Page images
[ocr errors]

continues Mr. B. there was a double talking, trade, and remain in poverty and infignificach continuing to maintain his own argu. cance; but let the Englishman reap well. ment, without hearing axactly what the other earned wealth and indeperidence from the said." Mr. B. thus concludes the aceount of beneficial and honourable parfaits of it. In Mr. M'Lear, the venerable clergyman in the our Review of this work for March laft, back wig, above mentioned : " He (i.e. Dr. page 171, we gave our idea of the character, D.) told me afterwards, he liked firmness in enlarged mind, and important pursuits of the an old man, and was pleased to see Mr. great merchant ; and shall here add, that the M‘Lean fo orthodox ; at his age it is too Doctor and his friend seem to have formed late (the Doctor's remark) for a man to be their ideas of such character on no better alking himself questions as to his belief.”—' models than that of Scoreb Pedlers and English Too late! We do not somehow like this ex- Huckfiers. --We find no such philofophical preffion ; but justice to Dr. Johnson calls us day-labourer, says the Doctor, “who is to a view of bis own account, in his own happy in reflecting that, by his labour, he Tour, of this vifit. The Doctor there does contributes to the fertility of the earth, and himself great credit by the warm and friendly to the support of bis fellow creatwes" We manner in which he mentions Mr. M.Lean ; know not what to make of such oraculous he calls him one of the finest and most vene- r?sponses, they are so egregiously wrong. rable old men he had ever seen, is biglily . We every where meet with the day-labourer pleased with his learning and orthodoxy, and who is happy in cultivating his master's farm in place of Mr. B's too late fays, “ at seventy- or his own garden ; or, in a word, in any seven it is high time to be serious ;" conclud- labour; for, though he knows not the term, ing with this characteristical sentence, which he has, in the strongest manner, the pbilos. from the Doctor conveys the highest panegy. phical thought, that he is labouring for the sic: “When I came away, I was sorry he support of his family and himself. There is was a Presbyterian.”—Thus the Doctor, nothing in trade connected with an enlarged when he speaks for himself.

mind." Good Heaven! had the Doctor We have already exprefled our indignation never heard that Colonization in its embrio at the Doctor's miserable and contracted ideas formation, in its infancy, growth and maturity, of trade and the merchant, and cannot for. is principally the work of the merchant ; a bear to give the following extract, as it so work which requires both zeal and wisdom, fully confirms vur former censure.“ At break. and every talent of an enlarged mind; a work fift I aiked,” says Mr. Boswell, “what is the in which the merchant is the most proper reason that we are angry at a trader's having and best counsellor of Kings; and which opulence !"-—Johnson. “Why, Sir, the rea- verifies the expression of the Hebrew Pro. son is, (though I don't undertake to prove phet, when speaking of Tyre, " Her merthat there is a reason) we see no qualities in chants are the Princes of the earth." trade that should entitle a man to fuperiority. We have alreadly observed, that Mr. BofWe are not angry at a soldier's getting riches, well and the Doctor, particularly the former, because we see that he potselles qualities bad great veneration for the feudal system. svbich we have not, If a man returns from Let the following serve as a comment on a battle, having lost one hand, and with the that admired mode of government. other full of gold, we feel that he deserves “ 1 procured a horse,' says Mr. B.“ from the gold: we cannot think that a fellow, by one M Ginnis, who ran along as my guide. fitting all day at a desk, is entitled to get The M'Ginnises are said to be a branch of above us.”- Bosweil. But, Sir, may we the clan of M.Lean. Sir Allan had been not fuppose a merchant to be a man of an en- told that this man had refused to send him larged mind, such as Addison in the Specialor some rum, at which the Knight was in great describes Sir Andrew Freeport to have been !” indignation. “ You rascal ! (faid he) don't

- Fobnson. “ Why, Sir, we may suppose any you know that I can bang you, if I please ?" fictitious character. We may suppose a ---Not adverting to the Chieftain's power over philofophical day-labourer, who is happy in his clan, I imagined that Sir Allan had reflecting that, by his labour, he contributes known of some capital crime that the fellow to the fertility of the earth, and the support had committed, which he could discover, of his fellow creatures, but we find no such and so get him condemned; and faid, " How philosophical day-labourer. A merchant may, fo?—“Why, (said Sir Allan) are they not perhaps, be a man of an enlarged mind; but all my people ?"-Sensible of my inadver. there is ching in trade connected with an tency, and most willing to contribute what enlarged mind."

