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, is de la These attacks were not calculated to occamed amas "Tri

sion much disturbance to the republican auKrunge bar thor: but he could not feel equally easy on the I hope tanasi' near approach of that thunder-cloud, which o much lica

was just ready to burst upon him and his party, His spirit, however, did not desert him; and,

while there remained a possibility of upholdnnt 11 with the per ing his falling cause, he was resolute and ac

tive in its support. Bold in the anticipation of their triumph, the Royalists had already seized upon


press and the pulpit for the diffusion of their tenets and their resentments; and

Dr. Matthew Griffith, one of the late king's n bring the chaplains, desirous of making a professional de of our est display of his loyalty, at a crisis when it

might be especially beneficial to him, published a sermon, which he had preached at Mercer's Hall, on (Proverbs xxiv. 21.) “My Son, fear the Lord and the King, and meddle not with them that are given to change.” On this provocation Milton instantly kindled; and, in a short but forcible commentary on the Doctor's sermon, renewed his strong

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6 Milton's severity on this intrusion of the pulpit into the province of politics, reminds us of the asperity with which Mr. Burke reprehended a similar invasion by a modern divine. Dr. Price differed as essentially, in his political principles, from the chaplain of Charles, as Milton did from the Marquis of Rockingham's secretary: yet the two doctors experienced the game treatment, and the two statesmen concurred in the same pentiinents of reprobation. The politics of the pulpit may, at

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Iconoclastes" ai People of England by the hands of th species of insult,

afected on the pri

could not be pardoned without powerful On the passing intercession. We may conclude that his wie full grace of w friend, Andrew Marvell, the member for

cuded, Milton lef Hull, made what interest for him he could

had continued for 1 in the House; and we are told that Sir Tho

which he had heard mas Clarges united his exertions with those

the Commons

, the of Secretary Morrice for the preservation of


, and his two this valuable life. But Milton seems to have been saved principally by the earnest and grateful interposition of Sir William D'Avenant. When D'Avenant, who hrad been captured by the fleet of the Commonwealth on his passage from France to America, had been ordered by the Parliament, in 1651, to his trial before the High Court of Justice, the mediation of Milton had essentially contributed to snatch him from his danger; and, urged by that generous benevolence which shone conspicuously in his character, he was now eager to requite, with a gift of equal value, the life which he had received. For the existence of D'Avenant's obligation to Milton we have the testimony of Wood, and for the subsequent part of a story, so interesting in itself and so honourable to human nature, the evidence is distinctly and directly to be traced from Richardson to Pope; and from Pope to Betterton, the immediate client and intimate of D'Avenant.

formerly been by same publications

ad he probably, the purposeof incr xicourse, his dang fortune, themalig the abuse and rented against hi


But those scene

On the 29th of au 1 John Goodwin,

, ac had justified, without was not beneath the com He was incapacitated he is said to have owes Armenian principles, y dibe veshing clergy works, which was calle hawe of burning wit a I must bere, with

i Athena Oxon. sol. ii. 412.


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On the passing of the Act of Oblivion, in

the full grace of which he found himself inell, the cluded, Milton left the retirement, where he cast for Links

had continued for nearly four months; and in

which he had heard himself made, by a vote of esertos

the Commons, the object of a public prosecui'r the prestition, and his two great political works, the Milton strak

“ Iconoclastes" and the “ Defence of the sbs the parents

People of England,” condemned to be burnt by the hands of the hangman. By this last species of insult, he was probably no more affected on the present occasion than he had formerly been by its infliction on one of the same publications at Thoulouse and at Paris: and he probably, also, only smiled, when, for the purpose of increasing his unpopularity and, of course, his dangerat this delicate crisis of his fortune, the malignity of hisenemies published the abuse and calumnies, which had been vented against him by the dying Salmasius. But those scenes of sanguinary execution,

Commorced tu.Imerica and

azt, in 1651.106

Justice to

allo costali ger; and

, un e which shore ; he was nova

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For the esis

o Milton wirt id for the so

teresting in nature tly to be that ud from cient and

k On the 29th of august.

John Goodwin, a divine and a writer of no celebrity, who had justified, without ability or effect, the murder of the king, was not beneath the condescension of this act of the legislature, He was incapacitated by it from holding any public office: and he is said to have owed his life only to the circumstance of his Arminian principles, which had conciliated the favour of some of the leading clergy of the church of England. His obnoxious vork, which was called “ The Obstructors of Justice," had the honour of burning with Milton's superior publications.

m I must bere, with some shame and much regret, remark


carth, to the deris
potent malignity.

"It is well known th

ei's body, his friends su Charles; and that it was pred on the gallows at will present them with kerved in Lord Sommers's that , as eleven

years hi

victims, which the perfidiousness of party, in expiation of its own offences, was so base as to offer to him; and he glutted the nation, dies of the illust: as far as he durst, with an effusion of blood, not more guilty than that of thousands, per

ing the place in which haps, who were present to behold it; for they

bas been advanced, on aut who, from their office, were more personally

that his corpse was rem

his death, and buried in engaged in the trial and the execution of the

goes further and affirms t king, were unquestionably not more criminal

would probably, in a chai than were all those who had voted for these violences in Parliainent; or, in the army, had first planned, and then imperiously carried them into effect. More, however, than they who were regarded as the actual regicides were exempted from the benefit of the amnesty. Neither Vane, nor Peters, nor Lambert was immediately implicated in the murder of the king; yet the two former of these were slaughtered (and Vane in violation of the royal promise to the Parliament for his

pardon) while the last, the most guilty of the three, was indeed permitted to live, but to live only in a state of miserable exile.

· But not limited to the sufferings of the living, the vengeance of Charles extended itself to mean and atrocious outrages on the dead. It broke the hallowed repose of the tomb, and exhibited that last infirmity of our mortal nature, the corruption through which it is doomed to pass into its kindred


, it is difficult to tenance, or of seam ab treerd: unless, indeed, jended by the arts of er to the bones, must now ments.

"A counter-interment of and ready to be de - Barkstead, whic within Temple-Bar, that was executed as being, at the time of

age of fifteen years.

"That the said regi Tower of London, and among other such cont ness, desire to know atswered, where he had

moje teren in earth, to the derision and the disgust of im

potent malignity. When we behold the bolaudant dies of the illustrious usurper " and of the

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in It is well known that many doubts have existed respecting the place in which Oliver Croni well was interred: and it has been advanced, on authority which cannot easily be rejected, that his corpse was removed, on the day succeeding to that of his death, and buried in the field of Naseby. The account goes further and affirms that, suspicious of the indignities which would probably, in a change of things, be offered to the Usurper's body, his friends substituted for it in the coffin that of Charles; and that it was this corpse which was afterwards exposed on the gallows at Tyburn. To entertain my readers I will present them with a curious paper on this subject, preserved in Lord Sommers's collection. I must premise, however, that, as eleven years had nearly elapsed since the death of Charles, it is difficult to conceive how any distinction of countenance, or of seam about the neck could, at this period, be traced : unless, indeed, the process of dissolution had been suspended by the arts of embalming, the corpse, with exception to the bones, must now have been resolved into its original elements.

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A counter-interment of the aforesaid arch-traytor, * as averred, and ready to be deposed (if occasion required) by Mr.

Barkstead, who daily frequents Richard's coffee-house, within Temple-Bar, being son to Barkstead, the regicide, that was executed as such, soon after the restoration, the son being, at the time of the said arch-traytor's death, about the age

of fifteen years.

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“That the said regicide Barkstead, being lieutenant of the Tower of London, and a great confident of the usurper, did among other such confidents, in the time of the usurper's sickness, desire to know where he would be buried: to which he answered, where he had obtained the greatest victory and glory,

Litrages at repet

informata con that

+ Oliver Cromwell,

2 F

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