per cents. was to Ministers of jealousy, and spurn at any project which more an object of concern than the vindica- might tend to the subversion of this laudable ting the violated rights of millions of the virtue. What has been advanced on the one human species. The country of Oude was side of the House, goes to a prelamption or of no small extent. Its extent was fifty fufpicion that Mr. Hastings has been guilty; three thousand square miles ; 'it contained and what has been stated on the other, opeten millions of inhabitants ; iis revenues rates as an exculpation. The causes and el. amounted to eight millions, and was offects of the grievances complained of must course greater than the whole unappropri- be nicely diftinguished, and the decision ated revenue of Great Britain. Was this, Mould be regulated by the fri&eft impar then, an obje&t for the sport of arnbicion i tiality. Mr. Hastings, notwithstanding the Or was so large a portion of the human affertions to the contrary, may be as innorace to be allowed to perish for want of cent as the child inborn of the matter with public justice ? He for his own part felt the which he is accused ; but he is now under magnitude of the object too much to aban- the eye and suspicion of Parliament, and bis don it. Notwithstanding the obdruction innocence or guilt must be proved by incon. that was thrown in his way, the incitements teftible evidence. He was of opinion, that of duy would lead him to endeavour to it would be neccitary to move for many fupe furmoi nt it. If it was the opinion of the plementary papers, in order to explain cer Huse that he should, he would bring for- tain documents, which might ferve to illu!" ward n s charge. He felt bimteif supported trate the transactions in the Eaft. It would be impoffible, from the multiplicity of writ- rous fand banks, and its exposed situation, len evidence, to avoid confusion ; but if azuled it to be avoided by our own vessels, genilemen proceeded to act cordially, the and it could never be an object of choice business would be greatly, faciljzated, and with an enemy; as even if a landing were he declared that he would consider it as a effected, no ships could ride there for the daty incumbent upon him to give every ass purpose of covering the regreat. He there, hittance in bis power:
fore moved, “ That there should be laid A delultory conversation then took place before the House a copy of the opinions of between Mt. Burke, Major Scout, Mr. Dun. ihe naval officers distinctively on the subject. das, Mr. Grenville, Mr. Francis, &c. &c. of the reports of Lieutenant Hawkins; thefe when the motion having undergone a trifling reports to be included as the basis of said amendment, was agreed to.
opinions.” After a short conversation, the Nr. Burke thep submitted to the House a motion was withdrawn. pumber of other motions for the production General Burgoyne, after a short speech, of various papers, some of which were agreed confifting chiefly of a comparative fatement to, and others rejected ; after which the of the amount of our land forces at different House adjourned.
periods, and a calculation of the numbers FEB. 2:.
which had been deemed necellary for the The Hufe met according to adjourn. delence of the country, moved, inat there toent, to ballot for a Committee to try the be laid before this House an account of the Petition from the Borough of Şeaford, com
numbers of the effective infantry, the flate plaining of an undue election. After the of their establishment, and the deficiencies Sprjeant at Arms had gone round the several of each corps in the year 1779.-Mr. Pite othices, &c. only 94 Members were assem- extended the motion to comprehend “ an bied; the business of course was deferred account of the effective forces in Great-Bria ill next day.
tain in the year: 1779, 1780, 1781, and FER. 22. 1782, distinguishing each half
year, and the Received and read petitions from Lei- deficiency of each corps during ihat period;" çekter, Norwich, and Edinburgh, against which was agreed to. the Shop-iax, which were referred to a Several motions were then made by CoCommiliee of the whole House on the peri- lonel Norton, Mr. Dundas, and others, for cians.
different accounts of the forces in British Ordered that the minutes of Col. Stewart's pay at different periods of the late war, examination before the Select Committee be which received general afTent. laid before this House.
The buliness was then poftponed until Mon Mr. Baltard moved, that there should be day, to give time for the preparation of those iaid before the House a copy of the reports Papers ; after which the House adjourned. of the Board of Enquiry, instituted in the year 1784, to discuss the propriety of a syfa The order of the day being read, the House icon of fortification. By comparing their went into a Committee on the shop-lax, Mr. opinions with the decision of the present Angelo Taylor in the chair.- Mr. Mingay Board, the House may possibly obtain some appeared as counsel for the shopkcepers of lights to direct them on this important and the city of London, and in a molt elegant dificult business. It would at least enable and copious fpecch opened the case of his them to discriminate between those ficua. clients, which he divided into three heads ; uons, where, as a landing was a matter of first, the cruelty and partiality of the tax; facility, fortifications wore absolutely re- secondly, the impoflibility of bis clients bequisite, and those inaccesible places, the for. ing reimbursed by the articles of trade in tifying of which had been unnecessarily sube whicb they dealt; and thirdly, the exceedmitted to the present Board: which, after ing weight of taxes under which the inhaa fhort debate, was rejected without a di- bitants of this metropolis at present labourvihon.
