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the river ; the boat did not want above three city is in amiction for the loss of this truly lengths of the bank, when it struck against amiable prince, whose humility, gentleness a cree, and in an inftant they all, together of manners, and compassionate disposition, with the boat, disappeared. A few minutes endeared him to all ranks. He lived indeed after the Duke rose again, and supported as he died, in the highest exercise of humahimself a short time by taking bold of a nicy. Had not the current been so rapid, he tree ; but the violence of the current foon would no doubt have been saved, as he was bore him down, and he never appeared more. an excellent (winimer.” The boatmen, more fortunate, were every His Highness was the brother-in-law, as one saved, and the Duke alone became the we suppose, of his Majesty's sister. victim of his own humanity. The whole

WHILE

The POLITICAL STATE of the NATION and of EUROPE for March, 1786. [No. XXV.]

HILE we were writing or at least Company, or for the safety of the common

printing our sentiments on the subjeét wealth of Great-Britain. If much smaller of fortifications, promising ourselves, from powers vested in limited circumscribed goverthe protraction of the conteft, an opportunity nors, have precipitated them into such diétaof going deeper into the subject than we torial measures as have embroiled the State could then, the whole scheme of fortification and endangered the Company, what mult biew up with the general consent of all the such untried, unheard-of extended powers people, a few ministerial men excepted ; our produce in Aña, in Europe, and elsewhere? further lahnur on that subject is consequently We likewise think the appointment prema. fuper feded. We are glad, however, we ture, until an impending investigation of a had an opportunity of bearing our testimony late chief Governor of India Thall pronounce against the inadmisible fyftem.--Discontent- him a great and a good Governor, or a delined at the repulse, Ministry seem totally to quent. The progress and event of that dil. have abandoned the only good part that was cullion might probably throw great light on Atruck out in the collision of the parties con- the subject, and thew what sort of men cerned or engaged in it--that is, the provis ought to be appointed, and what powers they ding a fufficient number of gunboats and a might safely be entrusted with ; whereas at perfe&t fyftem of signals along the coast on present a total darkness and confusion covers the approach of any danger ! They are, like the face of Indian affairs ! froward children, too much in the pouts to Nothing contributes to this confufion do the little good they can, because they are more than the late At for regulating Eat. not permitced to do all the mischief they India affairs !

and we

approhend the pleale.

amendments going on very rapidly in the Early in the month a very extraordinary House of Commons, if passed into a law or appointment took place, that of a great and law's, will encrease and aggravate all the evils famous military commander, remarkable for which generate confusion, and tend to downhis warlike exploits in America, to be chief right anarchy. civil Governor of India! a measure very We hear much noise and talk about an imfufpicious in the eye of the French Cabinet, peachment of a late Chief Governor, but see ever wakeful and jealous of the movements little progress made in it fince our last, when of all their neigbhours, of this nation in we couched it very slightly, thinking it would particular, which they consider as their per- be immediately turned into a serious legal petual rival and hereditary enemy! Can they prosecution before a very high tribunal; buc conader the sending out a man so qualified, we find sunce, it has been only a subject of invested w th such ample powers, civil and altercation, of declamation on the one side, anda military (it is said), as are now making out of panegyrick on the other ; and is therefore for him, over all Indoftan, as a very friendly a fair subject of critical animadversion. We measure for them and their connections and snall content ourselves however, at present, dependencies in those extensive regions :- with a simple observation on the strange Exclusive of all these considerations, the ap- unaccountable contrasted state of parties in pointment of a military officer of the crown England. That the man who lost us great to the fupreme civil government of all the part of America, and almost the whole Bria Company's concerns in the East-Indies, dues tish Empire, the East-Indies excepted, should not wear the most palpable marks of prudence be unimpeached, unmolested, and undisturband discretion, in this time of apparent profound ed, even so as to be at liberty to join the peace and tranquillity! There is a strong chace to run down the man who by his veappearance of too much power being vested ry extraordinary exertions saved our Indian is one man, either for the benefit of the posseffions out of the hands of those nume.