I could towards the continuation of feudal In a commercial nation like ours, erro- authority, “Very true," said 1.—Sir Allan neous and injurious ideas of trade ought care

« Refufe to fend rum to me, you fully to be refuted. Let the Spaniard despise rascal! Don't you know that, if I order you



wept on :

[ocr errors]

to go and cut a man's throat, you are to do « Sumirum crede nefas animam præferre pudori, id:"" Yes, an't please your bonour ! and « Ee propter vitam vivendi perdere caufas," my own too, and hang myself too."- The poor fellow denied that he had refused to send

“ He repeated the lines with great force and the rum. His making these professions was

< And after this

dignity; then added, not merely a pretence in presence of his

comes Johnny Home, with his earib gaping, Chief ; for after he and I were out of Sir

and bis dejtruction crying: -Pooh!"

But neither Mr. Borwell's injudicious Allan's hearing, he told me, “ Had he fent his dog for the rum, I would have given it: ready contrait of a much superior pallage

selection of a turgid rant, nor the Doctor's I would cut my bones for him."-It was very remarkable to find such an attachment from Juvenal, afford proof that the Douglas to a Chief, though he had then no connection

is “ a foolish play." The Spanish proverb with the island, and bad not been there for

says, he that has glass windows of his own, fourteen years.—Sir Allan, by way of up

should take care how he throws stones. braiding the fellow, said, “ I believe you are

Dr. Johnson has written a Tragedy named a Campbell."

Irene. The Douglas has its faults. The part It is hard to determine, whether the low

of Lord Randolph is poor enough, and Globrutal tyranny of the Knight's disposition, or

nalvon is a gross and clumsy villain, destitute the base abject soul of the wretch M'Ginnis, of the fine natural touches which characterise are most contemptible, and most unmanly.

an lago and a Zanga. Glenalvon's real love What an odious picture of the feudal tines too, is preposterous; for if the mother of a does the above exhibit !!! Yet Mr. Borc youth of en might be supposed an object well, in the midst of this shameful tale, calls

of love, her unamiable melancholy, thus uphis surprize at it “ inadvertency," and says

braided by her huiband, he was " most willing to contribute what

- These black weeds be could towards the continuation of feudal Express the wonted colour of thy mind, authority.”

For ever dark and dismal. Seven long The following passage is highly worthy of

years remark, as it throws light both on the Are part, since we were joind by sacred Doctor's temper and taste.

As we sat over our tea, Mr. Home's Clouds all the while have hung upon thy Tragedy of Douglas was mentioned. I puc

brow, Dr. Johnson in mind, that once, in a coffee- Nor broke, nor parted by one gleam of house at Oxford, he called to old Mr. Sheri.

joyslan, " How came you, Sir, to give Home is certainly enough to cure, and not calqua gold medal for writing that foolish play?".

lated to kindle an amorous Aam:. Yet, and defied Mr. Sheridan to thew ten good with all these hlemishes, tho characters of lines in it. He did not infift they should be

the mother and son, and even that of Norval, Logether ; but that there were not ten good the old thepherd, have such exquisite strokes, lines in the whole play. He now perfitted and the two former such tender interest, and in this. I endeavoured to defend that pa. such sublime simplicity of pare nature, that tbetick and beautiful tragedy, and repealed the blernithes are not perceived ; and the the following passage:

Douglas will be a favourite play, while the -“ Sincerity,

truth of nature is relished on the English “ Thou first of virtues ! let no mortal stage. But Irene, all on stilts, is the very leave

reverse of the natural simplicity and intereft. “ Thy onward path, although the earth ing tenderness of the Douglas. Dr. Johnson's

forte was studied declamation ; Mr. Home's, “ And from the gulph of hell destruction in the Druglas, (though sparing enough of

it in his other works) is the pure voice of cry, “ To take disimulation's winding way."

feeling nature, and unaffe&ted poetry.

