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Q. If I did it was an inadvertence, and you will forgive me, I know. A. Certainly.
Q. Did you do anything else except attempt to get more officers down there?
A. Yes, sir.
Q. Now, the only thing you state so far is, that you went down there and saw them?
A. You did not want me to go into detail. I have already stated that I brought up the question of the prisoners brought over there, and being thrown in contact with the inmates of the institution. I thought that should not be done, but what I did was,of no arail, and I then went to the Corporation Counsel and asked him about it.
Q. About classification ?
Å. Well, that is the first step — to separate the criminals from the poor, some of whom were worthy poor.
Q. Did you ever get farther than that?
A. It was of no use for me to state to the Commission that the Corporation Counsel said it was not proper or legal for the prisoners to be kept there. They said they didn't care what the Corporation Counsel's opinion was, that they were going to do those things to suit themselves and take their chances on that both in relation to that and another
Then I insisted at a time when we had formal meetings, I mored that the Board ask for the official opinion of the Corporation Counsel on the matter. Then we got a written opinion of the Corporation Counsel, and I think after that was spread upon the records for about two weeks the prisoners were not sent over. Then the thing was resumed as bad as ever.
Q. You have now stated all you did in respect to classifying the people at Long Island ?
Á. No, sir; because I couldn't without taking a rery long time.
Q. You haven't stated anything you did yet except to go down there and make an effort to have some officers appointed, and to talk with the Corporation Counsel?
A. Well, tried to have sonje form of employment for them.
A. I suggested it — all that was erer done and all that I could do there in the Board.
Q. And you didn't get it? A. My idea was to give them proper employment. For instance, what Mr. Galvin stated I think was absolutely true and showed a common-sense view of the case that it was easy to get the day's work of one good, sound, well man out of four of those men. They would not work ten hours a day like a man who gets $3 or $4 a day for doing it. They are not physically able to do that sort of thing.
Q. (By Mr. RILEY.) You went to the Mayor about the same thing,
A. Oh, went to the Mayor six or seven times about it, and the Mayor told me it was all wrong and ought to be changed. Q. (By Ald. LEE.) Which Mayor?
The man who has been Mayor the last four years.
Q. (By Mr. PROCTOR.) Now, I am asking you about this classification. I understood you to say that you had an idea that you might take the young people, say, from fifteen up to twenty, and put them out to one side.
A. Yes, sir.
Q. And take the others – from twenty-three, twenty-four, twentyfive, and up- and put them to one side and divide them in that way?
A. Yes, sir; in that general line- the boys, the infirm, the old and the young women.
Q. And from the moral standpoint you would go still farther and divide them into classes, or would you allow the good to go with the bad?
A. No. You have got to do that in a measure, but you should prevent people from getting up and going out from the dormitories they are in into other dormitories, and so on. You have got to see that those unfortunate things which have happened do not happen.
Q. That would be mere separation, wouldn't it?
A. Yes, sir. Separation is classification in the truest sense. Moral and mental classification is a matter requiring a longer time for consideration and is indefinite. But the classification by separation into welldefined groups is a perfectly apparent one; and the only classification which you can read about in that report of the Commissioners is that they select and put apart a place and label it in their official reports as * Loafers' Hall," and the very name is a disgrace in connection with any institution. That was the acknowledged name, the name placed in their report, of their only place of separation Loafers' Hall."
Q. And that is as far as you want to go on record in regard to classification -- what you have stated ?
A. I just want a classification that will separate them into their proper groups at the present time, the old from the young, the able-bodied from the infirm and crippled, and the sexes from each other.
Q. Then after you have got that done, you want to go there and take the good from the bad ?
A. I think, in the line of making the boys good citizens, it might be desirable to establish a school for them like the Farm School on Thompson's Island. I saw there the way boys were learning carpentering and all sorts of things, and good citizens being made out of them.
Q. Now, while you were one of the Commissioners of Public Institutions you had a great many applications for places ?
A. No, sir; no friend of mine or any body connected with me had a place in the public institutions.
Q. I didn't say that; I say that while you were a Commissioner you had many petitions presented to you and many requests made for places ?
A. No, sir. I don't remember a single application to me for a place. Of course, men have often come into the office here asking for positions. Men have come to the office to see if they couldn't get employment, like the man who went down there to take an ordinary position, going through the civil service, and who went down there as a full-fledged apothecary. He didn't stay there long.
(The hearing was adjourned at 12.35 A.M. to meet at 11 o'clock A.M. Thursday, December 27.
THURSDAY, December 27, 1894. The committee met at the House of Correction at 12.05 P. M., Chairman HALLSTRAM presiding.
Q. (By the CHAIRMAN) What is your name?
I came here the last of April, 1891.
