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Ofeber 1. The Parliament prorogued to The Definitive Treaty signed between the the ist of December.

Emperor and the Dutch on the gth, and a Sir Frederick Haldimand and Sir Archi- Treaty of Alliance between France and the bald Campbell installed Knights of the Bach Republic, on the soth. * St. James's.

26. Parliament farther prorogued to Ja. Intelligence of the death of the Queen of nuary 24, 1786. Sardinia.

30. Irish Parliament further prorogued to ; This night's Gazette contains the pre- the 6th of December. liminaries of peace between the Emperor and Dec. 7. The Irish Parliament further prothe Republic, signed Sept. 20, at Paris. rogued to the 19th of January, 1786.

10. The Rambler cutter, of 14 guns, lost in General mourning for the death of Prince Leigh Roads, above the Nore.

George of Mecklenburg, the Queen's bro. 15. His Royal Highness the Duke of ther. Cumberland arrived in town from Avignon, 10. Two hundred and twenty male Conin France.

victs removed from Newgate in five waggons 20. The City Recorder's salary encreased to Portsmouth, where they are to be em. to iccol. per annum.

ployed in the fortifications. 28. Account arrived of a dreadful hurri. 27. The first itone of a new Theatre cane at Jamaica, which did great damage to was laid by Mr. John Palmer, of Drurythe towns, shipping, &c.

Lane, near Wellclose-fquare. Extraordinary robbery committed by De 29. Intelligence received of the Empcror's Cameron and a woman at Walworth, on having prohibited the importation of English Mr. Mackay, of Piccadilly.

manufactures into his Austrian dominions. Noo. 6. Death of Prince George of Meckkenburg.

The number of bankrupts this year has 14. Their Royal Highnesses the Duke and

been very great : Duchess of Cumberland set out again for January 38 August

41 February

52 · September 28 The Emperor chartered a Company formed March

48 O&tober * Trieste, to trade with the United States of April

36 November 61 America.

42 December

47 29. Intelligence arrived of a battle between


75 Tippoo Saib and the Mahrattas, in which the July

In all

527 later were victorious,



Munich, Nov. 10.

Constantinople, Nov. 10. The Ottoman CHE President of the Academy of Sci- empire scems to have arrived at one of those

critical epochas, at which inc fate of nations tify the Elector our Sovereign, who is bent is often decided by the effects of a predomi upon exterminating Free-Malonry from his nant spirit of fanaticism and enchufiaíın. copinions, has called upon all the members Twelve centuries having now elapled since of the Academy to declare within cight days, the rise of the Turkish empire, a tradition is Whether they will withdraw themselves trom revived, wnich says, that atter the expirathe perpicious mysteries of Free-Masonry. tion of 1200 years froin the famous Hegira, The celebrated M. de Born of Vienna, one we should behold, it no! a golden age, an of the firit literary characters in Germany, age, at leaf, in which things would take a sho is a member of the Academy, has ad- new turn with respect to the Muilulmen ; at defied a letter to the President, in which he which period three great men were to ape

“ That so far from relinquishing pear, in order to purify the Mahoinetan rethe principles, he shall ever glory in the ligion, and defend it against the infidels. time of Free-Mason ; a name that should These three Prophets were to be named tark every man that bears it with superior Iman or Mollah-Bey, Charr s. and Aly. The probity; for its principles enjoin a more vi- second of these was to makeh's apprarange bun discharge of the duties we owe to our in Bucharia, among the Uíbek Tartars, and Creuor, a more strict fidelity to the Sove- the third at Conttanrinople, where he was Reipt, and a more enlarged and active bene- to occafion a revolution. With respect to Frience to our fellow-creatures, in squaring the firft, his existence seems to be realized kli at once from your jurisdiction, 1 here- tradition) a pretended Prophet has started with return you all my diplomas, and delire up under the name of niollah Mansour. you will ftrike au: iny naine from the list of of this man we have mose than once had your academicians."