We now come to mention what, in our Johnson. “ That will not do, Sir. Nothing opinion, is the best and most delicately written is good but what is consistent with truth or part of all Mr. Boswell's book ; we mean probability, which this is not. Juvenal, in

the interviews between his father, a venerable deed, gives us a noble picture of inflexible Scottish Judge, and Dr. Johnson. He tells virtue :

us his father was as sanguine a Whig and

Presbyterian as the Doctor was a Tory and " Efo bonus miles, tutor bonus, arbiter idem Church of England man (Higb Cburcb, Mr. Integer: ambiguæ ha quando citabere sefiis, B. Bould have said): That he was afraid Insertæque rei, Phalaris licet imperes, ui fis some rude contest might arise from such 4. Falfus, stadmete dicte periuria lauro,

different principles.

should gape,



“ I was very anxious," says he, “ that all tout ensemble of manner and occasion, and Tould be well; and begged of my friend to even the humour the company were in, are avoid three topicks, as to which they differed entirely lost when reported to another comvery widely: Whiggism, Presbyterianism, pany even the next day. And after all, the and—Sir John Pringle. He said courteously, second-hand reporter only gives it through I Mall certainly not talk on subjects which the medium of his own conceptions: and I am told are disagreeable to a gentleman hence it frequently happens, nay, can hardig under whose roof I am; especially, I shall miss happening, that the same conversation not do so to your faiber.

reported by different people, has a very dif. Yei, notw thitanding this fair promise of ferent appearance. This observation is stronggood manners, we soon find that Dr. Johnson ly verified on the very subject before us. was still Dr. Johnson. The veverable Judge Mrs. Piozzi and Mr. Buswell have little tales and the reverend Doctor came tra collision, of the Doctor in common; but though they as Mr. Bofwell calls it. “ If I recollect mostly tend to confirm each other in the subright," says lie, “the contest began while stance, the features and the impreífion made my father was Mewing him his collection of by them are different. Duelling, it is said, premedals; and Oliver Cromwell's coin un- serves good manners among the great ; but were fortunately introduced Charles the First, and Boswell's and Piozzi's method of laying every Toryism. They became exceedingly warm, thing they hear before the world adopted, we and violent, and I was very much distressed cannot think it would tend to the freedom, by being present at such an altercation be. the gaiety, the pleasure of converfation, the tween two men, both of whom I reverenced ; very spirit of which consists in the idea that yet 1 durst not interfere. It would certainly you are only speaking to the present circle, be very unbecoming in me to exbibit my and not before the awful tribunal of the pub. honoured father and my respected friend, as lic. But if the practice of Mr. Bofwell be intcllectual gladiators, for the entertainment thus unfriendly to conversation, a higher of the public; and therefore I suppress what charge, we deem, yet remains against it; would, I dare say, make an icteresting scene that of raking up the weaknesses of a great in this dramatic sketch."

character, and spreading them before the pube Here, within a few pages of its corclusion, lic, particularly if that character was the we Thall fini/l: our tour through Mr. Boswell's celebrated champion of christianity and moentertaining and truly curious book. As we rality. Whatever Mr. Boswell may think, observed in our first remarks upon it, * it he has lefsened his friend in the eyes of the certainly abounds with many most original public, and the disciples of infidelity and Itrokes of the outre, and with others of a Hume are highly delighted at the weak fuper. more reprehenfible nature. We are pleased stitions and terrors, or rather horrors of death, with the delicacy with which he suppresses that poffeffad the great mind of Dr. Johnson. the detail of the quarrel between his father What service would that man do the world, and the Doctor, which, from the hints be who raked up all the human frailties that gives, feems to have been rude and outrage. have adhered to the most exalted characters, ous enough. Mr. Boswell says well, when either for science, wisdom or virtue! No he thus expresses himsell: “ It would cer- work could be more agreeable and comfortable Lainly be very unbecoming in me to exbibit to the profligate and the worthless. Such my honoured father and my respected friend, 'anecdotes, it is well known, are confolation as intellectual gladiat rs, for the entertain- to the depraved and abandoned ; and surely ment of the public.” Buit, was his father

-if departed ghosts the only person on earth that common de

Are e'er permitted to review this world cency, in reporting conversation, was due to? To the Doctor himself, at other times that of the Doctor, whatever it thought in to many others, he seems to have thought that its embodied state, will owe little thanks for nothing was due. Indeed, he has one method many parts of his memorialift's work. We to blunt the edge of complaint, for he has now conclude with recommending to Mr. taken the same freedoms with bimself. But Burwell, to avoid the evil tendencies we have still that is no true apology; for if a man is been careful in pointing cut; and, at the willing to publish his own absurdities, that is same time, to preserve the vivacity and pleano reason why he should lay before the public santness of narrative which we admire in the

unea els, and, perhaps, be work before us, in bis promised life of Dr. even injurious to others. Besides, it is a Johnson, which, we hear, is in forwaruness fact well known, that there is a vast difference for tbe press. between a thing said in company, where the

what may

* See Vol. VIII. p. 448.

