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TO MY MOTHER.
My Mother! I am far away
And life is short at best, and Time
ELIJAH PARISH LOVEJOY.
DIED, AGED 35 YEARS.
E. P. LOVEJOY was the eldest son of the late Rev. Daniel Lovejoy, of Albion, Kennebec County, a man of unspotted piety, and highly respected for his arduous labors in the diffusion of the gospel throughout the then wilderness part of Maine. His son Elijah, was born in that town, on the ninth of November, 1802. At a very early age he displayed a determined resoluteness and firmness that do doubt, in after years, was the true cause of his death. He was eager for knowledge, and spent all of his spare moments in study, and but few young men in the State have ever made more rapid progress than did he. His preparatory education was received at the Monmouth and China Academies, and he entered Waterville College, as a Sophomore, in 1828, his expenses while there, being defrayed, mostly, by that good and benevolent Christian, Rev. Dr. Tappan, of Augusta. Before entering College, he evinced considerable poetic talent, and wrote some very creditable verses. On graduating, in 1826, he received the first honors of his class, and pronounced a poem before it, entitled “ Inspiration of the Muse,” a portion of which we have included in our selections. In a letter to his brother, the Rev. Dr. Chaplin, President of the College, says of his talent, “In regard to the intellectual powers of your deceased brother, I do not hesitate to say, that they were of a superior 'order. He seems to me to have approached very near the rank of those distinguished men who have been honored with the title of universal geniuses. During his collegiate course he appeared to have an almost equal adaptation of mind to the various
branches of science and literature, usually studied at our seminaries of learning; and, what is more, he took hold of each with giant strength. It was my lot to hear his class in Greek and in metaphysics, and I well remember that in both these departments of knowledge, he appeared to great advantage at the daily recitations, and also at the examination of his class before the board of visitors. I think he was rather more fond of languages and polite literature, than of intellectual philosophy and the exact sciences. In the latter, however, he acquitted himself in a highly creditable manner.”
During the fall of 1827, Mr. Lovejoy removed to the far West, and engaged in teaching at St. Louis. He remained at this place, and in the vicinity, employing his time in teaching and editing a paper, for nearly five years, when, becoming converted, he removed to Princeton, N. J., where he entered upon a course of study in the Theological Seminary, to prepare himself for the ministry; and during the following year, was licensed to preach, by the Second Presbytery of Philadelphia. In the summer of 1833, he preached temporarily, at Newport, R. I., and in the Spring-street Church, New-York city. He soon after returned again to St. Louis, and commenced the publication of the “St. Louis Observer,' a weekly journal devoted to Religion. He conducted this paper for nearly two years, when, owing to the publication of a severe editorial article on Slavery, a mob was created, who, during his absence from the city, threatened the destruction of the office, but were prevented by the proprietors, who, with praiseworthy discretion, promised that no more such articles should appear in its columns. Mr. Lovejoy, however, on his return, in reply to a petition from the people, refused to be controlled by public sentiment, declaring his determination to defend the freedom of the press. The excitement not subsiding, a meeting of the citizens was called, and resolutions passed, asking Mr. Lovejoy to refrain from publishing any thing upon slavery that would continue the present, or raise another excitement. To these resolutions he replied at great length, still maintaining his right to free expression of opinion. By pursuing this determined course, he was obliged to remove from the city to escape the vengeance of the mob.
In June 1836, he removed his press to Alton, Ill., where it was destroyed soon after being landed. He procured another one, and continued the publication of the “Observer;' but had been establish
ed here only a short time, when similar articles to those published in St. Louis, created another mob, and a meeting was held by the citizens of Alton, who pursued a similar course to those of St. Louis, and with the same success. On Mr. Lovejoy's expressing his determination to continue to write against slavery, the office of the “Observer' was destroyed by the mob. Still undaunted, by the assistance of his friends, he purchased another press, which, like the first, was destroyed by a mob, before it was put up, and while defending it, Mr. Lovejoy was fired at, and exclaiming, “Oh God, I am shot, I am shot,” he expired instantly. This sad event occurred during the night of the seventh of November, 1837. He was buried on his thirty-fifth birth day, and left a wife and one little boy to mourn his tragic death. Meetings were called in all parts of the country, at which his murderers were strongly denounced, also by the leading journals.
We have been furnished with the following account of meetings held at Belfast and Bangor:
“ In Belfast, a public meeting was held on the evening of Nov. 30th, at which Hon. Alfred Johnson, was Chairman, and B. P. Field, jr. Secretary. The following resolutions were reported, and after discussion, were unanimously adopted :
Resolved, That in pursuance of the public notice which called this meeting, we have assembled, not as men of any party, civil or religious, but on the broad ground of American citizenship, to pass resolutions in regard to the topics specified, as truth and the good of our country may in our estimation demand.
Resolved, That the Rev. E. P. Lovejoy, a highly respected citizen, recently of this State, who was on the 7th inst. assassinated by a mob, at Alton, in Illinois, in consequence of an attempt on his part to protect his property, liberty and life, when no legal protection could be obtained—has fallen a martyr in defence of rights which are guaranteed to every freeman by the Constitutions of the General and State Governments; rights of which our country has made her highest boast, and which are dear to every American citizen.
At a special meeting of the Bangor • Anti-Slavery Society,' held Nov. 27th, 1837, the following preamble and resolution were adopted :
Whereas, the late Rev. E. P. Lovejoy, of Alton, Ill, was a native of this State, his aged and excellent mother and other members of the family being still resident in our vicinity, and well known to at least many of us