occasion to speak before. The scene of his 1


tells him,

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exploits is laid among the Avalas, a people pire, in all the parts of its constitution ; it dwelling near the foot of Mount Caucasus, behoves me, as a good friend to my moft where he has contrived to collect about gracious Brother and Alluciate, not only lo 80,000 men, whrin he disciplines in his maintain the rights of Bishops within their own way, and probibits from the use of to- respective dioceses, as being a constituent bacen, coffee, and every other article of part of proper discipline, but also to contriluxury. It is certain, that the proceedings bute with all my might to their recovering of this fanatic has given infinite uncaliness all such rights as they were entitled to from to the Porte, as the bulk of the people pro- the beginning, of which they have been nounce him alresas the restorer of the Mus. dispossessed for many centuries, and the loss fulman worship, is announced to them by of which was occalioned by temporary acthe pre-ictions of their anceltors. In order ciden's and unwarrantable encroachments. in obrain further in.ormation on the subject, “ Wherelore I resolved, in compliance therefore, one of the most celebrated per- to the aforesaid remontrances, to make fonages of the law has been commissioned known in the clearest and most precise ma by government to examine him, bouching ner to the whole empire, my way of thinkthe orehodoxy of his system, to enter with ing on this fubjeét; and also to' declare to him into polemical discussion, and to make the Court of Rome, that I will never suffer his report accordingly. We are now impa- any prclates of the empire to be any ways tient to know what will be the effect of annoyed in the free exercise of their metrothese measures, which our Miniftry have politan rights, which they bold from God prudently rendered as mild as possible. and the church : that I mean to look on the Constantinople, Dec. 10. The plague con

Nuncios as so many Envoys from the Pope, tinues both here and at Smyma without va- both in political markers and in fuch cases as rialinn; and the latt letters from Aleppo, of more immediately concern him as head of the zilt ult. mention a very great mortality

the church : that I absolutely cannot permit among the cattle and camels in that neigh- their having in future any jurifdi&tion in hourhood, and in Arabia, which is regard d ecclefiaftical marters, nor can I allow them as a certain indication of an approaching to preside in any private Court of Judicacontagion. - Gazette.

ture; neither the Nuncio at Cologne, nor the Frankfort, Dec. 12. It is a circumstance one relident at Vienna, ror any other wbom from which ufifilrent ctions may be drawn, the Pope may think proper to send hereafter that the two great mistrelics of the world, to any part wliatever of the empire. Rome and Conitant nople, which once bore " At the same time, drarly beloved, that the universal (wav, appear to be linking at I thus impart to you my real sentiments, I the same period. A new Prophe! has farted carncitly exhort ynu to protect against aay up among the Musulmen, whole superiti- attempt your metropolitan rights, and those tions favour his views, and will probably of your suffragans, and lernly to oppose all enable him to overturn the mouldering fa- encroachments and usurpations which the bric of the Mahometan faith. The Empe- Coure of Rome might be guilty of against ror Jofephi is at the fume time compleatly your rights and government; and to this demiolishing the authority of the Pope of end I give you the most positive assurances Rome, as may be seen by the following me- of the tulleit extent of my imperial promorial lately published ihrough the empire, lection. and which is now the general topic of cou- • I Mall also be fri&tly attentive to all versacion upon the Continent :

questions concerning ben-fices, in order to " OUR 'weil beloved the Elector, Arch- keep up to the very letter the ecclefiattical bishop !!!!gunis (Mentz), and the conititutions peculiar to the Germanir. boArchbishop of Salisburgh, having fignifird to dy; and I trust by these patriotic views to 115, that the vetention of the Court of Rome conribute to the progre's of religion, is to send a Vunrio to. Munich, inveited allo lo give to the Bilhops and Clergy con. with the fuine powers over Bavaria and the vincing proofs of my watchfulne's to main. Palatinate, as are enjoyed by the Prelate re- tain them in their constitutional privileges. riding at Cologne in the lame character, and And having said thus far, expreiling fome apprehenlun lett fuch an

* I reinain, &c. appointment thouki piove an usurpation of

(Signed) JOSEPH.' enais marropolitan rights, they have im.

Hague, Jan. 18. Their High Migheinerpivied the limperial protection, which it is

ses have come to a resolution to piesent bis may d'ev in kragt, as being the supreme pa

molt Christian Majelty with two ihips of the 10 of the Germanic conititution in chuich

line, one to be called the Alliance, tre other auc late.

the Gratitude, in return tor the good offices 6. And whereas it hach 'been usual with

he has, during many years, and particularly tiines, and I have endeavoured

in the recent circumstances, been pleased to alistutis very circumftance, to give the molt

in their favour, as a token of the Ziara!fi ols of my patriotic zcal in for

gratitude Warrang je we'fore and support of the em







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to the Baltile, where he has already suffered

the punishment of the rack once. that uninoved at the interference of the Advices are receivea froin Gibraltar, that King of Piufta, and the complainis of the Governor Eliott hus at length procured the Stadtholder, the States of Holland and Wella release of fourteen Englith captives, who Friezeland have declared that they do not

