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Llie top for youth to taste them, it is ten to moderating that joy, which we fhall be api one but old age will find them thicker at the to conceive from his charity towards us, than bottom; and it is the employment of faith of the virtue of patience, whereby to endore and patience, and the work of wisdom and the punishment that he lays upon us; for virtue, to teach us to drink the sweet part though he sometimes gives a pardon without with thankfulness and pleasure, and to swallow correction, yet never correction without an the bitter without reluctance and repining. intent to pardon. The Lord gave, and the Nay, I have told my fock, that we stand Lord hath taken away, blessed be the name indebted to Divine Providence for our phyfic, of the Lord. as well as our food ; that the contempt they Eudoxus was now so composa, that he experience from men, is a wholesome purge pressed his friend to stay and breakfast with for pride, their poverty a cure for luxury and him, and while it was preparing, propoled wanton desires, and that sickness makes us walking with him a little into the fields, duly grateful for health.
during which he expressed such satisfaction at I next reflected that my visitations were every thing about him, as convinced Pbile. not like those of Job, sudden, and treading mon his mind was entirely at peace. A very on the heels of each other, but were gradual mort walk brought them in right of a handand foreseen ; and so much as an evil touches some house, which the good Divine pointed on the means, so much help it yields to. to with a sigh. Being asked the reason, he wards patience. Every degree of sorrow is replied, There lives Varanes, a youth whole a preparation for the next; but when we faults are more the effect of a remiss educa. pass to extremes without the means, tion and the contagion of loose company, then want the benefit of recollection, and must the product of a bad heart. As soon as I am trust entirely to our own strength. To come able, my first visit must be there. The infrom all things to nothing, is not a descent, decency and intemperance of his conduct debut a downfall, where it is a rare case not to mands my friendly interposition. He has be maimed at last.
but lately taken that house, and, this circum. I next considered the force of example- tance excepted, I have no reason to complain how great is the sacred office I bear; which of my situation. I have rather reason to puts it in my power, not only to excuse, but think myself happy. Zachary and Elizabeth, almost to canonize the worlt actions; which we read, had good neighbours, who did not ought, therefore, to make me remarkably envy their happiness, but rejoiced with dem frict and wary ir. all my behaviour : since when they rejoiced, and, doubtless, would many of my parishioners, thinking it, per- have wept with them, had they wept. A haps, impoflible to fail, in imitating me, preacher that liveth among fuch, hath ob. my faults may contract a deeper guilt, by tained a fair benefice, and may well ackeow. being precedents, chan by being sins. ledge with David, " that the lot is fallen unto
Lastly and principally, my friend, I sup- him in a fair ground, and that he hath port myself in knowing, that through the goodly heritage." But woe to that Zachary, merits of my Redeemer, the day will shortly as an old writer emphatically says, who is come, that will cast no clouds upon my brother to dragons, and a companion anto mind, nor stir the least breath of inordinate ostriches; constrained to dwell with Mejlae, palfion in my soul ; when I shall be always and to have his habitation among the tents of serene, have the happiness to live in a con- Kedar, Ifant tranquility and unruffled repose, with. I have sometimes thought, said Pbilean, out pain, sickness, or infirmity, in the pre- this is one of the principal hardships of your sence of the Divine Majesty and the blessed function. Your preferment may be advanJesus ; in the society of glorious Angels, and tageous, and the situation liealthy and delightgood men made perfect ; to partake of a ful, wbile the persons with whom you must felicity great as God's goodness could design, allociate, may chance to be perfectly dishis wisdom contrive, or his power effect, for agreeable; or, which is much worse, and my entertainment.
yet very frequent, disposed to quarrel vpoa Such a noble instance of pious resignation, every occasion, if not with you, at least with fuch a specimen of rational comfort, kept one another, for a while, even Philemor filent; which Of all that is commanded us, faid Eudonas, Eudoxus interpreting as a mark of his not there is nothing more contrary to our wicked being sufficiently convinced by what he had nature, than to love our neighbour as our. yet said, he added :-Some pious men, Pbile. selves. We can with ease enry him if be mon, have gone much farther than this, and be rich, or scorn him if he be poor-but, to have allerted, that to be corrected by such a love him the Devil hath more craft than io. father as God, and with so much love, doch It were hard for him to prevail over so many, put us rather into a need of humility for if men should once begin to love one another.
But we must take our lot as we find it, and put into this temple of God, this lower endeavour to mend as many as we can, and world, as the priest of nature, to offer up the to bear patiently with those we car:not re- incense of thanks and praise, not only for form.
myself, but for the mute and insensible part As they walked gently towards home, of the creation. O! how amiable is gratia Philemon could not but often stop to view the tude! I have always looked upon it as the agreeable prospects the country afforded; most exalted principle that can actuate the where the verdure of the trees, mixed with heart of man. Repentance indicates our nathe brightness of the ripening corn, the party- ture fallen ; and prayer turns chiefly upon a coloured meadows and the lowing herd, regard to ourselves; while the exercise of tempted his eye into a controversy of plea- gratitude subfifted in paradise, where there fure, neither knowing well how to take it was no fault to deplore, and will be perpetueff, or where to fix it amidst so beautiful a ated in Heaven, when God Nall be all in all, variety, and so much orderly confusion. Nay, fome have gone so far as to say, thac
Yes, my Pbilemo.y--for Eudoxus read his were there no positive command that enjoined thoughts--the Supreme Disposer of events it, nor any recompence laid up for it herehas commanded delight and profit to walk after, a generous mind would indulge in it, hand-in-hand through his ample creation, for the natural gratification that accompanies making all things so perfectly pleasing, as if it. beauty was their only end ; yet all things so Here a footman appearing to acquaint eminently serviceable, as if nfefulness bad Eudoxus that breakfast was ready, the conbeen their role design. And, therefore, 'versation was put an end to for the prenever do I walk abroad, but my heart ex- sent. pards with gratitude, and I consider myself
To the PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY of LONDON. GENTLEMEN, A collection of old books falling into my hands lately, as executor of a gentlewoman de
cealed, more reinarkable for her piety than lier taste, I was induced to look at a few of them before they were condemned to destruction. In turning over one which has for its title, Mount Tabor; or, Private Exercises of a Penitent Sinner. Serving for a daily Practice of the Life of Faith, reduced to Speciall Heads, comprobending the chiefe Comforts and Refreshings of true Christians : Also Certain Occasional Obse» varions and Meditations; profitably applyed Written in sbe time of a voluntary Retrait from secular affaires. By R. W. Esquire. Publilised insbe Peare of bis Age 75, Anno Dom. 1639. 12 mo. I found the following narratives; one of which is calculated to throw light on the early period of the History of the English Stage ; and both of them on the manners and customs of the times. You will probably have no objection
to afford them a place in the European Magazine. Upon a STAGE Play, which I saw when I of Security, wherein was personated a Kis, was a CHILD.
or some great Prince, with his Courtiers of se. IN N the City of Gloucester the manner is (as verall kinds : amongst which three ladies
I think it is in other like corporations), were in speciall grace with him, and they that when Players of Enterludes come to keeping him in delights and pleasures, drew towne, they first attend the Mayor to en- him from his graver counsellors, hearing of forme him what noble mans servants they are, Sermons, liftning to good counsell and admoand to lo gec licence for their publike play- nitions, that in the end they got him to lye ing; and if the Mayor like the actors, or downe in a cradle upon the stage, wbere would shew respect to their Lord and Master, these three ladies joyning in a sweet song, he appoints theni to play their first play be. rocked him asleepe, that he snorted againe ; fure himselfe, and the Aldermen and Com- and in the meane time closely conveyed unmon-counsell of the City, and that is called der the cloaths, wherewithall he was covered, the Mayors play, where every one that will a vizard, like a swines fnout, upon his face, comes in without money, the Mayor giving with three wire chains fastened thereunio, the the players a reward as hee thinks fit, to other end whereof being holden severally by Mew respect unto them. At such a play those three ladies, who fall to finging againe, my father tooke me with him, and made' mee and then discovered his face, that the spectastand betweene his leggs, as he sate upon one tors might see how they had transformed of the benches, wbere wee law and heard him, going on with their singing. Whilft very well. The Play was called Thó Ciudle all this was acting, there came forth of ano
ther doore, at the farthest end of the stage, full length, beginning with the first, who was two old men, the one in blew, with a ser. set forth kneeling before king Richard the jeant at armes, his mace on his shoulder ; the Second, and receiving his writ or patent of other in red, with a drawn (word in his hand, creation at his hands; and so from one to and leaning with the other hand upon the another to that nobleman himselfe that built others shoulder, and so they two went along the house; with the picture also of his lordin a soft pace, round about by the skirts of ship's fonne and heire apparent, then a young the stage, till at last they came to the Cradle, maň, with a hawk on his fill. In that faire when all the Court was in the greatest jollity, chamber, at the upper end of it, in a bay and then the foremost old man with his mace window, I observed a long table hanging, fitstroke a fearful blow upon the Cradle ; ting the one end of the window, containing wliereat all the Courtiers, with the three la
a faire written or printed pedigree, setting dies and the vizard, all vanished; and the de- out not onely how the barons of that boule folate Prince starting up bare-faced, and find succeeded one another, but also how the first ing himselfe thus sent for to judgement, made baron was lineally descended from Adam hima lamentable complaint of his miserable case, selfe. But he that lived to build the house, and so was carried away by wicked spirits. and to adorne it with such monuments of This Prince did personate in the morall the noble ancestors from so high a descent as the wicked of the world ; the three ladies, very creation of the world, and having a Pride, Covetousnelle, and Luxury; the two sonne then likely to have succeeded him in old men, the end of the world, and the last the barronie, died himselfe childless in Queen judgement. This right tooke such impreslion Elizabeth's time, and so the barouy dyed with in me, that when I came towards man's him, and there was no lord Lumley to estate, it was as freih in my memory as, entertaine king James there, at his first comif I had seen it newly acted. From whence ming into England, upon her Majestie's deI observe, out of mine owne experience, what cease; and so that pedigree which' (I know great care should bee had in the education of not, by what heraldry) brought that worthy children, to keepe them from seeing of spec- nobleman, by many generations of kings and tacles of ill examples, and hearing of lascivi. queens and other famous ancestors, by a lineall ous or scurrilous words; for that their young descent from Adam himself, could cot dedece memories are like faire writing tables, where it one descent further, but it ends in him for in if the faire sentences or lessons of grace whore honour itself was devised. And that bee written, they may (by God's bleffing) noble lord, when he was at the highest of the keepe them from many vicious blots of life, pedigree, what could he finde there of nobiwherewithall they may otherwise be cainted; lity by it, when the meanest scullion of his especially considering the generall corruption kitchen, and the poorest cripple at his gates, of our nature, whose very memories are apt- were thereby made their lord's kinímen, beo er to receive evill than govd, and that the well ing all Adam's children as well as bimielle! seasoning of the new caike at the first keepes And what pitch of honour bad he gotten from it the better and sweeter ever after ; and that common ancestor of all mankind, but withall we rray observe how farre unlike the (what we all, his posterity, hy wofull expeplaies and harmlesse morals of former times rience, finde to be truth indeed) the guilt and are to those which have succeeded, many of infection of fin, and the fruits of it, death which (by report of others) may be termed ohjects proper for shame, sorrow, and humi: schoolmasters of vice, and provocations to liation, no way for honour or vain-glory, corruptions, which our depraved nature is too
Adam bimselfe being made but of red earth, prone unto, na and grace being contraries. and he and his posterity to returne to earth
againe. MEDITATION XII, Upon a Pedigree seene I shall only add, that the author of these in a Nobleman's House.
Medications appears to have been born at Lumley Castle, in the countie palatine of Gloucester, in 1564; educated at the free Dureime, was built by that noble and worthy granimar-school, called Christ's, in that city, lord John lord Lumley, after the manner of under Master Gregory Downhale of Pembroke. some castles hee bird observed in his travailes Hall, Cambridge, who afterwards became beyonu the ses; with two faire paisages into secretary to lord chancellor Ellesmere; as our it, up two paire of itaires, large but fort, author did, first, to lord Brook, chancellor of both standmg, the one over against the other, the exchequer ; then to the earl of Middletex, at the lower end of the ball; the most emi- lord high treasurer; and, lastly, to lord Co
roome whereof, at the upper end ventry, lord keeper of the great seal. Having of the hall (being the great chamber) passed the great climacterical year, he thought was adorned with the pictures of all it high time to retire from worldly emplor. the barons of that family in their robes, at ments; and on Nov. 30, 1631, being fuj.
denly taken with a vertigo, which he doubted particulars concerning him, I shall think mymight turn:o an apopiexy, he retired in June to self sufficiently recompensed for my trouble Stanwick, in Northamptonshire, where he in transcribing the above. probably died. His book has only the ini.
RICHARD WATKINSON. iials of his name, R. W. If any of your Cokchefier, June 16, 1786. correspondents can inform me of any further
For the EUROPEAN MAGAZIN E. It being the duty, as we conceive, of Literary Journalists to preserve such pieces relative te
any work of importance as appear with marks of authority, we here insert the two fol. lowing Letters.
IT having been allert-d in a late fcurrilous claimed, and am conscious of being entitled to,
publication, that some pallages relative to credit for the strictest fidelity, my respect for a noble Lord, which appeared in the first edi- the public obliges me to take notice of an tion of my Journal of a Tour 10 tbe Hebrides, insinuation which tends to impeach it. were omitted in the second edition of that Mrs. Piozzi (late Mrs. Thrale) to her work, in consequence of a letter from his Anecdotes of Dr. Johnson las added the folLoruthip, I thinķ myself called upon to de- lowing potícript : clare that that affertion is false.
Naples, Feb. 10, 1786. In a note, p. 527, of my second edition, I ci' Since the foregoing went to the press, mentioned, that “ having found, on a revision « having seen a paisage from Mr. Boswell's of this work, that, not withitanding my best “ Tour to the Hebrides, in which it is said care, a few observations had escaped me, " that I could not get through Mrs. Montagu's which arose from the instant impression, the “ Ejay on Sbakspeare, I do not delay a mopublication of which might perhaps he con- "ment to declare, that, on the contrary,
I fidered as passing the bounds of a strict de.
“ have always comniended it myself, and corum, I immediately ordered that they heard it commended by every one else; Thould be omitted in the present edition.” “ and few things would give me more con
I did not then think it neceffary to be more “ cern than to be thought incapable of explicit. But as I now find that I have been
« tatting, or unwilling to testify my opinion misunderstood by some, and grossly misre. o of its excellence." presented by others, I think it proper to add, I might, perhaps with propriety, have that soon after the publication of the first edi- waited till I should have an opportunity of tion of my work, from the motive above. answering this postscript in a future publicam mentioned alone, without any application tion; bur, being sensible that impreßions once from any person whatever, I ordered twenty- made are not easily effaced, I think it better fix lines relative to the noble Lord to be
thus early to ascertain a fact wbich seems to omitted in the second edition (for the loss of be denied. wb:ch, I trust, twenty-iwo additional pages
The fact repo ted in my Journal, to which are a sufficient compensation); and this was Mrs Piozzi alludes, is stated in these words, the sole alteration that was made in my book
“ I spoke of Mis. Montagu's very relative to that nobleman ; nor was any ap- "high praises of Mr Garrick. Johnson. Sir, plication made to me by the Nobleman al. “it is fit the shoula ay so much, and I Juded to, at any time whatsoever, to make
" Thould say nothing. Reynolds is fond of any alteration in my Journal.
“ her book, and I wonder at it ; for neither To any serious criticism, or ludicrous ban
“ 1, nor Beauclerk, nor Mrs. Tbrale, could ter, to which my Journal may be liable, I get through it." Thall never object; but receive both the one It is remarkable that this postscript is so and the other with perfect good humour ; expressed, as not to point out the person who but I cannot suffer a malignant and injurious said that Mrs. Thrale could not get through falsehood to país uncontradicted.
Mrs. Montagu's book; and therefore I I am, Sir,
think it necellary to remind Mrs. Piozzi, that Your most humble servant, the affertion concerning her was Dr. JoboMarch 9,1786. JAMES BOSWELL. fon's, and not mine. The second o'serva
tion that I shall make on this poftfcript is,
that it does not deny the fact allerted, though NO man has less inclination to controversy I must acknowledge, from the phrase it bethan I have, particularly with a lady. But as stows on Mrs. Montagu's book, it may have in my Journal of a Teur so sbe Hebrides I have been designed to convey that meaning.
What Mrs. Thrale's opinion is or was, or When my Journal was passing through the what the may or may not have faid to Dr. press, it occurred to me, that a peculiar de. Johnson concerning Mrs. Montagu's book, Jicacy was necessary to be observed in reit is not necessary for me to enquire. it is porting the opinion of one literary lady couonly incumbent on me to ascertain what Dr. cerning the performance of another ; and I Johnson said to me. I ha!! therefore con- had such scruples on that heid, that in the bne myfelf to a very short state of the fact. proof sheet I ftruck out the name of Mrs.
The unfavourable opinion of Mrs. Mon. Thrale from the paragraph in question, and tagu's book, which Dr. Johnson is here re- two or three hundred copies of my book ported to have given, is known to have been were actually printed and published without that which he uniformly expressed, as many it; of these Sir Joshua Reynclus's copy hap. of his friends well remember. So much for pened to be one. But while the thect was the authenticry of the paragraph, as far as it working off, a friend, for whole opinion 1 relates to his own sentiments. The words have great respect, Yuggested that I had no containing the assertion to which Mrs. Piozzi right to deprive Mrs. Thrale of the high ho. objects, are printed from my manuscript nour which Dr. Johnson had done her, by Journal, and were taken down at the time. stating her opinion along with thit of Mr. The Journal was read by Dr. Johnson, wlio Beauclerk, as coinciding with, and, as it were, pointed ou: fome inaccuracies, which I cor- fanctioning his own, The obfervation aprećicu, but did not mention any inaccuracy peared 10 me fo weighty and conclusive, that in the paragraph in question; and what is I hastened to the printing house, and, as a full more material, and very flattering to me, piece of justice, restored Mrs. Tlurale to that a confiderable part of my Journal, containing place from which a too scrupulous delicacy this paragraph, was read several years ago, by had excluded her, Mrs. Tbiali ber felf, who had it for some time On this simple state of facts I shall snake in her possession, and returned it to me, with. no observation whatever. our incimating that Dr. Johnson had mistaken
JAMES BOSWELI. ber sentiments.
London, April 17, 1786. PARTICULARS relative to the NATURE and CUSTOMS of the INDIANS of
NORTH - AMERICA. By Mr. RICHARD M'CAUSLAND, Surgeon to the King's os
Eighth Regiment of Foot. [From the PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS, Vol. LXXVI. Part I. just published.) IT
has been advanced by several travellers into the authenticity of those facts, how
and historians, that the Indians of America little interesting they may at present apdiffered hiom other males of the human peal. species in the want of one very characteristic I will not at present take upon me to fare mark of the fex, to wit, a beard. From that there are not nations in America deiti. this general observation the Esquimaux tute of beards ; but ten years refidence at have been excested; and hence it has been Niagara, in the midst of the Six Nations Bupposed, that they had an origin different (with frequent opportunities of seeing ouai fura that of the other natives of America. nations of Indians) has convinced me, tha! Bnferences have also been drawn, not only bey do not differ from the rest of men, ia with respect to the origin, but even relative this particular, more than one European dií. 10 we conformation of Indians, as if this fers from another : and as this imperfectioa saas in its nature more imperfect than that of has been attributed to the Indians of Norththe rest of mankind.
America, equally with those of the rett of It appears foinewhat fingular that authors, the Continent, I am much inclined to think, in de ricing the oi'yin both of the Esqui- that this affertion is as void of foundation is maux and of the other Indians of America one region as it is in the other. from the old world, fhould never hare ex. All the Indians of North-America (except plained to us how the former came to retain a very small number, who, from living Dieir beard, and the latter to lay them aside. among white people, have adopted theis Fo ascertain the authenticity of this point cuftoms) pluck out the hairs of the beard ; may perhaps prove of little real utility to and as they begin this from its first appear. mankind; but the singularity of the fact ance, it muft naturally be supposed, that to mengaindy claims the attention of rhe curions : a superficial observer their faces will seem audi a3, it is impofsible to fix any limits to smooth and beardless. As further proof the iederences which may at one time or that they have beards, we may observe, mech-s he drawn from alledged facts, it first, that they all have an instrument for auft alu ays be of consequence to enquire the purpose of plucking them out.