A. Yes, sir.
Q. Now, just describe in your own way that whole occurrence from beginning to end.
Ald. LEE. That is, what he saw, you mean.
Ald. LOMASNEY. - The whole thing - what you saw and what you heard; everything that occurred that day in the shop at that time.
The WITNESS — The morning of the trouble there was one of the prisoners came running into the shop by the name of Maguire, I think it was
He ran through the shop, and then just a few minutes afterwards Officer Young came in. As he came in the door, Martin Flaherty was sitting near there. He jumped up, run for Officer Young and made a punch at him. At that time that the punch was made, some of the men that wils at work there started to smash the machines, and some one of them fired a chair at me — I couldn't say I couldn't say who it was.
I looked out for things the best I could, and pretty soon I heard the report of a revolver, and I saw Flaherty put his hand up to his jaw and run down to the lower end of the shop. He came back again after a while and asked me to go to the hospital, and I said he could; so he went out.
Q. Is that all you saw ?
At that time they started to smashing the machines, and of course my attention was drawn to the other men, because they were smashing the machines and the windows
Q. Was there anything in Flaherty's hand ?
Q. As soon as Flaherty struck him, you heard the report of the revolver?
A. Oh, I couldn't say that it was right that second.
Q. Well, within a few seconds ?
Q. You saw Flaherty from the time Young came in the door until you heard the sound of the revolver ?
d. Yes, sir. Q.
Your eyes were on those two men ? Is that right? A. It was for a few seconds.
Q. Well, from the time that Young came into the shop, you saw Flaherty rise, go towards Young and strike him, and you saw the whole thing from that time until the time the revolver shot was fired? Is that so ?
A. No, sir, it is not.
Was anything in Flaherty's hands ?
A, Well, the men started to smash the machines at that time, and I had all I could do to watch the other men in the shop and look out for myself, too.
Q. How long was it after you saw Flaherty rise and go towards Young before the pistol shot went off ?
A. Oh, a minute, perhaps. I am not positive as to that.
Q. Did you see Flaherty strike Young and then see him run away, and see Young follow Flaherty ?
A. I didn't.
Q. The only thing you saw was Flaherty strike Young with his fist; and then there was a shot of the revolver ?
A. That was all I saw of it.
I couldn't say.
A. I think he had a mark on some part of his head. I am not positive.
Q. Did he have a black eye?
Q. Did he say at that time that he was struck with the goose Young?
A. I think I heard something said about it. I couldn't say whether he was or not.
Q. Did you hear him say that he was?
Q. Did he show by any indication, by any mark, that he had been struck with a goose ?
Ald. LEE — Well, is there any evidence that he was struck with a
Ald. LOMASNEY — I am trying to find out what the witness saw.
with it goose;
Q. (By Ald. LOMASNEY.) Was there any indication, any mark, to show that Young was struck with his fist ?
A. I didn't see any, sir.
Q. (By Ald. LEE.) I want to ask the witness something. I understood you to say that there was trouble, and that this man came running into the shop and that started the turmoil and trouble in there?
A. Yes, sir.
Q. He came from the No. 1 shop; and after he got into the shop, Young came in?
A. Yes, sir.
Ă. He stood four or five feet from the door. as he came in the door, at the end of a little bench that is there for piling goods on.
Q After this man had run in there, then the rioting commenced in the shop ?
A. Yes, sir; just after he came in.
Q. Of course you cannot say that it commenced to the one-fifteenth of a second; but it commenced a short time after that ?
A. Yes, sir; pretty near then.
Q. It went right by your head. Well, Flaherty then went towards Young, did he?
A. Yes, sir.
A. Flaherty was sitting on the chair. He was making liberty clothes at the time, and he was either waiting for the runner to go for å hot iron or something like that. I know he was sitting in the chair at the time, and to the best of my recollection after this man came in, this miln Flaherty jumped off of his chair and made for Young.
Q. Made for Young ?
A. Yes, sir. Fle was following him, and he made a punch at hin. Of course, I couldn't say wether he hit him or not. The other men started to smash the machines and windows, and there was a stool fired
Of course I gave my whole attention to the men. That is what I was there for.
Q. You didn't see Flaherty after he first went towards Young? When Young pulled his gun, you didn't see him then rush for a goose,
A. No, sir; I was watching the other men.
Q. And what you did see was that when Young came in Flaherty went towards him and made a punch at him, and you don't know whether he struck him or not?
A. No, sir.
Q. (By Ald. LOMASNEY.) Was there a pistol in Young's hand when he came into the shop?
A. I couldn't say positively whether there was or not.
Q. Did you see a pistol in his hand the minute he came in the door?
A. I rinnot recollect whether he had it in his hand or not.