had been caken in a vellal from Lisbon to fad either in the letters from Berlin, or in Malaga, laden with properly belonging to the Prince of Orange's manifesto, any argu- fome Portuguese merchants, and carried ment that can in the least incline them to re- into Algiers by one of the Dey's corfairs in foind the resolution complained of, and the month of' Fibruary last, since which therefore they are deterinined to put it in time to the 18th of November they had force. Their words they have proved by been detained in flavery, in which they the execution ; for on the 19th ule. the Pre- were obliged to work very hard for the first Gident of their Committee received, as their two months of their captivity : but aftere Prpresentative, all the military honours wards, on making it known that they were

fazily paid is the officer commanding the subjects of Greai-Britain, and only ging Hague zainion, The laine was also granted as pallengers in the Portuguese vesel, their to the Gand Pin'ionary of Holland, as well work was considerably alleviated, and by as to the Siates asTemblod.

means of Mr. Dyer, a merchane in a public Te following is an Address from the capacity at Algiers, in concert with the Labbe Rayoal to the Independent Citizens Governor Gibraltar, they were released of America :

by the Dey's order, and sent back in an People of America ! let the example of English floop of wa' as a present to Geoe. all nations which have preceded you, and ral Elioll, which was the Dcy's own ex. pecially that of the Mother Country, in- preslion,

Be afraid of the influx of gold, It appears by private letters from Vienna, which brings with it luxury, the corrup

that although the Emperor has thought protin of manners, and contempt of laws; he per to subject the lisciety of Free-Malons to afraid of ļoo unequal a distribution of riches, some very particular relírictions, the rescript which shews a small number of citizens in

which coniains is, is, in our opinion, noc inwealth, and a great number in milery; curious, and we give it here as translated whence arises the infolence pf the one, and

from the German Gazitic of Vienna. the disgrace of the other. Guard agsinst the " Whereas in all well-regulated Natis, nofpirit of conquest. The tranqu Iliev of em- thing thould, within a certain description, be pi:e decreasis as it is extended. Have arms permitted to sublilt, without being confi cd

duend yourselves, but have none to at- to some particular rule and order, I have tack. Scck case and healih in labour; thought it necellary to enjoin what follows: prosperity in agriculture and manufactures ; The allemblies of men called Free-Valons, itsengih in good manners and virtue. Make of whose fecret I am as completely ignorant, the fciences and arts prosper which disin

as I have at all times been averle to erquire quifo the civilized man from the favage. into their myfteries, are daily encreasing even Especially watch over the education of your

in the finalleit 1owns :- Such mertings, left ch:Idron.

entinly to ch: discretion of their meinbers, ** It is from public schools, be allurid, and subject to no kind of direction, may oce tha: k líul Magistrates, disciplined and cou- calivi inany excelles, equally injuriis to retagerus foldiers, good fathers, good hul-, ligion and good morals; as alio injuce the bands and brothers, good friends and fuperiors, in consequence of a fanatical feEroeit men, come forth. Wherever we see bowship, io deviate from the Itrict path of the youth depraved, the nat om is on the rectitude, in regard to thule who are their decine. Let liberty have an immoveable dependants, but not initiated into the myri dodation in the wisdom of

your conititu- teries of their order, and, in fine, occasion ticas, and let it be the cernent which unites great and needleis expences. Alrcady have your States, which cannot be destroyed. other powers torbid ail such assemblies; ala Étabuh no legal preference in your diffe- ready have the members been brought to fzal modes of worship. Superftition is exemplary punishmenis, because their feretry where innocent, where it is neither crets were not universally known. Although protected nor persecuted ; and let your du- I myself anı very impericitly in the contiration be, if possible, cqual to that of the dence, it is enough for me to know that loine WI.-ASEN."

good and benevolent acts have been pero 3. Dc Charreron, or Count de Chame- forined by the masonic lodges, to provide oor, as he now calls himself, who robbed in their favour better than has been done in and fu villairog'y treated Mr. Mackay fone other countries; thereforc, althongh I am a time agy, as reized in a former Magazines, is, ftranger to their constitution, and io what is by order of the French Mialiter, removed tranla&ted at their meetings, there shall, nee





vertheleis, be countenanced under the pa- Elizabeth Blackburn, Miss Anne Manfell tronage of the Staie, as long as they shall do and about 160 or 170 seamen and soldiers. good; therefore the assemblies of Free-Ma- Officers faved-Mr. Heury Meriton, se fons shall enjoy a formal toleration, upon cond mate; Mr. Rogers, third ditto ; Mr their lubinitting to such regulations as shall Daniel, lixib dixo ; Mr. Duncan Macdo be prescribed by me."

nald, and Mr. M'Manus, midshipmen, with 5. This being the day appointed for the 40 sqarnen, and 25 loldiers. celebration of the new year, the usual cerc- Mr. Mcriton was driven from on board monies were observed at St. James's the Halsewell on the rock, by a very heavy

Governor Morres's delightful seat, with an sea breaking over the ship, just before which eftate of a thousand a year, is at last sold to Capt. Pierce asked him, if he thought any Mr. Sunith for 24,000l. including timber.- thing could be done for the safety of the la This cftatc was once valued at above 40,000l. dies; he replied it was impo!!ible.' Upor Near that sum was offered by Lord Clive. which the Captain, addressing himself to bi

We hear from Paris, that Mesl. Moreau daughters, and enfolding them in his arms and Delepine, two cminent surgeons of faid, " Then, my dear children, we will pe that city, extracted a tone from the kidney rish together ;" the ship disappeared in a few of a patient at the Hoel Dicul, which, being broken, was found to copia't an animal re- Mr. Thompson, the quarter-mafter, was fi mbling a toud, which died on gitting fresh the first who climbed up the rock and go

Wnether the egs or spawn of any crea- on hore; he saw a light about a mile off, te tuie was taken into this man's body by suc- which he went : the people very humanely rion or respiration, or whicther such a rep- came down with him to the Thore with tile could be ersgendered by a corruption of ropes, which were the means of saving many ile juice, as ringworms, &c. is now a lub- lives, though several, airer being drawn part jeet of debate in the Physical and Surgical of the way up the rock, from fatigue let Academics at Paris, and well deserves the go their hold, and were dashed to pieces. difcution of the learned in every country in

The chief mate of the unfortunate Halle

well Eait-lodiaman said, in the fatal mo6. The Halsewell Eat-Indiaman, Rich. ment when the second mate was quitting the Pierce, Esq. Commander, was totally lost hip, that he would die with his uncle the OF Peverel Point, on her outward-bound Captain, and his coulins the Miss Pierces ; vəyage to Bengal.

for were he to leave such dear relatives beThe pilot had l.ft the min on Tuesday hind him, he could only exleet the worst of noon; after which the faikd down the Chan- deaths -- to be discarded for ever from the nel with a fair wud till abeut four o'clock service. on Wednesday morning, when a very hard Of Captain Pierce's iwo daughters, the gale with a heavy tall of fnow came on, by eldest was only seventeen, and the youngest which the hip received so much damage as

but fifteen years of age, to admit fix fees water in:o the hold. About Captain Pierce has left behind him a wife eleven o'clock on Wednesday morning, when and I vin children. they thought they were between the Lizard The body of the unfortunate Capt. Pierce and Start Points, they cut away the main was afterwards found at Chrift-Church, near and mizen malte, then wore thip, and eni- twenty miles from Purbeck, where part of deavoured to make Po tímouth under jury- the wreck baih allo floated alhore, and mamaits. They stood up the Channel on Wed- my other dead bodics. Desday afternoon, and all the day on Thurs. Extra l of a later from a Clergyman in the Wej? day. In the afternoon of the lait mentioned of England to his Friend in London, Jan. 9. Civ, a heavy gale blew from tie louch, which “ The India thip, which itruck at two hy degrees drove them on a lee-fore, in o'clock in the morning, was so entirely beat ipite of all their endeavours to avoid it. Be- to pieces, that nothing but the whole ocean IW(!) one and two o'clock on Friday morn- covered with her fragments could have pere II", they taw land, and came to anchor, ac fuaded me the hud ever been drifted thither. which they rode about in bol. But having In the diffcrent receísis of the rocks, a cone ciler driven or paried, they then let go the fused heap of boards, broken malts, chelts, univ anchor lett them, with which they trunks, and dead bodies were huddled loger were unable to bring up the thip, as the hur- ther, and the face of the waters, as fur as the I!cane continued to increali, In this Itale eye could extend, beltrewed with foaling ih; vifie drosc upon the rocks at the carcafis, tables, chairs, casks, and part of titud-land of St. Alban's, wcut i'nce leagur's every other article in the vital. to the calt of Portland, and in difs than an “ 'O! she whole crew about 70 were saved, how was dained to pie 28.

molly failors. The second mate, a tout Beride's the Captalo, the fir??, sourih, and young man, ascended the clills without hielo, fil'8 mares, the tobowing pallengers were burkow it is impossible to tell, nor could he Toit, -- John George Schuliz, Mis himsell, as they are nearly perpendicular; Elisabeth Pierce. Mifs Mary Ann Pierce, a few others were equally futunate, by bue