Ee ?

Tous

rous potent enemies which were raised up They have likewise beat down the Direcagainst us by the former of these two men, tors in the annual expence of managing the whilft the latter is faintly defended by Minis- funds, nearly about one-fifth part; in which ters and their adherents ; surely this betrays case the borrower has prescribed rules to the something very rotten in the Scate of Den- lender, and thereby reversed the Scripture, mark! or we have no skill in politics. which says,'the borrower is servant to the

The Slop. tax has withstood the storm lender! Query, Whether fome secret article tha gathered round it from all quarters of is not included in this pecuniary treaty, which the kiumem, uplield by the strong hand of has not yet met the public eye, to make the Minuter, which has prevailed against the atonement for this seeming dictatorial power whole body of shopkeepers and their adhe- assumed by the debtor over the creditor: rents, under a modification which, no doubt, To make any considerable progress in paypleares fome people who are relieved there. ing the national debt, there ought to be some by, but leaves others under a more marked lulty surplusses somewhere, to the tune of partiality than before.--The citizens of Lon. two millions and a half; for we know of dedon consider themselves to be principally point- ficiencies in seven articles, to the amount ed at as the objects of ministerial displeasure ; a more than half that fum; a very unpromising circumstance which we hope will teach them, circumstance for that purpose! And to look for the future, to reserve their gold boxes and at the Votes of Money for the Ordinary and freedoms to be conferred on ministers at the Extraordinaries of the Army, and the various end, instead of the beginning of their adminis- descriptions of officers, one would be tempt. trations, when they can better judge whether ed to think we were in the height of a they re well or ill bestowed.

raging, complicated, extensive war ; and that The regulation of the Militia has taken up we had an army of officers only! - Another the attention of Parliament a good deal in this unpromising circumátance. month, but without much satisfaction to More mischief seems to be breeding 2e either side of the House. This national de mong the new States of America against this fence has been greatly altered from its pri- country : they seem to have imbibed an enmitive inftitution, and we think much for mity to us fimilar to that of the Israelites a. the worse, partaking too much of the nature gainst the Amalekites, with whom they were of a Standing Army to be called a Militia, to have war for ever. At present our reand yet without some of the benefits attend. maining colony of Nova Scotia thrives apace, ing a Standing Army: in short, it is a stand. under their nose.Hinc illæ lachryme. ing terror to many sober, industrious, hard- Last month we adverted to the cold, phleg. working men and their families, and was matic, and disdainful reception our Confui the ruin of many poor families during the met with from the American Congress, and late war;--a standing gaming-table or raffle- the affront thereby offered to the dignity and board, taking money out of the people's Crown of Great-Britain. This month we pockets, poor and rich, without the losers have to observe, the very different reception having the pleasure to stand by and see fair of the French Consul by the same body; all play, whereby many men were dragged respectful, complacent, and cordial, as if done from their families and friends, or driven to with design to sew the shocking contraft. leave them deftitute, for want of ten pounds How long our Ministers will continue, and to pay the penalty of refusing a military life, what lengths they will go, to crouch to these to which they were totally averse and unfit. revolted lubjects, and to lick the crumbs that Until some mode is adopted of regulating the fall from the Frenchman's table, spread by militia upon its own original principles, it' the haughty Americans, we kaow not; but will be a heavy oppreiliun upon many indi- one thing we know, that if they ftudied to yiduals, as well as the ruin of many families, bring contempe, disgrace, and ignominy upon and yet will not answer the true purpose of a the British name and nation by the means of national militia; a matter worthy of the most those Americans, they could not much go serious consideration of the legiNature. beyond what they do in that way.