ed. Mr. Mingay expatia:ed upon cach of Capt. M.Bride then said, that as he did these heads with great force and ingenuiry, not conceive the opinions of a majority of and called to the bar Ms. Stock, of Ludgatethat Board, to which he had the honour to hill, who was examined in support of the belong, were binding on the whrle, and as petition by Mr. Bower, in the course of he had found himself in a minority on their iwo hours examination, he gare a regular, decisions, he thought he should be justified distinct, and decided evidence, that the in giving to Parliament his reasons for such thop-tax is a personal tax-falling imme. dillent. At present he would only observe, diately upon the occupiers of the ihops, that he with the other naval officers had without a probability of their being reimentirely disagreed as to the necellity of for- bursed by iheir cuftomers.- He fated, that tifying Whitland-Bay, and other places in its there were upwards of fix thousand retail vicinity, and had concurred in the report of hopkeepers in the city of London- that he Lieutenant Hawkins, which pronounced it had, upon this occasion, confulted with frascellible. ļts bad anchorage, its nume- above two thousand of them, all of whom
were finally of opinion, that the tax in delayed until a few were copied, of which question was to all intents a personal tax : they were in possession of duplicates. He That the great muinber of adventurers who therefore moved, " That the papers now in are daily itarting up in every street, would readiness should be laid before the House ; by a competition prevent the retail dealer and that those that remained should be fora from railing the price of his comniodities, warded with all possible dispatch." That even were that circumstance practica- The Speaker mentioned, that as the pable, there would be no possibility of fixing pers were moved for separately, they should the rate, because the lealt addition in price severally be forwarded as soon as in readiopon the various articles, would amount to ners; it was therefore sufficient that this perhaps twenty, thirty, or even forty times should be known at the lodia House, and more than the tax. - Mr. Stock's evidence any additional order would be perfectly futhen turned on the weight of taxes already perfluous. imposed on the inhabitants of this cieyi Major Scout then withdrew bis motion. which he stated to be in some parishes, in Mr. Rolle, after adverting to the confewhich he had made fome enquiry, in thc quences of the new regulations of the initie proportion of 1.15. 6d. in the pound. Hc tia, moved, “ That the order for going into further kated, that from the intime variety a committee on this bill, which Itands for of articles, and the fill greater variety of Wednesday fe'nnight, should be deferred prices, that many hopkeepers dealt in, it until Monday the 3d of April," that the was impollible to ascertain such an advance sentiments of the country gentlemen may iņ price as would be cqual to the tax, with- be more fully knowi. out impoling on the public: as a proof, the Mr. Piti did not think that any delay of witness himleif dealt in upwards of two the third reading would be extremely peces thousand different articles.
sary. All parties were of opinion, that this The witness had paid one quarter's tax, constitutional defence should be supported amounting to il. 103. 60. which he considere with the utmost attention; and the only difod as fo inuch money levied upon hiin perference was as to the inode. The queftion Sonally, and in this partial way the tax would would be simply this Whether the nc. affect the whole body of retail dealers. He colicy of calling out the militia annually further stated, that the tax would fall hea: would be such as to out weigh the considera vieft where it could least be borne ; that is tion of the added expence ? Or whether, if to say, on the dealers of low condition ; called out at more infrequent periods, they whereas the very extensive dealer, by means would not be still equal to every purpose of of his large returns, would not feel'it; and defence ? And to the discussion of this point therefore, partial as the tax was upon one he was of opinion, that the House of them. bundy of men, it would be rendered ftill felves were fully adequate-The order, more partial by its operating upon a partie therefore, stands. cular part of that body.
General Burgoyne, on seeing the papers Being asked whether a house tax would which he had moved for, laid on the table, not be more equitable to his fellow citi- moved, that they might be printed. zens, he replied he thought it would. Mr. Pitt objected ; and, after a short con.
A great number of questions were after. versation, the General withdrew his motion. wards put to Mr. Stock by the Chancellor
FEB. 27. of the Exchequer, Mr. Drakr, Mr. Joliffe, The Select Committee appointed to de Mi. Alderman Watson, Sir Joseph Maw- termine the undue election for Lancaster, bey, Sir Thomas Hallifax, Mr. Martin, Mr. made their report in favour of Abram Rawa Alderman Sawbridge, Sir Watkin Lewes, linson, Esq. the fitting member, Sir Edward Dering, and several other mem- A new writ was afterwards moved for bers the answers to which went to elta- the borough of Lancalter, in the room of blith one great point, That the tax under Francis Reynolds, Esq. now Lord Ducie. consideration is a personal tax, partially laid Mr. Pitt rose, and expressed his wih, in upon the ihopkeeper.
the present important and complicated bufThe further consideration of this impor- ness of the system of fortification, to introtant bufiness was, at balt alter nine o'clock,' duce a mode for their discullion, which he poftponed
apprehended could not displease either thole
who were friendly or adverse to the present Ordered out a new writ for East Grin- system, as it only tended to place the oppo, stead, in the room of Mr. Herbert, who site hides more closely at illue. He then hath accepted the Chiltern Hundreds. moved two refolutions in the House at large,
Major Scott informed the House, that he which should terve as a more regular basis had made particular enquiries at the India for the proceedings of the Committee. House respecting the papers which had been The first resolution was, “ That it is the ordered ; and that he cliere had learned that opinion of the House that, to secure the they were in general seady, and were only dock-yards of Plymouth and Parelmonch