) Vis Pouis, Miss lary Hagyd, Miss 107 Caninca on picces of olie wilck to parts

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more easiy to be ascended. The fourth mate iland; yet these absolutely happened at'one end about yo of the men followed the second and the same time. The Thilbe frigaie, mate as íar as they dared, and then waited which carried Lord Keppel to Italy, on her in painful suspence till they were drawn up return met with the same form at the chops by a rope let down by the men who work in of the Channel which proved so fatal to the De quarries. Another party of 30, worse Halsewell East-Indiaman. The lightning Buated, or unable to gain a higher part, were came on with such violence as to itrike the en to be washed from the rock on which men down upon the deek, though luckily they stood by one furious wave, at the re- · they foon recovered. The matts were fplit, turn of the tide in the morning.

and the rigging corn from them, so as to * The arrival of Mr. Jones and myself make it necellary to cut them quite away to proved fortunate for about twenty more un- clear the wreck. baspy wretches, who were discovered under Last Friday night a very fingular robbery the father of a large chalm in the rock, about took place: A gentleman, with dispatches zo leet from the bottom. The quarriers were from our Ambaliador at Paris, being in a worn out with fatigue, cold, wet, and hun. poft-chaise driving to the Secretary o: Siate's ET; and were more eager to get their share Office, was suddenly ftopped in Pall-Mall of two casks of spirits which had been just by two fellows, who cut the traces of the sent them, than to attend to the cries of the chais. The gentleman being alarmed at lo huikt:rs below ; nor was there one person unexpected a toppage, and hearing a noile, attending of sufficient authority to encourage suddenly Icaped out, wheo the villains fora or direct them. Our presence occasioned a cibly and arifully look of the dispatches, and proper application of the liquor, prevented every other article that was in the chaise. ail intoxication, and saved many of them Copies of the above dispatches have beca from tumbling down the precipice, and our since received by another messenger. pomises of reward cheered them to proceed Three miles from Blenheim there is a with vigour, till we had drawn up every one portrait of Sir Henry Lee, with a mastiff laat remained alive.

dog which faved bis life. It seems, a sir* The method of saving these last was fine vant had formed the design of afraffinating palar, and does honour to the humanity and his matter and robbing the house; but the acrepidity of the quarriers. The distance night he had fixed on, the dog, which had from the iop of the precipice to the cranny never been much noticed by Sir Henry, tor was about 60 feet, with a projection of the the first time, followed him up itairs, got mck of about eight feet; een of these feet under his bed, and could not be got from formed a declivity to the edge, and the re- thence by either maiter or man : in the dead 32'aing 50 feet were quite perpendicular. of the night the same servant entered the Oa ebe very brink of the precipice stood two room to execute his horrid design, but was caring feilows, a rope beiag tied round inftantly seized by the dog, and being leo tau bodies, and faftened above to a strong cured.confelled his intention. inn bar, fixed in the ground; behind them, ten quaint lines in one corner of the picture, ja like manner, two more and two more. which conclude thus: A large cable also, properly secured, passed

" But in my dog, whereof I made no store, between them, by which they might hold

“ I find more love than those I truited more." aad fupport themselves from falling; they then let down a rope, with a nouse ready 9. Arrived in town from the East-Indies, Exed, below the cavern, and the wind blows Lord Macartney. His Lordship came in the in bard, forced it under the projecting Swallow packet, which failed iron Calcula rock fofficienily for the men to lay hold of. ta on the 16th of August. His Lordship - Whoever caught it put the noose round continued several days in Calcutta previous hs wrif; and alter escaping from one ele- to the arrival of the dispatches of the Court ent, committed himself, in full swing, to of Directors containing his Lordihip’s apo Aber, in which he dangled till he was pointment of Governor-General of Bengal. draws up with great care and caution. Immediately on their arrival Mr. Macpher

** We brought up 18 in this manner, son dispatched his Secretary, announcing the Bree died before we could affilt them; they appointment, and his readiness to relinquish were all senseless when we received them, the Government whenever his Lordship might and fadly bruised ; but we had brought think proper to accept it. To this propofal Cierry brandy and gingerbread with us, and his Lordship detired a few davs before he be fupplying them with small quantitics of gave an answer

. The reason afligned for his beke, we loun recovered thein, and sent Lordship's delay arose from the circumthem to a farm house, where every possible Itance of the carelessness of the messenger tance was given."

who was charged with the dispatches having 2. The weather last weck was perhaps the left his Lordih'p's private letters at Madras : 33 extraordinary for the season that this on their arrival a few days afterwards, his sant of Europe bas ever been witness to. Lord'hip sent his positive answer, that Tsender and lightning at the time of frost was his determination not to accept the Gone and beavy faow are phenomena in our vernment: at the same time declaring his

There are


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