Ministry have made peace with the Bank. To look through Europe, an universal Directors for the payment of two millions, calm seems, for the moment, to overspread (horrowed some time ago) by initaiments of the political hemisphere, except some internal half a million annually. We should have fermentation in Holland, venting itself in liked it better if they had paid the money some seditious riotous proceedings in divers down at the time appointed by the postponing parts, all which will probably be filenced upan act of parliament palied for that purpose; the first appearance of fome neighbouring it would have looked more like a serious in- Potentale's forces to chiaftise the rioters and tention of paying off some considerable part of disturhers of the peace. Most probably thus the national debt, funded as well as un. ensuing summer will be spent in negociating, funded.

intriguing, and forming and fermenting alhances among the Powers of Europe, pre- weight of domestic and national troubles inco vious to any party trying their strength against his grave ; and if nature, aided by affliction, another party.

will not do that office for him, there are Nevertheless, the gradual, lenient, yet im. those near him who will readily render him portant revolutions forming in the Ottoman that service, to put an end to all his troubles cabinet, appear to us to denote something of a in this world at once, whenever they can change of system from the pacific to the war- look about them and see they can do it with like disposition, the original characteristic of safety. Let that event happen when it will, that extraordinary and unparalleled empire. and tiow it will, it will be high time for some The mild and pacific Prince who lways that ambitious enterprising European Powers to sceptre is thought to be sinking under the look about them and prepare for the worst.

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Μ Ο Ν Τ Η LY CHRONICLE. LIST of longevity for 1785:-No per- in bed, of which wound he languished until

son is mentioned who had not entered Sunday last, and then died. The deceased's upon his or her ninetieth year. The first co- widow deposed, that the prisoner was forlumn contains the names of the counties, the merly servant to her husband; that he was lecond the number of persons who have lived discharged for negligence ; that he had freto ninety or upwards, and the third, the to- quently threatened vengeance on the deceara sal those years amount to.

ed ; that on the morning the murder was Bishoprick of Durham

IOS committed, she was awakened by a noise, Cambridgeshire

and on entering the room her husband 1ept Chethire

226 in, she found him sitting up in the bed, and Cumberland

as far as his wailt in blood ; that a stick Derbyshire

93

which the prisoner had cut some time before, Devonshire

197 lay in the room, and an iron bar, covered Eflex

6
596

with blood; that her husband was mangled Flintshire

105 in a shocking manner ; and that atlistance

; Glamorganshire

106

was immediately sent for :-he lingered a Hampshire

90 few days, and died a shocking spectacle. Hertfordshire

Four other witnesses were examined, whose Hantingdonshire

teltimony proved certain corroborating cirKent

7

cumstances, such as, being from his lodgings Lancashire

375 the night that the murder was committed, Leicestershire

104 being seen to melt lead, and to pour it into Lincolnshire

8 763 the stick that was found in the deceased's Middlesex

17 1352

The prisoner coufelled the murder Montgomeryshire

103

to one of the magiftrates who committed him Northamptonshire

186 for trial, but pleaded not guilty at the bar. Northumberland

302 The Jury, after a few minutes consideration, Nottinghamshire

5

brought in their verdict guilty. Oxfordshire

92 27. The above Joseph Rickards was exeRadnorshire

cuted at Kentich Town, opposite the bouse Rutlandthire

93 where the horrid fact was perpetrated. In Shropshire

his way to the place of execution, the conSomersetshire

288

vict appeared to be in a state of stupefaction; Saffolk

4 399

he had no book, nor did he employ the Surrey

4

short remains of time in those preparations Warwickshire

3 328

for eternity which his miserable situation renWiltshire

dered so indispensably necessary. Before beWorceftershire

2 12 ing turned off, the prisoner desired to see Yorkshire

5 579

the widow of the decealed; The was sent for

to her house, but was gone to London. He One prisoner was capitally convicted at the declared he had no accomplice in the fact, Old Bailey, viz. Joseph Rickards a lad and that he was induced to the perpetrations of 18 years of age, late servant to Walter . thereof by the supposition, that after the de. Horseman, cowkeeper at Kentish Town, cease of his master he should succeed to the for wilfully wounding the faid Walter Horse- business as milkman. Just before coming to mnan on the head and face, about three in the village he burst into tears, and when he die morning of the 17th instant, while alleep came to the place of execution, wept bitterly.

28.

room.

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478

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