A Short Address to the Public, on the Pily of the Britith Army, by an Officer: Svo.

15. Stuc kdale, 1786. THIS

HIS pamphlet forcibly and feelingly cament than the private soldier ; his cay

pleads the cause of both officers and being equally inadequate to his subsistence, foldiers, particularly those who continue in with the accumulated expence arising from the kingdom, and are of course deprived of the neceffity of preserving appearances. the advantages enjoyed by garrisons abroad, The rank of lieutenant-colonel, our au. the king's provision.

thor observes, is seldom attained under 30 The pay of the army, our author re- years service, and then produces only 3111. marks, is exactly the same it was at the 25. Is there, continues he, any other trade or Revolution, at which period it probably profession in which a man can have em. might be sufficient at least to procure ployed 30 years to so little advantage?_We the immediate neceffaries of life, but for are forry again to refer bim to the church, which purpose at present, from the influx in which many a deserving man has lingered of wealth, and the consequent diminution of out twice 30 years as a subaltern, without the value of money, it is by no means ade- ever obtaining more than the title of 300k quate. A proportional rise in the price of per annum, though equally ubliged to pretheir commodities, their manufactures, and serve appearances. their wages, las compensated to the husband- To alleviate the citresses of the private man, the weaver, and the shopkeeper, fur men, our Author propo es allowing each the increase of the value of the neceffaries of mara 1 lb. of bread daily, which he calcu. life, while the poor foldier, and indeed he lates might be done for about 45,00cl. a might have added the poor curare are left in year; and farther adus, he has a plan lo aug. fais quo.

mend the pay of the officers, which would The subaltern officer is in a worse predi- not exceed 60,oool, per annum,

Impress of Seamen. Confiderations on its Legality, Policy, and Operation ; applicable to

ebe Motion intended to be made in the House of Commons on Friday the 12th of May,

1786, by William Pulteney, Esq. 8vo. Is. 61. Debrett. THE love of Liberty is univerfilly implant. Ireland and America; from both of whichi

ed in the mind of Man; it is therefore we derived a very confiderable part of our furprising, that in this kingdom, where it is daval Itrength. With respect to the foro Supposed to have taken Jeeper rorit than elle- mer, this change of political circumstonces where, a practice fo utterly repugnant to its must affect the impress, both in its principle very principles, a practice which the most and operation. The latter may in fome deurgent situation of affairs can barely justify, gree, as far as example can induce, make fhould, notwithstanding the many propofals against the principle ; for surely in America offered to the legidature to remedy so glar- an impress can never be fuppu'ed to take ing an evil, be itill suffered to exist. The place; but be that as it may, it will certainly Author, strongly imprelled with this ica, prove a material obstacle in its operations. ftrendously recommends with the most libe. The recognition of America as a separate ral spirit the abolition of a custom replete itae, finally in lependent of this kingilom, with oppression, and disgraceful to the feelings places the natives of that country in the same of humanity. After painting in the liveliest Stuation with those of any other foreign Nate; colours the innumerable harulhips it is pro- fur thousands of feamen may, by intercourse ductive of, and shto,ing that, independent of between America and Great Britain, be at these, the great expence attending it infinitely different times in the latter during a fature outweighs its supposed utility, when com. 1f any impress takes place, how are pared with the other plans suggested to su- the Americans to be distinguishal by officers persede a mode of raising men lo repugnant to upon that service ? or rather, how are they every idea of freedom, he proceeds to point to disprove the assertion of any fun tliey out the following particular inc'inveniencies are attenspring to impress, who declares bima to which this practice may herealcer të ex. self to be an American; the similarity beposed,

ing fo great in their figure, complexion, lan“ Circumstances," he observes," have gnage, manners, and habits, as to l'ender it iitto arisen fince the late war, which place the pullible to distinguilh the one from the others impress in a new point of view, and ...Is it because he cannot produce a légifter which require a very mature consideration. of his baptism, that you can pronounce -These are the alterations in the political him an Englithman? or con any one for Situation of the kingdom with respect to want of that, or other sufficient evidence, Byror. Mas.




[ocr errors]

compei him to serve ; or pass any law which thall place him under the necessity of prima ducing it, any more than you would a nitive of France, Spain, or Holland ? Does not this circumitance present the certainly of a conItant scene of confusion, an opening lest for every British seaman who is not absolutely known, or by fome peculiarity evidently dir. tiaguilhed, to take advantage of, and thereby

avoid the service ?” These, added to many other arguments which might be brought to prove the illegality of imprelling men, which militates againtt every principle of the conftitution, will, we hope, induce those in power to do away a custom which las not even the villainous plea of neceflity for its desence,

Inferior Politics, with an Appendix, containing a Plan for the Reduction of the National

Deht. By Hewling Luíon, of the Navy-Office. 8vo. 25. 60. Bladou.

N this tract, which is by no means defi- which they are entrusted in their luxurious

[ocr errors]

clamatory a stile, the Author exhibits the principal business of those meetings to concauses of that wretchedness and profligacy trive unnecelluy plans of parochial expence, which exist among the poor in London and of which themselves are to be the projectors, its vicinity ; the defects in the present system the comptrollers, the operators, and the pay. both of parochial and penal laws, from which mitters." the increase of robbery and other crimes re- To those who think this estimate of sult; and points out the means of redresling parochial gluttony and impositions too bigh, these public grievances.

the following fact, which, the author says, In his opinion, the obliging every parish can be established by inconteftible evidence, to maintain the poor residing in it at the time is submitted : they become chargeable, would be attended “ In a parith not many miles from Lon. with many advantages : it would not only be don, the inhabitants paid, in the year 1733, a means of saving the poor wretches them. as a compofition for repairing the highways, felves the numberleis inconveniencies attend- upwards of 1201. of which (um 751. were ing removals to distant places of abode, but proved to have been spent in different enittwould likewise prevent much litigation about tainments, at the same time that some of the disputable settlements, introduce a spirit of roads in that parish were not only impailable, parochial oeconomy, and relieve the public but a nuisance to the inhabitauts who had from th:at (warm of beggars that now infelt hou'e; contiguous to them, and who pasi the streets, under the pretence of not being their part of the composition. But then the able to aprly to the parish where they are for reader is requested to remember, that the'c relief. He would have the money collected were not bigh-ways, but by.ways; and there for the maintenance of the poor, amounting fore it could not be fupposed the surveyors to the amazing sum of near three millions, would make a milapplication of the public joged in the hands of Government, or in money, by layir.g out any part of it in mendo proper perlens appointed oy it, for the pur- ing them." pose of taking care of the poor, and prevente Mr. Luson next proceeds to contider our ing its being embezzled or misapplied. penal laws, which he wilhes to have revised The neceility of some lieps being taken, and amended, as in their present itate they will appear from the following melancholy are in many instances, lie thinks, not only truths:

inconvenient but absurd. « On a moderate calculation," says our Capital punishments he is desirous of con. author, " it may be computed, that, at least, fining to murder, burglary, forgery, robberies Ovim eighth part of ihe immense sum annually attended with wanton cruelty, and unnatural levied on the inhabitants of London and its crimes. Instead of transporting those con environs for the maintenance of the poor, is victed of leiser offences, he would have them expended in feasting the collectors and their confined for a time, proportioned to their adherents, and other misapplications and im. crimes, in penitentiary houses, erected for positions to which the public is liable; for that purpose, and made to work; the fare heavy and arbitrary fines are levied on those, plus of the produce of their labour, after dewho, dildaining to ahet a species of robbery fraying the expences of their own maintethey are unable to prevent, refuse to serve nance, to go towards supporting their families; with such unworthy colleagues. Parish- and, if not sufficient for the purpose, the offices are usually performed by a junto of deficiency to be provided by the state, in mercenary tradesmen and, mechanics, who, order to prevent such families from being pot content with expending ine money with further corrupted. The author has aided


[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »